Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1 (1879 Version); Prokofiev / Gerstein
Release Date: 03/10/2015   Label: Myrios Classics  
Catalog: 16   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky Edition / Berlin Philharmonic [3-DVD Set]
Release Date: 04/28/2015   Label: Euroarts  
Catalog: 2060968   Number of Discs: 3
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Tchaikovsky: The Nutcracker / Barenboim, Berlin 1999
Release Date: 02/20/2001   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 100119   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky Cycle Vol 1 - Symphony No 1, Rococo Variations
Release Date: 06/26/2007   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 102121   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky Cycle Vol 2 - Symphony No 2, Etc / Fedoseyev
Release Date: 07/31/2007   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 102123   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Marche slave, Op. 31

Browse 51-75 of 118 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Tchaikovsky: 1812, Marche Slave, Romeo & Juliet / Mehta
    Label: London/Decca Weekend Classics   Catalog: 417683 Release Date: 08/05/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 52.
    Concert Russe - Tchaikovsky, Etc / Steinberg, Pittsburgh So
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67249 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Alexander Borodin,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Conductor:  William Steinberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 53.
    Russian Favorites - Liadov, Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-korsakov / Barbirolli
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2325 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Anatole Liadov
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 54.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphonies No 4-6, Etc / Bernstein
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000958502 Release Date: 09/11/2007   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 55.
    Tchaikovsky: Romeo & Juliet; Francesca Da Rimini; Capricio Italien; Overture 1812
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 4643862 Release Date: 05/14/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Svetlanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian Federation State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 56.
    Tchaikovsky: 6 Symphonies, Etc / Abbado, Chicago So, Et Al
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88807 Release Date: 11/28/2006   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Pinchas Zukerman
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Michael Tilson Thomas,  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 57.
    Willem Mengelberg - Beethoven, Schubert, Weber, Et Al
    Label: Symposium   Catalog: 1078 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Label: Ovidiu Marinescu   Catalog: 5637423653 Release Date: 08/29/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
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  • 59.
    Tchaikovsky: The Symphonies, Etc / Mehta, Lapo
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000623502 Release Date: 04/11/2006   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Thomas Jensen Conducts The Aarhus Civic Orchestra
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 497 Release Date: 02/01/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  C. C. Moller,  Svend Erik Tarp,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Thomas Jensen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Aarhus Civic Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Enfants Classiques - Le Meilleur De Tchaikovsky
    Label: Children's Group   Catalog: 84399 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Philippe Entremont,  Theodore Kuchar,  Michael Halász
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Chamber Orchestra,  Ukranian State Symphony Orchestra,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Niños Clásicos - Lo Mejor De Tchaikovsky
    Label: Children's Group   Catalog: 84405 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Andrew Mogrelia,  Theodore Kuchar,  Michael Halász,  Ondrej Lenárd  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Ukrainian National Symphony Orchestra,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 63.
    Golovanov Conducts Tchaikovsky / Gilels, Et Al
    Label: Gebhardt   Catalog: 58 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Emil Gilels,  Lyudmilla Legostayeva,  Daniel Damianoff,  Georgi Vinogradov
    Conductor:  Nikolai S. Golovanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  All-Union Radio Orchestra,  All-Union Radio/TV Large Symphony Orchestra,  All-Union Radio Chorus  ... 
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  • 64.
    Original Masters - Leopold Stokowski Vol 2
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000394902 Release Date: 02/08/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Alexander Young,  Donald McIntyre,  Heather Harper,  Helen Watts  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Chorus  ... 
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  • 65.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphonies No 1-6, Etc / Antal Dorati, Et Al
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 000337402 Release Date: 11/09/2004   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Anton Arensky,  Alexander Borodin
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Classical Kids - The Best Of Tchaikovsky
    Label: Children's Group   Catalog: 84384 Release Date: 10/19/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Andrew Mogrelia,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Theodore Kuchar,  Adrian Leaper  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Ukrainian National Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 67.
    Mussorgsky: Pictures At An Exhibition, Etc / Reiner, Chicago
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 61394 Release Date: 09/14/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alexander Borodin,  Dmitri Kabalevsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 68.
    Trio - Tchaikovsky: Symphonic Poems, Etc / Pletnev, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000247602 Release Date: 06/15/2004   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Mikhail Pletnev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian National Orchestra
    CD: $23.99
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  • 69.
    Expanded Edition - Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture, Etc / Bernstein, Et Al
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 93076 Release Date: 02/24/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    CD: $8.99
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  • 70.
    Complete Collections - Tchaikovsky: Symphonies / Temirkanov
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 55781 Release Date: 12/16/2003   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yuri Temirkanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Stokowski In Rehearsal
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 536 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Katia & Marielle Labèque - Piano Fantasy
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000122102 Release Date: 10/14/2003   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Francis Poulenc,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  George Gershwin,  Alexander Scriabin  ... 
    Performer:  Marielle Labèque,  Katia Labèque
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Labèque Sisters,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 73.
    International Salute / Erich Kunzel, Cincinnati Pops
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5132 Release Date: 08/27/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Giacomo Meyerbeer  ... 
    Performer:  Jack Wellbaum
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Pops,  May Festival Chorus
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  • 74.
    Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture, Etc/ Kuchar, Ukraine National So
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555923 Release Date: 07/15/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Theodore Kuchar
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ukrainian National Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 75.
    Tchaikovsky: Fatum, 1812 Overture, Marche Slave, Etc. / Serebrier, Bamberg Symphony
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1283 Release Date: 04/22/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  José Serebrier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky


WORKS
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco
Allegro moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Allegro vivacissimo
1. Miniature Overture
March
Dance Of The Sugar-Plum Fairy
Russian Dance (Trepak)
Arabian Dance (Coffee)
Chinese Dance (Tea)
Dance Of The Reed-Pipes (Merlitons)
3. Waltz Of The Flowers
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 1. Andante - Allegro con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 2. Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza - Moderato con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 3. Valse (Allegro moderato)
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 4. Finale (Andante maestoso - Allegro vivace)
I. Adagio - Allegro non troppo
II. Allegro con grazia
III. Allegro molto vivace
IV. Adagio lamentoso
Moderato assai quasi andante
Tema: Moderato semplice
Variazione I: Tempo del Tema
Variazione II: Tempo del Tema
Variazione III: Andante sostenuto
Variazione IV: Andante grazioso
Variazione V: Allegro moderato
Variazione VI: Andante
Variazione VII e Coda: Allegro vivo
1. Pezzo in forma di sonatina: Andante non troppo - Allegro moderato
2. Walzer: Moderato (Tempo di valse)
3. Elégie: Larghetto elegiaco
4. Finale (Tema russo): Andante - Allegro con spirito
1. Scene - Swan Theme
2. Valse In A
3. Danse des petits cygnes
4. Scene
5. Danse Hongroise (Czardas)
6. Scène finale.
Introduction - The Lilac Fairy
Pas d'action: Rose Adagio
Pas de caractère: Puss In Boots
Panorama (andantino)
Valse