Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Complete Orchestral Works / Kempe, Dresden Staatskapelle
Release Date: 01/14/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 3178025   Number of Discs: 9
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Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / de Waart, Lear, Bastin, von Stade
Release Date: 04/24/2012   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 9248   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Zueignung

Browse 26-50 of 114 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Richard Strauss: Complete Operas
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002013902 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 33
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Cäcilie Reich,  Eva Maria Rogner,  Ira Malaniuk  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Karl Böhm,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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  • 27.
    Lotte Lehmann: A 125th Birthday Tribute [4-CD Set]
    Label: Music & Arts   Catalog: 1279 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Charles Gounod,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Lotte Lehmann
    CD: $44.49
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  • 28.
    Strauss: Lieder / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 8473823 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
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  • 29.
    Strauss: Vier Letzte Lieder; Wolf: Lieder
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 235562 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Hugo Wolf
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Gerald Moore,  Günther Weissenborn
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 30.
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 165022 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Wagner,  Bedrich Smetana,  Engelbert Humperdinck  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Elisabeth Grümmer,  Gerald Moore,  Edwin Fischer  ... 
    Conductor:  Walter Susskind,  Heinrich Schmidt,  Herbert von Karajan,  Lovro von Matacic  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 31.
    Liederreise - Songs Of Schubert & Brahms  / Kirchschlager, Lehrbaumer
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90809 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Liszt,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Lehrbaumer,  Angelika [Mezzo-Soprano Vocal] Kirchschlager
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  • 32.
    Nacht Der Traume - Orchesterlieder / Bo Skohvus, Stefan Blunier
    Label: Delta Classics   Catalog: 90062 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Louis Spohr,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hugo Wolf,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Bo Skovhus
    Conductor:  Stefan Blunier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 33.
    A Romantic Songbook
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001697602 Release Date: 07/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Justus Zeyen
    CD: $7.99
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  • 34.
    Sangare Till Gladje 2012
    Label: Nosag Records   Catalog: 203 Release Date: 06/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johnny Grandert,  Paul Simon,  Edvard Grieg,  John Newton  ... 
    Performer:  Anna Lindkvist,  Stefan Lindgren,  Torbjörn Pettersson,  Andre Baraula  ... 
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  • 35.
    Strauss: Songs / Felicity Lott, Graham Johnson
    Label: Champs Hill Records   Catalog: 37 Release Date: 06/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Felicity Lott,  Graham Johnson
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  • 36.
    Great Voices Of The Century / Bartoli, Prey, Schock, Domingo, Wunderlich, Callas
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 9056 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Aliberti,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Piero Cappuccilli,  Rudolf Schock  ... 
    CD: $34.99
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  • 37.
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 10130 Release Date: 04/27/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Hertha Klust,  Gerald Moore,  Klaus Billing  ... 
    Conductor:  André Cluytens,  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  Herbert von Karajan,  Ferenc Fricsay
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  • 38.
    Gerard Souzay: Liederabend 1960 - Schubert, Martin, Ravel, Strauss
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93717 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Frank Martin,  Maurice Ravel,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  Dalton Baldwin
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  • 39.
    Strauss: Der Burger Als Edelmann, Vier Letzte Lieder / Larsson, Boyd
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9011738 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Lisa Larsson
    Conductor:  Douglas Boyd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musikkollegium Winterthur
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  • 40.
    Strauss: Lieder / Soile Isokoski, Marita Viitasalo
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1187 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Soile Isokoski,  Marita Viitasalo
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  • 41.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Schwarzkopf, Szell
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 87318 Release Date: 01/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Edith Peinemann
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Stimme Der Sehnsucht / Christianne Stotijn, Joseph Breinl
    Label: Onyx   Catalog: 4075 Release Date: 01/10/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hans Pfitzner,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christianne Stotijn,  Joseph Breinl
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  • 43.
    Sa Tag Mit Hjerte
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 685 Release Date: 07/12/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Carl Nielsen,  Rued Langgaard,  Peter E. Lange-Müller  ... 
    Performer:  Tina Kiberg,  Tove Lonskov
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  • 44.
    Jan DeGaetani And Gilbert Kalish In Concert
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9340 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Francis Poulenc,  Kenneth Frazelle,  George Crumb  ... 
    Performer:  Jan DeGaetani,  Gilbert Kalish
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  • 45.
    Icon - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - Perfect Prima Donna
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 18459 Release Date: 03/22/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  J. Edward Merret,  Harold Jackson,  Geraint Jones,  Manoug Parikian  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Gellhorn,  Otto Klemperer,  Thurston Dart,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 46.
    Poesie - Strauss: Lieder / Diana Damrau
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 628664 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Diana Damrau
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 47.
    Ablosung
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 1298 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Viktor Ullmann,  Gustav Mahler,  Alban Berg,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Barbara Fuchs,  Judit Polgar
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 48.
    Waldbuhne 2010 - An Evening With Renee Fleming
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2058078 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Richard Strauss,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming
    Conductor:  Ion Marin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Waldbuhne 2010 - An Evening With Renee Fleming [Blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2058074 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Aram Khachaturian,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming
    Conductor:  Ion Marin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 50.
    Icon - Fritz Wunderlich
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 29525 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Heinrich Finck,  Heinrich Isaac,  Adam Krieger,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Herbert Naumann,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Otto Steinkopf,  Gerhard Kastner  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Forster,  Hans Müller-Kray,  Berislav Klobucar,  Robert Heger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin St. Hedwig Cathedral Choir,  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $42.98
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