Igor Stravinsky

Biography

Born: Jun 17, 1882; Russia   Died: Apr 6, 1971; USA   Period: 20th Century
Igor Stravinsky was one of music's truly epochal innovators; no other composer of the twentieth century exerted such a pervasive influence or dominated his art in the way that Stravinsky did during his seven-decade musical career. Aside from purely technical considerations such as rhythm and harmony, the most important hallmark of Stravinsky's style is, indeed, its changing face. Emerging from the spirit of late Russian nationalism and ending his Read more career with a thorny, individual language steeped in twelve-tone principles, Stravinsky assumed a number of aesthetic guises throughout the course of his development while always retaining a distinctive, essential identity.
Although he was the son of one of the Mariinsky Theater's principal basses and a talented amateur pianist, Stravinsky had no more musical training than that of any other Russian upper-class child. He entered law school, but also began private composition and orchestration studies with Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov. By 1909, the orchestral works Scherzo fantastique and Fireworks had impressed Sergei Diaghilev enough for him to ask Stravinsky to orchestrate, and subsequently compose, ballets for his company. Stravinsky's triad of early ballets -- The Firebird (1909-1910), Petrushka (1910-1911), and most importantly, The Rite of Spring (1911-1913) -- did more to establish his reputation than any of his other works; indeed, the riot which followed the premiere of The Rite is one of the most notorious events in music history.
Stravinsky and his family spent the war years in Switzerland, returning to France in 1920. His jazz-inflected essays of the 1910s and 1920s -- notably, Ragtime (1918) and The Soldier's Tale (1918) -- gave way to one of the composer's most influential aesthetic turns. The neo-Classical tautness of works as diverse as the ballet Pulcinella (1919-1920), the Symphony of Psalms (1930) and, decades later, the opera The Rake's Progress (1948-1951) made a widespread impact and had an especial influence upon the fledgling school of American composers that looked to Stravinsky as its primary model. He had begun touring as a conductor and pianist, generally performing his own works. In the 1930s, he toured the Americas and wrote several pieces fulfilling American commissions, including the Concerto in E flat, "Dumbarton Oaks."
After the deaths of his daughter, his wife, and his mother within a period of less than a year, Stravinsky emmigrated to America, settling in California with his second wife in 1940. His works between 1940 and 1950 show a mixture of styles, but still seem centered on Russian or French traditions. Stravinsky's cultural perspective was changed after Robert Craft became his musical assistant, handling rehearsals for Stravinsky, traveling with him, and later, co-authoring his memoirs. Craft is credited with helping Stravinsky accept 12-tone composition as one of the tools of his trade. Characteristically, though, he made novel use of such principles in his own music, producing works in a highly original vein: Movements (1958-1959) for piano and orchestra, Variations: Aldous Huxley in Memoriam (1963), and the Requiem Canticles (1965-1966) are among the most striking. Craft prepared the musicians for the exemplary series of Columbia Records LPs Stravinsky conducted through the stereo era, covering virtually all his significant works. Despite declining health in his last years, Stravinsky continued to compose until just before his death in April 1971. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 71 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Igor Stravinsky in USSR / Mravinsky, Stravinsky
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 250330 Release Date: 03/18/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky,  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra,  USSR Symphony Orchestra,  Moscow Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra
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  • 2.
    Stravinsky conducts Stravinsky: Symphonies and Concertos
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88875126242 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Benny Goodman,  Philippe Entremont,  Charles Rosen,  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky,  Robert Craft
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  CBC Symphony Orchestra,  Festival Singers of Toronto  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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  • 3.
    Igor Stravinsky: The Complete Columbia Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 502616 Release Date: 10/30/2015   Number of Discs: 57
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Various
    Performer:  Roger Sessions,  Aaron Copland,  Lukas Foss,  Samuel Barber  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky,  Gregg Smith
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  CBC Symphony Orchestra,  American Concert Choir  ... 
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  • 4.
    Stravinsky Complete Edition [30-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002398272 Release Date: 10/23/2015   Number of Discs: 30
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Felicity Palmer,  Ian Caley,  Phyllis Bryn-Julson,  John Tomlinson  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez,  Riccardo Chailly,  Claudio Abbado,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $191.98
    CD: $182.99
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  • 5.
    Glenn Gould Remastered: The Complete Columbia Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 503222 Release Date: 10/09/2015   Number of Discs: 81
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Glenn Gould,  Elizabeth Benson-Guy,  Donald Gramm,  Charles Bressler  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Walter Susskind,  Vladimir Golschmann,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  CBC Symphony Orchestra,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Symphonia String Quartet  ... 
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  • 6.
    Webern: Vocal and Chamber Works / Craft
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557516 Release Date: 04/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Webern,  Arnold Schoenberg
    Performer:  Jacob Greenberg,  Tony Arnold,  Claire Booth,  Fred Sherry  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Fred Sherry String Quartet,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Simon Joly Chorus
    On sale! $12.99
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  • 7.
    Label: Urania Records   Catalog: 22393 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    On sale! $15.98
    CD: $13.99
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  • 8.
    Label: Urania Records   Catalog: 55202 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Madeleine Milhaud,  Richard Lewis
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
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  • 9.
    Igor Stravinsky Conducts Le Sacre Du Printemps
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 544269 Release Date: 05/21/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic
    CD: $22.99
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  • 10.
    Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps (10 Reference Recordings)
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 546174 Release Date: 05/21/2013   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski,  Igor Stravinsky,  Pierre Monteux,  Eugene Ormandy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $34.99
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  • 11.
    Stravinsky: Le Sacre Du Printemps - 100th Anniversary Collectors Edition [20-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001780902 Release Date: 12/11/2012   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Andrei Gavrilov,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Güher Pekinel,  Süher Pekinel  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Riccardo Chailly,  Pierre Boulez,  Valery Gergiev  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Detroit Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra,  Kirov Theater Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
    On sale! $87.98
    CD: $83.99
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  • 12.
    Stravinsky In Moscow
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1001604 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    CD: $18.99
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  • 13.
    Stravinsky Conducts Stravinsky - The Ballets
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 884142 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Regina Sarfaty,  Roger Sessions,  Lukas Foss,  Mildred Allen  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  CBC Symphony Orchestra,  American Concert Choir  ... 
    CD: $23.99
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  • 14.
    Great Ballet
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501055 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Igor Stravinsky,  Maurice Ravel,  Aram Khachaturian  ... 
    Conductor:  André Anichanov,  Andrew Mogrelia,  Igor Stravinsky,  Alexander Rahbari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg State Symphony Orchestra,  Ukraine National Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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    CD: $68.99
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  • 15.
    My First Ballet Album
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8578205 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Darius Milhaud,  Alexander Glazunov,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Conductor:  Alexander Rahbari,  Jean-Claude Casadesus,  Ondrej Lenárd,  Theodore Kuchar  ... 
    On sale! $12.99
    CD: $9.99
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  • 16.
    My First Classical Music Album
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8578203 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Antonio Vivaldi,  John Adams,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki,  Dong-Suk Kang,  Pascal Devoyon,  Jürgen Schuster  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Halász,  Stephen Gunzenhauser,  Marin Alsop,  Mats Rondin  ... 
    On sale! $12.99
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  • 17.
    Frank Zappa's Classical Selection
    Label: Chrome Dreams (Usa)   Catalog: 5049 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Igor Stravinsky,  Anton Webern,  Gustav Holst  ... 
    Performer:  Ilse Hollweg
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch,  Igor Stravinsky,  Gustav Holst,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gate 5 Ensemble of the World
    On sale! $19.95
    CD: $16.99
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  • 18.
    Early Concerto Recordings (1934-1943)
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459002 Release Date: 07/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Samuel Dushkin,  Tibor de Machula,  Elly Ney,  Enrico Mainardi  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky,  Max Fiedler,  Paul Van Kempen,  Armas Järnefelt  ... 
    Recommendation
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 19.
    Monteverdi: Vespro Della Beata Vergine;  Bach / Craft
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 62656 Release Date: 04/15/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Melvin Brown,  Archi Drake,  Richard Levitt,  Adrienne Albert  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gregg Smith Singers,  Texas Boy's Choir Fort Worth,  Columbia Baroque Ensemble  ... 
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  • 20.
    Schoenberg: String Trio, Four Pieces For Mixed Chorus / Craft, London Sinfonietta
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557529 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg
    Performer:  Fred Sherry,  Toby Appel,  Alan R. Kay,  Charles Neidich  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Sinfonietta members,  Simon Joly Chorus
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  • 21.
    The Works Of Arnold Schoenberg Vol 2 - The Robert Craft Edition
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8506023 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg
    Performer:  Catherine Wyn-Rogers,  Sioned Williams,  Tim Carey,  John Alley  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  20th Century Classics Ensemble,  Simon Joly Chorus  ... 
    CD: $48.99
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  • 22.
    The Devil's Music
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8578085-86 Release Date: 09/29/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Charles Gounod,  Robert Schumann,  György Ligeti,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Samuel Ramey,  Idil Biret,  Laurent Martin,  Ashley Wass  ... 
    Conductor:  Julius Rudel,  Johannes Wildner,  Alfred Walter,  Christian Benda  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Radio Orchestra,  Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Kosice Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 23.
    The Works Of Arnold Schoenberg Vol 1 / Robert Craft
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8505223 Release Date: 09/29/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  David Wilson-Johnson,  Jeremy Denk,  Mark Beesley,  Fred Sherry  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Fred Sherry String Quartet,  Simon Joly Chorus,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $48.99
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  • 24.
    Stravinsky At 85 / (B&w)
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4500 Release Date: 08/11/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toronto Symphony Orchestra
    DVD: $28.99
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  • 25.
    Webern: Vocal and Orchestral Works / Craft, Arnold, Booth, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557531 Release Date: 07/28/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Webern
    Performer:  Tony Arnold,  Claire Booth,  David Wilson-Johnson
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  20th Century Classics Ensemble,  Simon Joly Chorus,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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