Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
Read less
Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Don Juan, Till Eulenspiegel / Mackerras, RPO
Release Date: 03/08/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 29260   Number of Discs: 1
On sale! $9.98
CD: $4.99
In Stock
On sale!   $9.98   CD:  $4.99 Add CD to Cart

Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Pape, Thielemann, Staatskapelle Dresden
Release Date: 08/05/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002114902   Number of Discs: 2
On sale! $39.98
CD: $36.99
In Stock
MP3 Available
On sale!   $39.98   CD:  $36.99 Add CD to Cart

MP3:  $24.99 Add MP3 to Cart

Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Meier, Salonen, Orchestre De Paris
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 110   Number of Discs: 1
On sale! $29.99
DVD: $26.99
In Stock
On sale!   $29.99   DVD:  $26.99 Add DVD to Cart

Strauss: Die Frau ohne Schatten / Nilsson, Bohm
Release Date: 09/20/1994   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 445325   Number of Discs: 3
On sale! $50.99
CD: $19.99
In Stock
MP3 Available
On sale!   $50.99   CD:  $19.99 Add CD to Cart

MP3:  $29.99 Add MP3 to Cart

Strauss: Symphonia Domestica, Etc / Schwarz, Et Al
Release Date: 11/08/2005   Label: Avie  
Catalog: 2071   Number of Discs: 2
On sale! $27.96
CD: $20.99
In Stock
On sale!   $27.96   CD:  $20.99 Add CD to Cart

Work: Der Rosenkavalier, Op. 59

Browse 51-55 of 55 Available Recordings
1 2 3
  • 51.
    R. Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier (Abridged) / Heger, Lehmann
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1221 Release Date: 11/16/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Viktor Madin,  Richard Mayr,  Maria Olszewska,  Anne Michalsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Heger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $18.98
    CD: $15.99
    In Stock
    On sale!   $18.98   CD:  $15.99 Add CD to Cart

  • 52.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Erich Kleiber
    Label: London/Decca Historic Series   Catalog: 425950 Release Date: 05/25/1999   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Maria Reining,  Sena Jurinac,  Erich Majkut,  Ludwig Weber  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Recommendation
    On sale! $44.98
    ArkivCD $39.99
    Low Stock
    On sale!   $44.98   ArkivCD:  $39.99 Add to Cart

  • 53.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Keilberth, Watson, Töpper, Etc
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 425963 Release Date: 08/01/1996   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Gerhard Stolze,  Anneliese Waas,  Kurt Böhme  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus
    CD: $54.49
    In Stock
    CD:  $54.49 Add CD to Cart

  • 54.
    R. Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier/ Haitink, Te Kanawa, Von Otter
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54259 Release Date: 10/11/1991   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Franz Grundheber,  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Richard Leech,  Julia Faulkner  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden State Opera Orchestra,  Dresden State Opera Chorus,  Dresden Kreuz Choir Boys
    CD not available
    MP3 Available
    MP3:  $34.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 55.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Karajan, Tomowa-Sintow
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423850 Release Date: 09/01/1988   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Wilma Lipp,  Gottfried Hornik,  Heinz Zednik,  Anna Tomowa-Sintow  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $59.98
    ArkivCD $49.99
    Special Order
    On sale!   $59.98   ArkivCD:  $49.99 Add to Cart

1 2 3