Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Biography

Born: May 7, 1840; Russia   Died: Nov 6, 1893; Russia   Period: Romantic
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky was the author of some of the most popular themes in all of classical music. He founded no school, struck out no new paths or compositional methods, and sought few innovations in his works. Yet the power and communicative sweep of his best music elevates it to classic status, even if it lacks the formal boldness and harmonic sophistication heard in the compositions of his contemporaries, Wagner and Bruckner. It was Read more Tchaikovsky's unique melodic charm that could, whether in his Piano Concerto No. 1 or in his ballet The Nutcracker or in his tragic last symphony, make the music sound familiar on first hearing.
Tchaikovsky was born into a family of five brothers and one sister. He began taking piano lessons at age four and showed remarkable talent, eventually surpassing his own teacher's abilities. By age nine, he exhibited severe nervous problems, not least because of his overly sensitive nature. The following year, he was sent to St. Petersburg to study at the School of Jurisprudence. The loss of his mother in 1854 dealt a crushing blow to the young Tchaikovsky. In 1859, he took a position in the Ministry of Justice, but longed for a career in music, attending concerts and operas at every opportunity. He finally began study in harmony with Zaremba in 1861, and enrolled at the St. Petersburg Conservatory the following year, eventually studying composition with Anton Rubinstein.
In 1866, the composer relocated to Moscow, accepting a professorship of harmony at the new conservatory, and shortly afterward turned out his First Symphony, suffering, however, a nervous breakdown during its composition. His opera The Voyevoda came in 1867-1868 and he began another, The Oprichnik, in 1870, completing it two years later. Other works were appearing during this time, as well, including the First String Quartet (1871), the Second Symphony (1873), and the ballet Swan Lake (1875).
In 1876, Tchaikovsky traveled to Paris with his brother, Modest, and then visited Bayreuth, where he met Liszt, but was snubbed by Wagner. By 1877, Tchaikovsky was an established composer. This was the year of Swan Lake's premiere and the time he began work on the Fourth Symphony (1877-1878). It was also a time of woe: in July, Tchaikovsky, despite his homosexuality, foolishly married Antonina Ivanovna Milyukova, an obsessed admirer, their disastrous union lasting just months. The composer attempted suicide in the midst of this episode. Near the end of that year, Nadezhda von Meck, a woman he would never meet, became his patron and frequent correspondent.
Further excursions abroad came in the 1880s, along with a spate of successful compositions, including the Serenade for Strings (1881), 1812 Overture (1882), and the Fifth Symphony (1888). In both 1888 and 1889, Tchaikovsky went on successful European tours as a conductor, meeting Brahms, Grieg, Dvorák, Gounod, and other notable musical figures. Sleeping Beauty was premiered in 1890, and The Nutcracker in 1892, both with success.
Throughout Tchaikovsky's last years, he was continually plagued by anxiety and depression. A trip to Paris and the United States followed one dark nervous episode in 1891. Tchaikovsky wrote his Sixth Symphony, "Pathétique," in 1893, and it was successfully premiered in October, that year. The composer died ten days later of cholera, or -- as some now contend -- from drinking poison in accordance with a death sentence conferred on him by his classmates from the School of Jurisprudence, who were fearful of shame on the institution owing to an alleged homosexual episode involving Tchaikovsky. Read less
Tchaikovsky: Complete Orchestral Suites / Marriner, Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 06/26/2012   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94372   Number of Discs: 2
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Tchaikovsky, Medtner: Piano Concertos / Sudbin, Neschling, São Paulo State SO
Release Date: 03/27/2007   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1588   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 5… / Thomas, San Francisco
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: San Francisco Symphony  
Catalog: 0062   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite; Saint-Saens: Carnival of the Animals - Arrangements for Organ 4-hands
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94881   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Rococo Variations  / Vardai / Boganyi, Pannon Philharmonic
Release Date: 01/27/2015   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94876   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: 1812 Overture, Op. 49

Browse 101-125 of 128 Available Recordings
1 2 3 4 5 6
  • 101.
    Borodin, Mussorgsky, Et Al / Heinrich Hollreiser, Vienna So
    Label: Tuxedo Music   Catalog: 1009 Release Date: 04/15/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Borodin,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Modest Mussorgsky
    Conductor:  Heinrich Hollreiser
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $13.98
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  • 102.
    Battling Classics
    Label: Platinum Disc   Catalog: 1036 Release Date: 01/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz von Suppé,  Aram Khachaturian,  Frédéric Chopin,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $3.99
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  • 103.
    Greatest Masterpieces Of The Millennium - Tchaikovsky
    Label: Platinum Disc   Catalog: 1736 Release Date: 01/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $3.99
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  • 104.
    Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture, Etc / Domingo, Philharmonia
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73297 Release Date: 04/20/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ofra Harnoy,  Randall Behr
    Conductor:  Placido Domingo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 105.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 2, 1812 Overture, Fate / Pletnev
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453446 Release Date: 06/29/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Mikhail Pletnev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian National Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 106.
    The Tchaikovsky Album / Solti, Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 455810 Release Date: 06/09/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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  • 107.
    Symphonic Battle Scenes / Maazel, Bayerischen Rundfunks
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 68471 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Liszt
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 108.
    The Best Of Tchaikovsky
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556652 Release Date: 09/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Ilona Prunyi,  Takako Nishizaki,  Maria Kliegel,  Bernd Glemser
    Conductor:  Antoni Wit,  Philippe Entremont,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Adrian Leaper  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra Katowice,  Vienna Chamber Orchestra,  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra Bratislava  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 109.
    Tchaikovsky Spectacular / Litton, Dallas Symphony Orchestra And Chorus
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3196 Release Date: 05/21/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Svetlana Furdui,  Vassily Gerelo
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dallas Symphony Orchestra,  Dallas Symphony Chorus
    CD: $17.99
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  • 110.
    Tchaikovsky Album
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 61978 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Vato Kahi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Georgian Festival Orchestra
    CD: $4.99
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  • 111.
    Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture, Etc;  Beethoven / Dorati, Et Al
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 434360 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Kamiel Lefévre
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  University of Minnesota Brass Band,  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 112.
    An Evening With The Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68860 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Emil Waldteufel  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin,  Leonard Pennario
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin,  Carmen Dragon,  Miklós Rózsa,  Earl Bernard Murray  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $54.98
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  • 113.
    Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture, Romeo & Juliet, Marche Slave
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69033 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  William Steinberg,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Igor Markevitch,  Felix Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $4.99
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  • 114.
    Tchaikovsky:
    Label: Dg Masters   Catalog: 445523 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $10.99
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  • 115.
    Tchaikovsky: Tone Poems / Markevitch, Inbal, Haitink
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 442586 Release Date: 10/11/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch,  Eliahu Inbal,  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 116.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6;  Smetana / Alexander Gibson
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 65 Release Date: 06/23/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Sir Alexander Gibson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Symphony Orchestra,  London Festival Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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  • 117.
    Tchaikovsky - The Greatest Hits
    Label: Reference Gold   Catalog: 3605 Release Date: 04/13/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Hans Lang
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Festival Orchestra,  Dallas Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $9.99
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  • 118.
    Tchaikovsky: Tchaikovsky Festival
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550500 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Adrian Leaper
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 119.
    Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture; Borodin, Glinka, Khachaturian / Gergiev, Kirov
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 442011 Release Date: 01/11/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Borodin,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Anatole Liadov,  Aram Khachaturian  ... 
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kirov Theater Chorus,  Kirov Theater Orchestra,  Dutch Royal Military Band
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 120.
    Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture, Etc / Depreist, Oregon Symphony
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3081 Release Date: 12/11/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  James DePreist
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oregon Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 121.
    Label: Imp Classics   Catalog: 21 Release Date: 09/01/1992   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Mikhail Glinka,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    On sale! $29.94
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  • 122.
    Classics - Greatest Hits
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 60836 Release Date: 09/06/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  James Pappoutsakis,  Newton Wayland,  José Luis Garcia
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Fritz Reiner,  Rudolf Baumgartner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $8.99
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  • 123.
    Tchaikovsky - Greatest Hits
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 60845 Release Date: 09/06/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Arthur Fiedler,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Wilhelm Schüchter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Pops,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $8.99
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  • 124.
    Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture / Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Rca Victrola   Catalog: 60492 Release Date: 06/21/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
    CD: $6.99
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  • 125.
    The Best Of Tchaikovsky
    Label: Rca Victrola   Catalog: 60775 Release Date: 06/06/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  John Browning
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Schüchter,  Eugene Ormandy,  Fritz Reiner,  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky


WORKS
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco
Allegro moderato
Canzonetta: Andante
Allegro vivacissimo
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - 1. Miniature Overture
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - March
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Dance Of The Sugar-Plum Fairy
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Russian Dance (Trepak)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Arabian Dance (Coffee)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Chinese Dance (Tea)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - Dance Of The Reed-Pipes (Merlitons)
Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker Suite, Op.71a - 3. Waltz Of The Flowers
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 1. Andante - Allegro con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 2. Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza - Moderato con anima
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 3. Valse (Allegro moderato)
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.5 In E Minor, Op.64 - 4. Finale (Andante maestoso - Allegro vivace)
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.6 in B minor, Op.74 -"Pathétique" - 1. Adagio - Allegro non troppo - Andante - Moderato mosso - Andante - Moderato assai - Allegro vivo - Andante come prima - Andante mosso
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.6 in B minor, Op.74 -"Pathétique" - 2. Allegro con grazia
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.6 in B minor, Op.74 -"Pathétique" - 3. Allegro molto vivace
Tchaikovsky: Symphony No.6 in B minor, Op.74 -"Pathétique" - 4. Finale: Adagio lamentoso - Andante
Moderato assai quasi andante
Tema: Moderato semplice
Variazione I: Tempo del Tema
Variazione II: Tempo del Tema
Variazione III: Andante sostenuto
Variazione IV: Andante grazioso
Variazione V: Allegro moderato
Variazione VI: Andante
Variazione VII e Coda: Allegro vivo
1. Pezzo in forma di sonatina: Andante non troppo - Allegro moderato
2. Walzer: Moderato (Tempo di valse)
3. Elégie: Larghetto elegiaco
4. Finale (Tema russo): Andante - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 1. Scene - Swan Theme
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 2. Valse In A
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 3. Danse des petits cygnes
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 4. Scene
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 5. Danse Hongroise (Czardas)
Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake, Op.20 Suite - 6. Scène finale.
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Introduction - The Lilac Fairy
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Pas d'action: Rose Adagio
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Pas de caractère: Puss In Boots
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Panorama (andantino)
Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty, Suite, Op.66a - Valse