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Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Four Last Songs, Ein Heldenleben / Netrebko, Barenboim
Release Date: 12/09/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002188002   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Meier, Salonen, Orchestre De Paris
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 110   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra  / Herlitzius, Meier, Pieczonka, Petrenko, Orchestre De Paris [blu-ray]
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 410   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss Conducts Strauss, Mozart, Beethoven [7-CD Set]
Release Date: 05/19/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002037802   Number of Discs: 7
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Work: Zueignung

Browse 26-50 of 114 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Gerard Souzay: Liederabend 1960 - Schubert, Martin, Ravel, Strauss
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93717 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Frank Martin,  Maurice Ravel,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  Dalton Baldwin
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  • 27.
    Strauss: Der Burger Als Edelmann, Vier Letzte Lieder / Larsson, Boyd
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9011738 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Lisa Larsson
    Conductor:  Douglas Boyd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musikkollegium Winterthur
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  • 28.
    Strauss: Lieder / Soile Isokoski, Marita Viitasalo
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1187 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Soile Isokoski,  Marita Viitasalo
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  • 29.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Schwarzkopf, Szell
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 87318 Release Date: 01/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Edith Peinemann
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 30.
    Stimme Der Sehnsucht / Christianne Stotijn, Joseph Breinl
    Label: Onyx   Catalog: 4075 Release Date: 01/10/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hans Pfitzner,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christianne Stotijn,  Joseph Breinl
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  • 31.
    Sa Tag Mit Hjerte
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 685 Release Date: 07/12/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Carl Nielsen,  Rued Langgaard,  Peter E. Lange-Müller  ... 
    Performer:  Tove Lonskov,  Tina Kiberg
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  • 32.
    Liszt - The Collection [34-CD Limited Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001571102 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 34
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Krystian Zimerman,  Shura Cherkassky,  Jorge Bolet,  John Ogdon  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Herbert von Karajan,  Iván Fischer,  Giuseppe Sinopoli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 33.
    Jan DeGaetani And Gilbert Kalish In Concert
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9340 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Francis Poulenc,  Kenneth Frazelle,  George Crumb  ... 
    Performer:  Jan DeGaetani,  Gilbert Kalish
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  • 34.
    Icon - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - Perfect Prima Donna
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 18459 Release Date: 03/22/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  J. Edward Merret,  Harold Jackson,  Geraint Jones,  Manoug Parikian  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Gellhorn,  Otto Klemperer,  Thurston Dart,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 35.
    Poesie - Strauss: Lieder / Diana Damrau
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 628664 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Diana Damrau
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 36.
    Waldbuhne 2010 - An Evening With Renee Fleming
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2058078 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Richard Strauss,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming
    Conductor:  Ion Marin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Waldbuhne 2010 - An Evening With Renee Fleming [Blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2058074 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Aram Khachaturian,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming
    Conductor:  Ion Marin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 38.
    Icon - Fritz Wunderlich
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 29525 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Heinrich Finck,  Heinrich Isaac,  Adam Krieger,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Herbert Naumann,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Otto Steinkopf,  Gerhard Kastner  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Forster,  Hans Müller-Kray,  Berislav Klobucar,  Robert Heger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin St. Hedwig Cathedral Choir,  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 39.
    Recording Pioneers (1898-1924)
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459000 Release Date: 07/28/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emile Berliner,  Charles Gounod,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Mapelli  ... 
    Performer:  Emile Berliner,  Alessandro Moreschi,  Francesco Tamagno,  Nellie Melba  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter,  Arthur Nikisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Band of Coldstream Guards,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Municipal Military Band
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  • 40.
    Montserrat Caballe - Casta Diva
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 23675 Release Date: 05/13/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Manuel de Falla,  Federico Mompou  ... 
    Performer:  Montserrat Caballé
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  • 41.
    Essential Highlights Of Soile Isokoski
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 251-2 Release Date: 04/27/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Erkki Melartin,  Ahti Sonninen,  (Toivo) Ilmari Hannikainen  ... 
    Performer:  Soile Isokoski,  Marita Viitasalo
    Conductor:  Marek Janowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau 85th Birthday - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 56352 Release Date: 04/06/2010   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Hugo Wolf,  Edvard Grieg,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 43.
    R. Strauss: Vier Letzte Lieder; 12 Orchestral Songs
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 65941 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Edith Peinemann
    Conductor:  George Szell
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  • 44.
    Waldbuhne Concert - A Romantic Opera Night
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4533 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Paul Lincke
    Performer:  Ben Heppner
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 45.
    Icon - Lucia Popp - Queen Of The Night, Maiden Of Light
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 98515 Release Date: 10/20/2009   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gioachino Rossini,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Leslie Pearson,  Katia Labèque,  David Briggs  ... 
    Conductor:  Georg Fischer,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Christfried Bickenbach,  Stephen Cleobury  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 46.
    The Record of Singing Vol 5 - From the LP to the Digital Era
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 28949 Release Date: 03/10/2009   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Jacques Offenbach,  Georges Bizet,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  John Shirley-Quirk,  Luciana Serra,  Neil Shicoff,  Alain Vanzo  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir David Willcocks,  Sylvain Cambreling,  Georges Prêtre,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Brussels Théâtre de la Monnaie Orchestra,  Paris Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 47.
    Zinka Milanov - Bellini, Verdi, Mascagni, Puccini
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60074 Release Date: 01/07/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Vincenzo Bellini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Amilcare Ponchielli,  Pietro Mascagni  ... 
    Performer:  Zinka Milanov,  Jan Peerce,  Nicola Moscona,  Leonard Warren  ... 
    Conductor:  Frieder Weissmann,  Renato Cellini,  Dimitri Mitropoulos,  Arturo Basile
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra
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  • 48.
    Seduction - R. Strauss: Songs, Etc / Davislim, Young, Et Al
    Label: Melba   Catalog: 301108 Release Date: 12/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Steve Davislim
    Conductor:  Simone Young
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Victoria State Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Richard Strauss: Lieder / Sophie Koch, Philippe Entremont
    Label: Cascavelle   Catalog: 3117 Release Date: 11/11/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Philippe Entremont,  Sophie Koch
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  • 50.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Songs with Orchestra / Heather Harper
    Label: Emi Classics For Pleasure   Catalog: 28374 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Heather Harper
    Conductor:  Richard Hickox
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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