Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Metamorphosen, Tod und Verklärung / Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic
Release Date: 01/02/2006   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 410892   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Arabella / Fleming, Hampson, Thielemann
Release Date: 09/30/2014   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 717208   Number of Discs: 2
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Notturno - Strauss: Songs / Thomas Hampson, Wolfram Rieger
Release Date: 05/06/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002037002   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Salome / Dohnanyi, Malfitano, Terfel, Schwarz, Braga, Olsen
Release Date: 09/16/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002141502   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Der Rosenkavalier, Op. 59

Browse 1-25 of 55 Available Recordings
1 2 3
  • 1.
    Strauss / Karajan [11 CDs & 1 Blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002100500 Release Date: 08/19/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michel Schwalbé,  Giusto Cappone,  Pierre Fournier,  Norbert Hauptmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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    On sale! $179.98
    CD: $163.99
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  • 2.
    Richard Strauss Collection
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 107539 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Matthias Klink,  Falk Struckmann,  Peter Bronder,  Nadja Michael  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding,  Claudio Abbado,  Karl Böhm,  Wolfgang Sawallisch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra  ... 
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    DVD: $148.99
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  • 3.
    Richard Strauss: Complete Operas
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002013902 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 33
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Cäcilie Reich,  Eva Maria Rogner,  Ira Malaniuk  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Karl Böhm,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    Recommendation
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    CD: $225.99
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  • 4.
    Strauss: The Great Operas
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 3179923 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 22
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Gerd Nienstedt,  José Van Dam,  Agnes Baltsa,  Horst Nitsche  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Rudolf Kempe,  Marek Janowski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $110.98
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  • 5.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Litton, Carby, Barker, Hemm [blu-ray]
    Label: Opera Australia   Catalog: 56027 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Edmond Choo,  Warwick Fyfe,  Manfred Hemm,  Henry Choo  ... 
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Opera Australia Orchestra,  Opera Australia Chorus
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 6.
    Rosenkavalier
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 3007 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Ludwig Weber,  Maria Reining,  Sena Jurinac,  Hilde Gueden
    Conductor:  Erich Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
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    CD: $28.49
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  • 7.
    Solti Conducts The Strauss Operas [15-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001746102 Release Date: 10/16/2012   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Waldemar Kmentt,  Hilde Gueden,  Eberhard Wächter,  Wilhelm Lenninger  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
    CD: $97.49
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  • 8.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Fleming, Koch, Damrau, Munich Philharmonic
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001620102 Release Date: 10/02/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Franz Grundheber,  Jonas Kaufmann,  Jane Henschel,  Diana Damrau  ... 
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $34.99
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  • 9.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / De Waart, Lear, Von Stade
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001727102 Release Date: 09/11/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Evelyn Lear,  Sophia Van Sante,  José Carreras,  Henk Smit  ... 
    Conductor:  Edo De Waart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Opera Chorus,  Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $24.99
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  • 10.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier  / Litton, Carby, Barker, Hemm, Pearson
    Label: Opera Australia   Catalog: 56026 Release Date: 08/28/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Cheryl Barker,  Graeme Macfarlane,  Catherine Carby,  Andrew Brunsdon  ... 
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Opera Australia Orchestra,  Opera Australia Chorus
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  • 11.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Litton, Carby, Barker, Hemm, Pearson
    Label: Opera Australia   Catalog: 56028 Release Date: 08/28/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Edmond Choo,  Warwick Fyfe,  Manfred Hemm,  Henry Choo  ... 
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Opera Australia Orchestra,  Opera Australia Chorus
    CD: $27.49
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  • 12.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Lear, Bastin, Von Stade, Welting, De Waart
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 9248 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Evelyn Lear,  Sophia Van Sante,  José Carreras,  Henk Smit  ... 
    Conductor:  Edo De Waart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Opera Chorus,  Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 13.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Bernstein, Ludwig, Popp, Jones, Berry, Domingo, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7527322 Release Date: 11/22/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Emmy Loose,  Christa Ludwig,  Placido Domingo,  Dame Gwyneth Jones  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Della Casa, Karajan
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453200 Release Date: 10/17/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Josef Knapp,  Fritz Sperlbauer,  Hilde Gueden,  Evelyn LaBruce  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Karajan, Tomowa-Sintow, Baltsa, Moll
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001572402 Release Date: 07/12/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Agnes Baltsa,  Anna Tomowa-Sintow,  Kurt Moll,  Janet Perry
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $24.99
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  • 16.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Pritchard, Caballe, Edelmann, Zylis-gara, Modenos, Mathis
    Label: Glyndebourne Festival Opera   Catalog: 24016 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Angela Jenkins,  David Hughes,  Otto Edelmann,  Edith Mathis  ... 
    Conductor:  John Pritchard
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Glyndebourne Festival Chorus
    CD: $39.99
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  • 17.
    James Levine - Celebrating 40 Years At The Met  [21 DVD Box Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 1135701355 Release Date: 12/07/2010   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Alban Berg,  John Corigliano,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Franz Mazura,  Julia Migenes,  Evelyn Lear,  Kenneth Riegel  ... 
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  Metropolitan Opera Chorus
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  • 18.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Davis, Murray, Bonney, Moll, Tomowa-sintow
    Label: Opus Arte   Catalog: 9006 Release Date: 11/19/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anna Tomowa-Sintow,  Kurt Moll,  Ann Murray,  Barbara Bonney
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Chorus,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra
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  • 19.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier - A Film By Paul Czinner
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4684 Release Date: 11/16/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Sena Jurinac,  Otto Edelmann
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $44.99
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  • 20.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier - A Film By Paul Czinner
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4684 Release Date: 11/16/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Sena Jurinac,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Otto Edelmann
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 21.
    Grosses Festspielhaus Salzburg - 50 Years [25 CDs]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001469202 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Nelson Freire,  Alfred Brendel,  Placido Domingo  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez,  Claudio Abbado,  Sir Georg Solti,  James Levine  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gustav Mahler Youth Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $99.97
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  • 22.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Pieczonka, Kirchschlager, Bychkov
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 107139 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Ingrid Kaiserfeld,  Angelika Kirchschlager,  Miah Persson,  Adrianne Pieczonka  ... 
    Conductor:  Semyon Bychkov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 23.
    Label: Caprice Records   Catalog: 22052 Release Date: 02/23/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Uno Stjernqvist,  Ingeborg Kjellgren
    Conductor:  Sixten Ehrling
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  • 24.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Schwarzkopf, Karajan
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 66824 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Eberhard Wächter,  Teresa Stich-Randall,  Kerstin Meyer,  Erich Majkut  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Loughton Girls School Chorus,  Philharmonia Chorus,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 25.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Thielemann, Fleming, Damrau, Koch
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001343109 Release Date: 10/06/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Jonas Kaufmann,  Franz Hawlata,  Sophie Koch,  Diana Damrau  ... 
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $29.99
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