Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Pape, Thielemann, Staatskapelle Dresden
Release Date: 08/05/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002114902   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Meier, Salonen, Orchestre De Paris
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 110   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Don Juan, Till Eulenspiegel / Mackerras, RPO
Release Date: 03/08/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 29260   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Die Frau ohne Schatten / Nilsson, Bohm
Release Date: 09/20/1994   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 445325   Number of Discs: 3
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Strauss: Symphonia Domestica, Etc / Schwarz, Et Al
Release Date: 11/08/2005   Label: Avie  
Catalog: 2071   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Serenade for Winds in E flat major, Op. 7

Browse 1-25 of 25 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Strauss: Complete Tone Poems & Concertos [13-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002010402 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Arthur David Krehbiel,  Raymond Kobler,  Heinrich Schiff,  Jean-Yves Thibaudet  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  Antal Doráti,  Kurt Masur,  Vladimir Ashkenazy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  Detroit Symphony Orchestra,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra  ... 
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  • 2.
    L'apres-midi Des Flutes
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 3081811 Release Date: 01/21/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Richard Strauss,  Antonín Dvorák,  E. Nikolaus von Reznicek  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  14 Berliner Flötisten
    CD: $18.99
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  • 3.
    Mercury Living Presence - The Collector's Edition Vol 2
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001831802 Release Date: 06/04/2013   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Anton Webern,  Alban Berg,  Ottorino Respighi  ... 
    Performer:  Helga Pilarczyk,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Mihaly Székely,  Olga Szönyi  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Rafael Kubelik,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Frederick Fennell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica  ... 
    CD: $175.49
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  • 4.
    Strauss: Die Frau Ohne Schatten Symphonic Fantasy, Serenade For Winds / Schwarz, Seattle Symphony
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8571220 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seattle Symphony Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Strauss: Complete Chamber Music / Sawallisch, Sebestyen, Yang, Steffens
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 9231 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Elisabeth Woska,  Begońa Uriarte,  Karl-Hermann Mrongovius  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sinnhoffer Quartet members,  Duo Uriarte-Mrongovius,  Vienna String Trio  ... 
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  • 6.
    Strauss: Complete Music For Wind Ensemble / De Waart, Holliger
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802066 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Heinz Holliger
    Conductor:  Edo De Waart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Wind Ensemble,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 7.
    Richard Strauss: Music For Wind Instruments
    Label: Passacaille   Catalog: 981 Release Date: 01/10/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Paul Dombrecht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Octophoros
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  • 8.
    Strauss: Oboe Concerto, Suite, Serenade / Leleux, Harding, Swedish Radio
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7748692 Release Date: 08/31/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  François Leleux
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paris Bastille Ensemble,  Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 9.
    Wind Serenades / Wolynec, Gateway Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Summit Records   Catalog: 538 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Conductor:  Gregory Wolynec
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gateway Chamber Orchestra,  Gateway Chamber Ensemble
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  • 10.
    R Strauss: Don Juan, Burleske, Serenade, Till Eulenspiegel
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 60173 Release Date: 07/23/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Serge Edelmann
    Conductor:  Paavo Berglund
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 11.
    Strauss: Serenade Op 7, Symphony For Winds;  Dvorak / Meyer
    Label: Cavi Music   Catalog: 8553014 Release Date: 02/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Sabine Meyer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sabine Meyer Wind Ensemble
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  • 12.
    Strauss: Serenade Op 7, Suite Op 4 / Heinz Holliger
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438933 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Heinz Holliger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe Winds
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  • 13.
    R. Strauss: Orchestral Works / Zinman, Et Al
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 984950 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Thomas Grossenbacher,  Michel Rouilly,  Roland Pöntinen,  Simon Fuchs  ... 
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra,  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra Winds
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  • 14.
    Music of Richard Strauss /
    Label: Altissimo   Catalog: ALT70762 Release Date: 01/01/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  "President's Own" United States Marine Band
    CD: $17.99
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  • 15.
    R. Strauss: Music For Wind Instruments Vol 2 / Villa Musica
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm) Gold   Catalog: 3041173 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Villa Musica Ensemble
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  • 16.
    Strauss, Brahms, Reger / Graham, National Chamber Players
    Label: Klavier Records   Catalog: 11114 Release Date: 05/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Max Reger,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Susan West,  Philip Teachey,  Michael J. Lisicky,  Lynn Musco  ... 
    Conductor:  Lowell Graham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Chamber Players
    CD: $17.99
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  • 17.
    R. Strauss: Klavierwerke / Sascha Zolotarev
    Label: Fermate   Catalog: 20027 Release Date: 03/28/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Sascha Zolotarev
    CD: $12.99
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  • 18.
    R. Strauss: Complete Chamber Music & Music For Winds And Brass
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47570 Release Date: 10/12/1999   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Karl-Heinz Steffens,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Johannes Ritzkowsky,  Wenn-Sinn Yang  ... 
    Conductor:  Klaus Rainer Schöll
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amadé Wind Ensemble,  Sinnhoffer Quartet,  Vienna String Trio  ... 
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  • 19.
    Label: Mark Records   Catalog: 3138 Release Date: 01/01/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  T. Rued,  Franco Cesarini,  Jan Van der Roost,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Rolf Schumacher,  David Whitwell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bern Wind Symphony
    On sale! $15.98
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  • 20.
    Mozart: Serenade No 10;  Strauss, Milhaud / Federick Fennell
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 434399 Release Date: 09/15/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Darius Milhaud,  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Conductor:  Frederick Fennell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Eastman Wind Ensemble
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  • 21.
    R. Strauss: Complete Music For Winds And Brass Vol 1 / Amadé
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47395 Release Date: 04/21/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Klaus Rainer Schöll
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amadé Wind Ensemble
    On sale! $11.98
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  • 22.
    R. Strauss: Complete Chamber Music Vol 8 - Piano And 4 Hands
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47266 Release Date: 11/19/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Gitti Pirner,  Karl-Hermann Mrongovius,  Begońa Uriarte
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  • 23.
    R. Strauss: Complete Chamber Music Vol 3 / Sawallisch, Et Al
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47261 Release Date: 10/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Gitti Pirner,  Johannes Ritzkowsky,  Barton Weber
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  • 24.
    Milan Turkovic Conducts Vienna Radio Winds
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 406 Release Date: 07/09/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Helmut Eder,  Antonín Dvorák,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Milan Turkovic
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Radio Winds
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  • 25.
    Strauss: Music For Wind Ensemble / De Waart, Holliger, Et Al
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 438733 Release Date: 10/15/1993   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Heinz Holliger
    Conductor:  Edo De Waart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Wind Ensemble,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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