George Szell

Biography

Born: Jun 7, 1897; Hungary   Died: Jul 29, 1970; USA  
Part of the wave of great Hungarian conductors who took over American musical life just before and after World War II -- the others included Fritz Reiner, Antal Dorati, and Eugene Ormandy -- George Szell quickly transformed a middling Midwestern orchestra into one of the nation's Big Five. His cultivation of the Cleveland Orchestra set an example of discipline and hard work that gradually helped raise the standards of orchestras across Read more America.

Although born in Hungary, Szell was raised in Vienna where he studied composition with Eusebius Mandyczewski, and piano with Richard Robert; he also studied composition in Prague with J.B. Foerster. Szell was a wunderkind, playing a Mozart piano concerto with the Vienna Symphony Orchestra when he was ten, and composing a number of solid chamber and orchestral works in a lush, late Romantic style as a child and teenager. He was 17 when he conducted the Berlin Philharmonic in a program that included one of his own compositions.

Despite these early successes, Szell rose through the conducting ranks in the traditional way of the period, with a series of opera positions: Royal Opera of Berlin (1915-1917), Strasbourg (1917-1918), Prague (1919-1921), Darmstadt (1921-1922), and Düsseldorf (1922-1924). Szell's first prestigious post came to him in 1924, when he was named first conductor of the Berlin State Opera; he simultaneously served as a professor at Berlin's Hochschule für Musik. In 1929, he moved on to become general music director of the German Opera and Philharmonic in Prague, where he remained until 1937.

Szell began focusing more on orchestral repertory in the 1930s; he made his U.S. debut as guest conductor of the St. Louis Symphony in 1930, and in 1937 he was appointed conductor of the Scottish Orchestra in Glasgow, while maintaining a steady relationship with the Residentie Orkest in The Hague. Szell was in America in 1939 when war broke out in Europe; he remained in the U.S. through the war, first depending on guest engagements and then, in 1942, becoming a regular conductor at the Metropolitan Opera, where he was especially praised for his Wagner performances. In 1946 Szell took American citizenship and became music director of the Cleveland Orchestra, a post he held for 24 years. He was also the New York Philharmonic's music advisor and senior guest conductor during the last two years of his life.

Although Szell made a recordings in Europe in the 1950s and 1960s for Decca, and in Cleveland at the end of his life for EMI, the bulk of his substantial discography was the result of his long collaboration with Columbia Records in Cleveland. There, Szell had inherited an able but ordinary orchestra and, through sheer determination, molded it into one of America's finest. A Szell performance was remarkable for its textural clarity, chamber-like balances, and precision of attack and release. He drilled his orchestra mercilessly, even in works it had performed with him not long before. Szell was particularly admired for his performances of Austro-Germanic classics from Haydn to Richard Strauss, his sharp renderings of works by a select group of twentieth century composers including Bartók, Prokofiev, Janácek, and Walton), and his idiomatic way with Dvorák. Indeed, some collectors maintain that Szell's monaural, early 1950s recording of Dvorák's Eighth Symphony with the Concertgebouw Orchestra has never been equaled. His treatment of French composers, on the other hand, was criticized for its lack of atmosphere, and detractors maintained that he achieved precision at the expense of emotional expression. To those who demanded a warmer approach to his beloved Mozart, however, Szell is said to have retorted, "One does not pour chocolate sauce over asparagus." Read less

Browse 226-250 of 261 Available Recordings
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  • 226.
    Dinner Classics - Romance
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 48260 Release Date: 04/07/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Frederick Delius,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Philippe Entremont,  Rafael Druian,  Pinchas Zukerman
    Conductor:  Louis Lane,  Eugene Ormandy,  George Szell,  Andre Kostelanetz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Pops Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 227.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos Nos 1 & 3 / Fleisher, Szell
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 47658 Release Date: 01/03/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Leon Fleisher
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 228.
    Brahms: Symphonies Nos 2 & 3 / Szell, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 47652 Release Date: 01/03/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 229.
    Mahler: Symphony No 6
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 47654 Release Date: 01/03/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 230.
    Stravinsky: Petrouchka, Firebird;  Ravel / Ormandy, Szell
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 47664 Release Date: 01/03/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 231.
    Mozart: 7 Piano Concertos, Rondos / Rudolf Serkin
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 47207 Release Date: 10/04/1991   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Rudolf Serkin,  Peter Serkin
    Conductor:  Alexander Schneider,  Eugene Ormandy,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Marlboro Festival Orchestra
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  • 232.
    Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 5, Triple Concerto / Fleisher
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 46549 Release Date: 08/19/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Leon Fleisher,  Eugene Istomin,  Isaac Stern,  Leonard Rose
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 233.
    Beethoven: Symphonies 1 & 6 / Szell, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 46532 Release Date: 08/19/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 234.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 9, Etc / Szell, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 46533 Release Date: 08/19/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Adele Addison,  Donald Bell,  Richard Lewis,  Jane Hobson
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra Chorus
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  • 235.
    Brahms: Symphony No 1, Etc / George Szell, Eugene Ormandy
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 46534 Release Date: 08/19/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 236.
    Mendelssohn: Symphonies 3 & 4, Etc / Szell, Cleveland Orch
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 46536 Release Date: 08/19/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Sir Andrew Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 237.
    The Legendary Concerto Recordings 1950-1956 / Rudolf Serkin
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 47269 Release Date: 07/26/1991   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Rudolf Serkin
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 238.
    Isaac Stern Collection - The Early Concerto Recordings Vol 1
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 45952 Release Date: 07/01/1991   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Maurice Ravel,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Leonard Rose,  Isaac Stern,  Alexander Zakin,  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter,  Eugene Ormandy,  Alexander Hilsberg,  Sir Thomas Beecham  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $32.99
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  • 239.
    Wagner Without Words / George Szell, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 46286 Release Date: 07/01/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 240.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4, Etc / Szell, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 46330 Release Date: 04/05/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 241.
    Haydn: Symphonies 92, 94 & 96 / Szell, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 46332 Release Date: 04/05/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 242.
    The
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 46578 Release Date: 01/18/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Colette Alliot-Lugaz,  Gregory Reinhart,  Odile Bailleux,  Dominique Visse  ... 
    Conductor:  Jean-Claude Malgoire,  Lorin Maazel,  Stephen Simon,  George Szell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Grande Ecurie et la Chambre du Roy,  Nord-Pas-de-Calais Chorus,  Paris Opera Chorus  ... 
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  • 243.
    Beethoven, Mozart: Piano Concertos / Fleisher, Szell
    Label: Cbs Great Performances   Catalog: 37762 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Leon Fleisher
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 244.
    Beethoven: The 5 Piano Concertos / Fleisher, Szell
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 42445 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Leon Fleisher
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 245.
    Brahms: Piano Concerto No 2 / Serkin, Szell, Cleveland Orch
    Label: Cbs Great Performances   Catalog: 37258 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Rudolf Serkin
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 246.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 8 / Szell, Cleveland Orchestra
    Label: Cbs Great Performances   Catalog: 38470 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 247.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 9
    Label: Cbs Great Performances   Catalog: 37763 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 248.
    Franck: Symphonic Variations;  Rachmaninov / Fleisher, Szell
    Label: Cbs Great Performances   Catalog: 37812 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  César Franck,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Leon Fleisher
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 249.
    Mozart: Piano Concertos 19 & 20 / Serkin, Szell, Columbia So
    Label: Cbs Great Performances   Catalog: 37236 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Rudolf Serkin
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 250.
    Mozart: Piano Concertos Nos 21 & 24 / Casadesus, Szell
    Label: Cbs Great Performances   Catalog: 38523 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Robert Casadesus
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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