Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Richard Strauss: Don Juan; Death And Transfiguration; Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks
Release Date: 11/12/2013   Label: Reference Recordings  
Catalog: 707   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Friedenstag / Bass, Marc, Roloff, Collegiate Chorale & Orchestra
Release Date: 10/1991   Label: Koch International Classics  
Catalog: 7111   Number of Discs: 1
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Notturno - Strauss: Songs / Thomas Hampson, Wolfram Rieger
Release Date: 05/06/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002037002   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Arabella / Fleming, Hampson, Thielemann
Release Date: 09/30/2014   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 717208   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Der Rosenkavalier, Op. 59

Browse 26-50 of 55 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Label: Imports   Catalog: 001343259 Release Date: 10/06/2009  
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Sophie Koch,  Renée Fleming,  Diana Damrau,  Jane Henschel
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann
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  • 27.
    R. Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Kleiber, Reining
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001268102 Release Date: 03/31/2009   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Hilde Gueden,  Sena Jurinac,  Alfred Poell,  Ludwig Weber  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 28.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Watson, Popp, Kleiber
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 581083 Release Date: 02/24/2009   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Karl Ridderbusch,  Anneliese Waas,  David Thaw,  Peter Albrecht  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
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  • 29.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Schwanewilms, Luisi
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2056918 Release Date: 11/18/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anne Schwanewilms,  Hans-Joachim Ketelsen,  Kurt Rydl,  Anke Vondung
    Conductor:  Fabio Luisi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sächsische Staatskapelle
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  • 30.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Schwanewilms, Luisi [Blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2056914 Release Date: 11/18/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Kurt Rydl,  Anne Schwanewilms,  Hans-Joachim Ketelsen,  Anke Vondung
    Conductor:  Fabio Luisi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sächsische Staatskapelle
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  • 31.
    Label: Gala   Catalog: 779444 Release Date: 03/25/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Werner Liebing,  Erich Handel,  Ursula Richter,  Franz Sautter  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
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  • 32.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Solti, Crespin, Minton
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4759988 Release Date: 02/04/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Yvonne Minton,  Manfred Jungwirth,  Luciano Pavarotti,  Régine Crespin
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Grand Tier - Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Kleiber, Watson, Fassbaender
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 7046 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Claire Watson,  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Karl Ridderbusch,  Hilda De Groote  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus
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  • 34.
    German Opera Masterworks
    Label: Bravissimo Opera Library   Catalog: 9804 Release Date: 10/16/2007   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  René Kollo,  Karl-Ernst Mercker,  Gundula Janowitz,  Mignon Dunn  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  Karl Böhm,  Rudolf Moralt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus,  Bayreuth Festival Chorus  ... 
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  • 35.
    Historical - Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Karajan, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 77357 Release Date: 01/16/2007   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Kerstin Meyer,  Paul Kuen,  Teresa Stich-Randall  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bancroft School Boys' Choir,  Philharmonia Chorus,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 36.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Kleiber, Watson, Fassbaender
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1466 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Karl Ridderbusch,  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Claire Watson
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Haitink, Te Kanawa, Von Otter
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 58618 Release Date: 10/17/2006   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Heinz Zednik,  Alfred Sramek,  Ferry Grüber,  Bodo Schwanbeck  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Kreuz Choir Boys,  Dresden State Opera Orchestra,  Dresden State Opera Chorus
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  • 38.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Kleiber, Jones, Fassbaender, Et Al
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000476809 Release Date: 09/13/2005  
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Dame Gwyneth Jones,  Lucia Popp,  Francisco Araiza
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Varviso, Grümmer, Greindl, Etc
    Label: Gala   Catalog: 100619 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Martin Vantin,  Marlies Siemeling,  Sieglinde Wagner,  Ernst Krukowski  ... 
    Conductor:  Silvio Varviso
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus,  Berlin Deutsche Oper Orchestra
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  • 40.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Busch, Kipnis, Hoerner, Lemnitz, Et Al
    Label: Marston   Catalog: 53005 Release Date: 01/01/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Ira Petina,  Editha Fleischer,  Alexander Kipnis,  Germaine Hoerner  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Busch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Buenos Aires Teatro Colón Chorus,  Buenos Aires Teatro Colón Orchestra
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  • 41.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Krauss
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2293/95 Release Date: 12/28/2004   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  August Jaresch,  Hilde Gueden,  Lisa Della Casa,  Georges Müller  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Solti, Te Kanawa, Bonney, Howells, Haugland
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 2029 Release Date: 01/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Aage Haugland,  Barbara Bonney,  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Anne Howells
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra
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  • 43.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Böhm, Schech, Seefried, Et Al   Fischer-dieskau
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 463668 Release Date: 07/16/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Helmut Goldmann,  Rudolf Francl,  Edith Hellriegel,  Elfriede Zimmermann  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Dresden State Opera Chorus
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  • 44.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Pretre, Janowitz, Et Al
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1327 Release Date: 01/08/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Karl Ridderbusch,  Gundula Janowitz,  Dora Carral  ... 
    Conductor:  Georges Prêtre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Naples,  Italian Radio Chorus Naples
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  • 45.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Karajan, Schwarzkopf, Ludwig
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 67609 Release Date: 09/11/2001   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Anny Felbermayer,  Nicolai Gedda,  Paul Kuen  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Chorus,  Bancroft School Boys' Choir,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 46.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Solti, Crespin, Minton
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 417493 Release Date: 09/11/2001   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Kurt Equiluz,  Arleen Augér,  Yvonne Minton,  Herbert Lackner  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 47.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Kleiber, Lott, Von Otter, Bonney, Moll
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 073008 Release Date: 06/19/2001  
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Franz Kasemann,  Heinz Zednik,  Kurt Moll,  Felicity Lott  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
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  • 48.
    Golden - Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Kempe, Topper, Et Al
    Label: Melodram   Catalog: 30048 Release Date: 05/29/2001   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Erika Köth,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Anneliese Waas,  Ferry Grüber  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus
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  • 49.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Karajan, Tomowa-sintow, Baltsa, Moll
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 48313 Release Date: 03/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anna Tomowa-Sintow,  Agnes Baltsa
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
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  • 50.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Kleiber, Reining, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Legends   Catalog: 467111 Release Date: 10/10/2000   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Ludwig Weber,  Walter Berry,  Erich Majkut,  Anton Dermota  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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