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Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Four Last Songs, Ein Heldenleben / Netrebko, Barenboim
Release Date: 12/09/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002188002   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Richard Strauss: Complete Works for Voice and Piano
Release Date: 06/10/2014   Label: Twopianists (Label)  
Catalog: 39312   Number of Discs: 9
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Meier, Salonen, Orchestre De Paris
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 110   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra  / Herlitzius, Meier, Pieczonka, Petrenko, Orchestre De Paris [blu-ray]
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 410   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Zueignung

Browse 76-100 of 114 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Fischer-Dieskau - Salzburger Liederabende 1956-1965
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 339050 Release Date: 05/06/2005   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore,  Erik Werba,  Irmgard Seefried
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  • 77.
    Strauss: Songs / McLaughlin, Johnson
    Label: Helios   Catalog: 55202 Release Date: 04/12/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Marie McLaughlin,  Graham Johnson
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  • 78.
    Original Masters - Grace Bumbry - Early Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775250 Release Date: 02/08/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner,  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Grace Bumbry,  Sebastian Peschko,  Wolfgang Windgassen,  Erik Werba  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Maurice Abravanel,  Hans Löwlein,  János Kulka  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra,  Utah Symphony Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Chorus  ... 
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  • 79.
    Thomas Quasthoff - A Romantic Songbook
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000219202 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Justus Zeyen,  Thomas Quasthoff
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  • 80.
    Nachtwanderer - Brahms,  Hensel, Wolf, Strauss: Lieder / Naidu, Kulek
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 4507 Release Date: 01/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Fanny Mendelssohn-Hensel,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Ann-Katrin Naidu,  Robert Kulek
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  • 81.
    Strauss, Wolf, Liszt, Tchaikovsky: Lieder / Ludwig, Werba
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 613031 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Liszt,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Erik Werba
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  • 82.
    The Very Best Of Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85105 Release Date: 09/02/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  Rudolf Sieczynski  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Grümmer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Gerald Moore,  Edwin Fischer  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Otto Ackermann,  Lovro von Matacic,  George Szell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 83.
    The Very Best Of Lucia Popp
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85102 Release Date: 09/02/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Orff,  Gioachino Rossini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Katia Labèque,  Marielle Labèque,  David Briggs  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos,  Stephen Cleobury,  György Fischer,  Bernard Haitink  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Chorus,  Wandsworth School Boys' Choir  ... 
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  • 84.
    R. Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Lott, Järvi
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10075 Release Date: 05/20/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Felicity Lott
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 85.
    Opera Arias & Orchestral Songs / Peter Anders
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463677 Release Date: 10/23/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Albert Lortzing  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Anders
    Conductor:  Fritz Lehmann,  Ferdinand Leitner,  Ferenc Fricsay,  Franz Marszalek  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Württemberg State Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 86.
    Of Ladies And Love... / Michael Schade, Malcolm Martineau
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67315 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Gabriel Fauré,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Schade,  Malcolm Martineau
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  • 87.
    R. Strauss / Hiroko Shiraishi, Takao Shiraishi
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 632 Release Date: 07/30/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Hiroko Shiraishi,  Takao Shiraishi
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  • 88.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Isokoski, Janowski, Et Al
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 982 Release Date: 05/21/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Soile Isokoski
    Conductor:  Marek Janowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - Lieder & Songs 1955-1964
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1206 Release Date: 02/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alessandro Parisotti,  Georges Bizet,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Bernhard Flies  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Gerald Moore,  Walter Gieseking
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  • 90.
    Prima Voce - Heinrich Schlusnus In Opera & Song
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7907 Release Date: 02/06/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aimé Maillart,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Heinrich Schlusnus,  Richard Strauss,  Frida Leider
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Strauss: Ausgewahlte Lieder / Mitsuko Shirai, Hartmut Holl
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 10497 Release Date: 07/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Mitsuko Shirai,  Hartmut Höll
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  • 92.
    The Art Of Theodor Uppman - Arias From Ballo, Carmen, Etc
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1181 Release Date: 06/06/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  David Guion,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Jaroslav Kricka,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Theodor Uppman
    Conductor:  Donald Voorhees
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bell Telephone Hour Orchestra,  Chorus
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  • 93.
    Grosse Sänger Unseres Jahrhunderts - Irmgard Seefried, Et Al
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 505991 Release Date: 03/15/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Irmgard Seefried,  Erik Werba
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  • 94.
    Pfitzner, R. Strauss: Lieder / Hermann Prey, Sawallisch
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 524991 Release Date: 11/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Hans Pfitzner
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
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  • 95.
    Debut - Duparc, Wagner, Liszt, Et Al: Songs /Deyoung, Murphy
    Label: Emi Classics Special Import   Catalog: 73163 Release Date: 05/18/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Henri Duparc
    Performer:  Kevin Murphy,  Michelle DeYoung
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  • 96.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, 15 Lieder / Bonney, Martineau
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 460812 Release Date: 02/02/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Malcolm Martineau,  Barbara Bonney
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  • 97.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Szell, Schwarzkopf, Et Al
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 66960 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Edith Peinemann
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 98.
    My World / Angela Gheorghiu
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 458360 Release Date: 04/07/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Johann Paul A. Martini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Nicholas Brodszky  ... 
    Performer:  Malcolm Martineau,  Angela Gheorghiu
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  • 99.
    Evelyn Lear Sings Songs By Richard Strauss / Erik Werba
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1080 Release Date: 03/12/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Evelyn Lear,  Erik Werba
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  • 100.
    Alexander Kipnis - Opera Arias & Songs
    Label: Sony Classical Masterworks   Catalog: 62354 Release Date: 01/14/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Wagner,  Charles Gounod  ... 
    Performer:  Arthur Bergh,  Alexander Kipnis,  Frank Bibb
    Conductor:  Robert Hood Bowers
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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