Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Elektra / Solti, Nilsson, Resnik, Krause, Vienna Philharmonic
Release Date: 07/14/2017   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 4831494   Number of Discs: 3
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Gary Bertini conducts Strauss, Mahler, Ravel, Debussy, Berlioz
Release Date: 11/13/2012   Label: Capriccio Records  
Catalog: 7136   Number of Discs: 5
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Strauss: The Complete Songs, Vol. 8 / Spence, Vignoles, Evans
Release Date: 07/28/2017   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68185  
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Strauss: Oboe Concerto, Sonata & Sonatina No. 2 / Nelsons, Royal Concertgebouw
Release Date: 07/07/2017   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2163   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Ariadne Auf Naxos / Keilberth, Jurinac, Streich, Engelhardt, Cologne Radio Symphony
Release Date: 08/31/2009   Label: Capriccio Records  
Catalog: 67166   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Ein Heldenleben, Op. 40

Browse 26-50 of 96 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Fritz Reiner conducts Richard Strauss - The Complete RCA & Columbia Recordings
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 379055 Release Date: 05/19/2014   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  John Weicher,  Philip Farkas,  Inge Borkh,  Francis Yeend  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Lyric Theatre Chorus,  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 27.
    Strauss Conducts Strauss, Mozart, Beethoven [7-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002037802 Release Date: 05/19/2014   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Reitz,  Enrico Mainardi,  Philipp Haass,  Oswald Uhl  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian State Orchestra
    On sale! $49.98
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  • 28.
    RCA Living Stereo Collection, Vol. 1
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 541497 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Claude Debussy,  Jacques Ibert,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Berj Zamkochian,  John Weicher,  Philip Farkas,  Jascha Heifetz  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Munch,  Fritz Reiner,  Kiril Kondrashin,  Arthur Fiedler  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  New England Conservatory Chorus,  New England Conservatory Alumni Chorus  ... 
    Recommendation
    On sale! $125.98
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  • 29.
    Strauss: Complete Orchestral Works / Kempe, Dresden Staatskapelle
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 3178025 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Max Rostal,  Ulf Hoelscher,  Peter Damm  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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    On sale! $32.98
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  • 30.
    Vienna Philharmonic - All Strauss Program / Karl Bohm
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4567 Release Date: 11/26/2013  
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Willi Boskovsky,  Nikita Magaloff
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $28.99
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  • 31.
    Strauss, Vol. 1: Ein Heldenleben; Macbeth / Weigle, Frankfurt Museum Orchestra
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 888 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Sebastian Weigle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Frankfurt Museum Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 32.
    Bernard Haitink - The Philips Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001903502 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  Herman Krebbers,  Menahem Pressler,  Isidore Cohen  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Beaux Arts Trio  ... 
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  • 33.
    Mariss Jansons Conducts Beethoven & Strauss / Uchida
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 101683 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Mitsuko Uchida
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 34.
    Mariss Jansons Conducts Beethoven & Strauss / Uchida [blu-ray]
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 108079 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Mitsuko Uchida
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 35.
    Strauss: Tone Poems Vol 1 / Roth, SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden und Freiburg
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93299 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  François-Xavier Roth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 36.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben,  Capriccio Sextet / Schwarz, Seattle Symphony
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8571218 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Ikka Talvi
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seattle Symphony Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Karajan In Moscow, Vol. 3
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1001514 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
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  • 38.
    Fritz Reiner Conducts Richard Strauss
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 686992 Release Date: 08/07/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Inge Borkh,  Byron Janis,  John Weicher,  Milton Preves  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Barenboim conducts Richard Strauss, Mahler & Schoenberg
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 2564663163 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Charles Pikler,  Joseph Golan,  Li-Kuo Chang,  Ruben Gonzalez  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 40.
    Strauss: Tone Poems / Rudolf Kempe, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 6783122 Release Date: 03/26/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 41.
    Strauss: Orchestral Works / Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic [5-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001607102 Release Date: 10/18/2011   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Lothar Koch,  Antonio Meneses,  Leon Spierer,  Wolfram Christ  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Four Last Songs / Roschmann, Nezet-Seguin, Rotterdam PO
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1880 Release Date: 08/23/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Dorothea Röschmann
    Conductor:  Yannick Nézet-Séguin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 43.
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1880 Release Date: 08/23/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Igor Gruppman,  Dorothea Röschmann
    Conductor:  Yannick Nézet-Séguin
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  • 44.
    Strauss: Till Eulenspiegel, Ein Heldenleben / Tilson Thomas, London Symphony
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5031 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    DVD: $37.49
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  • 45.
    Strauss: Till Eulenspiegel; Ein Heldenleben / Barenboim, Chicago Symphony
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 4677163 Release Date: 03/29/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Samuel Magad
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 46.
    Rudolf Kempe Conducts Dvorak & Strauss
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5009 Release Date: 02/22/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 47.
    Icon - Rudolf Kempe
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 29557 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Teresa Zylis-Gara,  Sylvia Geszty,  Gundula Janowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 48.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben; Webern: Im Sommerwind / Haitink, Chicago SO
    Label: Cso Resound   Catalog: 9011002 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Anton Webern
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben; Webern: Im Sommerwind / Haitink, Chicago SO
    Label: Cso Resound   Catalog: 9011004 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Anton Webern
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Pierre Monteux Edition Vol 12 - R. Strauss / San Francisco
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61889 Release Date: 05/13/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Naum Blinder
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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