Igor Stravinsky

Biography

Born: Jun 17, 1882; Russia   Died: Apr 6, 1971; USA   Period: 20th Century
Igor Stravinsky was one of music's truly epochal innovators; no other composer of the twentieth century exerted such a pervasive influence or dominated his art in the way that Stravinsky did during his seven-decade musical career. Aside from purely technical considerations such as rhythm and harmony, the most important hallmark of Stravinsky's style is, indeed, its changing face. Emerging from the spirit of late Russian nationalism and ending his Read more career with a thorny, individual language steeped in twelve-tone principles, Stravinsky assumed a number of aesthetic guises throughout the course of his development while always retaining a distinctive, essential identity.

Although he was the son of one of the Mariinsky Theater's principal basses and a talented amateur pianist, Stravinsky had no more musical training than that of any other Russian upper-class child. He entered law school, but also began private composition and orchestration studies with Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov. By 1909, the orchestral works Scherzo fantastique and Fireworks had impressed Sergei Diaghilev enough for him to ask Stravinsky to orchestrate, and subsequently compose, ballets for his company. Stravinsky's triad of early ballets -- The Firebird (1909-1910), Petrushka (1910-1911), and most importantly, The Rite of Spring (1911-1913) -- did more to establish his reputation than any of his other works; indeed, the riot which followed the premiere of The Rite is one of the most notorious events in music history.

Stravinsky and his family spent the war years in Switzerland, returning to France in 1920. His jazz-inflected essays of the 1910s and 1920s -- notably, Ragtime (1918) and The Soldier's Tale (1918) -- gave way to one of the composer's most influential aesthetic turns. The neo-Classical tautness of works as diverse as the ballet Pulcinella (1919-1920), the Symphony of Psalms (1930) and, decades later, the opera The Rake's Progress (1948-1951) made a widespread impact and had an especial influence upon the fledgling school of American composers that looked to Stravinsky as its primary model. He had begun touring as a conductor and pianist, generally performing his own works. In the 1930s, he toured the Americas and wrote several pieces fulfilling American commissions, including the Concerto in E flat, "Dumbarton Oaks."

After the deaths of his daughter, his wife, and his mother within a period of less than a year, Stravinsky emmigrated to America, settling in California with his second wife in 1940. His works between 1940 and 1950 show a mixture of styles, but still seem centered on Russian or French traditions. Stravinsky's cultural perspective was changed after Robert Craft became his musical assistant, handling rehearsals for Stravinsky, traveling with him, and later, co-authoring his memoirs. Craft is credited with helping Stravinsky accept 12-tone composition as one of the tools of his trade. Characteristically, though, he made novel use of such principles in his own music, producing works in a highly original vein: Movements (1958-1959) for piano and orchestra, Variations: Aldous Huxley in Memoriam (1963), and the Requiem Canticles (1965-1966) are among the most striking. Craft prepared the musicians for the exemplary series of Columbia Records LPs Stravinsky conducted through the stereo era, covering virtually all his significant works. Despite declining health in his last years, Stravinsky continued to compose until just before his death in April 1971. Read less

Jenny Lin - Stravinsky
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Steinway & Sons  
Catalog: 30028   Number of Discs: 1
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1930s Violin Concertos Vol 1 - Barber, Hartmann, Berg, Stravinsky, Britten / Gil Shaham
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Canary Classics  
Catalog: 12   Number of Discs: 2
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Stravinsky: The Firebird; Scherzo Fantastique / Saraste, WDR Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 10/25/2011   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 11041   Number of Discs: 1
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Leonard Bernstein Conducts Stravinsky
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Ica Classics  
Catalog: 5124   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Jeu De Cartes, Etc / Neeme Järvi
Release Date: 05/25/2004   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10193   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Chant du rossignol (Song of the Nightingale)

Browse 26-37 of 37 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Guido Cantelli - The Nbc Broadcast Concerts 1949-1950
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1306 Release Date: 07/08/2003   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Girolamo Frescobaldi,  Paul Hindemith,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Conductor:  Guido Cantelli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Stravinsky: Le Chant Du Rossignol, Etc / Saraste, Et Al
    Label: Virgin Classics Special Import   Catalog: 62022 Release Date: 11/05/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Jukka-Pekka Saraste
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scottish Chamber Orchestra,  Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 28.
    The Essential Stravinsky / Järvi, Suisse Romande Orchestra
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6654 Release Date: 08/27/2002   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Geoffrey Tozer,  Jean Piat,  Rudolf Rosen,  Günter von Kannen  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Brassus Chorale,  Lausanne Pro Arte Chorus  ... 
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  • 29.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Ernest Ansermet
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75094 Release Date: 06/04/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Maurice Ravel,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Béla Bartók  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris
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  • 30.
    Stravinsky: Ballets, Stage Works, Orchestral Works /Ansermet
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 467818 Release Date: 05/14/2002   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Monica Sinclair,  Kenneth MacDonald,  Joan Carlyle,  Helen Watts  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Geneva Motet Choir,  Lausanne Radio Chorus  ... 
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  • 31.
    Boulez Conducts Stravinsky - Le Chant Du Rossignol, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471197 Release Date: 09/18/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Franklin Cohen,  David McGill,  Michael Sachs,  James DeSano  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra members,  Cleveland Orchestra Chorus,  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Ravel: L'enfant et les sortileges, L'heure espagnole / Maazel
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 449769 Release Date: 11/11/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Jeanine Collard,  Jane Berbié,  Sylvaine Gilma,  Colette Herzog  ... 
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  French National Radio Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Stravinsky: Music For Piano / Martin Jones
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 5519 Release Date: 09/16/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Martin Jones
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  • 34.
    Stravinsky: Song Of The Nightingale, Etc  / Oue, Minnesota
    Label: Reference Recordings   Catalog: 70 Release Date: 04/30/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Eiji Oue
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minnesota Orchestra
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  • 35.
    Scheherazade, Song Of The Nightingale / Fritz Reiner
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 68168 Release Date: 02/27/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Performer:  Sidney Harth
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 36.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird, Fireworks, Etc  / Dorati, London So
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 432012 Release Date: 02/08/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Stravinsky: Firebird, Chant Du Rossignol / Kitayenko
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8967 Release Date: 12/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Dmitri Kitayenko
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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