Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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The Romantic Violin Concerto Vol 16 - Busoni, Strauss / Becker-Bender
Release Date: 08/12/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68044   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Meier, Salonen, Orchestre De Paris
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 110   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Pape, Thielemann, Staatskapelle Dresden
Release Date: 08/05/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002114902   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss / Krauss - Complete Decca Recordings
Release Date: 06/17/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002055302   Number of Discs: 5
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Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Lear, Bastin, Von Stade, Welting, De Waart
Release Date: 04/24/2012   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 9248   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Dance of the Seven Veils

Browse 1-25 of 93 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Strauss / Karajan [11 CDs & 1 Blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002100500 Release Date: 08/19/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michel Schwalbé,  Giusto Cappone,  Pierre Fournier,  Norbert Hauptmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    On sale! $179.98
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  • 2.
    Strauss,   Liszt,   Korngold,   Busoni,   Schreker / Yamada, Suisse Romande Orchestra
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 186518 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Liszt,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Ferruccio Busoni
    Conductor:  Kazuki Yamada
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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  • 3.
    Fritz Reiner Conducts Richard Strauss - The Complete RCA & Columbia Recordings
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 379055 Release Date: 05/19/2014   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  John Weicher,  Philip Farkas,  Inge Borkh,  Francis Yeend  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Lyric Theatre Chorus,  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 4.
    Strauss Conducts Strauss, Mozart, Beethoven [7-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002037802 Release Date: 05/19/2014   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Reitz,  Enrico Mainardi,  Philipp Haass,  Oswald Uhl  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 5.
    RCA Living Stereo Collection Vol 1
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 541497 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Claude Debussy,  Jacques Ibert,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Berj Zamkochian,  John Weicher,  Philip Farkas,  Jascha Heifetz  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Munch,  Fritz Reiner,  Kiril Kondrashin,  Arthur Fiedler  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  New England Conservatory Chorus,  New England Conservatory Alumni Chorus  ... 
    Recommendation
    On sale! $125.98
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  • 6.
    Strauss: Complete Tone Poems & Concertos [13-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002010402 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Arthur David Krehbiel,  Raymond Kobler,  Heinrich Schiff,  Jean-Yves Thibaudet  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  Antal Doráti,  Kurt Masur,  Vladimir Ashkenazy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  Detroit Symphony Orchestra,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 7.
    Strauss: Complete Orchestral Works / Rudolf Kempe
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 3178025 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Max Rostal,  Ulf Hoelscher,  Peter Damm  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 8.
    Richard Strauss - Edition Staatskapelle Dresden / Otmar Suitner
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 12018 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
    CD: $48.99
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  • 9.
    Berlin Philharmonic - Centenary Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001923302 Release Date: 10/22/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Géza Anda,  Walter Berry,  Gundula Janowitz,  Hilde Rössl-Majdan  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Nikisch,  Alfred Hertz,  Richard Strauss,  Bruno Walter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Swedish Radio Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $149.98
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  • 10.
    Karajan - 1970s
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001873702 Release Date: 09/03/2013   Number of Discs: 82
    Composer:  Arcangelo Corelli,  Francesco Manfredini,  Pietro Antonio Locatelli,  Giuseppe Torelli  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Brandis,  Michel Schwalbé,  Karlheinz Zöller,  Edith Mathis  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Hans Priem Bergrath
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus  ... 
    CD: $313.99
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  • 11.
    Mercury Living Presence - The Collector's Edition Vol 2
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001831802 Release Date: 06/04/2013   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Anton Webern,  Alban Berg,  Ottorino Respighi  ... 
    Performer:  Helga Pilarczyk,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Mihaly Székely,  Olga Szönyi  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Rafael Kubelik,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Frederick Fennell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica  ... 
    CD: $175.49
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  • 12.
    Ashkenazy - 50 Years on Decca
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001820202 Release Date: 04/02/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Boris Belkin,  Daniel Barenboim,  Fou Ts'ong  ... 
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Lorin Maazel,  Uri Segal  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Wind Soloists  ... 
    CD: $175.49
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  • 13.
    Wagner: Operatic Highlights; Strauss: Tone Poems / Klemperer
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 484682 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 14.
    The Art Of Sir Georg Solti
    Label: Imports   Catalog: 1037609 Release Date: 03/05/2013   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Zoltán Kodály,  Leó Weiner,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Alexandru Agache,  Tamás Daróczy,  Julia Varády,  Iris Vermillion  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Hungarian Radio/TV Chorus,  Budapest Festival Orchestra  ... 
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    $98.99
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  • 15.
    Strauss: Also sprach Zarathustra, Till Eulenspiegel / Solti, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 452603 Release Date: 01/17/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 16.
    Gustav Klimt: Musik Seiner Epoche
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 170286 Release Date: 12/11/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Alban Berg,  Franz Lehár,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Kathryn Harvey,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Gerald Moore,  Frederick Thurston  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter,  Walter Goehr,  Otto Klemperer,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Zurich Radio Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 17.
    Strauss: Macbeth, Dance Of The Seven Veils, Metamorphosen / Schwarz, Seattle Symphony
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8571219 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seattle Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 18.
    Dances & Dreams - Gala Concert From Berlin 2011 [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2058724 Release Date: 09/25/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák,  Edvard Grieg,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Evgeni Kissin
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 19.
    Dances & Dreams - Gala Concert From Berlin 2011
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2058728 Release Date: 08/28/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák,  Edvard Grieg,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Evgeni Kissin
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 20.
    Dances And Waves - Schonbrunn Summer Night Concert 2012 / Dudamel, Vienna PO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001717502 Release Date: 08/21/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Alexander Borodin,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Conductor:  Gustavo Dudamel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 21.
    Dances And Waves - Schonbrunn Summer Night Concert 2012 / Dudamel, Vienna PO [DVD]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001717609 Release Date: 08/21/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Alexander Borodin,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Conductor:  Gustavo Dudamel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $29.99
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  • 22.
    Fritz Reiner Conducts Richard Strauss
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 686992 Release Date: 08/07/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Inge Borkh,  Byron Janis,  John Weicher,  Milton Preves  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 23.
    Arturo Toscanini - The Complete RCA Collection [84 CDs + DVD]
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 791631 Release Date: 07/10/2012   Number of Discs: 85
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Eileen Farrell,  Nan Merriman,  Jan Peerce,  Norman Scott  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  Robert Shaw Chorale,  NBC Symphony Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $149.98
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  • 24.
    Shostakovich: Symphony No 8 / Andris Nelsons, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 709908 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Andris Nelsons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 25.
    Shostakovich: Symphony No 8 / Andris Nelsons, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra [blu-ray]
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 710004 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Andris Nelsons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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