Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Elektra & Der Rosenkavalier / Honeck, Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 11/18/2016   Label: Reference Recordings  
Catalog: 722   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Solti, Te Kanawa, Bonney, Howells, Haugland
Release Date: 01/13/2004   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 2029   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Arabella / Haitink, Putnam, Glyndebourne Festival
Release Date: 10/14/2003   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 2254   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Salome / Malfitano, Sinopoli, Et Al
Release Date: 11/22/2005   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 2851   Number of Discs: 1
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Famous Composers: Richard Strauss
Release Date: 12/20/2005   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 1837   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Zueignung

Browse 1-25 of 111 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Fritz Wunderlich: The 50 Greatest Tracks
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002562802 Release Date: 09/30/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Giacomo Puccini,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich
    CD: $21.99
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  • 2.
    Schubert, Wolf & Strauss: Lieder / Wunderlich
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 557389 Release Date: 09/16/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss,  Fritz Neumeyer  ... 
    Performer:  Rolf Reinhardt,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Fritjof Fest,  Herbert Naumann  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Ristenpart,  Karl Forster
    CD: $11.99
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  • 3.
    To the Music / Dekeyser
    Label: Aliud   Catalog: ACDBL 081 Release Date: 09/09/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Conradin Kreutzer,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Charles Dekeyser,  Polina Bogdanova,  Adriaan Jacobs
    CD: $17.99
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  • 4.
    Decca Sound: 55 Great Vocal Recitals
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002495002 Release Date: 05/20/2016   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Gustave Charpentier,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Jules Massenet,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Suzanne Danco,  Pierre Mollet,  Guido Agosti,  Gervase de Peyer  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Erede,  Ernest Ansermet,  Karl Böhm,  Rudolf Moralt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $134.49
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  • 5.
    Jussi Bjorling: Copenhagen Concert
    Label: Jsp Records   Catalog: 682 Release Date: 04/29/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Liszt,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Bertil Bokstedt,  Jussi Björling
    Conductor:  Howard Barlow
    CD: $17.99
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  • 6.
    The Leonard Bernstein Collection, Vol. 2
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002462302 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 64
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Alessi,  Philip Smith,  Glenn Dicterow,  Jaap Van Zweden  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Bach Festival Percussion Ensemble
    CD: $202.99
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  • 7.
    Elisabeth Schwarzkopf: The Complete Recitals 1952-74
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 553028 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 31
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Anny Felbermayer,  Josef Metternich  ... 
    Conductor:  John Pritchard,  Otto Ackermann,  Lovro von Matacic,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  Philharmonia Chorus  ... 
    CD: $86.99
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  • 8.
    Benita Valente, Vol. 2
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9451 Release Date: 11/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Richard Strauss,  Hugo Wolf
    Performer:  Benita Valente
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    CD: $16.99
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  • 9.
    Richard Strauss: Four Last Songs; Lieder
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552136 Release Date: 09/18/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Unspecified
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Edith Peinemann
    Conductor:  George Szell
    CD: $12.99
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  • 10.
    Adrianne Pieczonka Sings Strauss & Wagner
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3474 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Adrianne Pieczonka,  Brian Zeger
    CD: $17.99
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  • 11.
    Richard Strauss: Ein Leben In Liedern
    Label: Tyx Art   Catalog: 14047 Release Date: 05/26/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Timothy Sharp,  Jan Roelof Wolthuis
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  • 12.
    Allerseelen / Werner Van Mechelen, Lucas Blondeel
    Label: Phaedra   Catalog: 292030 Release Date: 03/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Werner Van Mechelen,  Lucas Blondeel
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  • 13.
    Label: Belvedere   Catalog: 10156 Release Date: 03/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  André Previn,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  André Previn,  Barbara Bonney
    CD: $20.99
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  • 14.
    Heimkehr: Lieder Von Wagner Und Strauss
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 1811 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Oliver Pohl,  Roman [Baritone Vocals] Trekel
    CD: $19.99
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  • 15.
    Wolf: Morike Lieder; Pfitzner: Eichen / Hermann Prey, Gerald Moore
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002178502 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hans Pfitzner,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Gerald Moore
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  • 16.
    A  Recital With Renee Fleming - Vienna At The Turn Of The 20th Century [blu-ray]
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 108117 Release Date: 09/30/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Gustav Mahler,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Alexander von Zemlinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming,  Maciej Pikulski
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 17.
    A Recital with Renee Fleming - Vienna at the Turn of the 20th Century
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 102196 Release Date: 09/30/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Gustav Mahler,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Alexander von Zemlinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming,  Maciej Pikulski
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  • 18.
    Angela Gheorghiu: 3 Classic Albums
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002131302 Release Date: 09/16/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Jules Massenet,  Alfredo Catalani,  Vincenzo Bellini  ... 
    Performer:  Angela Gheorghiu,  Daniela Vendemiati,  Giuseppe Crott,  Malcolm Martineau
    Conductor:  John Mauceri,  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Turin Teatro Regio Chorus,  Turin Teatro Regio Orchestra,  Verdi Grand Symphonic Orchestra Milan
    CD: $21.99
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  • 19.
    Most Wanted Recitals! Julius Patzak - Recital
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002108902 Release Date: 08/05/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Jacques Offenbach,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Ludwig Gruber  ... 
    Performer:  Julius Patzak,  Hilde Gueden,  Hilde Zadek,  Rosette Anday  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Rudolf Moralt,  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Wiener Schrammel-Quartett
    CD: $12.99
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  • 20.
    Waldbuhne / Fleming, Bronfman, Chailly, Marin, Rattle, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 59988 Release Date: 07/29/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Igor Stravinsky,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Yefim Bronfman,  Renée Fleming
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Ion Marin,  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    Recommendation
    DVD: $64.49
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  • 21.
    Waldbuhne / Fleming, Bronfman, Chailly, Marin, Rattle, Berlin Philharmonic [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 59984 Release Date: 07/29/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Igor Stravinsky,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Yefim Bronfman,  Renée Fleming
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Ion Marin,  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    Blu-ray Video: $64.49
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  • 22.
    Heimliche Aufforderung - Strauss: Lieder / Christian Karg
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300566 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christiane Karg,  Malcolm Martineau,  Felix Klieser
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  • 23.
    Heimliche Aufforderung / Karg, Martineau [Vinyl]
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: BC0300571 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christiane Karg,  Malcolm Martineau
    LP: $34.99
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  • 24.
    Zueignung -   Strauss,   Schubert / Ildiko Raimondi, Michael Lessky, Junge Philharmonie Wien
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 99035 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ildikó Raimondi
    Conductor:  Michael Lessky
    CD: $18.99
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  • 25.
    Strauss Conducts Strauss, Mozart, Beethoven [7-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002037802 Release Date: 05/19/2014   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Reitz,  Enrico Mainardi,  Philipp Haass,  Oswald Uhl  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian State Orchestra
    On sale! $49.98
    CD: $46.99
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