Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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The Romantic Violin Concerto Vol 16 - Busoni, Strauss / Becker-Bender
Release Date: 08/12/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68044   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Pape, Thielemann, Staatskapelle Dresden
Release Date: 08/05/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002114902   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Meier, Salonen, Orchestre De Paris
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 110   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss:  Ariadne Auf Naxos  / Harding, Kaufmann, Magee, Mosuc
Release Date: 07/15/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 300574   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Ariadne Auf Naxos / Isokoski, Claycomb, Allen, Jurowski, London Philharmonic
Release Date: 07/29/2014   Label: Opus Arte  
Catalog: 1135   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Zueignung

Browse 51-75 of 118 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    R. Strauss: Four Last Songs [Deluxe Edition w/Signature Roles At The Met Opera] / Renée Fleming
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001185202 Release Date: 09/16/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Jules Massenet,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming,  Walter Berry,  Larissa Diadkova
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann,  Christoph Eschenbach,  Yves Abel,  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bordeaux Aquitaine Orchestra  ... 
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  • 52.
    Strauss: 20 Lieder / Hermann Prey, Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422245 Release Date: 07/23/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
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  • 53.
    Transcendent Love: The Passions Of Wagner And Strauss
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4766811 Release Date: 07/21/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Lisa Gasteen
    Conductor:  Simone Young
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  • 54.
    Lesley Garrett - A Soprano Inspired
    Label: Conifer   Catalog: 51329 Release Date: 07/01/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pietro Mascagni,  Helen Guy,  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Lesley Garrett
    Conductor:  Ivor Bolton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Britten Choir,  Britten Sinfonia
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  • 55.
    Original Jacket Collection - Montserrat Caballé
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 727072 Release Date: 06/24/2008   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Jesus Guridi,  Federico Moreno-Torroba,  Reveriano Soutullo  ... 
    Performer:  Montserrat Caballé,  Bernabé Marti,  Shirley Verrett
    Conductor:  Carlo Felice Cillario,  Eugenio M. Marco,  Anton Guadagno
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  • 56.
    Vocal Series - Jussi Björling At Carnegie Hall
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60520 Release Date: 06/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Frederick Schauwecker,  Jussi Björling
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  • 57.
    Liszt, Strauss: Lieder / Brigitte Fassbaender, Irwin Gage
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 419238 Release Date: 05/15/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Irwin Gage,  Brigitte Fassbaender
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  • 58.
    Prima Voce - Zinka Milanov In Recital - Schumann, Brahms, Etc
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7948 Release Date: 05/13/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Bozidar Kunc,  Josip Pavcic,  Richard Hageman  ... 
    Performer:  Bozidar Kunc,  Zinka Milanov
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  • 59.
    Jessye Norman - A Portrait
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001105909 Release Date: 04/22/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Traditional,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Jessye Norman
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  • 60.
    Cheryl Studer In Salzburg - Schubert, Debussy, Strauss
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437784 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Claude Debussy,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Irwin Gage,  Cheryl Studer
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  • 61.
    R. Strauss: Songs Of Love And Death / Fassbender, Dumno
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8570297 Release Date: 10/30/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Hedwig Fassbender,  Hilko Dumno
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  • 62.
    Sibelius: 25 Songs; Strauss: 8 Lieder / Tom Krause, Pentti Koskimies
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4429447 Release Date: 09/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Tom Krause,  Pentti Koskimies,  John Williams
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  • 63.
    Strauss: Orchestral Songs / Siegfried Jerusalem
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 432614 Release Date: 08/20/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Siegfried Jerusalem
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 64.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Norman, Masur, Gewandhaus
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000943302 Release Date: 08/14/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Jessye Norman
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Ludwig Suthaus Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89677 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Helene Werth,  Ludwig Suthaus,  Gustav Grossmann,  Marianne Schech
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay,  Hans Müller-Kray
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Stuttgart SW German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Seduction - Strauss: Songs / Young, Victoria State Orchestra
    Label: Melba   Catalog: 301081 Release Date: 11/21/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Steve Davislim
    Conductor:  Simone Young
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Victoria State Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Art Of Gerard Souzay 2
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4360 Release Date: 10/10/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jaime Ovalle,  Gabriel Fauré,  Henri Duparc,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dalton Baldwin,  Gérard Souzay
    Conductor:  Jean Deslauriers
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Radio Canada Orchestra
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  • 68.
    Let The Florid Music Praise! - Britten, Et Al / Bramson
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 9007 Release Date: 09/05/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Britten,  Hugo Wolf,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Steve Bramson  ... 
    Performer:  Berenice Bramson,  Nancy Revzen,  Kristen Shiner,  Mark Delpriora  ... 
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  • 69.
    R. Strauss: Lieder / Jonas Kaufmann, Helmut Deutsch
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 901879 Release Date: 08/08/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Jonas Kaufmann,  Helmut Deutsch
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  • 70.
    Thomas Quasthoff - The Voice
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000657702 Release Date: 07/04/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Carl Loewe,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Justus Zeyen,  Rainer Kussmaul,  Albrecht Mayer
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann,  Rainer Kussmaul,  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Baroque Soloists,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 71.
    Schubert, Mahler, Strauss: Songs / Price, Parsons
    Label: Wigmore Hall Live   Catalog: 8 Release Date: 04/18/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Geoffrey Parsons,  Margaret Price
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  • 72.
    Boito: Prologue From Mefistofele / Strauss: Scenes From Salome, 5 Lieder
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775910 Release Date: 03/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Arrigo Boito
    Performer:  Montserrat Caballé,  Nicolai Ghiaurov
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Gumpoldskirch Boys Choir  ... 
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  • 73.
    Lotte Lehman Sings Lieder & Orchestral Songs 1941-1950
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1247 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Bernhard Flies,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Ulanowsky,  Lotte Lehmann,  Bruno Walter
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Zinka Milanov Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89622 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josip Pavcic,  Traditional,  Richard Hageman,  Bozidar Kunc  ... 
    Performer:  Bozidar Kunc,  Zinka Milanov
    Conductor:  Jonel Perlea
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Strauss: Songs / Theo Adam, Norman Shetler
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 3256 Release Date: 10/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Theo Adam,  Norman Shetler
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