Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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The Romantic Violin Concerto Vol 16 - Busoni, Strauss / Becker-Bender
Release Date: 08/12/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68044   Number of Discs: 1
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Deutsche Motette - German Romantic Choral Music from Schubert to Strauss
Release Date: 08/13/2013   Label: Delphian  
Catalog: 34124   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Die Frau ohne Schatten / Nilsson, Bohm
Release Date: 09/20/1994   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 445325   Number of Discs: 3
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Strauss: Ariadne Auf Naxos / Böhm, Jurinac, Grist
Release Date: 09/21/2004   Label: Tdk  
Catalog: CLOPAAN   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss:  Complete Songs, Vol. 6 / Elizabeth Watts, Roger Vignoles
Release Date: 11/13/2012   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 67844   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Ein Heldenleben, Op. 40

Browse 51-75 of 101 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Richard Strauss: Ein Heldenleben / Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 414292 Release Date: 10/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 52.
    Richard Strauss: Ein Heldenleben; Tod Und Verklarung
    Label: Coviello Classics   Catalog: 30806 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Jonas Alber
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  • 53.
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2076 Release Date: 10/14/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johann Christian Bach,  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 54.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Don Juan / Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435790 Release Date: 09/16/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Kai Vogler
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 55.
    Karajan - Complete Emi Recordings 1946-84 Vol 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 12038 Release Date: 04/01/2008   Number of Discs: 88
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  E. Nikolaus von Reznicek,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Leister,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Ernst Haefliger,  Anne-Sophie Mutter  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
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  • 56.
    Herbert von Karajan - Master Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001050702 Release Date: 02/12/2008   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Pietro Mascagni,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari,  Francesco Cilèa  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Michel Schwalbé,  Wolfgang Meyer,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
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  • 57.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Metamorphosen / Herbert Blomstedt
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 436596 Release Date: 01/21/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Raymond Kobler,  Arthur David Krehbiel
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
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  • 58.
    R. Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Etc / Karajan, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001038702 Release Date: 01/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michel Schwalbé
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 59.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Till Eulenspielgel / Dohnányi
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 436444 Release Date: 09/24/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Christoph von Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Legendary Strauss Recordings
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60929 Release Date: 08/06/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Bruno Jaenicke,  Scipione Guidi,  Alfred Wallenstein
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg,  Serge Koussevitzky,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Leopold Stokowski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 61.
    Mahler: Symphony No 6;  R. Strauss: Heldenleben / Barbirolli
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 65285 Release Date: 11/21/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Etc / Beecham, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 71502 Release Date: 11/21/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Raymond Clark,  Eric Harrison,  Oscar Lampe,  Leonard Rubens  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, 4 Last Songs / Haider, Borowska
    Label: Nightingale Classics   Catalog: 161864 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Joanna Borowska,  Eijj Arai
    Conductor:  Friedrich Haider
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cracow Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra,  Tokyo Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 64.
    Fritz Reiner Conducts Richard Strauss / Pittsburgh So
    Label: Biddulph   Catalog: 83067/68 Release Date: 02/27/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hugo Kolberg,  Vladimir Bakaleinikoff,  Henri Temianka,  Gregor Piatigorsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 65.
    R. Strauss: Orchestral Works / Zinman, Et Al
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 984950 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Thomas Grossenbacher,  Michel Rouilly,  Roland Pöntinen,  Simon Fuchs  ... 
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra,  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra Winds
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  • 66.
    R. Strauss: Ein Heldenleben / Rattle, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 39339 Release Date: 01/10/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Sir Simon Rattle,  Guy Braunstein
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Strauss: Orchestral Works / Kempe, Frager, Hoelscher, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 7591 Release Date: 12/20/2005   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Peter Damm,  Manfred Weise,  Wolfgang Liebscher,  Malcolm Frager  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 68.
    Original Masters - Karl Böhm - Mozart And Strauss
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000480402 Release Date: 09/13/2005   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Lisa Della Casa,  Michel Schwalbé,  Kurt Böhme,  Waldemar Kmentt  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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  • 69.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben + The Sixth Maestro (Documentary)
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 4103 Release Date: 01/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben / Jansons, Et Al
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 4005 Release Date: 01/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Richard Strauss In High Fidelity / Fritz Reiner, Chicago
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 61389 Release Date: 09/14/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  John Weicher,  Philip Farkas
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Strauss: Symphonic Poems Vol 1 / Neeme Järvi
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10199 Release Date: 04/27/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Richard Strauss Conducts Ein Heldenleben, Etc / Berlin Po
    Label: Dutton Laboratories/Vocalion   Catalog: 9737 Release Date: 03/09/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Richard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra members
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  • 74.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Etc / Thielemann, Honeck, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474192 Release Date: 07/01/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Rainer Honeck
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Metamorphosen / Bychkov, WDR Cologne
    Label: Avie   Catalog: 17 Release Date: 04/29/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Semyon Bychkov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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