Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5… / Thomas, San Francisco
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: San Francisco Symphony  
Catalog: 0062   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1 (1879 Version); Prokofiev / Gerstein
Release Date: 03/10/2015   Label: Myrios Classics  
Catalog: 16   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Symphonies 4-6, Serenade, Romeo & Juliet / Gatti
Release Date: 10/12/2010   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 2907561   Number of Discs: 3
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Tchaikovsky: Serenade for Strings; Mozart: Eine kleine Nachtmusik; Grieg / simonov
Release Date: 10/12/2010   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28190   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: The Enchantress
Release Date: 05/10/2011   Label: Melodiya  
Catalog: 1001811   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Nutcracker Suite, Op. 71a

Browse 101-124 of 124 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto 1, Etc / Argerich, Abbado
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 449816 Release Date: 10/15/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Nicolas Economou
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 102.
    Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker, Swan Lake, Sleeping Beauty Excerpts
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553271 Release Date: 11/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Michael Halász,  Ondrej Lenárd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 103.
    An Evening With The Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68860 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Emil Waldteufel  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin,  Leonard Pennario
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin,  Carmen Dragon,  Miklós Rózsa,  Earl Bernard Murray  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 104.
    Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Swan Lake, Sleeping Beauty
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69036 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Joseph Levine,  Felix Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ballet Theatre Orchestra,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 105.
    Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Nutcracker, Sleeping Beauty / Dutoit
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 443555 Release Date: 11/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 106.
    Karajan Gold - Tchaikovsky: Romeo And Juliet, Nutcracker
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439021 Release Date: 10/11/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 107.
    For Children / Dag Achatz
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 158 Release Date: 09/22/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Dag Achatz
    CD: $21.49
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  • 108.
    Tchaikovsky: Ballet Suites / Levine, Wiener Philharmoniker
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437806 Release Date: 09/20/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 109.
    Concert Favorites / Sir Adrian Boult
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 53 Release Date: 06/23/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Liszt,  Arthur Sullivan,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Symphony Orchestra
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  • 110.
    Tchaikovsky: Ballet Suites: Nutcracker, Swan Lake, Etc
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 57241 Release Date: 05/31/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Stanislav Gorkovenko,  Alexander Titov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian Radio/TV Orchestra of St. Petersburg,  New Philharmony Orchestra
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  • 111.
    Tchaikovsky - The Greatest Hits
    Label: Reference Gold   Catalog: 3605 Release Date: 04/13/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Hans Lang
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Festival Orchestra,  Dallas Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 112.
    Dances from Renaissance to Nutcracker / LA Guitar Quartet
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3132 Release Date: 10/27/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Thomas Morley,  Michael Praetorius,  Peter Warlock,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Guitar Quartet
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  • 113.
    Tchaikovsky: Suites From The Nutcracker, Swan Lake / Fiedler
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 55233 Release Date: 09/15/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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  • 114.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony no 1, Nutcracker Suite / Abbado, Chicago SO
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 48056 Release Date: 07/14/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 115.
    Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker, Swan Lake / Halasz, Slovak Po
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550050 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Josef Bogacz
    Conductor:  Michael Halász
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 116.
    David Bowie Narrates Prokofiev's Peter And The Wolf
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 60878 Release Date: 02/11/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Britten,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  David Bowie
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 117.
    Chopin: Les Sylphides;  Delibes, Tchaikovsky / Ormandy
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 46550 Release Date: 08/19/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Léo Delibes,  Frédéric Chopin
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 118.
    The Best Of Tchaikovsky
    Label: Rca Victrola   Catalog: 60775 Release Date: 06/06/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  John Browning
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Schüchter,  Eugene Ormandy,  Fritz Reiner,  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 119.
    Classics For Children / Fiedler, Boston Pops
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 6718 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Sir Alec Guinness
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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  • 120.
    Tchaikovsky: 1812, Etc / Dutoit, Montreal So
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 417300 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Chorus,  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 121.
    Tchaikovsky: Ballet Suites / Karajan, Berlin PO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 419175 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 122.
    Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Etc / Marriner, Asmf
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 411471 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
    CD: $15.99
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  • 123.
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 0521 Release Date: 05/01/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov,  Alexander Glazunov,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Alexander Hilsberg
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
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Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky


WORKS
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco
Allegro moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Allegro vivacissimo
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - 1. Miniature Overture
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - March
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Dance Of The Sugar-Plum Fairy
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Russian Dance (Trepak)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Arabian Dance (Coffee)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Chinese Dance (Tea)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Dance Of The Reed-Pipes (Merlitons)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - 3. Waltz Of The Flowers
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 1. Andante - Allegro con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 2. Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza - Moderato con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 3. Valse (Allegro moderato)
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 4. Finale (Andante maestoso - Allegro vivace)
I. Adagio - Allegro non troppo
II. Allegro con grazia
III. Allegro molto vivace
IV. Adagio lamentoso
Moderato assai quasi andante
Tema: Moderato semplice
Variazione I: Tempo del Tema
Variazione II: Tempo del Tema
Variazione III: Andante sostenuto
Variazione IV: Andante grazioso
Variazione V: Allegro moderato
Variazione VI: Andante
Variazione VII e Coda: Allegro vivo
1. Pezzo in forma di sonatina: Andante non troppo - Allegro moderato
2. Walzer: Moderato (Tempo di valse)
3. Elégie: Larghetto elegiaco
4. Finale (Tema russo): Andante - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 1. Scene - Swan Theme
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 2. Valse In A
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 3. Danse des petits cygnes
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 4. Scene
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 5. Danse Hongroise (Czardas)
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 6. Scène finale.
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Introduction - The Lilac Fairy
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Pas d'action: Rose Adagio
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Pas de caractère: Puss In Boots
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Panorama (andantino)
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Valse