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Igor Stravinsky

Biography

Born: Jun 17, 1882; Russia   Died: Apr 6, 1971; USA   Period: 20th Century
Igor Stravinsky was one of music's truly epochal innovators; no other composer of the twentieth century exerted such a pervasive influence or dominated his art in the way that Stravinsky did during his seven-decade musical career. Aside from purely technical considerations such as rhythm and harmony, the most important hallmark of Stravinsky's style is, indeed, its changing face. Emerging from the spirit of late Russian nationalism and ending his Read more career with a thorny, individual language steeped in twelve-tone principles, Stravinsky assumed a number of aesthetic guises throughout the course of his development while always retaining a distinctive, essential identity.
Although he was the son of one of the Mariinsky Theater's principal basses and a talented amateur pianist, Stravinsky had no more musical training than that of any other Russian upper-class child. He entered law school, but also began private composition and orchestration studies with Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov. By 1909, the orchestral works Scherzo fantastique and Fireworks had impressed Sergei Diaghilev enough for him to ask Stravinsky to orchestrate, and subsequently compose, ballets for his company. Stravinsky's triad of early ballets -- The Firebird (1909-1910), Petrushka (1910-1911), and most importantly, The Rite of Spring (1911-1913) -- did more to establish his reputation than any of his other works; indeed, the riot which followed the premiere of The Rite is one of the most notorious events in music history.
Stravinsky and his family spent the war years in Switzerland, returning to France in 1920. His jazz-inflected essays of the 1910s and 1920s -- notably, Ragtime (1918) and The Soldier's Tale (1918) -- gave way to one of the composer's most influential aesthetic turns. The neo-Classical tautness of works as diverse as the ballet Pulcinella (1919-1920), the Symphony of Psalms (1930) and, decades later, the opera The Rake's Progress (1948-1951) made a widespread impact and had an especial influence upon the fledgling school of American composers that looked to Stravinsky as its primary model. He had begun touring as a conductor and pianist, generally performing his own works. In the 1930s, he toured the Americas and wrote several pieces fulfilling American commissions, including the Concerto in E flat, "Dumbarton Oaks."
After the deaths of his daughter, his wife, and his mother within a period of less than a year, Stravinsky emmigrated to America, settling in California with his second wife in 1940. His works between 1940 and 1950 show a mixture of styles, but still seem centered on Russian or French traditions. Stravinsky's cultural perspective was changed after Robert Craft became his musical assistant, handling rehearsals for Stravinsky, traveling with him, and later, co-authoring his memoirs. Craft is credited with helping Stravinsky accept 12-tone composition as one of the tools of his trade. Characteristically, though, he made novel use of such principles in his own music, producing works in a highly original vein: Movements (1958-1959) for piano and orchestra, Variations: Aldous Huxley in Memoriam (1963), and the Requiem Canticles (1965-1966) are among the most striking. Craft prepared the musicians for the exemplary series of Columbia Records LPs Stravinsky conducted through the stereo era, covering virtually all his significant works. Despite declining health in his last years, Stravinsky continued to compose until just before his death in April 1971. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 40 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 22393 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
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  • 2.
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 55202 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Madeleine Milhaud,  Richard Lewis
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
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  • 3.
    Igor Stravinsky Conducts Le Sacre Du Printemps
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 544269 Release Date: 05/21/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 4.
    Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps (10 Reference Recordings)
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 546174 Release Date: 05/21/2013   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski,  Igor Stravinsky,  Pierre Monteux,  Eugene Ormandy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 5.
    Stravinsky: Oedipus Rex  / Stravinsky, Pears, Modl, Rohr, Krebs
    Label: Acanta/Pilz   Catalog: 233694 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Martha Mödl,  Otto Von Rohr,  Heinz Rehfuss,  Helmut Krebs  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Northwest German Radio Chorus
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  • 6.
    Stravinsky: Le Sacre Du Printemps - 100th Anniversary Collectors Edition [20-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001780902 Release Date: 12/11/2012   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Andrei Gavrilov,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Güher Pekinel,  Süher Pekinel  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Riccardo Chailly,  Pierre Boulez,  Valery Gergiev  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Detroit Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra,  Kirov Theater Orchestra  ... 
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  • 7.
    Stravinsky In Moscow
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1001604 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
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  • 8.
    Stravinsky Conducts Stravinsky - The Ballets
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 884142 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Regina Sarfaty,  Roger Sessions,  Lukas Foss,  Mildred Allen  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  C. B. C. Symphony Orchestra,  American Concert Choir  ... 
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  • 9.
    Igor Stravinsky Performs Stravinsky
    Label: Dutton Laboratories/Vocalion   Catalog: 9814 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky,  Ernest Ansermet
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  • 10.
    Frank Zappa's Classical Selection
    Label: Chrome Dreams (Usa)   Catalog: 5049 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Igor Stravinsky,  Anton Webern,  Gustav Holst  ... 
    Performer:  Ilse Hollweg
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch,  Igor Stravinsky,  Gustav Holst,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gate 5 Ensemble of the World
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  • 11.
    Early Concerto Recordings (1934-1943)
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459002 Release Date: 07/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Samuel Dushkin,  Tibor de Machula,  Elly Ney,  Enrico Mainardi  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky,  Max Fiedler,  Paul Van Kempen,  Armas Järnefelt  ... 
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  • 12.
    Stravinsky At 85 / (B&w)
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4500 Release Date: 08/11/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toronto Symphony Orchestra
    DVD: $28.99
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  • 13.
    Stravinsky: L'oiseau De Feu, Apollon Musagete
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 393 Release Date: 06/30/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome
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  • 14.
    Stravinsky: Symphony In 3 Movements, Agon, Apollon Musagete, Etc / Igor Stravinsky, Bbc So
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4253 Release Date: 02/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Composers In Person
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17575 Release Date: 11/24/2008   Number of Discs: 22
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ernö von Dohnányi,  Paul Hindemith,  Aram Khachaturian  ... 
    Performer:  Béla Bartók,  Vilma Medgyaszay,  Ferenc Szekeres,  Zoltán Székely  ... 
    Conductor:  Lawrence Collingwood,  Paul Hindemith,  Aram Khachaturian,  Arthur Honegger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Percurama Percussion Ensemble
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  • 16.
    Stravinsky: The Rake's Progress / Stravinsky, Kraus, Schwarzkopf, Tourel
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1488 Release Date: 10/14/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Nell Tangeman,  Emanuel Menkes,  Robert Rounseville,  Jennie Tourel  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Chorus,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra
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  • 17.
    Stravinsky Conducts Stravinsky - Violin Concerto In D, Pulcinella Suite
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1211 Release Date: 06/17/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Maria Bergmann,  Heinz Stanske
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra della Svizzera Italiana,  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 18.
    Legendary Treasures - Simoneau & Alarie Vol 1
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7916 Release Date: 01/08/2008   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Igor Stravinsky,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Pierrette Alarie,  Léopold Simoneau,  Michel Hamel,  Eugenia Zareska  ... 
    Conductor:  Walter Goehr,  Igor Stravinsky,  Albert Bittner,  Wilfrid Pelletier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Philharmonic Orchestra,  French National Orchestra,  French Radio Chorus  ... 
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    CD: $49.99
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  • 19.
    Ballet Greatest Hits Vol I
    Label: Cbs Composers'greatest Hits   Catalog: 45658 Release Date: 01/07/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aaron Copland,  Aram Khachaturian,  Jacques Offenbach,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Aaron Copland,  Eugene Ormandy,  Andre Kostelanetz,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 20.
    Stravinsky: Perséphone / Madeleine Milhaud, Et Al
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 55202 Release Date: 06/27/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Madeleine Milhaud
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
    CD: $13.99
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  • 21.
    Igor Stravinsky Conducts His Own Works - Apollo, Etc
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1184 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Helmut Krebs,  Heinz Rehfuss,  Werner Hessenland,  Peter Pears  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Northwest German Radio Chorus,  Baden-Baden Southwest German Radio Wind Quintet
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  • 22.
    Stravinsky - A Documentary
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4290 Release Date: 06/29/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toronto Festival Singers,  C. B. C. Symphony Orchestra
    DVD: $28.99
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  • 23.
    Stravinsky - Composer & Performer Vol 3
    Label: Andante   Catalog: 1140 Release Date: 04/20/2004   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  L. Haney,  William Vacchiano,  A. Staffer,  G. Pulis  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra members,  New York Church of the Blessed Sacrament Choir,  Woody Herman & His Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $29.99
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  • 24.
    Label: Cd Accord   Catalog: 116 Release Date: 09/30/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Robert Craft,  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra,  Warsaw Philharmonic Chorus
    CD: $18.99
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  • 25.
    Stravinsky Vol Ii
    Label: Andante   Catalog: 1100 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Soulima Stravinsky,  Igor Stravinsky,  Gabriel Grandmaison,  Andre Vacellier  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky,  Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt,  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dumbarton Oaks Festival Orchestra,  Hamburg Chamber Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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