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Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Four Last Songs, Ein Heldenleben / Netrebko, Barenboim
Release Date: 12/09/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002188002   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Meier, Salonen, Orchestre De Paris
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 110   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra  / Herlitzius, Meier, Pieczonka, Petrenko, Orchestre De Paris [blu-ray]
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 410   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss Conducts Strauss, Mozart, Beethoven [7-CD Set]
Release Date: 05/19/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002037802   Number of Discs: 7
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Work: Zueignung

Browse 1-25 of 114 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    A  Recital With Renee Fleming - Vienna At The Turn Of The 20th Century [blu-ray]
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 108117 Release Date: 09/30/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Gustav Mahler,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Alexander von Zemlinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming,  Maciej Pikulski
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 2.
    A Recital with Renee Fleming - Vienna at the Turn of the 20th Century
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 102196 Release Date: 09/30/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Gustav Mahler,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Alexander von Zemlinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming,  Maciej Pikulski
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 3.
    Angela Gheorghiu: 3 Classic Albums
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002131302 Release Date: 09/16/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Jules Massenet,  Alfredo Catalani,  Vincenzo Bellini  ... 
    Performer:  Angela Gheorghiu,  Daniela Vendemiati,  Giuseppe Crott,  Malcolm Martineau
    Conductor:  John Mauceri,  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Turin Teatro Regio Chorus,  Turin Teatro Regio Orchestra,  Verdi Grand Symphonic Orchestra Milan
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 4.
    Waldbuhne / Fleming, Bronfman, Chailly, Marin, Rattle, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 59988 Release Date: 07/29/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Igor Stravinsky,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Yefim Bronfman,  Renée Fleming
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Ion Marin,  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Waldbuhne / Fleming, Bronfman, Chailly, Marin, Rattle, Berlin Philharmonic [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 59984 Release Date: 07/29/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Igor Stravinsky,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Yefim Bronfman,  Renée Fleming
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Ion Marin,  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    Blu-ray Video: $64.49
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  • 6.
    Heimliche Aufforderung - Strauss: Lieder / Christian Karg
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300566 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christiane Karg,  Malcolm Martineau,  Felix Klieser
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  • 7.
    Zueignung -   Strauss,   Schubert / Ildiko Raimondi, Michael Lessky, Junge Philharmonie Wien
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 99035 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ildikó Raimondi
    Conductor:  Michael Lessky
    CD: $18.99
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  • 8.
    Strauss Conducts Strauss, Mozart, Beethoven [7-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002037802 Release Date: 05/19/2014   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Reitz,  Enrico Mainardi,  Philipp Haass,  Oswald Uhl  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 9.
    Jessye Norman: 3 Classic Albums
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002044802 Release Date: 05/06/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Maurice Ravel,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Jessye Norman
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 10.
    Notturno - Strauss: Songs / Thomas Hampson, Wolfram Rieger
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002037002 Release Date: 05/06/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Wolfram Rieger
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  • 11.
    La Perle D'europa
    Label: Dux Records   Catalog: 940 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Richard Strauss,  Johann Paul A. Martini,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Magdalena Meziner,  Tomasz Trzebiatowski
    CD: $19.99
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  • 12.
    Kiri Te Kanawa: The Classic Albums [6-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002013002 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Joseph Canteloube,  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gottfried H. Stölzel  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Sir Georg Solti,  Gabriele Fontana,  Christopher Bowers-Broadbent  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Tate,  Sir Georg Solti,  Sir Colin Davis,  Gyorgy Fischer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $39.98
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  • 13.
    Richard Strauss: Complete Operas
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002013902 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 33
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Cäcilie Reich,  Eva Maria Rogner,  Ira Malaniuk  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Karl Böhm,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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    On sale! $259.98
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  • 14.
    Lotte Lehmann: A 125th Birthday Tribute [4-CD Set]
    Label: Music & Arts   Catalog: 1279 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Charles Gounod,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Lotte Lehmann
    CD: $44.49
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  • 15.
    Strauss: Lieder / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 8473823 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
    CD: $24.99
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  • 16.
    Ablosung
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 1298 Release Date: 05/14/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Viktor Ullmann,  Gustav Mahler,  Alban Berg,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Barbara Fuchs,  Judit Polgar
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 17.
    Strauss: Vier Letzte Lieder; Wolf: Lieder
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 235562 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Hugo Wolf
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Gerald Moore,  Günther Weissenborn
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 18.
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 165022 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Wagner,  Bedrich Smetana,  Engelbert Humperdinck  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Elisabeth Grümmer,  Gerald Moore,  Edwin Fischer  ... 
    Conductor:  Walter Susskind,  Heinrich Schmidt,  Herbert von Karajan,  Lovro von Matacic  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 19.
    Liederreise - Songs Of Schubert & Brahms  / Kirchschlager, Lehrbaumer
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90809 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Liszt,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Lehrbaumer,  Angelika [Mezzo-Soprano Vocal] Kirchschlager
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 20.
    Nacht Der Traume - Orchesterlieder / Bo Skohvus, Stefan Blunier
    Label: Delta Classics   Catalog: 90062 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Louis Spohr,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hugo Wolf,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Boje Skovhus
    Conductor:  Stefan Blunier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $20.98
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  • 21.
    A Romantic Songbook
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001697602 Release Date: 07/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Justus Zeyen,  Thomas Quasthoff
    CD: $11.99
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  • 22.
    Sangare Till Gladje 2012
    Label: Nosag Records   Catalog: 203 Release Date: 06/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johnny Grandert,  Paul Simon,  Edvard Grieg,  John Newton  ... 
    Performer:  Anna Lindkvist,  Stefan Lindgren,  Torbjörn Pettersson,  Andre Baraula  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 23.
    Strauss: Songs / Felicity Lott, Graham Johnson
    Label: Champs Hill Records   Catalog: 37 Release Date: 06/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Felicity Lott,  Graham Johnson
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  • 24.
    Great Voices Of The Century / Bartoli, Prey, Schock, Domingo, Wunderlich, Callas
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 9056 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Aliberti,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Piero Cappuccilli,  Rudolf Schock  ... 
    CD: $34.99
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  • 25.
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 10130 Release Date: 04/27/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Hertha Klust,  Gerald Moore,  Klaus Billing  ... 
    Conductor:  André Cluytens,  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  Herbert von Karajan,  Ferenc Fricsay
    CD: $12.99
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