Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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R. Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos / Falletta, Buffalo Philharmonic
Release Date: 02/10/2017   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573460   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Oboe Concerto; Skalkottas: Concertino; Aho: Seven Inventions With Postlude / Goritzki, Kwak, Pia, Munich Radio Orchestra
Release Date: 05/22/2012   Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)  
Catalog: 9031598   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Feuersnot / Schirmer, Eiche, Woldt, Schneider, Schwinghammer
Release Date: 02/10/2015   Label: Cpo  
Catalog: 777920   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Der Burger Als Edelmann, Vier Letzte Lieder / Larsson, Boyd
Release Date: 04/24/2012   Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)  
Catalog: 9011738   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Enoch Arder & Piano Arrangements / Gieseking, Oppitz
Release Date: 08/04/2017   Label: Hänssler Classic  
Catalog: 16048   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Ein Heldenleben, Op. 40

Browse 1-25 of 97 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    DG 111: The Conductors / Various
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797477 Release Date: 08/04/2017   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Alexander Scriabin,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Gaston Litaize,  Alain Moglia,  Luben Yordanoff,  Christa Ludwig  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Daniel Barenboim,  Leonard Bernstein,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  New England Conservatory Chorus,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 2.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Op. 40 / Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic [Vinyl]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797219 Release Date: 06/09/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    LP: $32.99
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  • 3.
    Strauss: Orchestral Works & Concertos
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88883798632 Release Date: 05/12/2017   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Steven Isserlis,  Martha Argerich,  Simon Fuchs,  Knut Sonstevold  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  George Szell,  Pierre Monteux,  Rudolf Kempe  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra,  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $23.99
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  • 4.
    New York Philharmonic: 175th Anniversary Edition
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 533636 Release Date: 04/07/2017   Number of Discs: 65
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Ambroise Thomas  ... 
    Performer:  Oscar Levant,  Robert Casadesus,  Isaac Stern,  Yo-Yo Ma
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg,  Josef Stransky,  Arturo Toscanini,  Sir John Barbirolli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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    CD: $184.99
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  • 5.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Ein Heldenleben / Gergiev, Munich Philharmonic
    Label: Münchner Philharmoniker   Catalog: 21121 Release Date: 03/31/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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  • 6.
    Wiener Philharmoniker: 175th Anniversary Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797090 Release Date: 03/31/2017   Number of Discs: 45
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner,  Emmanuel Chabrier  ... 
    Performer:  Anton Dermota,  Irmgard Seefried,  Rosette Anday,  Paul Schöffler  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Rafael Kubelik,  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  James Levine  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Arnold Schoenberg Choir,  Kuchl String Quartet  ... 
    CD: $175.49
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  • 7.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Ein Heldenleben / Jarvi, NHK Symphony
    Label: Imports   Catalog: 88985391762 Release Date: 03/10/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Paavo Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NHK Symphony Orchestra Tokyo
    CD: $11.99
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  • 8.
    Karl Bohm: Great Recordings 1953-1972
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797021 Release Date: 02/24/2017   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Max Reger,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Wolfgang Meyer,  Marianna Radev,  Josef Greindl,  Maria Stader  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin St. Hedwig Cathedral Choir,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $63.98
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  • 9.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben & Macbeth / Orozco-Estrada, Frankfurt Radio Symphony
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186582 Release Date: 11/18/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Alejandro Rutkauskas
    Conductor:  Andres Orozco-Estrada
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  • 10.
    Zubin Mehta conducts Richard Strauss
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88985328992 Release Date: 10/28/2016   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim,  Jane Eaglen,  Yuri Gandelsman,  Daniel Stabrawa  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $23.99
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  • 11.
    Edition Staatskapelle Dresden, Vol. 35
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 07053 Release Date: 09/09/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Kai Vogler,  Peter Bruns
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Sylvain Cambreling,  Peter Ruzicka
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Staatskapelle Dresden
    CD: $34.99
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  • 12.
    Symphonies & Symphonic Poems / Mehta
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002488802 Release Date: 05/13/2016   Number of Discs: 23
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss,  Hector Berlioz,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Performer:  Sidney Harth,  Maureen Forrester,  Daniel Benyamini,  Christa Ludwig  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $65.99
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  • 13.
    Philips Classics: The Stereo Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002445602 Release Date: 02/19/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Elly Ameling,  Dalton Baldwin,  Jörg Demus  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis,  Bernard Haitink,  Raymond Leppard,  Eduard van Beinum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $129.99
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  • 14.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben; Magnard: Chant Funebre
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8573563 Release Date: 12/11/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Albéric Magnard
    Conductor:  Jean-Claude Casadesus
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lille National Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Karl Bohm - Late Recordings - Vienna, London, Dresden
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002327602 Release Date: 06/23/2015   Number of Discs: 23
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Anton Bruckner,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Jessye Norman,  Placido Domingo,  Walter Berry  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    CD: $75.49
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  • 16.
    Strauss: Don Juan; Ein Heldenleben
    Label: Br Klassik   Catalog: 900127 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anton Barachovsky
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 17.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Ein Heldenleben / Netrebko, Barenboim
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002188002 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anna Netrebko
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra
    CD: $20.99
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  • 18.
    Seiji Ozawa - The Philips Years: Original Jacket Collection [50-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002185602 Release Date: 11/18/2014   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    Performer:  Mariko Kobayashi,  Everett Firth,  Hiroshi Arimori,  Sawako Yasue  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Saito Kinen Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 19.
    Strauss, Mahler - Masterworks / Haenchen, Sanderling, Tilson Thomas, Leinsdorf
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5133 Release Date: 10/28/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss,  Robert Schumann
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf,  Kurt Sanderling,  Hartmut Haenchen,  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra,  La Monnaie Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    DVD: $44.49
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  • 20.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Ein Heldenleben / Haitink, London Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 79 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 21.
    Karajan - Orchestral Recordings From Germany & Austria, 1970 - 1981: Brahms, Bruckner, Wagner, R. Strauss, Sibelius, Schmidt / Berlin PO
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 33622 Release Date: 08/26/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Schmidt,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Michel Schwalbé
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    CD: $39.99
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  • 22.
    Strauss / Karajan
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002100500 Release Date: 08/19/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michel Schwalbé,  Giusto Cappone,  Pierre Fournier,  Norbert Hauptmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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    CD: $85.99
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  • 23.
    Richard Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra; Salome; Elektra
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 10180 Release Date: 08/01/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  John Weicher,  Inge Borkh,  Frances Yeend,  Paul [Baritone Vocal] Schoeffler
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    CD: $13.99
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  • 24.
    Strauss / Krauss - Complete Decca Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002055302 Release Date: 06/17/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier,  Ernst Moraweg,  Hermann Gallos,  Anton Dermota  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 25.
    Fritz Reiner conducts Richard Strauss - The Complete RCA & Columbia Recordings
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 379055 Release Date: 05/19/2014   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  John Weicher,  Philip Farkas,  Inge Borkh,  Francis Yeend  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Lyric Theatre Chorus,  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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