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Igor Stravinsky

Biography

Born: Jun 17, 1882; Russia   Died: Apr 6, 1971; USA   Period: 20th Century
Igor Stravinsky was one of music's truly epochal innovators; no other composer of the twentieth century exerted such a pervasive influence or dominated his art in the way that Stravinsky did during his seven-decade musical career. Aside from purely technical considerations such as rhythm and harmony, the most important hallmark of Stravinsky's style is, indeed, its changing face. Emerging from the spirit of late Russian nationalism and ending his Read more career with a thorny, individual language steeped in twelve-tone principles, Stravinsky assumed a number of aesthetic guises throughout the course of his development while always retaining a distinctive, essential identity.
Although he was the son of one of the Mariinsky Theater's principal basses and a talented amateur pianist, Stravinsky had no more musical training than that of any other Russian upper-class child. He entered law school, but also began private composition and orchestration studies with Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov. By 1909, the orchestral works Scherzo fantastique and Fireworks had impressed Sergei Diaghilev enough for him to ask Stravinsky to orchestrate, and subsequently compose, ballets for his company. Stravinsky's triad of early ballets -- The Firebird (1909-1910), Petrushka (1910-1911), and most importantly, The Rite of Spring (1911-1913) -- did more to establish his reputation than any of his other works; indeed, the riot which followed the premiere of The Rite is one of the most notorious events in music history.
Stravinsky and his family spent the war years in Switzerland, returning to France in 1920. His jazz-inflected essays of the 1910s and 1920s -- notably, Ragtime (1918) and The Soldier's Tale (1918) -- gave way to one of the composer's most influential aesthetic turns. The neo-Classical tautness of works as diverse as the ballet Pulcinella (1919-1920), the Symphony of Psalms (1930) and, decades later, the opera The Rake's Progress (1948-1951) made a widespread impact and had an especial influence upon the fledgling school of American composers that looked to Stravinsky as its primary model. He had begun touring as a conductor and pianist, generally performing his own works. In the 1930s, he toured the Americas and wrote several pieces fulfilling American commissions, including the Concerto in E flat, "Dumbarton Oaks."
After the deaths of his daughter, his wife, and his mother within a period of less than a year, Stravinsky emmigrated to America, settling in California with his second wife in 1940. His works between 1940 and 1950 show a mixture of styles, but still seem centered on Russian or French traditions. Stravinsky's cultural perspective was changed after Robert Craft became his musical assistant, handling rehearsals for Stravinsky, traveling with him, and later, co-authoring his memoirs. Craft is credited with helping Stravinsky accept 12-tone composition as one of the tools of his trade. Characteristically, though, he made novel use of such principles in his own music, producing works in a highly original vein: Movements (1958-1959) for piano and orchestra, Variations: Aldous Huxley in Memoriam (1963), and the Requiem Canticles (1965-1966) are among the most striking. Craft prepared the musicians for the exemplary series of Columbia Records LPs Stravinsky conducted through the stereo era, covering virtually all his significant works. Despite declining health in his last years, Stravinsky continued to compose until just before his death in April 1971. Read less
Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps (10 Reference Recordings)
Release Date: 05/21/2013   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 546174   Number of Discs: 10
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Stravinsky: Oedipus Rex, Les Noces / Wells, Craft
Release Date: 01/18/2005   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8557499   Number of Discs: 1
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Prokofiev: Scythian Suite;  Stravinsky / Mata, Dallas So
Release Date: 04/13/1992   Label: Sono Luminus  
Catalog: 90156   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Three Greek Ballets / Robert Craft, Et Al
Release Date: 05/17/2005   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8557502   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Later Ballets / Robert Craft, Et Al
Release Date: 12/11/2007   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8557506   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Violin in D major

Browse 26-43 of 43 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    The Hilary Hahn Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 77138 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Igor Stravinsky,  Johannes Brahms,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Performer:  Hilary Hahn
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Baltimore Symphony Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Dutilleux, Bartók, Stravinsky / Anne-sophie Mutter
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 1154022 Release Date: 03/08/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henri Dutilleux,  Béla Bartók,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Seiji Ozawa,  Paul Sacher
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  French National Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 28.
    Stravinsky: Orchestral Masterpieces / Mackerras, Arbavanel
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 1515 Release Date: 05/25/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Tossy Spivakovsky
    Conductor:  Christopher Lyndon-Gee,  Maurice Abravanel,  Daniel Schweizer,  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Australian Chamber Orchestra,  Utah Symphony Orchestra,  Zurich Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 29.
    Stravinsky - Composer & Performer Vol 3
    Label: Andante   Catalog: 1140 Release Date: 04/20/2004   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  L. Haney,  William Vacchiano,  A. Staffer,  G. Pulis  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra members,  New York Church of the Blessed Sacrament Choir,  Woody Herman & His Orchestra  ... 
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  • 30.
    Stravinsky Vol Ii
    Label: Andante   Catalog: 1100 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Soulima Stravinsky,  Igor Stravinsky,  Gabriel Grandmaison,  Andre Vacellier  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky,  Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt,  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dumbarton Oaks Festival Orchestra,  Hamburg Chamber Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 31.
    Stravinsky, Berg: Violin Concerti / Kaplan, Foster, Et Al
    Label: Koch International Classics   Catalog: 7530 Release Date: 09/24/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alban Berg,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Mark Kaplan
    Conductor:  Lawrence Foster
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Festival Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 32.
    The Essential Stravinsky / Järvi, Suisse Romande Orchestra
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6654 Release Date: 08/27/2002   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Geoffrey Tozer,  Jean Piat,  Rudolf Rosen,  Günter von Kannen  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Brassus Chorale,  Lausanne Pro Arte Chorus  ... 
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  • 33.
    Ivry Gitlis - Berg, Hindemith, Stravinsky: Violin Concertos
    Label: Vox Box Legends   Catalog: 7818 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Paul Hindemith,  Alban Berg
    Performer:  Ivry Gitlis
    Conductor:  Harold Byrns,  Hubert Reichert,  William Strickland
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Colonne Concerts Orchestra,  Westfalian Symphony Orchestra,  Pro musica
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  • 34.
    Stravinsky: Violin Concerto; Shostakovich: Symphony No 10 / Schneiderhan, Ancerl, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463666 Release Date: 02/01/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  Wolfgang Schneiderhan
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 35.
    Brahms, Stravinsky: Violin Concertos / Hahn, Marriner, Asmf
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 89649 Release Date: 11/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Hilary Hahn
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 36.
    Shchedrin, Stravinsky, Et Al / Vengerov, Rostropovich, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56966 Release Date: 06/06/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Igor Stravinsky,  Rodion Shchedrin
    Performer:  Maxim Vengerov
    Conductor:  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Stravinsky, Bartók - Violin Concertos / Mullova, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 456542 Release Date: 03/14/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Viktoria Mullova
    Conductor:  Esa-Pekka Salonen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 38.
    Berg, Stravinsky: Violin Concertos / Perlman, Ozawa
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447445 Release Date: 08/13/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Igor Stravinsky,  Alban Berg
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Isaac Stern - A Life In Music - Stravinsky, Rochberg
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64505 Release Date: 07/25/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Rochberg,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  André Previn,  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 40.
    Stravinsky: Symphonies And Concertos / Davis, Markevitch
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 442583 Release Date: 02/14/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  George Pieterson,  Arthur Grumiaux
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis,  Edo De Waart,  Ernest Bour,  Igor Markevitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Netherlands Wind Ensemble,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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  • 41.
    Stravinsky, Prokofiev: Violin Concertos / Lin, Salonen
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 53969 Release Date: 11/01/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Lin Cho-Liang
    Conductor:  Esa-Pekka Salonen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Tchaikowsky, Stravinsky: Violin Concerti / Kantorow, Thomson
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 73325 Release Date: 08/30/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Jean-Jacques Kantorow
    Conductor:  Bryden Thomson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 43.
    Prokofiev, Stravinsky: Violin Concertos / Chung, Previn
    Label: London/Decca Jubilee   Catalog: 425003 Release Date: 03/30/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Kyung-Wha Chung
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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