Igor Stravinsky

Biography

Born: Jun 17, 1882; Russia   Died: Apr 6, 1971; USA   Period: 20th Century
Igor Stravinsky was one of music's truly epochal innovators; no other composer of the twentieth century exerted such a pervasive influence or dominated his art in the way that Stravinsky did during his seven-decade musical career. Aside from purely technical considerations such as rhythm and harmony, the most important hallmark of Stravinsky's style is, indeed, its changing face. Emerging from the spirit of late Russian nationalism and ending his Read more career with a thorny, individual language steeped in twelve-tone principles, Stravinsky assumed a number of aesthetic guises throughout the course of his development while always retaining a distinctive, essential identity.

Although he was the son of one of the Mariinsky Theater's principal basses and a talented amateur pianist, Stravinsky had no more musical training than that of any other Russian upper-class child. He entered law school, but also began private composition and orchestration studies with Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov. By 1909, the orchestral works Scherzo fantastique and Fireworks had impressed Sergei Diaghilev enough for him to ask Stravinsky to orchestrate, and subsequently compose, ballets for his company. Stravinsky's triad of early ballets -- The Firebird (1909-1910), Petrushka (1910-1911), and most importantly, The Rite of Spring (1911-1913) -- did more to establish his reputation than any of his other works; indeed, the riot which followed the premiere of The Rite is one of the most notorious events in music history.

Stravinsky and his family spent the war years in Switzerland, returning to France in 1920. His jazz-inflected essays of the 1910s and 1920s -- notably, Ragtime (1918) and The Soldier's Tale (1918) -- gave way to one of the composer's most influential aesthetic turns. The neo-Classical tautness of works as diverse as the ballet Pulcinella (1919-1920), the Symphony of Psalms (1930) and, decades later, the opera The Rake's Progress (1948-1951) made a widespread impact and had an especial influence upon the fledgling school of American composers that looked to Stravinsky as its primary model. He had begun touring as a conductor and pianist, generally performing his own works. In the 1930s, he toured the Americas and wrote several pieces fulfilling American commissions, including the Concerto in E flat, "Dumbarton Oaks."

After the deaths of his daughter, his wife, and his mother within a period of less than a year, Stravinsky emmigrated to America, settling in California with his second wife in 1940. His works between 1940 and 1950 show a mixture of styles, but still seem centered on Russian or French traditions. Stravinsky's cultural perspective was changed after Robert Craft became his musical assistant, handling rehearsals for Stravinsky, traveling with him, and later, co-authoring his memoirs. Craft is credited with helping Stravinsky accept 12-tone composition as one of the tools of his trade. Characteristically, though, he made novel use of such principles in his own music, producing works in a highly original vein: Movements (1958-1959) for piano and orchestra, Variations: Aldous Huxley in Memoriam (1963), and the Requiem Canticles (1965-1966) are among the most striking. Craft prepared the musicians for the exemplary series of Columbia Records LPs Stravinsky conducted through the stereo era, covering virtually all his significant works. Despite declining health in his last years, Stravinsky continued to compose until just before his death in April 1971. Read less

Stravinsky: Agon; Schuller: Seven Studies on Themes of Paul Klee / Leinsdorf, BSO
Release Date: 03/18/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 3263   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Oedipus Rex, Apollon Musagete / Gardiner
Release Date: 04/08/2014   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 751   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Rite Of Spring, Firebird / Simonov, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 03/10/2009   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28290   Number of Discs: 1
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Jenny Lin - Stravinsky
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Steinway & Sons  
Catalog: 30028   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: The Rite of Spring; Stokowski: Bach Transcriptions / Nezet-Seguin, Philadelphia
Release Date: 09/24/2013   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 001903202   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Firebird - (Complete Ballet)

Browse 1-25 of 77 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Stravinsky: Rite of Spring, Firebird / Mariinsky
    Label: Bel Air Classiques   Catalog: 241 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theater Orchestra
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  • 2.
    Colin Davis: The Philips Years [15-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001850302 Release Date: 06/18/2013   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Stephen Kovacevich,  Claudio Arrau,  Jessye Norman,  Jon Vickers  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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  • 3.
    Stravinsky: Les Ballets Russes
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1001990 Release Date: 06/11/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Dmitri Kitayenko,  Pierre Boulez,  Vladimir Fedoseyev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  Moscow Conservatory Symphony Orchestra,  USSR State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 4.
    Stravinsky: L'Oiseau De Feu / Kitayenko, Moscow Philharmonic Symphony
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1001734 Release Date: 05/14/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Dmitri Kitayenko
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Stravinsky: Firebird, Rite Of Spring / Sokhiev, Toulouse Capitole Orchestra [CD & DVD]
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5192 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Tugan Sokhiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toulouse Capitole Orchestra
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  • 6.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird, Fireworks / Schwartz, Seattle Symphony
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8571221 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seattle Symphony Orchestra
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  • 7.
    The Art Of Valery Gergiev
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 1083441 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Alexander Borodin  ... 
    Performer:  Olga Borodina,  Lang Lang,  Sergei Levitin,  Alexander Toradze  ... 
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kirov Theater Orchestra,  Kirov Theater Chorus,  St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theater Orchestra  ... 
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  • 8.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird, Les Noces, Symphony In C, Etc. / Neumann,  Czech Philharmonic, Tokyo String Quartet
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 350057 Release Date: 07/10/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann,  Christoph von Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  Tokyo String Quartet,  Prague Radio Choir  ... 
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  • 9.
    Stravinsky Conducts Stravinsky - The Ballets
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7884142 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Regina Sarfaty,  Roger Sessions,  Lukas Foss,  Mildred Allen  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  C. B. C. Symphony Orchestra,  American Concert Choir  ... 
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  • 10.
    Boulez Conducts Stravinsky
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001660502 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Hugo Wolf
    Performer:  Christopher Hanulik,  Franklin Cohen,  David McGill,  Michael Sachs  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra Chorus  ... 
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  • 11.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird / Litton, Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1874 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Jean Sibelius,  Frédéric Chopin,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 12.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird - Performance & Rehearsal / Ansermet
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4803780 Release Date: 12/20/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 13.
    Stravinsky: L'oiseau De Feu / Roth, Les Siecles
    Label: Actes Sud   Catalog: 6 Release Date: 12/13/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Edvard Grieg,  Alexander Glazunov,  Christian Sinding
    Conductor:  François-Xavier Roth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Sičcles
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  • 14.
    The Decca Sound [50-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001619902 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Claude Debussy,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Alfredo Campoli,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Cecilia Bartoli  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet,  Ataulfo Argenta,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Vladimir Ashkenazy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 15.
    Music From Diaghilev's Ballet Russes / Fischer, Bbc National Orchestra Of Wales
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 271 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Anatole Liadov,  Francis Poulenc
    Conductor:  Thierry Fischer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC National Orchestra of Wales
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  • 16.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird; Scherzo Fantastique / Saraste, WDR Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 11041 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Jukka-Pekka Saraste
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Wdr Sinfonieorchester Köln
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  • 17.
    Stravinsky: Complete Ballets & Symphonies / Ashkenazy, Chailly, Dutoit [7-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001605302 Release Date: 10/18/2011   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Anna Caterina Antonacci,  Pietro Ballo,  William Shimell,  Olli Mustonen  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Riccardo Chailly,  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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  • 18.
    Stravinsky: Firebird, Petrushka, The Rite Of Spring, Pulcinella / Kreizberg, Monte Carlo Philharmonic
    Label: Opmc Classics   Catalog: 001 Release Date: 05/16/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Kenneth Tarver,  Renata Pokupic,  Andrew Foster-Williams
    Conductor:  Yakov Kreizberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 19.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird, Scherzo A La Russe / Haitink, Berlin PO
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 426317 Release Date: 04/07/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 20.
    Stravinsky: Orchestral Works / Dutoit, Montreal Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802013 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 21.
    Stravinsky: Firebird;  Bartok: 2 Portraits / Dohnanyi
    Label: London/Decca Jubilee   Catalog: 425018 Release Date: 06/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Christoph von Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 22.
    Live At The Louvre - Stravinsky: The Firebird / Boulez
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 3078628 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de Paris
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  • 23.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird, Symphony Of Psalms / Nelsons, City Of Birmingham
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 804101 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Andris Nelsons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus
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  • 24.
    Stravinsky: Firebird Ballet / Ansermet, New Philharmonia
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 414141 Release Date: 03/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 25.
    A Festival Of Ballet
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67063 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Holst,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Barbara Hendricks,  Susan Bickley,  Lorraine Hunt Lieberson,  Catherine Pierard  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe,  André Previn,  Paavo Järvi,  Sir Charles Mackerras  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Radio France Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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