Igor Stravinsky

Biography

Born: Jun 17, 1882; Russia   Died: Apr 6, 1971; USA   Period: 20th Century
Igor Stravinsky was one of music's truly epochal innovators; no other composer of the twentieth century exerted such a pervasive influence or dominated his art in the way that Stravinsky did during his seven-decade musical career. Aside from purely technical considerations such as rhythm and harmony, the most important hallmark of Stravinsky's style is, indeed, its changing face. Emerging from the spirit of late Russian nationalism and ending his Read more career with a thorny, individual language steeped in twelve-tone principles, Stravinsky assumed a number of aesthetic guises throughout the course of his development while always retaining a distinctive, essential identity.
Although he was the son of one of the Mariinsky Theater's principal basses and a talented amateur pianist, Stravinsky had no more musical training than that of any other Russian upper-class child. He entered law school, but also began private composition and orchestration studies with Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov. By 1909, the orchestral works Scherzo fantastique and Fireworks had impressed Sergei Diaghilev enough for him to ask Stravinsky to orchestrate, and subsequently compose, ballets for his company. Stravinsky's triad of early ballets -- The Firebird (1909-1910), Petrushka (1910-1911), and most importantly, The Rite of Spring (1911-1913) -- did more to establish his reputation than any of his other works; indeed, the riot which followed the premiere of The Rite is one of the most notorious events in music history.
Stravinsky and his family spent the war years in Switzerland, returning to France in 1920. His jazz-inflected essays of the 1910s and 1920s -- notably, Ragtime (1918) and The Soldier's Tale (1918) -- gave way to one of the composer's most influential aesthetic turns. The neo-Classical tautness of works as diverse as the ballet Pulcinella (1919-1920), the Symphony of Psalms (1930) and, decades later, the opera The Rake's Progress (1948-1951) made a widespread impact and had an especial influence upon the fledgling school of American composers that looked to Stravinsky as its primary model. He had begun touring as a conductor and pianist, generally performing his own works. In the 1930s, he toured the Americas and wrote several pieces fulfilling American commissions, including the Concerto in E flat, "Dumbarton Oaks."
After the deaths of his daughter, his wife, and his mother within a period of less than a year, Stravinsky emmigrated to America, settling in California with his second wife in 1940. His works between 1940 and 1950 show a mixture of styles, but still seem centered on Russian or French traditions. Stravinsky's cultural perspective was changed after Robert Craft became his musical assistant, handling rehearsals for Stravinsky, traveling with him, and later, co-authoring his memoirs. Craft is credited with helping Stravinsky accept 12-tone composition as one of the tools of his trade. Characteristically, though, he made novel use of such principles in his own music, producing works in a highly original vein: Movements (1958-1959) for piano and orchestra, Variations: Aldous Huxley in Memoriam (1963), and the Requiem Canticles (1965-1966) are among the most striking. Craft prepared the musicians for the exemplary series of Columbia Records LPs Stravinsky conducted through the stereo era, covering virtually all his significant works. Despite declining health in his last years, Stravinsky continued to compose until just before his death in April 1971. Read less
Stravinsky: Music for Piano Duet / K. & M. Labeque
Release Date: 06/04/2008   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 420822   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Works for Piano & Orchestra / Bavouzet
Release Date: 01/27/2015   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 5147   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Firebird / Gergiev, National Ballet Of Canada
Release Date: 03/31/2015   Label: Euroarts  
Catalog: 2061088   Number of Discs: 1
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Schumann: Kreisleriana; Carter: Night Fantasies; Stravinsky: Trois Mouvements De Petroushka
Release Date: 04/14/2015   Label: New Focus  
Catalog: 159   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Oedipus Rex / Karajan, Gedda, Laszlo, Petri, Etc
Release Date: 11/06/2001   Label: Opera D'oro  
Catalog: 1320   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Fireworks, Op. 4

Browse 1-25 of 33 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Pierre Boulez - Emotion & Analysis [10 DVDs]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2061008 Release Date: 02/24/2015   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Claude Debussy,  Pierre Boulez,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Petra Lang,  Diana Damrau,  Maria-Joao Pires,  Elisabete Matos  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez,  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Lucerne Festival Academy Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 2.
    Pierre Boulez - 20th Century
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002250902 Release Date: 02/10/2015   Number of Discs: 44
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Alban Berg,  Harrison Birtwistle,  Pierre Boulez  ... 
    Performer:  John Tomlinson,  John Aler,  Krystian Zimerman,  Leif Ove Andsnes  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez,  Martyn Brabbins
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Chorus,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 3.
    Blacher: Music For Cleveland; Mozart: Piano Concerto No. 27; Brahms: Symphony No.2; Stravinsky: Fireworks
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2404 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Boris Blacher,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Robert Casadesus
    Conductor:  George Szell
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  • 4.
    EMI Eminence - The Original Jacket Collection [50-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 393872 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  William Byrd  ... 
    Performer:  David Nolan,  Jonathan Small,  George Malcolm,  William Bennett  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Anton Rickenbacher,  Vernon Handley,  George Guest,  George Malcolm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra,  Cambridge St. John's College Choir  ... 
    On sale! $201.98
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  • 5.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird, Fireworks / Schwartz, Seattle Symphony
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8571221 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seattle Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 6.
    Stravinsky In Moscow
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1001604 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    CD: $18.99
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  • 7.
    Stravinsky Conducts Stravinsky - The Ballets
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 884142 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Regina Sarfaty,  Roger Sessions,  Lukas Foss,  Mildred Allen  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  C. B. C. Symphony Orchestra,  American Concert Choir  ... 
    CD: $23.99
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  • 8.
    Boulez Conducts Stravinsky
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001660502 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Hugo Wolf
    Performer:  Christopher Hanulik,  Franklin Cohen,  David McGill,  Michael Sachs  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra Chorus  ... 
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  • 9.
    Stravinsky: Complete Ballets & Symphonies / Ashkenazy, Chailly, Dutoit [7-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001605302 Release Date: 10/18/2011   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Anna Caterina Antonacci,  Pietro Ballo,  William Shimell,  Olli Mustonen  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Riccardo Chailly,  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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  • 10.
    Innovations /   Lowell Graham, United States Air Force Band
    Label: Klavier Records   Catalog: 11170 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Samuel Barber,  Béla Bartók  ... 
    Conductor:  Lowell E. Graham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  United States Air Force Band
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  • 11.
    Stravinsky: Orchestral Works / Dutoit, Montreal Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802013 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 12.
    Live At The Louvre - Stravinsky: The Firebird / Boulez
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 3078628 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de Paris
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  • 13.
    Les Ballets Russes Vol 6 - Stravinsky, Strauss, Ravel / Hogwood, Cambreling
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93237 Release Date: 04/27/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Richard Strauss,  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Christopher Hogwood,  Sylvain Cambreling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Baden-Baden Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Fireworks!
    Label: Equilibrium   Catalog: 96 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Joel Puckett,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Monte Tubb  ... 
    Conductor:  John R. Locke,  Kevin M. Geraldi,  Andrea E. Brown
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  UNCG Wind Ensemble
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  • 15.
    Stravinsky: The Firebird, Scherzo, Feu D'artifice / Dutoit
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 414409 Release Date: 10/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 16.
    Leonard Slatkin Conducts Russian Classics
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 5661 Release Date: 06/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Kabalevsky,  Aram Khachaturian,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 17.
    Stravinsky: Petrouchka; Le Sacre Du Printemps; L'oiseau De Feu / Inbal, Philharmonia Orchestra
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 4643772 Release Date: 02/26/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Eliahu Inbal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 18.
    Guido Cantelli - The Nbc Broadcast Concerts
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1336 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Don Gillis,  Claude Debussy,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Max Hollander,  Mischa Mishakov,  Ben Grauer,  Frank Miller  ... 
    Conductor:  Guido Cantelli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $91.98
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  • 19.
    Stravinsky: The Rite Of Spring, Etc / Mackerras, London Po
    Label: Classics For Pleasure   Catalog: 73441 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $6.99
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  • 20.
    The Essential Igor Stravinsky
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 89910 Release Date: 03/25/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  John Stafford Smith
    Performer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Robert Craft,  Adrienne Albert,  Donald Gramm  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Craft,  Igor Stravinsky,  Michael Tilson Thomas,  Esa-Pekka Salonen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Ithaca College Concert Choir,  Columbia Jazz Band  ... 
    CD: $18.99
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  • 21.
    Bartók, Stravinsky / Hiroyuki Iwaki, Melbourne Symphony
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 61754 Release Date: 06/27/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Béla Bartók
    Conductor:  Hiroyuki Iwaki
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Melbourne Symphony Orchestra
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  • 22.
    Original Jacket Collection - Stravinsky Conducts Stravinsky
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64136 Release Date: 12/07/1999   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  John Stafford Smith,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Joseph Szigeti,  Igor Stravinsky,  Loren Driscoll,  John Horton  ... 
    Conductor:  Igor Stravinsky,  Elmer Iseler,  Gregg Smith
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toronto Festival Singers,  C. B. C. Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 23.
    Stravinsky: Firebird Suite, Etc /Ashkenazy, St Petersburg Po
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 448812 Release Date: 10/12/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 24.
    Music And Revolution - Russian Classical Music 1890-1917
    Label: Sony Classical Npr Milestones   Catalog: 61699 Release Date: 05/25/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Igor Stravinsky,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Yefim Bronfman,  Stefka Evstatieva,  Philippe Entremont,  Arcadi Volodos  ... 
    Conductor:  Andre Kostelanetz,  Leonard Bernstein,  Igor Stravinsky,  Emil Tchakarov  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Andre Kostelanetz Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 25.
    Stravinsky: Rite Of Spring, Fireworks, Etc / Ozawa, Et Al
    Label: Rca Red Seal Hp   Catalog: 63311 Release Date: 03/09/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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Igor Stravinsky


WORKS
Introduction - The Harbingers of Spring
Dance of the Adolescents
3. Mock Abduction
4. Spring Rounds
5. Games of the Rival Tribes
6. Procession of the Sage
7. Adoration of the Earth (The Sage), Dance of the Earth
1. Introduction
2. Mystical Circle of the Adolescents
3. Glorification of the Chosen One
4. Evocation of the Ancestors
5. Ritual of the Ancestors
6. Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen One)
Introduction
Prelude & Dance of the Firebird - Variations
Pantomime I
Pas de deux
Pantomime II
Scherzo: Dance of the Princesses
Pantomime III
Rondo
Infernal Dance
Lullaby
Final Hymn
Introduction
Kashchei's enchanted garden
Appearance of the Firebird pursued by Ivan Tsarevich
Dance of the Firebird
Ivan Tsarevich captures the Firebird
Supplication of the Firebird
Game of the Princesses with the golden apples
Sudden appearance of Ivan Tsarevich
Round dance of the Princesses
Daybreak
Magic carillon, appearance of Kashchei's guardian monsters and capture of Ivan Tsarevich
Dance of Kashchei's retinue under the spell of the Firebird
Infernal dance of all Kashchei's subject's
Lullaby of the Firebird
Collapse of Kashchei's palace and dissolution of all enchantments - Reanimation of the petrified prisoners - General rejoicing
The Shrovetide Fair - The Crowds - The Conjuring-trick
Russian Dance
Petrouchka's Room
The Moor's Room - Dance of the Ballerina
Waltz (The Ballerina and the Moor)
The Shrovetide Fair (Evening)
Dance of the Wet-nurses
Dance of the Peasant and the Bear
The Merchant and the Gipsies
Dance of the Coachmen and the Grooms
The Masqueraders
The Scuffle
Death of Petrouchka
The Police and the Charlatan
Apparition of Petrouchka's Ghost
Song of the Nightingale: Presto
Chinese March
Song of the Nightingale
The Mechanical Nightingale
The Emperor's displeasure at the departure of the real nightingale
The Emperor's sickroom
The real nightingale returns to thwart Death
Funeral march and Finale
Symphony of Psalms (Rev, version, 1948): Part I
Part II
Part III
1. Toccata
2. Aria I
3. Aria II
4. Capriccio
I. Overture. Allegro
II. Andante - Interlude: L'istesso tempo
III. Con moto
The Charlatan's Booth
The Russian Dance
Petrouchka's Room
Grand Carnival
Dance of the Wet Nurses
Dance of the Peasant and Bear
Dance of the Gypsy Girls
Dance of the Coachmen
Part I: I. The Soldier's March
Part I: II. Soldier: Phew... this isn't a bad sort of spot...
Part I: III. Airs by a Stream
Part I: IV. He is a little old man...
Part I: V. The Soldier's March (Reprise)
Part I: VI. Soldier: Hurray, here we are!
Part I: VII. Pastorale
Part I: VIII. Narrator: In the Market Place...
Part I: IX. Pastorale
Part I: X. Narrator: He took the book and began to read
Part I: XI. Airs by a Stream (Reprise)
Part I: XII. Soldier: They have nothing - and yet they have it all.
Part I: XIII. Airs by a Stream (Reprise)
Part II: I. The Soldier's March (Reprise)
Part II: II. Narrator: Now he comes to another land
Part II: III. The Royal March
Part II: IV. Narrator: They gave the word for the band to play
Part II: V. The Little Concert
Part II: VI. Narrator: The princess is lying on her bed
Part II: VII. Tango
Part II: VIII. Valse
Part II: IX. Ragtime
Part II: X. Narrator: The Soldier and the Princess are in each other's arms
Part II: XI. The Devil's Dance
Part II: XII. Narrator: The Devil falls exhausted
Part II: XIII. Little Chorale
Part II: XIV. The Devil's Song
Part II: XV. Great Chorale
Part II: XVI. Narrator: 'Suppose, suppose we went there!'
Part II: XVII. Triumphal March of the Devil