Igor Stravinsky

Biography

Born: Jun 17, 1882; Russia   Died: Apr 6, 1971; USA   Period: 20th Century
Igor Stravinsky was one of music's truly epochal innovators; no other composer of the twentieth century exerted such a pervasive influence or dominated his art in the way that Stravinsky did during his seven-decade musical career. Aside from purely technical considerations such as rhythm and harmony, the most important hallmark of Stravinsky's style is, indeed, its changing face. Emerging from the spirit of late Russian nationalism and ending his Read more career with a thorny, individual language steeped in twelve-tone principles, Stravinsky assumed a number of aesthetic guises throughout the course of his development while always retaining a distinctive, essential identity.

Although he was the son of one of the Mariinsky Theater's principal basses and a talented amateur pianist, Stravinsky had no more musical training than that of any other Russian upper-class child. He entered law school, but also began private composition and orchestration studies with Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov. By 1909, the orchestral works Scherzo fantastique and Fireworks had impressed Sergei Diaghilev enough for him to ask Stravinsky to orchestrate, and subsequently compose, ballets for his company. Stravinsky's triad of early ballets -- The Firebird (1909-1910), Petrushka (1910-1911), and most importantly, The Rite of Spring (1911-1913) -- did more to establish his reputation than any of his other works; indeed, the riot which followed the premiere of The Rite is one of the most notorious events in music history.

Stravinsky and his family spent the war years in Switzerland, returning to France in 1920. His jazz-inflected essays of the 1910s and 1920s -- notably, Ragtime (1918) and The Soldier's Tale (1918) -- gave way to one of the composer's most influential aesthetic turns. The neo-Classical tautness of works as diverse as the ballet Pulcinella (1919-1920), the Symphony of Psalms (1930) and, decades later, the opera The Rake's Progress (1948-1951) made a widespread impact and had an especial influence upon the fledgling school of American composers that looked to Stravinsky as its primary model. He had begun touring as a conductor and pianist, generally performing his own works. In the 1930s, he toured the Americas and wrote several pieces fulfilling American commissions, including the Concerto in E flat, "Dumbarton Oaks."

After the deaths of his daughter, his wife, and his mother within a period of less than a year, Stravinsky emmigrated to America, settling in California with his second wife in 1940. His works between 1940 and 1950 show a mixture of styles, but still seem centered on Russian or French traditions. Stravinsky's cultural perspective was changed after Robert Craft became his musical assistant, handling rehearsals for Stravinsky, traveling with him, and later, co-authoring his memoirs. Craft is credited with helping Stravinsky accept 12-tone composition as one of the tools of his trade. Characteristically, though, he made novel use of such principles in his own music, producing works in a highly original vein: Movements (1958-1959) for piano and orchestra, Variations: Aldous Huxley in Memoriam (1963), and the Requiem Canticles (1965-1966) are among the most striking. Craft prepared the musicians for the exemplary series of Columbia Records LPs Stravinsky conducted through the stereo era, covering virtually all his significant works. Despite declining health in his last years, Stravinsky continued to compose until just before his death in April 1971. Read less

Stravinsky: Agon; Schuller: Seven Studies on Themes of Paul Klee / Leinsdorf, BSO
Release Date: 03/18/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 3263   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Oedipus Rex, Apollon Musagete / Gardiner
Release Date: 04/08/2014   Label: Lso Live  
Catalog: 751   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Rite Of Spring, Firebird / Simonov, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 03/10/2009   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28290   Number of Discs: 1
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Jenny Lin - Stravinsky
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Steinway & Sons  
Catalog: 30028   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: The Rite of Spring; Stokowski: Bach Transcriptions / Nezet-Seguin, Philadelphia
Release Date: 09/24/2013   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 001903202   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony of Psalms

Browse 1-25 of 46 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Leonard Bernstein Conducts Stravinsky
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5124 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Michel Béroff
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  English Bach Festival Chorus
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  • 2.
    Riccardo Muti Live From Teatro La Fenice
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 107273 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Igor Stravinsky,  Antonio Caldara,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Mirko Guadagnini,  Sara Allegretta,  Sonia Ganassi,  Patrizia Ciofi  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Muti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Venice Teatro la Fenice Orchestra,  Venice Teatro la Fenice Chorus
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  • 3.
    Mussorgsky: Russian Songs; Pictures At An Exhibition; Stravinsky: Symphony Of Psalms
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 350096 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Galina Vishnevskaya
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch
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  • 4.
    Berlin Philharmonic - Centenary Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001923302 Release Date: 10/22/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Géza Anda,  Walter Berry,  Gundula Janowitz,  Hilde Rössl-Majdan  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Nikisch,  Alfred Hertz,  Richard Strauss,  Bruno Walter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Swedish Radio Chorus  ... 
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  • 5.
    Karajan - 1970s
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001873702 Release Date: 09/03/2013   Number of Discs: 82
    Composer:  Arcangelo Corelli,  Francesco Manfredini,  Pietro Antonio Locatelli,  Giuseppe Torelli  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Brandis,  Michel Schwalbé,  Karlheinz Zöller,  Edith Mathis  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Hans Priem Bergrath
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus  ... 
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  • 6.
    Salzburg Festival 2012 Opening Concert / Gergiev
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2072618 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Sergey Semishkur
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung
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  • 7.
    Salzburg Festival 2012 Opening Concert / Semishkur, Gergiev, Vienna Philharmonic [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2072614 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Sergey Semishkur
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung
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  • 8.
    The John Eliot Gardiner Collection
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001826002 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 30
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  Henry Purcell,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Marinella Pennicchi,  Michael Chance,  Mark Tucker,  Bryn Terfel  ... 
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Baroque Soloists,  Monteverdi Choir,  His Majesties Sagbutts and Cornetts  ... 
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  • 9.
    The Early Years - Markevitch Conducts Stravinsky
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438973 Release Date: 08/16/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Anne Tonietti,  Peter Ustinov,  Jean Cocteau,  Jean-Marie Fertey
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  USSR State Academy Symphony Orchestra,  USSR State Academy Chorus  ... 
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  • 10.
    Boulez Conducts Stravinsky
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001660502 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Hugo Wolf
    Performer:  Christopher Hanulik,  Franklin Cohen,  David McGill,  Michael Sachs  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra Chorus  ... 
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  • 11.
    Magnificat - 500 Years Of Choral Masterworks [50-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001664502 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Gregorio Allegri,  Antonio Lotti,  Orlando de Lassus,  Josquin Des Préz  ... 
    Performer:  Patrick Russill,  Marinella Pennicchi,  Michael Chance,  Mark Tucker  ... 
    Conductor:  Harry Christophers,  Paul McCreesh,  Stephen Cleobury,  Edward Wickham  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen,  Gabrieli Consort,  Gabrieli Players  ... 
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  • 12.
    Stravinsky - Ansermet: First Decca Recordings
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4803775 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Hugues Cuénod,  Michel Sénéchal,  Heinz Rehfuss,  Xavier Depraz  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Brassus Chorale,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 13.
    Celibidache  Vol 4 - Sacred Music & Opera / Munich Phiharmonic
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85617 Release Date: 11/29/2011   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Anton Scharinger,  Yaron Windmuller,  Peter Schreier,  Barbara Bonney  ... 
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Munich Philharmonic Choir,  Munich Bach Choir
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  • 14.
    The Royal Edition - Stravinsky: Pulcinella, Symphony Of Psalms / Bernstein
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 47628 Release Date: 01/18/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Seymour Lipkin
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Bach Festival Choir,  London Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 15.
    Ernest Ansermet: The Early Days (1916-1955)
    Label: Cascavelle   Catalog: 3119 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Nikolai N. Tcherepnin,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Ernest Christensen,  Leslie Heward,  Fanny Davies  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
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  • 16.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird, Symphony Of Psalms / Nelsons, City Of Birmingham
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 804101 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Andris Nelsons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus
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  • 17.
    Stravinsky: Monumentum, Mass, Symphony Of Psalms / Herreweghe
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186349 Release Date: 04/27/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Philippe Herreweghe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ghent Collegium Vocale,  Royal Flemish Philharmonic
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  • 18.
    Anthology Of The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 8005 Release Date: 03/10/2009   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Carl Nielsen,  Luigi Dallapiccola,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Performer:  Dorothy Dorow,  George Pieterson,  Werner Herbers,  Theo Olof  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Kiril Kondrashin,  Lucas Vis,  Eugen Jochum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 19.
    Composers In Person
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17575 Release Date: 11/24/2008   Number of Discs: 22
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ernö von Dohnányi,  Paul Hindemith,  Aram Khachaturian  ... 
    Performer:  Béla Bartók,  Vilma Medgyaszay,  Ferenc Szekeres,  Zoltán Székely  ... 
    Conductor:  Lawrence Collingwood,  Paul Hindemith,  Aram Khachaturian,  Arthur Honegger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Percurama Percussion Ensemble
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  • 20.
    Stravinsky: Symphonies / Sir Simon Rattle, Berlin PO
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 7630 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Chorus
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  • 21.
    Composers In Person - Stravinsky: Les Noces, Octet, Etc
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54607 Release Date: 04/07/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Linda Seymour,  Parry Jones,  Roy Henderson,  Edwin Benbow  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky,  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Chorus,  Walther Straram Concerts Orchestra,  Alexis Vlassof Chorus
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  • 22.
    Stravinsky: Symphony Of Psalms, Canticum Sacrum, Mass, Etc
    Label: London/Decca Enterprise   Catalog: 430346 Release Date: 02/21/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Francis Poulenc
    Performer:  Marcus Creed,  Richard Morton,  Philip Cave,  Peter Herron  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Preston
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philip Jones Wind Ensemble,  Christ Church Cathedral Choir,  London Sinfonietta
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  • 23.
    Stravinsky: Symphony Of Psalms, Etc / Beringer, Et Al
    Label: Rondeau Productions   Catalog: 2015 Release Date: 05/29/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Markus Schäfer,  Claudia Barainsky
    Conductor:  Karl-Friedrich Beringer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Windsbach Boys Choir,  Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin
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  • 24.
    Stravinsky: Symphony In 3 Movements, Symphony Of Psalms, Etc
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93183 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Cologne West German Radio Chorus
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  • 25.
    Stravinsky: Symphony Of Psalms, Etc / Robert Craft, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557504 Release Date: 10/31/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  David Evitts,  Katherine Ciesinski,  Jon Humphrey,  Mary Ann Hart  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Craft
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gregg Smith Singers,  Orchestra of St. Luke's,  20th Century Classics Ensemble  ... 
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