Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Solti, Crespin, Minton
Release Date: 09/11/2001   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 417493   Number of Discs: 3
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Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos / Masur, Norman, Gruberova
Release Date: 10/25/1990   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 422084   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos / Bohm, Della Casa, Gueden
Release Date: 07/01/1994   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 445332   Number of Discs: 2
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R. Strauss: Salome / Böhm, Jones, Fischer-Dieskau, Hamburg State Opera
Release Date: 07/01/1994   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 445319   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Salome / Ozawa, Norman, Dresden Staatskapelle
Release Date: 05/08/2002   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 432153   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Morgen

Browse 76-100 of 142 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Icon - Jussi Björling, The Swedish Caruso Sings Verdi, Puccini, Etc
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17313 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Henry Ernest Geehl,  Carl Sjöberg  ... 
    Performer:  Victoria de los Angeles,  Jussi Björling,  John Reardon,  Giorgio Tozzi  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Gabriele Santini,  Nils Grevillius,  Renato Cellini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Orchestra,  Rome Opera House Chorus,  Rome Opera House Orchestra  ... 
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  • 77.
    Lieder Recital - Schubert, Schumann, Brahms, Strauss / Berg, Drake
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 2571 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Julius Drake,  Nathan Berg
    CD: $17.99
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  • 78.
    Vocalise / Dilbèr, Ikka Paananen
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: ODE890 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Alfred Bachelet,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Ilkka Paananen,  Dilbèr
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  • 79.
    Delicate Strauss / Alexei Utkin, Hermitage Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Caro Mitis   Catalog: 62005 Release Date: 08/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Alexei Utkin
    Conductor:  Alexei Utkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hermitage Chamber Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Strauss: 20 Lieder / Hermann Prey, Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422245 Release Date: 07/23/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
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  • 81.
    Classics For My Baby - Chopin, Mozart, Bach, Debussy, Handel, Grieg, Etc / Angelich, Menuhin, Argerich, Jarvi, Anderszewski, Et Al
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 19003 Release Date: 05/27/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky,  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Edvard Grieg,  Frederick Delius  ... 
    Performer:  Barbara Bonney,  Anne Sofie von Otter,  Elena Duran,  Aldo Ciccolini  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Jeffrey Tate,  Paavo Järvi,  Eric Fenby  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Estonian National Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 82.
    Liszt, Strauss: Lieder / Brigitte Fassbaender, Irwin Gage
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 419238 Release Date: 05/15/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Irwin Gage,  Brigitte Fassbaender
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  • 83.
    Violin Songs / Madeleine Mitchell
    Label: Divine Art   Catalog: 25063 Release Date: 01/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Lili Boulanger,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Aaron Copland,  Alban Berg  ... 
    Performer:  Elizabeth Watts,  Andrew Ball,  Madeleine Mitchell
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  • 84.
    Label: Farao   Catalog: 108033 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Joseph Breinl,  Waltraud Meier
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  • 85.
    Wolf, Strauss: Lieder / Barbara Bonney, Geoffrey Parsons
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 429406 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Barbara Bonney,  Geoffrey Parsons
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  • 86.
    Cheryl Studer In Salzburg - Schubert, Debussy, Strauss
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437784 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Claude Debussy,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Irwin Gage,  Cheryl Studer
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  • 87.
    Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier, Lieder / Lehmann, Schumann
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 64487 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schumann,  Leo Rosenek,  Karl Alwin,  Ivor Newton  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Alwin,  Lawrence Collingwood,  Robert Heger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 88.
    Kate Royal - Songs Of Debussy, Canteloube, Strauss, Rodrigo
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94419 Release Date: 09/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Léo Delibes,  Joseph Canteloube,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Kate Royal
    Conductor:  Edward Gardner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 89.
    Strauss: Orchestral Songs / Siegfried Jerusalem
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 432614 Release Date: 08/20/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Siegfried Jerusalem
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Norman, Masur, Gewandhaus
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000943302 Release Date: 08/14/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Jessye Norman
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Amanda Roocroft / Franz Welser-most, London Philharmonic
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 55090 Release Date: 05/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giacomo Puccini,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Beniston,  Amanda Roocroft,  Tina Gruenberg
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Recordings For German Radio - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1195 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Raucheisen,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Lea Piltti,  Josef Greindl  ... 
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  • 93.
    Seduction - Strauss: Songs / Young, Victoria State Orchestra
    Label: Melba   Catalog: 301081 Release Date: 11/21/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Steve Davislim
    Conductor:  Simone Young
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Victoria State Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Strauss: Orchestral Songs / Kaune, Ndr, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1781 Release Date: 09/05/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michaela Kaune
    Conductor:  Eiji Oue
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  • 95.
    Voice Of The Violin / Joshua Bell
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 97779 Release Date: 09/05/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Franz Schubert,  Jules Massenet,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Joshua Bell,  Frederic Chiu,  Scott Kuney,  Anna Netrebko
    Conductor:  Michael Stern
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of St. Luke's,  Women's Chorus
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  • 96.
    Strauss: Lieder / Jonas Kaufmann, Helmut Deutsch
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 901879 Release Date: 08/08/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Helmut Deutsch,  Jonas Kaufmann
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 97.
    Thomas Quasthoff - The Voice
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000657702 Release Date: 07/04/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Carl Loewe,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Justus Zeyen,  Rainer Kussmaul,  Albrecht Mayer
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann,  Rainer Kussmaul,  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Baroque Soloists,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 98.
    Symphony For The Spire
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4050 Release Date: 04/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Ofra Harnoy,  Placido Domingo,  Charlton Heston  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Armstrong
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 99.
    Evelyn Lear - An 80th Birthday Tribute
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1245 Release Date: 03/28/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Gabriel Fauré,  Reynaldo Hahn  ... 
    Performer:  Evelyn Lear,  Rudolf Jansen,  Martin Katz,  Thomas Stewart  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Kraus,  Dean Dixon,  Winfried Zillig,  Carlos Kleiber  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Hessian Radio Orchestra Frankfurt,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra  ... 
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  • 100.
    Lotte Lehman Sings Lieder & Orchestral Songs 1941-1950
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1247 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Bernhard Flies,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Ulanowsky,  Lotte Lehmann,  Bruno Walter
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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