Igor Stravinsky

Biography

Born: Jun 17, 1882; Russia   Died: Apr 6, 1971; USA   Period: 20th Century
Igor Stravinsky was one of music's truly epochal innovators; no other composer of the twentieth century exerted such a pervasive influence or dominated his art in the way that Stravinsky did during his seven-decade musical career. Aside from purely technical considerations such as rhythm and harmony, the most important hallmark of Stravinsky's style is, indeed, its changing face. Emerging from the spirit of late Russian nationalism and ending his Read more career with a thorny, individual language steeped in twelve-tone principles, Stravinsky assumed a number of aesthetic guises throughout the course of his development while always retaining a distinctive, essential identity.
Although he was the son of one of the Mariinsky Theater's principal basses and a talented amateur pianist, Stravinsky had no more musical training than that of any other Russian upper-class child. He entered law school, but also began private composition and orchestration studies with Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov. By 1909, the orchestral works Scherzo fantastique and Fireworks had impressed Sergei Diaghilev enough for him to ask Stravinsky to orchestrate, and subsequently compose, ballets for his company. Stravinsky's triad of early ballets -- The Firebird (1909-1910), Petrushka (1910-1911), and most importantly, The Rite of Spring (1911-1913) -- did more to establish his reputation than any of his other works; indeed, the riot which followed the premiere of The Rite is one of the most notorious events in music history.
Stravinsky and his family spent the war years in Switzerland, returning to France in 1920. His jazz-inflected essays of the 1910s and 1920s -- notably, Ragtime (1918) and The Soldier's Tale (1918) -- gave way to one of the composer's most influential aesthetic turns. The neo-Classical tautness of works as diverse as the ballet Pulcinella (1919-1920), the Symphony of Psalms (1930) and, decades later, the opera The Rake's Progress (1948-1951) made a widespread impact and had an especial influence upon the fledgling school of American composers that looked to Stravinsky as its primary model. He had begun touring as a conductor and pianist, generally performing his own works. In the 1930s, he toured the Americas and wrote several pieces fulfilling American commissions, including the Concerto in E flat, "Dumbarton Oaks."
After the deaths of his daughter, his wife, and his mother within a period of less than a year, Stravinsky emmigrated to America, settling in California with his second wife in 1940. His works between 1940 and 1950 show a mixture of styles, but still seem centered on Russian or French traditions. Stravinsky's cultural perspective was changed after Robert Craft became his musical assistant, handling rehearsals for Stravinsky, traveling with him, and later, co-authoring his memoirs. Craft is credited with helping Stravinsky accept 12-tone composition as one of the tools of his trade. Characteristically, though, he made novel use of such principles in his own music, producing works in a highly original vein: Movements (1958-1959) for piano and orchestra, Variations: Aldous Huxley in Memoriam (1963), and the Requiem Canticles (1965-1966) are among the most striking. Craft prepared the musicians for the exemplary series of Columbia Records LPs Stravinsky conducted through the stereo era, covering virtually all his significant works. Despite declining health in his last years, Stravinsky continued to compose until just before his death in April 1971. Read less

Work: Firebird - (Complete Ballet)

Browse 26-50 of 60 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Stravinsky: Firebird Ballet / Ansermet, New Philharmonia
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 414141 Release Date: 03/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 27.
    A Festival Of Ballet
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67063 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Holst,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Barbara Hendricks,  Susan Bickley,  Lorraine Hunt Lieberson,  Catherine Pierard  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe,  André Previn,  Paavo Järvi,  Sir Charles Mackerras  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Radio France Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $76.99
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  • 28.
    Stravinsky: The Ballets / Rattle, City of Birmingham SO
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 67711 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
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    CD: $12.99
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  • 29.
    Stravinsky & The Ballets Russes / Gergiev, Mariinsky Theatre
    Label: Bel Air Classiques   Catalog: 41 Release Date: 10/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theater Orchestra
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  • 30.
    Stravinsky & The Ballets Russes / Gergiev, Mariinsky Theatre [Blu-ray]
    Label: Bel Air Classiques   Catalog: 441 Release Date: 10/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theater Orchestra
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    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 31.
    Stravinsky: Works For The Ballet Russes / Fischer, Bbc National Orchestra Of Wales
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 165 Release Date: 09/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Thierry Fischer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC National Orchestra of Wales
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    CD: $17.99
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  • 32.
    Ultimate Russian Classics [5-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001313502 Release Date: 08/25/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Alexander Borodin,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Ernest Ansermet,  Riccardo Muti,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 33.
    Sergiu Celibidache - Portrait
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 725085 Release Date: 04/28/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Maurice Ravel,  Boris Blacher,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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    CD: $98.99
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  • 34.
    Stravinsky: The Ballets / Robert Craft
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8506009 Release Date: 03/31/2009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Mark Wait,  Alan Ewing,  Susan Bickley,  Martyn Hill  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra of St. Luke's,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 35.
    Stravinsky: Firebird Ballet / Colin Davis, Concertgebouw
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 400074 Release Date: 10/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 36.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird, Scherzo, Feu D'artifice / Dutoit
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 414409 Release Date: 10/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Stravinsky: L'oiseau De Feu, Le Sacre Du Printemps / Jansons, Concertgebouw
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 8002 Release Date: 08/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 38.
    Stravinsky: Rite Of Spring, Petrushka, Firebird, Appollo
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 6876 Release Date: 07/22/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Stravinsky: 3 Ballets / Antal Doráti, Detroit Symphony
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 421079 Release Date: 06/10/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Detroit Symphony Orchestra
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  • 40.
    Russian Classics - Stravinsky: The Firebird;  Et Al / Ozawa
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69131 Release Date: 02/21/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Alexander Borodin,  Igor Stravinsky,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Victor Aitay,  Alexis Weissenberg
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestre de Paris
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  • 41.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird / Kent Nagano, London Symphony
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 45032 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Ultimate Ballet - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000972302 Release Date: 09/11/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Léo Delibes,  Frédéric Chopin,  Charles Gounod,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Conductor:  David Zinman,  Antal Doráti,  Ernest Ansermet,  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra,  Detroit Symphony Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra  ... 
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  • 43.
    Stravinsky: Petrouchka; Le Sacre Du Printemps; L'oiseau De Feu / Inbal, Philharmonia Orchestra
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 4643772 Release Date: 02/26/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Eliahu Inbal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 44.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird, Petrushka / Craft
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557500 Release Date: 03/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 45.
    Kirov Celebrates Nijinsky / Kirov Ballet
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 2918 Release Date: 02/08/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Alexander Borodin,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Mikhail Agrest
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theater Orchestra
    DVD: $18.99
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  • 46.
    Gemini - Stravinsky: Firebird, Petrushka, Etc / Rattle
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85538 Release Date: 06/01/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
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  • 47.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird / Idil Biret
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555999 Release Date: 08/19/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Idil Biret
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  • 48.
    Return of the Firebird / Bolshoi Ballet
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 079322 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    DVD: $32.99
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  • 49.
    Stravinsky: Firebird, Les Noces / Royal Ballet
    Label: Opus Arte   Catalog: 833 Release Date: 10/22/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  John Carewe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 50.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird / Honningen, Jensen, Et Al
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 77 Release Date: 07/30/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Poul Jorgensen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Danish Orchestra
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