Igor Stravinsky

Biography

Born: Jun 17, 1882; Russia   Died: Apr 6, 1971; USA   Period: 20th Century
Igor Stravinsky was one of music's truly epochal innovators; no other composer of the twentieth century exerted such a pervasive influence or dominated his art in the way that Stravinsky did during his seven-decade musical career. Aside from purely technical considerations such as rhythm and harmony, the most important hallmark of Stravinsky's style is, indeed, its changing face. Emerging from the spirit of late Russian nationalism and ending his Read more career with a thorny, individual language steeped in twelve-tone principles, Stravinsky assumed a number of aesthetic guises throughout the course of his development while always retaining a distinctive, essential identity.

Although he was the son of one of the Mariinsky Theater's principal basses and a talented amateur pianist, Stravinsky had no more musical training than that of any other Russian upper-class child. He entered law school, but also began private composition and orchestration studies with Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov. By 1909, the orchestral works Scherzo fantastique and Fireworks had impressed Sergei Diaghilev enough for him to ask Stravinsky to orchestrate, and subsequently compose, ballets for his company. Stravinsky's triad of early ballets -- The Firebird (1909-1910), Petrushka (1910-1911), and most importantly, The Rite of Spring (1911-1913) -- did more to establish his reputation than any of his other works; indeed, the riot which followed the premiere of The Rite is one of the most notorious events in music history.

Stravinsky and his family spent the war years in Switzerland, returning to France in 1920. His jazz-inflected essays of the 1910s and 1920s -- notably, Ragtime (1918) and The Soldier's Tale (1918) -- gave way to one of the composer's most influential aesthetic turns. The neo-Classical tautness of works as diverse as the ballet Pulcinella (1919-1920), the Symphony of Psalms (1930) and, decades later, the opera The Rake's Progress (1948-1951) made a widespread impact and had an especial influence upon the fledgling school of American composers that looked to Stravinsky as its primary model. He had begun touring as a conductor and pianist, generally performing his own works. In the 1930s, he toured the Americas and wrote several pieces fulfilling American commissions, including the Concerto in E flat, "Dumbarton Oaks."

After the deaths of his daughter, his wife, and his mother within a period of less than a year, Stravinsky emmigrated to America, settling in California with his second wife in 1940. His works between 1940 and 1950 show a mixture of styles, but still seem centered on Russian or French traditions. Stravinsky's cultural perspective was changed after Robert Craft became his musical assistant, handling rehearsals for Stravinsky, traveling with him, and later, co-authoring his memoirs. Craft is credited with helping Stravinsky accept 12-tone composition as one of the tools of his trade. Characteristically, though, he made novel use of such principles in his own music, producing works in a highly original vein: Movements (1958-1959) for piano and orchestra, Variations: Aldous Huxley in Memoriam (1963), and the Requiem Canticles (1965-1966) are among the most striking. Craft prepared the musicians for the exemplary series of Columbia Records LPs Stravinsky conducted through the stereo era, covering virtually all his significant works. Despite declining health in his last years, Stravinsky continued to compose until just before his death in April 1971. Read less

Stravinsky: The Firebird / Litton, Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 01/31/2012   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1874   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Rite of Spring; Sibelius: Symphony No 5 / Bernstein
Release Date: 09/25/2012   Label: Ica Classics  
Catalog: 5082   Number of Discs: 1
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Karajan 1949-1960: Mussorgsky, Tchaikovsky, Borodin, Balakirev, Stravinsky
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 633620   Number of Discs: 7
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Jenny Lin - Stravinsky
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Steinway & Sons  
Catalog: 30028   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Danses concertantes, etc / Saraste, Avanti CO
Release Date: 09/22/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 292   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Violin in D major

Browse 1-25 of 44 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Complete Vengerov: Recordings 1991-2007 [19 CDs & 1 DVD]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 631514 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Itamar Golan,  Maxim Vengerov,  Alexander Markovich,  Daniel Barenboim  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Kurt Masur,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Claudio Abbado  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 2.
    Viktoria Mullova: 3 Classic Albums
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002044702 Release Date: 05/06/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johannes Brahms,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Viktoria Mullova
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Claudio Abbado,  Esa-Pekka Salonen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 3.
    1930s Violin Concertos Vol 1 - Barber, Hartmann, Berg, Stravinsky, Britten / Gil Shaham
    Label: Canary Classics   Catalog: 12 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Samuel Barber,  Alban Berg,  Karl Amadeus Hartmann,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Gil Shaham
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  • 4.
    The Art Of Arthur Grumiaux
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 9116 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Arthur Grumiaux,  Riccardo Castagnone,  Hans Altmann,  Hermann von Beckerath
    Conductor:  Frieder Weissmann,  Lorin Maazel,  Hans Müller-Kray,  Bernhard Paumgartner  ... 
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  • 5.
    Decca Sound - The Analogue Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001934702 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 54
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Anton Bruckner,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Pascal Rogé,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Marilyn Horne,  Luciano Pavarotti  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Sir Georg Solti,  Bernard Haitink,  Horst Stein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 6.
    Prokofiev, Stravinsky: Violin Concertos / Patricia Kopatchinskaja
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5352 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Patricia Kopatchinskaja
    Conductor:  Vladimir Jurowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 7.
    Anthology Of The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Vol 7: 2000-2010
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 12004 Release Date: 02/12/2013   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Leos Janácek,  Richard Strauss,  Alphons Diepenbrock,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Vesko Eschkenazy,  Godfried Hoogeveen,  Lars Vogt,  Jorgen Van Rijen  ... 
    Conductor:  Mark Elder,  Lorin Maazel,  Claus Peter Flor,  Riccardo Chailly  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 8.
    Stravinsky: Le Sacre Du Printemps - 100th Anniversary Collectors Edition [20-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001780902 Release Date: 12/11/2012   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Andrei Gavrilov,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Güher Pekinel,  Süher Pekinel  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Riccardo Chailly,  Pierre Boulez,  Valery Gergiev  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Detroit Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra,  Kirov Theater Orchestra  ... 
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  • 9.
    Stravinsky, Martin: Violin Concertos / Baiba Skride
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 849121 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Frank Martin,  Arthur Honegger
    Performer:  Baiba Skride
    Conductor:  Thierry Fischer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC National Orchestra of Wales
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  • 10.
    Hilary Hahn Spectacular
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 795069 Release Date: 02/21/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Hilary Hahn
    Conductor:  Marek Janowski,  Hugh Wolff,  David Zinman,  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra,  Baltimore Symphony Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields  ... 
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  • 11.
    The Sternberg Collection, Vol. 1 - Tchaikovsky, Stravinsky
    Label: Pierian   Catalog: 45 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Peter Rybar
    Conductor:  Jonathan Sternberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Winterthur Symphony Orchestra
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  • 12.
    Anne-Sophie Mutter - The Complete Musician [40-CD Limited Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: B001587372 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Max Bruch  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Mark Zeltser,  Yo-Yo Ma,  Antonio Meneses  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Paul Sacher,  Witold Lutoslawski,  James Levine  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 13.
    Stravinsky: Symphonies & Concertos / Vengerov, Rattle, Rostropovich
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 07251 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Elaine Donohoe,  Robert Johnson,  Maxim Vengerov,  Michel Béroff
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Franz Welser-Möst,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
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  • 14.
    Stravinsky, Prokofiev: Violin Concertos / Perlman, Barenboim
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 4680788 Release Date: 08/03/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Early Concerto Recordings (1934-1943)
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459002 Release Date: 07/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Samuel Dushkin,  Tibor de Machula,  Elly Ney,  Enrico Mainardi  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky,  Max Fiedler,  Paul Van Kempen,  Armas Järnefelt  ... 
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  • 16.
    The Art Of Ivry Gitlis - Violin Concertos
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 958196 Release Date: 07/13/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Alban Berg,  Max Bruch,  Paul Hindemith  ... 
    Performer:  Ivry Gitlis
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  • 17.
    Tchaikovsky, Stravinsky, Berg: Violin Concertos / Grumiaux
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4800481 Release Date: 03/16/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alban Berg
    Performer:  Arthur Grumiaux
    Conductor:  Ernest Bour,  Bogo Leskovich,  Igor Markevitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 18.
    Lutoslawski: Chain 2, Partita; Stravinsky: Violin Concerto / Mutter
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423696 Release Date: 12/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Witold Lutoslawski
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Phillip Moll
    Conductor:  Paul Sacher,  Witold Lutoslawski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 19.
    Stravinsky: Le Sacre Du Printemps, Violin Concerto;  Bartok: Divertimento For String Orchestra / Ferenc Fricsay, Et Al
    Label: Medici Masters   Catalog: 20-2 Release Date: 08/25/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Béla Bartók
    Performer:  Arthur Grumiaux
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 20.
    Stravinsky: Violin Concerto;  Sibelius: Symphonies No 3 & 6 / Zehetmair, Northern Sinfonia
    Label: Avie   Catalog: 2150 Release Date: 07/14/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Thomas Zehetmair
    Conductor:  Thomas Zehetmair
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Northern Sinfonia
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  • 21.
    Kagan Edition Vol 32 - Violin Concertos / Svetlanov, Sinaisky, Lifshitz, Et Al
    Label: Live Classics   Catalog: 112 Release Date: 01/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Oleg Kagan
    Conductor:  Vassili Sinaisky,  Tovy Lifshitz,  Yevgeny Svetlanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow State Philharmony Academic Symphony Orchest,  Lithuanian Chamber Orchestra,  USSR State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 22.
    Stravinsky, Berg: Violin Concerti / Grumiaux, Markevitch
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422136 Release Date: 08/05/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Alban Berg
    Performer:  Arthur Grumiaux
    Conductor:  Ernest Bour,  Igor Markevitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 23.
    Stravinsky Conducts Stravinsky - Violin Concerto In D, Pulcinella Suite
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1211 Release Date: 06/17/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Maria Bergmann,  Heinz Stanske
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra della Svizzera Italiana,  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $29.99
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  • 24.
    Stravinsky: Violin Concerto, Etc / Frautschi, Craft, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557508 Release Date: 07/31/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Jennifer Frautschi
    Conductor:  Robert Craft
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Orchestra of St. Luke's,  Gregg Smith Singers  ... 
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  • 25.
    Berg, Stravinsky: Violin Concertos / Ansermet, Ferras, Et Al
    Label: Claves   Catalog: 2516 Release Date: 09/05/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alban Berg,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Christian Ferras
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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