Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Work: Zueignung

Browse 76-100 of 114 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Seduction - Strauss: Songs / Young, Victoria State Orchestra
    Label: Melba   Catalog: 301081 Release Date: 11/21/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Steve Davislim
    Conductor:  Simone Young
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Victoria State Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Art Of Gerard Souzay 2
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4360 Release Date: 10/10/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jaime Ovalle,  Gabriel Fauré,  Henri Duparc,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dalton Baldwin,  Gérard Souzay
    Conductor:  Jean Deslauriers
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Radio Canada Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Let The Florid Music Praise! - Britten, Et Al / Bramson
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 9007 Release Date: 09/05/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Britten,  Hugo Wolf,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Steve Bramson  ... 
    Performer:  Berenice Bramson,  Nancy Revzen,  Kristen Shiner,  Mark Delpriora  ... 
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  • 79.
    Strauss: Lieder / Jonas Kaufmann, Helmut Deutsch
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 901879 Release Date: 08/08/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Helmut Deutsch,  Jonas Kaufmann
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  • 80.
    Thomas Quasthoff - The Voice
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000657702 Release Date: 07/04/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Carl Loewe,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Justus Zeyen,  Rainer Kussmaul,  Albrecht Mayer
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann,  Rainer Kussmaul,  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Baroque Soloists,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 81.
    Lotte Lehman Sings Lieder & Orchestral Songs 1941-1950
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1247 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Bernhard Flies,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Ulanowsky,  Lotte Lehmann,  Bruno Walter
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Zinka Milanov Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89622 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josip Pavcic,  Traditional,  Richard Hageman,  Bozidar Kunc  ... 
    Performer:  Bozidar Kunc,  Zinka Milanov
    Conductor:  Jonel Perlea
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Strauss: The Complete Songs Vol 1 / Brewer, Vignoles
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67488 Release Date: 06/14/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Roger Vignoles,  Christine Brewer
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  • 84.
    Fischer-Dieskau - Salzburger Liederabende 1956-1965
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 339050 Release Date: 05/06/2005   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore,  Erik Werba,  Irmgard Seefried
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  • 85.
    Strauss: Songs / McLaughlin, Johnson
    Label: Helios   Catalog: 55202 Release Date: 04/12/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Marie McLaughlin,  Graham Johnson
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  • 86.
    Original Masters - Grace Bumbry - Early Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775250 Release Date: 02/08/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner,  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Grace Bumbry,  Sebastian Peschko,  Wolfgang Windgassen,  Erik Werba  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Maurice Abravanel,  Hans Löwlein,  János Kulka  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra,  Utah Symphony Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Chorus  ... 
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  • 87.
    Nachtwanderer - Brahms,  Hensel, Wolf, Strauss: Lieder / Naidu, Kulek
    Label: Genuin Classics   Catalog: 4507 Release Date: 01/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Fanny Mendelssohn-Hensel,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Ann-Katrin Naidu,  Robert Kulek
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  • 88.
    Strauss, Wolf, Liszt, Tchaikovsky: Lieder / Ludwig, Werba
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 613031 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Liszt,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Erik Werba
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  • 89.
    R. Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Lott, Järvi
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10075 Release Date: 05/20/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Felicity Lott
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Opera Arias & Orchestral Songs / Peter Anders
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463677 Release Date: 10/23/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Albert Lortzing  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Anders
    Conductor:  Fritz Lehmann,  Ferdinand Leitner,  Ferenc Fricsay,  Franz Marszalek  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Württemberg State Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 91.
    Of Ladies And Love... / Michael Schade, Malcolm Martineau
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67315 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Gabriel Fauré,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Schade,  Malcolm Martineau
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  • 92.
    R. Strauss / Hiroko Shiraishi, Takao Shiraishi
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 632 Release Date: 07/30/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Hiroko Shiraishi,  Takao Shiraishi
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  • 93.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Isokoski, Janowski, Et Al
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 982 Release Date: 05/21/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Soile Isokoski
    Conductor:  Marek Janowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - Lieder & Arias
    Label: Emi Classics Special Import   Catalog: 67687 Release Date: 01/08/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Mark Lothar,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Florindo Adreolli,  Piero de Palma,  Marianne Felbinger  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Rafael Kubelik,  Alberto Erede
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ambrosian Opera Chorus,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra members  ... 
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  • 95.
    Prima Voce - Heinrich Schlusnus In Opera & Song
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7907 Release Date: 02/06/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aimé Maillart,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Heinrich Schlusnus,  Richard Strauss,  Frida Leider
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Strauss: Ausgewahlte Lieder / Mitsuko Shirai, Hartmut Holl
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 10497 Release Date: 07/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Mitsuko Shirai,  Hartmut Höll
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  • 97.
    The Art Of Theodor Uppman - Arias From Ballo, Carmen, Etc
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1181 Release Date: 06/06/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  David Guion,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Jaroslav Kricka,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Theodor Uppman
    Conductor:  Donald Voorhees
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bell Telephone Hour Orchestra,  Chorus
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  • 98.
    Grosse Sänger Unseres Jahrhunderts - Irmgard Seefried, Et Al
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 505991 Release Date: 03/15/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Irmgard Seefried,  Erik Werba
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  • 99.
    Pfitzner, R. Strauss: Lieder / Hermann Prey, Sawallisch
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 524991 Release Date: 11/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Hans Pfitzner
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
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  • 100.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, 15 Lieder / Bonney, Martineau
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 460812 Release Date: 02/02/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Malcolm Martineau,  Barbara Bonney
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