Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Pape, Thielemann, Staatskapelle Dresden
Release Date: 08/05/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002114902   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Die Frau ohne Schatten / Nilsson, Bohm
Release Date: 09/20/1994   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 445325   Number of Discs: 3
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Strauss: Arabella / Fleming, Hampson, Thielemann
Release Date: 09/30/2014   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 717208   Number of Discs: 2
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Notturno - Strauss: Songs / Thomas Hampson, Wolfram Rieger
Release Date: 05/06/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002037002   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Salome, Op. 54

Browse 26-43 of 43 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Strauss: Salome / Malfitano, Sinopoli, Et Al
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 2851 Release Date: 11/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Camille Capasso,  Simon Estes,  Horst Hiestermann,  Leonie Rysanek  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus,  Berlin Deutsche Oper Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Strauss: Salome / Krauss, Goltz, Patzak, Braun, Vienna PO
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4756087 Release Date: 08/10/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christel Goltz,  Herbert Alzen,  Hermann Gallos,  Anton Dermota  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 28.
    Grand Tier - Strauss: Salome / Bohm, Rysanek, Hopf, Et Al
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 7004 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Murray Dickie,  Waldemar Kmentt,  Kurt Equiluz,  Heinz Zednik  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
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  • 29.
    Strauss: Salome / Dohnányi, Malfitano, Terfel, Silja
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 074105 Release Date: 05/13/2003  
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Bryn Terfel,  Anja Silja,  Kenneth Riegel,  Robert Gambill  ... 
    Conductor:  Christoph von Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra
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  • 30.
    Puccini: Gianni Schicchi / Strauss: Salome - 1949 Metropolitan Opera Double Bill
    Label: Guild   Catalog: GHCD2230/1 Release Date: 01/01/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Cloe Elmo,  Giuseppe Di Stefano,  Italo Tajo,  Licia Albanese  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Antonicelli,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Strauss: Salome / Ozawa, Norman, Dresden Staatskapelle
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 432153 Release Date: 05/08/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Kerstin Witt,  Annette Markert,  James Morris,  Jessye Norman  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 32.
    Strauss: Salome / Downes, Ewing
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 1494 Release Date: 11/20/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Maria Ewing
    Conductor:  Edward Downes
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  • 33.
    Strauss: Salome / Mehta, Caballe, Nimsgern, Wolff, Et Al
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1311 Release Date: 09/04/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Montserrat Caballé,  Beverly Wolff,  Wieslaw Ochman,  Karlheinz Thiemann  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome,  Italian Radio Chorus Rome
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  • 34.
    Grosse Sänger Unseres Jahrhunderts - Astrid Varnay - Strauss
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 503002 Release Date: 05/15/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Julius Patzak,  Astrid Varnay,  Margarete Klose,  Hans Braun  ... 
    Conductor:  Hermann Weigert
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 35.
    Strauss: Salome / Bohm, Rysanek, Hopf, Wachter, Et Al
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1165 Release Date: 10/12/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Eberhard Wächter,  Grace Hoffman,  Murray Dickie,  Waldemar Kmentt  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
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  • 36.
    Strauss: Salome / Karajan, Behrens, Van Dam, Baltsa, Et Al
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 67159 Release Date: 09/21/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Agnes Baltsa,  Horst Nitsche,  Karl-Walter Böhm,  Wieslaw Ochman  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Strauss: Salome / Schonwandt, Nielsen, Hale, Goldberg, Et Al
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9611 Release Date: 02/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anja Silja,  Inga Nielsen,  Reiner Goldberg,  Robert Hale
    Conductor:  Michael Schonwandt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danish National Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 38.
    Strauss: Salome / Keilberth, Bavarian State Opera
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 342932 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Inge Borkh,  Max Lorenz,  Irmgard Barth,  Hans Hotter  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Strauss: Salome / Dohnanyi, Malfitano, Terfel, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 444178 Release Date: 02/10/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Bryn Terfel,  Kenneth Riegel,  Martin Gantner,  Hanna Schwarz  ... 
    Conductor:  Christoph von Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 40.
    R. Strauss: Salome / Böhm, Jones, Fischer-Dieskau, Hamburg State Opera
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 445319 Release Date: 07/01/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Franz Grundheber,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Mignon Dunn,  Richard Cassilly  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hamburg State Opera Orchestra
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  • 41.
    Strauss: Salome / Sinopoli, Studer, Terfel, Rysanek
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 431810 Release Date: 10/11/1991   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Cheryl Studer,  Leonie Rysanek,  Horst Hiestermann,  Bryn Terfel  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Deutsche Oper Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Strauss: Salome / Mehta, Marton, Zednik, Weikl, Fassbaender
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46717 Release Date: 09/26/1991   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Heinz Zednik,  Bernd Weikl,  Keith Lewis  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 43.
    Strauss: Salome / Solti, Nilsson, Stolze, Wächter, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 414414 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Gerhard Stolze,  Grace Hoffman,  Waldemar Kmentt,  Josephine Veasey  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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