Igor Stravinsky

Biography

Born: Jun 17, 1882; Russia   Died: Apr 6, 1971; USA   Period: 20th Century
Igor Stravinsky was one of music's truly epochal innovators; no other composer of the twentieth century exerted such a pervasive influence or dominated his art in the way that Stravinsky did during his seven-decade musical career. Aside from purely technical considerations such as rhythm and harmony, the most important hallmark of Stravinsky's style is, indeed, its changing face. Emerging from the spirit of late Russian nationalism and ending his Read more career with a thorny, individual language steeped in twelve-tone principles, Stravinsky assumed a number of aesthetic guises throughout the course of his development while always retaining a distinctive, essential identity.
Although he was the son of one of the Mariinsky Theater's principal basses and a talented amateur pianist, Stravinsky had no more musical training than that of any other Russian upper-class child. He entered law school, but also began private composition and orchestration studies with Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov. By 1909, the orchestral works Scherzo fantastique and Fireworks had impressed Sergei Diaghilev enough for him to ask Stravinsky to orchestrate, and subsequently compose, ballets for his company. Stravinsky's triad of early ballets -- The Firebird (1909-1910), Petrushka (1910-1911), and most importantly, The Rite of Spring (1911-1913) -- did more to establish his reputation than any of his other works; indeed, the riot which followed the premiere of The Rite is one of the most notorious events in music history.
Stravinsky and his family spent the war years in Switzerland, returning to France in 1920. His jazz-inflected essays of the 1910s and 1920s -- notably, Ragtime (1918) and The Soldier's Tale (1918) -- gave way to one of the composer's most influential aesthetic turns. The neo-Classical tautness of works as diverse as the ballet Pulcinella (1919-1920), the Symphony of Psalms (1930) and, decades later, the opera The Rake's Progress (1948-1951) made a widespread impact and had an especial influence upon the fledgling school of American composers that looked to Stravinsky as its primary model. He had begun touring as a conductor and pianist, generally performing his own works. In the 1930s, he toured the Americas and wrote several pieces fulfilling American commissions, including the Concerto in E flat, "Dumbarton Oaks."
After the deaths of his daughter, his wife, and his mother within a period of less than a year, Stravinsky emmigrated to America, settling in California with his second wife in 1940. His works between 1940 and 1950 show a mixture of styles, but still seem centered on Russian or French traditions. Stravinsky's cultural perspective was changed after Robert Craft became his musical assistant, handling rehearsals for Stravinsky, traveling with him, and later, co-authoring his memoirs. Craft is credited with helping Stravinsky accept 12-tone composition as one of the tools of his trade. Characteristically, though, he made novel use of such principles in his own music, producing works in a highly original vein: Movements (1958-1959) for piano and orchestra, Variations: Aldous Huxley in Memoriam (1963), and the Requiem Canticles (1965-1966) are among the most striking. Craft prepared the musicians for the exemplary series of Columbia Records LPs Stravinsky conducted through the stereo era, covering virtually all his significant works. Despite declining health in his last years, Stravinsky continued to compose until just before his death in April 1971. Read less
Stravinsky: Petrushka - Debussy: La boite a joujoux / Morlot, Seattle Symphony
Release Date: 06/10/2016   Label: Seattle Symphony Orchestra  
Catalog: 1010   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Rake's Progress / Haitink, Lott, Goeke, Elias, Van Allen, Ramey
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 102314   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Petrouchka, Brahms: Liebeslieder Waltzes / Stenzl, Racz
Release Date: 11/16/2004   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 100715   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: The Rake's Progress / Jurowski, Persson, Lehtipu, Bayley, Gorton, Glyndebourne
Release Date: 01/31/2012   Label: Opus Arte  
Catalog: 1062   Number of Discs: 1
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The Story of Stravinsky's Le sacre du printemps
Release Date: 03/25/2016   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 109210   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony in Three Movements

Browse 26-47 of 47 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Stravinsky: Symphony In C, Symphony In 3 Movements / Craft, Philharmonia Orchestra
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557507 Release Date: 01/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Robert Craft
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  20th Century Classics Ensemble,  Orchestra of St. Luke's,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Stravinsky: Petrouchka, Ebony Concerto, Etc /Goosens, Herman
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422303 Release Date: 08/05/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Woody Herman
    Conductor:  Sir Eugene Goossens
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Woody Herman & His Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 28.
    Stravinsky: Symphonies / Sir Simon Rattle, Berlin PO
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 7630 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Chorus
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  • 29.
    Stravinsky: Le Sacre Du Printemps, Etc / Nott, Bamberg So
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 7145 Release Date: 10/30/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Jonathan Nott
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 30.
    Klemperer Edition- Stravinsky: Symphony In 3 Movements, Etc
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 64142 Release Date: 09/24/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Kurt Weill,  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Stravinsky: Symphony In 3 Movements, Symphony Of Psalms, Etc
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93183 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Cologne West German Radio Chorus
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  • 32.
    The Art Of Charles Dutoit
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000771602 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Hector Berlioz,  Franz von Suppé,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  French National Orchestra  ... 
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  • 33.
    Label: Musiques Suisses   Catalog: 6240 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Bohuslav Martinu,  Frank Martin  ... 
    Performer:  Derrik Olsen,  Hugues Cuénod,  Teodor Ciurdea,  Kathrin Graf  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul Sacher
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  • 34.
    Igor Stravinsky Conducts His Own Works - Apollo, Etc
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1184 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Helmut Krebs,  Heinz Rehfuss,  Werner Hessenland,  Peter Pears  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Northwest German Radio Chorus,  Baden-Baden Southwest German Radio Wind Quintet
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  • 35.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Stravinsky, Shostakovich
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000532002 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  Boris Berman,  Homero Francesch,  Paul Hudson,  Krystian Zimerman  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  English Bach Festival Choir,  English Bach Festival Percussion Ensemble  ... 
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  • 36.
    Furtwängler - Die Salzburger Orchesterkonzerte 1949 - 1954
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 409048 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Igor Stravinsky,  Anton Bruckner,  Paul Hindemith  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Josef Greindl,  Sieglinde Wagner,  Irmgard Seefried  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
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  • 37.
    Stravinsky - Composer & Performer Vol 3
    Label: Andante   Catalog: 1140 Release Date: 04/20/2004   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  L. Haney,  William Vacchiano,  A. Staffer,  G. Pulis  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra members,  New York Church of the Blessed Sacrament Choir,  Woody Herman & His Orchestra  ... 
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  • 38.
    Stravinsky: Firebird Suite, The Rite Of Spring, Etc
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 5714 Release Date: 03/02/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 39.
    The Essential Stravinsky / Järvi, Suisse Romande Orchestra
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6654 Release Date: 08/27/2002   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Geoffrey Tozer,  Jean Piat,  Rudolf Rosen,  Günter von Kannen  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Brassus Chorale,  Lausanne Pro Arte Chorus  ... 
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  • 40.
    Stravinsky: Symphony Of Psalms, Symphony In Three Movements / Boulez, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 457616 Release Date: 02/08/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Chorus,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 41.
    Russian Orchestral Masterworks
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 1749 Release Date: 01/11/2000   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Igor Stravinsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Conductor:  Tadaaki Otaka,  William Boughton,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC National Orchestra of Wales,  English String Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 42.
    Stravinsky: Symphonies / Solti, Chicago SO & Chorus
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 458898 Release Date: 09/14/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Chorus,  Glen Ellyn Children's Choir
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  • 43.
    Stravinsky: Symphonies, Fairy's Kiss, Ode / Nash Ensemble
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 2408 Release Date: 05/18/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi,  Simon Rattle,  Sir Alexander Gibson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra,  Nash Ensemble
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  • 44.
    Stravinsky: Symphony In C, Etc / En Shao, New Zealand So
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553403 Release Date: 04/22/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  En Shao
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Zealand Symphony Orchestra
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  • 45.
    Stravinsky: Symphonies / Vladimir Ashkenazy, Rso Berlin
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 436416 Release Date: 07/31/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Semyon Bychkov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestre de Paris
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  • 46.
    Bernstein Conducts Stravinsky
    Label: Dg Masters   Catalog: 445538 Release Date: 07/18/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Boris Berman
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 47.
    Stravinsky Conducts Stravinsky - Symphony of Psalms, Symphony in Three Movements
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 42434 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toronto Festival Singers,  CBC Symphony Orchestra,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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