Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.

Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.

In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).

In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.

Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.

Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less

Tchaikovsky: Piano Concertos 1 & 2 / Matsuev
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Mariinsky  
Catalog: 548   Number of Discs: 1
On sale! $21.98
SuperAudio CD: $14.99
In Stock
On sale!   $21.98   SuperAudio CD:  $14.99 Add to Cart

Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto, Serenade Melancolique / Vinnikov, Menuhin
Release Date: 03/08/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28320   Number of Discs: 1
On sale! $9.98
CD: $5.99
In Stock
On sale!   $9.98   CD:  $5.99 Add CD to Cart

Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Swan Lake Suite / Simonov, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 09/13/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28060   Number of Discs: 1
On sale! $9.98
CD: $5.99
In Stock
On sale!   $9.98   CD:  $5.99 Add CD to Cart

Tchaikovsky: Eugene Onegin / Netrebko, Beczala, Gergiev, Met
Release Date: 03/04/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 1994309   Number of Discs: 2
On sale! $39.98
DVD: $34.99
In Stock
On sale!   $39.98   DVD:  $34.99 Add DVD to Cart

Tchaikovsky: Eugene Onegin /  Netrebko, Beczala, Gergiev, Metropolitan Opera [blu-ray]
Release Date: 03/11/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 1994259  
On sale! $39.98
Blu-ray Video: $34.99
In Stock
On sale!   $39.98   Blu-ray Video:  $34.99 Add to Cart

Work: Nutcracker Suite, Op. 71a

Browse 1-25 of 126 Available Recordings
1 2 3 4 5 6
  • 1.
    Tchaikovsky: Ballet Suites / Karajan, Vienna [Blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002009946 Release Date: 03/18/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $19.98
    Blu-ray Audio: $17.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $19.98   Blu-ray Audio:  $17.99 Add to Cart

  • 2.
    Sir Adrian Boult - The Complete Conductor
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 1927023 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Gustav Holst,  Robert Simpson,  Sir Arthur Bliss  ... 
    Performer:  Felicity Palmer
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $35.49
    In Stock
    CD:  $35.49 Add CD to Cart

  • 3.
    Eugene Ormandy Conducts Tchaikovsky
    Label: Imports   Catalog: 1119166 Release Date: 10/22/2013   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
    On sale! $47.99
    Import CD
    $41.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $47.99   CD:  $41.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 4.
    Tchaikovsky, Ellington/Strayhorn: Nutcracker Suites
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 907493 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edward "Duke" Ellington,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Bob Millikan,  Bill Easley,  Victor Lewis,  Art Baron  ... 
    Conductor:  Steven Richman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Harmonie Ensemble New York
    Recommendation
    On sale! $21.98
    CD: $17.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $21.98   CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 5.
    Tchaikovsky: Ballet Suites
    Label: Classical Gallery   Catalog: 7701294 Release Date: 05/03/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Peter Stern
    Import CD
    $5.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $5.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 6.
    The Art Of Sir Georg Solti
    Label: Imports   Catalog: 1037609 Release Date: 03/05/2013   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Zoltán Kodály,  Leó Weiner,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Alexandru Agache,  Tamás Daróczy,  Julia Varády,  Iris Vermillion  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Hungarian Radio/TV Chorus,  Budapest Festival Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
    Import CD
    $98.99
    Special Order
    CD:  $98.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 7.
    Hans Knappertsbusch Conducts The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra: Berlioz, Schubert, Strauss
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2386 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Otto Nicolai,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Karel Komzak II  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $13.98
    CD: $11.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $13.98   CD:  $11.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 8.
    Tchaikovsky: Ballet Suites
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001707502 Release Date: 07/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Josef Sivo,  Emanuel Brabec
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    CD: $8.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $8.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 9.
    Arturo Toscanini - The Complete RCA Collection [84 CDs + DVD]
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 791631 Release Date: 07/10/2012   Number of Discs: 85
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Eileen Farrell,  Nan Merriman,  Jan Peerce,  Norman Scott  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  Robert Shaw Chorale,  NBC Symphony Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $149.98
    CD: $119.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $149.98   CD:  $119.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 10.
    Famous Ballet Music
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 9251 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Adolphe Adam,  Léo Delibes,  Aram Khachaturian,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Lillian Watson,  Christine Cairns
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Carl Davis,  Yuri Simonov,  Enrique Bátiz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $27.49
    In Stock
    CD:  $27.49 Add CD to Cart

  • 11.
    Hans Knappertsbusch - Complete Concert, Berlin, 02.02.1950
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: ARPCD0120 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Karel Komzak II  ... 
    CD: $9.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $9.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 12.
    Tchaikovsky: Capriccio Italien, Francesca Da Rimini / Collins, Van Beinum
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4804849 Release Date: 11/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Anthony Collins,  Eduard Van Beinum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Concertgebouw Orchestra
    Recommendation
    Import CD
    $12.99
    Low Stock
    CD:  $12.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 13.
    Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Swan Lake Suite / Simonov, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks   Catalog: 28060 Release Date: 09/13/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yuri Simonov
    On sale! $9.98
    CD: $5.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $9.98   CD:  $5.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 14.
    Claudio Abbado Conducts Tchaikovsky
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7836722 Release Date: 04/05/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    On sale!
    CD: $14.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $22.98   CD:  $14.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 15.
    Tchaikovsky: Ballet Suites / Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 7840072 Release Date: 03/29/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
    Import CD
    $9.99
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    CD:  $9.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $11.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 16.
    Voyage Russe / Alliage Quintett
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7853452 Release Date: 03/29/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Mikhail Glinka,  Aram Khachaturian  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Alliage Quintett
    On sale!
    Import CD
    $20.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $23.98   CD:  $20.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 17.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6, Nutcracker Suite / Rozhdestvensky, Kogan
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1106 Release Date: 01/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Pavel Kogan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  USSR Ministry of Culture State Symphony Orchestra,  Moscow State Symphony Orchestra
    Recommendation
    CD: $9.99
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    CD:  $9.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $6.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 18.
    The Israel Philharmonic Orchestra 70th Anniversary - Essential Recordings [12-CD Set]
    Label: Helicon   Catalog: 9614 Release Date: 12/07/2010   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Shlomo Mintz,  Julius Katchen,  Artur Rubinstein,  Daniel Barenboim  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul Kletzki,  Josef Krips,  Sir Georg Solti,  Jean Martinon  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ankor Children's Chorus,  Israel Philharmonia Singers
    On sale! $99.98
    CD: $72.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $99.98   CD:  $72.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 19.
    Label: Russian Music Society   Catalog: 5637706765 Release Date: 11/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yuri Botnari
    CD: $14.99
    Special Order
    CD:  $14.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 20.
    Hans Knappertsbusch & The Berlin Philharmonic - Complete RIAS Recordings
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 21405 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    Recommendation
    CD: $58.99
    In Stock
    MP3 Available
    CD:  $58.99 Add CD to Cart

    MP3:  $49.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 21.
    Nutcracker Suite / Modern Mandolin Quartet
    Label: Sono Luminus   Catalog: 92121 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Miguel Llobet,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Modern Mandolin Quartet
    CD: $17.99
    In Stock
    CD:  $17.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 22.
    Martha Argerich - The Collection 3 - Chamber Ensembles
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001476502 Release Date: 10/12/2010   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Johannes Brahms,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Nelson Freire,  Mikhail Pletnev,  Gidon Kremer  ... 
    Recommendation
    On sale! $47.98
    CD: $45.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $47.98   CD:  $45.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 23.
    Label: Ds Classics   Catalog: 37501 Release Date: 09/10/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    CD: $13.99
    Special Order
    CD:  $13.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 24.
    Radetzky March - Orchestral Favourites / Hans Knappertsbusch
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 440624 Release Date: 09/03/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Otto Nicolai  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $24.98
    ArkivCD $21.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $24.98   ArkivCD:  $21.99 Add to Cart

  • 25.
    Prokofiev: Peter And The Wolf / Dudley Moore, John Williams, Boston Pops
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 412556 Release Date: 06/28/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Dudley Moore
    Conductor:  John Williams
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
    ArkivCD $16.99
    In Stock
    ArkivCD:  $16.99 Add to Cart

1 2 3 4 5 6