Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky Edition
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94650   Number of Discs: 55
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Tchaikovsky: The Oprichnik / Rozhdestvensky
Release Date: 10/30/2012   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94390   Number of Discs: 3
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Tchaikovsky: Cherevichki / Rozhdesvensky, Teatro Lirico Di Cagliari
Release Date: 07/31/2012   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94375   Number of Discs: 3
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Tchaikovsky, Medtner: Piano Concertos / Sudbin, Neschling, São Paulo State SO
Release Date: 03/27/2007   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1588   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky, Grieg, Pierné: Piano Concertos / Pöntinen
Release Date: 09/23/1994   Label: Bis Twins  
Catalog: 375/381   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Romeo and Juliet Overture

Browse 176-200 of 218 Available Recordings
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  • 176.
    Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto, Etc / Sitkovetsky, Et Al
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98346 Release Date: 04/04/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Dmitri Sitkovetsky
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 177.
    Tchaikovsky: Popular Orchestral Works / Mehta, Israel PO, Los Angeles PO
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4666842 Release Date: 02/28/2000  
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 178.
    Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture, Etc / Claudio Abbado, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453496 Release Date: 02/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 179.
    Russian Orchestral Masterworks
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 1749 Release Date: 01/11/2000   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Igor Stravinsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Conductor:  Tadaaki Otaka,  William Boughton,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC National Orchestra of Wales,  English String Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 180.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6, Etc / Gergiev, Kirov Orchestra
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 456580 Release Date: 01/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kirov Theater Orchestra
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  • 181.
    Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker, Sleeping Beauty, Romeo And Juliet / Ozawa, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459478 Release Date: 12/30/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 182.
    Merit - Stokowski Conducts Music From Russia
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4831 Release Date: 09/21/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sophie Sante
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hilversum Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Hague Residentie Orchestra
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  • 183.
    Fawkes, Richard: The History Of Classical Music / Robert Powell
    Label: Naxos Audio Books   Catalog: 4140 Release Date: 08/31/1999   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Hildegard of Bingen,  Alfonso X (El Sabio),  Guillaume de Machaut  ... 
    Performer:  Jennifer Purvis,  Kasia Elsner,  Simon Weir,  Richard Fawkes  ... 
    Conductor:  Nicholas Kraemer,  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Hanspeter Gmür,  Barry Wordsworth  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nova Schola Gregoriana,  In Dulci Jubilo Children's Choir,  Oxford Camerata  ... 
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  • 184.
    Shakespeare's Music
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80551 Release Date: 07/27/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Stephen Warbeck,  Patrick Doyle,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel,  Yoel Levi,  David Zinman,  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops,  May Festival Chorus,  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 185.
    Merit - Bruno Walter Conducts Tchaikovsky, Dvorák, Smetana
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4788 Release Date: 06/22/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Standard Symphony Orchestra
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  • 186.
    Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture, Etc / Domingo, Philharmonia
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73297 Release Date: 04/20/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ofra Harnoy,  Randall Behr
    Conductor:  Placido Domingo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 187.
    Tchaikovsky: Romeo And Juliet / Buehl, Jordania, Et Al
    Label: Helicon   Catalog: 1034 Release Date: 09/01/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Jeffrey Buehl
    Conductor:  Vakhtang Jordania
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian Federation State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 188.
    The Tchaikovsky Album / Solti, Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 455810 Release Date: 06/09/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 189.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 4, Romeo & Juliet / Barenboim
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 13698 Release Date: 10/14/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 190.
    Prokofiev:
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1107 Release Date: 10/01/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 191.
    Albert Coates Conducts Tchaikovsky
    Label: Biddulph   Catalog: 014 Release Date: 04/22/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Albert Coates
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 192.
    Tchaikovsky, Prokofeiv: Romeo & Juliet / Otaka, BBC Welsh Orchestra
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 5306 Release Date: 01/07/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Conductor:  Tadaaki Otaka
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Welsh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 193.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphonic Works After Shakespeare
    Label: Russian Season   Catalog: 913974 Release Date: 01/01/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Mark Gorenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 194.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5, Romeo And Juliet / Arpád Jóo
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47241 Release Date: 06/18/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Arpád Joó
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 195.
    Tchaikovsky Album
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 61978 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Vato Kahi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Georgian Festival Orchestra
    CD: $4.99
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  • 196.
    Ultraviolet - Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6, Etc / Litton
    Label: Virgin Classics Special Import   Catalog: 61267 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra
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  • 197.
    Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture, Romeo & Juliet, Marche Slave
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69033 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  William Steinberg,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Igor Markevitch,  Felix Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 198.
    Historic Organs Of New Orleans
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 89 Release Date: 09/26/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Carl Nielsen,  James Hewitt,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Mary Matthys,  Bruce Stevens,  Garry Savoie,  Lenora McCroskey  ... 
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  • 199.
    Stokowski - First Releases
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 502 Release Date: 08/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alexander Scriabin,  Robert Kelly,  Stephen Foster  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
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  • 200.
    Tchaikovsky:
    Label: Dg Masters   Catalog: 445523 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $10.99
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