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Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Four Last Songs, Ein Heldenleben / Netrebko, Barenboim
Release Date: 12/09/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002188002   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra  / Herlitzius, Meier, Pieczonka, Petrenko, Orchestre De Paris [blu-ray]
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 410   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Meier, Salonen, Orchestre De Paris
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 110   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss Conducts Strauss, Mozart, Beethoven [7-CD Set]
Release Date: 05/19/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002037802   Number of Discs: 7
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Work: Dance of the Seven Veils

Browse 26-50 of 86 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Shostakovich: Symphony No 8 / Andris Nelsons, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 709908 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Andris Nelsons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Shostakovich: Symphony No 8 / Andris Nelsons, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra [blu-ray]
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 710004 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Andris Nelsons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 28.
    Strauss: Tone Poems / Rudolf Kempe, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 6783122 Release Date: 03/26/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 29.
    Leontyne Price - The Complete Collection Of Operatic Recital Albums
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 794051 Release Date: 01/24/2012   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini,  George Gershwin,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Leontyne Price,  Laura Londi,  John W. Bubbles,  William Warfield  ... 
    Conductor:  Oliviero de Fabritiis,  Arturo Basile,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Francesco Molinari-Pradelli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rome Opera House Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Italian Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 30.
    Strauss: Orchestral Works / Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic [5-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001607102 Release Date: 10/18/2011   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Lothar Koch,  Antonio Meneses,  Leon Spierer,  Wolfram Christ  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Strauss: Alpine Symphony / Andris Nelsons, City Of Birmingham Symphony
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 833111 Release Date: 03/29/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Andris Nelsons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Sir Thomas Beecham: The Later Tradition - Beethoven, Schubert, Mendelssohn, Etc.
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 18611 Release Date: 03/22/2011   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Liszt,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Jennifer Vyvyan,  Monica Sinclair,  Richard Lewis,  Marian Nowakowski  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Beecham Choral Society
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  • 33.
    Eduardo Mata Edition Vol 2 - Strauss, Rodrigo, Wiren
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 30978 Release Date: 10/01/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Dag Wirén
    Performer:  James Galway
    Conductor:  Eduardo Mata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dallas Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  National Arts Centre Orchestra
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  • 34.
    Icon - Rudolf Kempe
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 29557 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Sylvia Geszty,  Teresa Zylis-Gara,  Gundula Janowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 35.
    Arturo Toscanini - The XX Century
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 416 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ferde Grofé,  Zoltán Kodály,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 36.
    Great Strauss Scenes / Brewer, Runnicles, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 31755 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christine Brewer,  Eric Owens
    Conductor:  Donald Runnicles
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Schubert: Symphony 9;  Strauss: Don Juan, Etc / Schippers
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: CD2X 5140 Release Date: 05/27/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Thomas Schippers
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
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  • 38.
    A Festival Of Ballet
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67063 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Holst,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Barbara Hendricks,  Susan Bickley,  Lorraine Hunt Lieberson,  Catherine Pierard  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe,  André Previn,  Paavo Järvi,  Sir Charles Mackerras  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Radio France Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 39.
    Da Capo - Opera Highlights
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 149512 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Otto Nicolai,  Richard Wagner,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Armin Ude,  Grace Bumbry,  Siegfried Lorenz,  Sona Cervana  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernhard Klee,  Otmar Suitner,  Hans Vonk,  Václav Neumann  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 40.
    The Royal Edition - R. Strauss: Don Quixote, Etc / Bernstein
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 47625 Release Date: 12/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  William Lincer,  Lorne Munroe,  E. Power Biggs
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 41.
    Exotic Dances From The Opera / Eiji Oue, Minnesota Orchestra
    Label: Reference Recordings   Catalog: 712 Release Date: 11/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Richard Strauss,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Eiji Oue
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minnesota Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Festival Of The Primadonnas
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 8025 Release Date: 06/30/2009   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Arrigo Boito,  Giacomo Puccini,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Renata Tebaldi,  Ljuba Welitsch,  Maria Callas,  Astrid Varnay  ... 
    Conductor:  Tullio Serafin,  Max Rudolf,  Hermann Weigert,  Wilhelm Schüchter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $29.99
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  • 43.
    1001 Nights - Breezes From The Orient / Schneidt, Guida, Ottenthal
    Label: Phoenix Edition   Catalog: 420 Release Date: 05/26/2009   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Ernest Reyer,  Karol Szymanowski,  Peter Cornelius,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Gertrud von Ottenthal,  Bruno Lazzaretti,  Roberto Servile,  Georg Donderer  ... 
    Conductor:  Guido Maria Guida,  Hanns-Martin Schneidt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus,  Berlin St. Hedwigs Cathedral Chorus
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  • 44.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1, Etc;  Strauss / Walter, Horowitz, Et Al
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 362 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $13.99
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  • 45.
    Edition Klavier-festival Ruhr / Sloane, Hamelin, Schuch, Et Al
    Label: Cavi Music   Catalog: 8553119 Release Date: 08/12/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Richard Strauss,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Marc-André Hamelin,  Alexander Lonquich,  Herbert Schuch
    Conductor:  Steven Sloane,  Stephen Darlington
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bochum Symphony Orchestra,  Duisburg Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dortmund Theater Chorus
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  • 46.
    Karajan - The Legendary Decca Recordings - Brahms, Adam, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001078802 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Gustav Holst  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 47.
    R Strauss: Don Quixote / Lynn Harrell, Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 417184 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Lynn Harrell
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 48.
    The Age Of Living Stereo - A Tribute To John Pfeiffer
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 68524 Release Date: 08/06/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Léo Delibes,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Martial Singher,  David Poleri,  Artur Rubinstein,  Carl Poole  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Charles Munch,  Fritz Reiner,  Leopold Stokowski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra members,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Harvard Glee Club  ... 
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  • 49.
    R Strauss: Death And Transfiguration / Mata, Dallas Symphony
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 14353 Release Date: 06/25/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Eduardo Mata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dallas Symphony Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Pfitzner: Symphony in C Major; Strauss / Bohm
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 7010 Release Date: 02/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Hans Pfitzner
    Performer:  Hanns Ander-Donath
    Conductor:  Kurt Striegler,  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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