Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Friedenstag / Bass, Marc, Roloff, Collegiate Chorale & Orchestra
Release Date: 10/1991   Label: Koch International Classics  
Catalog: 7111   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Arabella / Fleming, Hampson, Thielemann
Release Date: 09/30/2014   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 717208   Number of Discs: 2
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Richard Strauss: Don Juan; Tod Und Verklarun; Till Eulenspiegel / Otaka, BBC National Orchestra Of Wales
Release Date: 08/14/2012   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 7090   Number of Discs: 1
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Richard Strauss: Don Juan; Death And Transfiguration; Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks
Release Date: 11/12/2013   Label: Reference Recordings  
Catalog: 707   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Dance of the Seven Veils

Browse 76-94 of 94 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Marcel Tabuteau Excerpts / Stokowski, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Boston Records   Catalog: 1021 Release Date: 01/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Marcel Tabuteau
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 77.
    R. Strauss: Orchestral Works / Rudolf Kempe, Dresden So
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 74016 Release Date: 08/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Peter Mirring
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden State Opera Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Etc / Karajan, Vienna Po
    Label: London/Decca Legends   Catalog: 466388 Release Date: 04/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Richard Strauss Conducts - Mozart, Wagner, Strauss, Et Al
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90392 Release Date: 02/22/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Herbert Von Karajan - His Legacy
    Label: Bci Music   Catalog: 4401 Release Date: 06/29/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Luigi Cherubini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  EIAR Symphony Orchestra Turin,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra  ... 
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  • 81.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Etc / Beecham, Royal Po
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1147 Release Date: 09/01/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Oscar Lampe
    Conductor:  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Mars & Venus - A Musical Portrait Of Men And Women
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 68999 Release Date: 01/13/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Claude Debussy,  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Munch,  Pierre Monteux,  Fritz Reiner,  Claus Peter Flor  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Berkshire Festival Chorus Women,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 83.
    Clemens Krauss Dirigiert Vol 2 / Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90291 Release Date: 01/21/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Richard Strauss,  Manuel de Falla
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 84.
    Exotic Dances From The Opera / Eiji Oue, Minnesota Orchestra
    Label: Reference Recordings   Catalog: 71 Release Date: 04/30/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Antonín Dvorák,  Anton Rubinstein,  Henri Rabaud  ... 
    Conductor:  Eiji Oue
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minnesota Orchestra
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  • 85.
    R. Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Don Juan, Etc / Karajan
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447441 Release Date: 04/09/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michel Schwalbé
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Stokowski - First Releases
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 502 Release Date: 08/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alexander Scriabin,  Robert Kelly,  Stephen Foster  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
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  • 87.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier Suite, Etc / Lopez-cobos
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80371 Release Date: 06/20/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michael Chertock,  Jeffrey Kahane
    Conductor:  Jesús Lopez-Cobos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Paul Paray Conducts Dances Of Death / Detroit Symphony
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 434336 Release Date: 06/14/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Florent Schmitt,  Richard Strauss,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul Paray
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Detroit Symphony Orchestra
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  • 89.
    R. Strauss: Rosenkavalier Suite, Etc / Previn, Vienna Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437790 Release Date: 08/02/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 90.
    The Symphonic Sound Stage - A Listener's Guide
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3502 Release Date: 12/14/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ottorino Respighi,  Manuel de Falla,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Carol Rosenberger,  János Starker,  Della Jones
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz,  James DePreist
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seattle Symphony Orchestra,  Oregon Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 91.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Etc / Kosler, Slovak Po
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550182 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Zdenek Kosler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Strauss: Rosenkavalier Suite, Etc / Järvi, Lott, Scottish No
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8758 Release Date: 03/03/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Felicity Lott
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Till Eulenspiegel, Etc / Karajan, Et Al
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 415853 Release Date: 12/10/1987   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 0502 Release Date: 08/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leopold Stokowski,  Stephen Foster,  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
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