Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Don Juan, Till Eulenspiegel / Mackerras, RPO
Release Date: 03/08/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 29260   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss, Ravel, Dukas / Argerich, Rabinovitch
Release Date: 02/27/1998   Label: Teldec  
Catalog: 96435   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Complete Orchestral Works / Rudolf Kempe
Release Date: 01/14/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 3178025   Number of Discs: 9
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Strauss: Enoch Arden / Emanuel Ax, Patrick Stewart
Release Date: 08/28/2007   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 709056   Number of Discs: 1
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Richard Strauss Collection
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 107539   Number of Discs: 11
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Work: Dance of the Seven Veils

Browse 51-75 of 92 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Pfitzner: Sinfonie Für Grosses Orchester In C-dur;  Strauss
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 7010 Release Date: 02/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Hans Pfitzner
    Conductor:  Kurt Striegler,  Hanns Ander-Donath,  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 52.
    DG Concerts - 2005/2006 - Strauss / Maazel, New York Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4776435 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 53.
    Hans Knappertsbusch Conducts R. Strauss, L.v. Beethoven, Etc
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90260 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Hans Pfitzner,  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 54.
    Original Masters - Karajan - The First Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 689602 Release Date: 08/08/2006   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra  ... 
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  • 55.
    Opera Four Hands Vol 2 / Julian Reynolds, Peter Lockwood
    Label: Globe   Catalog: 5153 Release Date: 05/09/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Claude Melnotte,  Franz Liszt,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Lockwood,  Julian Reynolds
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  • 56.
    Boito: Prologue From Mefistofele / Strauss: Scenes From Salome, 5 Lieder
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775910 Release Date: 03/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Arrigo Boito
    Performer:  Montserrat Caballé,  Nicolai Ghiaurov
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Gumpoldskirch Boys Choir  ... 
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  • 57.
    Leopold Stokowski And The Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1173 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johannes Brahms,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Ich War Ein Berliner / James Galway, Berlin PO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4776077 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Danzi,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Anton Reicha,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  James Galway,  Lothar Koch,  Gerd Seifert,  Günter Piesk  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Winds,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 59.
    Strauss: Orchestral Works / Kempe, Frager, Hoelscher, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 7591 Release Date: 12/20/2005   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Peter Damm,  Manfred Weise,  Wolfgang Liebscher,  Malcolm Frager  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 60.
    Masters Of The Piano Roll - Strauss, Etc
    Label: Dal Segno   Catalog: 10 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gabriel Fauré,  Cyril Scott,  Alfred Grünfeld  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Strauss,  Gabriel Fauré,  Cyril Scott,  Alfred Grünfeld  ... 
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  • 61.
    R. Strauss: Scenes From Salome And Elektra / Reiner, Borkh
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 67900 Release Date: 07/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Inge Borkh,  Paul Schöffler,  Francis Yeend
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Lyric Theatre Chorus
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  • 62.
    Classical Cuisine - A German Feast
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 74603 Release Date: 04/05/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Zino Francescatti,  Pierre Fournier,  Robert Marcellus,  E. Power Biggs
    Conductor:  Jeanne Lamon,  Eugene Ormandy,  Bruno Walter,  George Szell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tafelmusik,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 63.
    Stravinsky: The Rite Of Spring / Nagano, London Po
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 82003 Release Date: 03/29/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lyon Opera Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 64.
    Strauss: Salome Highlights, Five Orchestral Songs; Boito / Bernstein
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4762467 Release Date: 10/18/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Arrigo Boito
    Performer:  Montserrat Caballé,  Nicolai Ghiaurov
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung  ... 
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  • 65.
    Dances With Brass / Washington Symphonic Brass
    Label: Summit Records   Catalog: 375 Release Date: 04/06/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alberto Ginastera,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Louis Prima,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Performer:  Phil Snedecor,  Chris Gekker,  Joe Connell,  David Sciannella  ... 
    Conductor:  Milton Stevens
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Washington Symphonic Brass
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  • 66.
    Richard Strauss Conducts Ein Heldenleben, Etc / Berlin Po
    Label: Dutton Laboratories/Vocalion   Catalog: 9737 Release Date: 03/09/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Richard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra members
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  • 67.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Artur Rodzinski
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75959 Release Date: 11/04/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Conductor:  Artur Rodzinski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 68.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Dimitri Mitropoulos
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75471 Release Date: 08/05/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Strauss,  Claude Debussy,  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Dimitri Mitropoulos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Karajan - The Collection - Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000020202 Release Date: 05/13/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  David Bell,  Anna Tomowa-Sintow
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Etc / Kempe, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Encore   Catalog: 74756 Release Date: 01/07/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 71.
    R. Strauss: Scenes From Salome And Elektra
    Label: Rca Victor Special Imports   Catalog: 68636 Release Date: 11/19/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Paul Schöffler,  Inge Borkh,  Francis Yeend
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Lyric Theatre Chorus
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  • 72.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Tod Und Verklärung / Kempe, Et Al
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 67892 Release Date: 09/17/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 73.
    Strauss: Tone Poems / Böhm, Staatskapelle Dresden, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463190 Release Date: 03/13/2001   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Wolfgang Meyer,  Michel Schwalbé
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 74.
    Strauss Famous Scenes / Nilsson, Rysanek, Price, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Grand Opera Series   Catalog: 458250 Release Date: 02/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Heinz Holecek,  Régine Crespin,  Elisabeth Söderström,  Hilde Gueden  ... 
    Conductor:  Silvio Varviso,  Christoph von Dohnányi,  Herbert von Karajan,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Marcel Tabuteau Excerpts / Stokowski, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Boston Records   Catalog: 1021 Release Date: 01/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Marcel Tabuteau
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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