Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1 (1879 Version); Prokofiev / Gerstein
Release Date: 03/10/2015   Label: Myrios Classics  
Catalog: 16   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky Edition / Berlin Philharmonic [3-DVD Set]
Release Date: 04/28/2015   Label: Euroarts  
Catalog: 2060968   Number of Discs: 3
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Tchaikovsky: The Nutcracker / Barenboim, Berlin 1999
Release Date: 02/20/2001   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 100119   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky Cycle Vol 1 - Symphony No 1, Rococo Variations
Release Date: 06/26/2007   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 102121   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky Cycle Vol 2 - Symphony No 2, Etc / Fedoseyev
Release Date: 07/31/2007   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 102123   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Capriccio Italien

Browse 51-75 of 115 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    A Life In Music - The Anniversary Gala From Leipzig / Kurt Masur
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2056328 Release Date: 11/20/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Paul Dukas,  George Gershwin,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Middle German Radio Chorus Leipzig
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  • 52.
    Orchestral Masterworks / Steinberg, Pittsburgh Symphony
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 65204 Release Date: 10/09/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Borodin,  Mikhail Glinka,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Conductor:  William Steinberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 53.
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 369 Release Date: 09/25/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Elisabeth Höngen
    Conductor:  Mario Rossi
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  • 54.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphonies No 4-6, Etc / Bernstein
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000958502 Release Date: 09/11/2007   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 55.
    Tchaikovsky, Beethoven / Dorati, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000897902 Release Date: 07/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Kamiel Lefévre
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  University of Minnesota Brass Band,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 56.
    Tchaikovsky: Romeo & Juliet; Francesca Da Rimini; Capricio Italien; Overture 1812
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 4643862 Release Date: 05/14/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Svetlanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian Federation State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 57.
    The Glory Of Rostropovich / 8-Disc Set
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000839202 Release Date: 03/20/2007   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Martha Argerich,  Rudolf Serkin
    Conductor:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Leonard Bernstein,  Myung-Whun Chung,  Seiji Ozawa  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Emerson String Quartet  ... 
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  • 58.
    Russian Romantic Transcriptions / Aurora Quartet
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557717 Release Date: 07/13/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Mily Balakirev,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Aurora Piano Quartet
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  • 59.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5, Etc / Szell, Cleveland So
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 78744 Release Date: 06/06/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Tchaikovsky: The Symphonies, Etc / Mehta, Lapo
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000623502 Release Date: 04/11/2006   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Nicolai Malko - The Danish Collection
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 549/50 Release Date: 02/03/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Aram Khachaturian,  Alexander Glazunov,  Anatole Liadov  ... 
    Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danish State Radio Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5, Capriccio Italien
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 414 Release Date: 02/03/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein
    Conductor:  Ilya Stupel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Artur Rubinstein State Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Weekend Classics - A Tchaikovsky Weekend
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000577302 Release Date: 01/10/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Martha Argerich
    Conductor:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Claudio Abbado,  Ferenc Fricsay,  Charles Dutoit  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 64.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 4, Etc / Gatti, Royal Po
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 807393 Release Date: 12/13/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Daniele Gatti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5, Etc / Neeme Järvi, Gothenburg So
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1408 Release Date: 03/29/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5 / Temirkanov
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 65831 Release Date: 03/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yuri Temirkanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 67.
    A Tchaikovsky Festival
    Label: Classical Heritage   Catalog: 5864 Release Date: 09/21/2004   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Festival Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 68.
    Original Masters - Carl Schuricht
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4756074 Release Date: 08/10/2004   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Wilhelm Backhaus,  Christian Ferras
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris
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  • 69.
    Classics - Tchaikovsky: 1812;  Beethoven, Liszt / Kunzel
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80640 Release Date: 07/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Jordania Conducts Tchaikovsky
    Label: Angelok   Catalog: 9920/21 Release Date: 06/29/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Vakhtang Jordania
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian Federal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Trio - Tchaikovsky: Symphonic Poems, Etc / Pletnev, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000247602 Release Date: 06/15/2004   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Mikhail Pletnev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian National Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 4, Capriccio Italien / Dutoit
    Label: Universal   Catalog: 000217502 Release Date: 04/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Expanded Edition - Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture, Etc / Bernstein, Et Al
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 93076 Release Date: 02/24/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 74.
    Tchaikovsky: Capriccio Italien, Etc / Matacic, Et Al
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1330 Release Date: 02/10/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alexander Borodin
    Conductor:  Lovro von Matacic
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Complete Collections - Tchaikovsky: Symphonies / Temirkanov
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 55781 Release Date: 12/16/2003   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yuri Temirkanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky


WORKS
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco
Allegro moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Allegro vivacissimo
1. Miniature Overture
March
Dance Of The Sugar-Plum Fairy
Russian Dance (Trepak)
Arabian Dance (Coffee)
Chinese Dance (Tea)
Dance Of The Reed-Pipes (Merlitons)
3. Waltz Of The Flowers
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 1. Andante - Allegro con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 2. Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza - Moderato con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 3. Valse (Allegro moderato)
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 4. Finale (Andante maestoso - Allegro vivace)
I. Adagio - Allegro non troppo
II. Allegro con grazia
III. Allegro molto vivace
IV. Adagio lamentoso
Moderato assai quasi andante
Tema: Moderato semplice
Variazione I: Tempo del Tema
Variazione II: Tempo del Tema
Variazione III: Andante sostenuto
Variazione IV: Andante grazioso
Variazione V: Allegro moderato
Variazione VI: Andante
Variazione VII e Coda: Allegro vivo
1. Pezzo in forma di sonatina: Andante non troppo - Allegro moderato
2. Walzer: Moderato (Tempo di valse)
3. Elégie: Larghetto elegiaco
4. Finale (Tema russo): Andante - Allegro con spirito
1. Scene - Swan Theme
2. Valse In A
3. Danse des petits cygnes
4. Scene
5. Danse Hongroise (Czardas)
6. Scène finale.
Introduction - The Lilac Fairy
Pas d'action: Rose Adagio
Pas de caractère: Puss In Boots
Panorama (andantino)
Valse