Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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The Romantic Violin Concerto Vol 16 - Busoni, Strauss / Becker-Bender
Release Date: 08/12/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68044   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Pape, Thielemann, Staatskapelle Dresden
Release Date: 08/05/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002114902   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Meier, Salonen, Orchestre De Paris
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 110   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss:  Ariadne Auf Naxos  / Harding, Kaufmann, Magee, Mosuc
Release Date: 07/15/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 300574   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Ariadne Auf Naxos / Isokoski, Claycomb, Allen, Jurowski, London Philharmonic
Release Date: 07/29/2014   Label: Opus Arte  
Catalog: 1135   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Salome, Op. 54

Browse 1-25 of 42 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Strauss / Krauss - Complete Decca Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002055302 Release Date: 06/17/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier,  Ernst Moraweg,  Hermann Gallos,  Anton Dermota  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 2.
    Richard Strauss Collection
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 107539 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Matthias Klink,  Falk Struckmann,  Peter Bronder,  Nadja Michael  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding,  Claudio Abbado,  Karl Böhm,  Wolfgang Sawallisch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 3.
    Strauss: Salome / Sunnegardh, Doss, Brubaker, Luisotti
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 101699 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Robert Brubaker,  Erika Sunnegardh,  Mark S. Doss,  Dalia Schaechter
    Conductor:  Nicola Luisotti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bologna Teatro Comunale Orchestra
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  • 4.
    Strauss: Salome / Sunnegardh, Doss, Brubaker, Luisotti [blu-ray]
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 108096 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Dalia Schaechter,  Mark S. Doss,  Erika Sunnegardh,  Robert Brubaker
    Conductor:  Nicola Luisotti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bologna Teatro Comunale Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Richard Strauss: Complete Operas
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002013902 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 33
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Cäcilie Reich,  Eva Maria Rogner,  Ira Malaniuk  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Karl Böhm,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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  • 6.
    Strauss: The Great Operas
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 3179923 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 22
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Gerd Nienstedt,  José Van Dam,  Agnes Baltsa,  Horst Nitsche  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Rudolf Kempe,  Marek Janowski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Chorus  ... 
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  • 7.
    Strauss: Salome / Michael, Struckmann, Bronder, Vermillion, Harding
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 107323 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Natela Nicoli,  Iris Vermillion,  Nadja Michael,  Peter Bronder  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra
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  • 8.
    Solti Conducts The Strauss Operas [15-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001746102 Release Date: 10/16/2012   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Waldemar Kmentt,  Hilde Gueden,  Eberhard Wächter,  Wilhelm Lenninger  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 9.
    Strauss: Salome / Denoke, Begley, Soffel, Held, Soltesz
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 101593 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Doris Soffel,  Kim Begley,  Angela Denoke,  Alan Held  ... 
    Conductor:  Stefan Soltesz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Deutsches Symphony Orchestra
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  • 10.
    Strauss: Salome / Denoke, Begley, Soffel, Held, Soltesz [blu-ray]
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 108037 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Doris Soffel,  Kim Begley,  Angela Denoke,  Marcel Reijans  ... 
    Conductor:  Stefan Soltesz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Deutsches Symphony Orchestra
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  • 11.
    Strauss: Salome / Dohnanyi, Malfitano, Terfel, Schwarz, Braga, Olsen
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001615702 Release Date: 11/21/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Walter Zeh,  Catherine Malfitano,  Bryn Terfel,  Kenneth Riegel  ... 
    Conductor:  Christoph von Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 12.
    Strauss: Salome / Summers, Mattila, Begley, Komlosi, Uusitalo, Metropolitan Opera
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 80663 Release Date: 01/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Karita Mattila,  Ildiko Komlósi,  Juha Uusitalo,  Kim Begley
    Conductor:  Patrick Summers
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  Metropolitan Opera Chorus
    DVD: $23.99
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  • 13.
    Strauss: Salome / Jordan, Moser, Schuster, Kaiser, Volle
    Label: Opus Arte   Catalog: 7069 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michael Volle,  Karl Kaiser,  Michaela Schuster,  Nadja Michael  ... 
    Conductor:  Philippe Jordan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Strauss: Salome / Behrens, Van Dam, Karajan
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 66832 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Heinz Zednik,  Kurt Rydl,  Karl-Walter Böhm,  Jules Bastin  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Strauss: Salome / Leinsdorf, Caballe, Resnik, Milnes, Lewis, London Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7579112 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Montserrat Caballé,  Regina Resnik,  Sherrill Milnes,  Richard Lewis
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 16.
    Opera In English - R. Strauss: Salome / Mackerras, Bullock
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 3157 Release Date: 11/18/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  John Graham-Hall,  Rebecca De Pont Davies,  Sally Burgess,  Susan Bullock  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 17.
    Strauss: Salome / Michael, Struckmann, Harding
    Label: Tdk   Catalog: 4 Release Date: 11/18/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Falk Struckmann,  Matthias Klink,  Iris Vermillion,  Nadja Michael  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra
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  • 18.
    Strauss: Salome / Michael, Moser, Jordan
    Label: Opus Arte   Catalog: 996 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michaela Schuster,  Nadja Michael,  Joseph Kaiser,  Thomas Moser  ... 
    Conductor:  Philippe Jordan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra
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  • 19.
    Strauss: Salome / Moralt, Wegner, Metternich, Milinkovic
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438664 Release Date: 07/23/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Walburga Wegner,  Josef Metternich,  László Szemere,  Georgine von Milinkovic  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Moralt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 20.
    Strauss: Salome (Original French Version) / Edtbauer, Soloviy, Finucci, Bruno, Et Al
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 572/1-2 Release Date: 06/24/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Sofia Soloviy,  Giuseppe Ranoia,  Domingo Stasi,  Michele Aurelio Bruno  ... 
    Conductor:  Massimiliano Edtbauer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian International Orchestra
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  • 21.
    Montserrat  Caballé / 7 Complete Operas (14-disc Set)
    Label: Bravissimo Opera Library   Catalog: 9904 Release Date: 10/16/2007   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Gaetano Donizetti,  Francesco Cilèa,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Mario Machi,  Bianca Maria Casoni,  Montserrat Caballé,  Renato Bruson  ... 
    Conductor:  Armando Gatto,  Gianfranco Masini,  Jacques Delacôte,  Carlos Kleiber  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Naples Teatro San Carlo Orchestra,  Naples Teatro San Carlo Chorus,  French National Radio Orchestra  ... 
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  • 22.
    Strauss: Salomé / Böhm, Stratas, Weikl
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000907209 Release Date: 07/10/2007  
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Teresa Stratas,  Astrid Varnay,  Hans Beirer,  Hanna Schwarz  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 23.
    Strauss: Salome / Solti, Nilsson, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000692102 Release Date: 06/13/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Waldemar Kmentt,  Eberhard Wächter,  Birgit Nilsson,  Gerhard Stolze  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 24.
    Eterna - Strauss: Salome / Otmar Suitner, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 3294 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Helmut Melchert,  Eva Fleischer,  Christel Coltz,  Ernst Gutstein  ... 
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 25.
    Strauss: Salome / Malfitano, Sinopoli, Et Al
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 2851 Release Date: 11/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Camille Capasso,  Simon Estes,  Horst Hiestermann,  Leonie Rysanek  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus,  Berlin Deutsche Oper Orchestra
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