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Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Four Last Songs, Ein Heldenleben / Netrebko, Barenboim
Release Date: 12/09/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002188002   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra  / Herlitzius, Meier, Pieczonka, Petrenko, Orchestre De Paris [blu-ray]
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 410   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Meier, Salonen, Orchestre De Paris
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 110   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss Conducts Strauss, Mozart, Beethoven [7-CD Set]
Release Date: 05/19/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002037802   Number of Discs: 7
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Work: Morgen

Browse 76-100 of 142 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Strauss: Orchestral Songs / Siegfried Jerusalem
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 432614 Release Date: 08/20/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Siegfried Jerusalem
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 77.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Norman, Masur, Gewandhaus
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000943302 Release Date: 08/14/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Jessye Norman
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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    CD: $11.99
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  • 78.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Ludwig Suthaus Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89677 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Helene Werth,  Ludwig Suthaus,  Gustav Grossmann,  Marianne Schech
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay,  Hans Müller-Kray
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Stuttgart SW German Radio Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 79.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Marian Anderson Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89678 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Marian Anderson,  Franz Rupp
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Robert Shaw Chorale Men
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  • 80.
    Irmgard Seefried - Lieder
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000860802 Release Date: 04/10/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Irmgard Seefried,  Erik Werba
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  • 81.
    Recordings For German Radio - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1195 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Raucheisen,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Lea Piltti,  Josef Greindl  ... 
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  • 82.
    Seduction - Strauss: Songs / Young, Victoria State Orchestra
    Label: Melba   Catalog: 301081 Release Date: 11/21/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Steve Davislim
    Conductor:  Simone Young
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Victoria State Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 32439 Release Date: 10/27/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss
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  • 84.
    Strauss: Orchestral Songs / Kaune, Ndr, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1781 Release Date: 09/05/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michaela Kaune
    Conductor:  Eiji Oue
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  • 85.
    Voice Of The Violin / Joshua Bell
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 97779 Release Date: 09/05/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Franz Schubert,  Jules Massenet,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Joshua Bell,  Frederic Chiu,  Scott Kuney,  Anna Netrebko
    Conductor:  Michael Stern
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of St. Luke's,  Women's Chorus
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  • 86.
    Evelyn Lear & Thomas Stewart - A Musical Tribute
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 689702 Release Date: 08/08/2006   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Leonard Bernstein,  Alban Berg,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Evelyn Lear,  Thomas Stewart,  Erik Werba,  Marie McLaughlin  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Tilson Thomas,  Karl Böhm,  Otto Gerdes,  Hans Löwlein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Voices,  Berlin Deutsche Oper Orchestra  ... 
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  • 87.
    R. Strauss: Lieder / Jonas Kaufmann, Helmut Deutsch
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 901879 Release Date: 08/08/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Jonas Kaufmann,  Helmut Deutsch
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  • 88.
    Thomas Quasthoff - The Voice
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000657702 Release Date: 07/04/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Carl Loewe,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Justus Zeyen,  Rainer Kussmaul,  Albrecht Mayer
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann,  Rainer Kussmaul,  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Baroque Soloists,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 89.
    Symphony For The Spire
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4050 Release Date: 04/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Ofra Harnoy,  Placido Domingo,  Charlton Heston  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Armstrong
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus
    DVD: $18.99
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  • 90.
    Schubert, Mahler, Strauss: Songs / Price, Parsons
    Label: Wigmore Hall Live   Catalog: 8 Release Date: 04/18/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Geoffrey Parsons,  Margaret Price
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  • 91.
    Evelyn Lear - An 80th Birthday Tribute
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1245 Release Date: 03/28/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Gabriel Fauré,  Reynaldo Hahn  ... 
    Performer:  Evelyn Lear,  Rudolf Jansen,  Martin Katz,  Thomas Stewart  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Kraus,  Dean Dixon,  Winfried Zillig,  Carlos Kleiber  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Hessian Radio Orchestra Frankfurt,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra  ... 
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  • 92.
    Lotte Lehman Sings Lieder & Orchestral Songs 1941-1950
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1247 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Bernhard Flies,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Ulanowsky,  Lotte Lehmann,  Bruno Walter
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $34.98
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  • 93.
    Peter Anders Vol. III - Mozart, Nicolai, Offenbach, et al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 2168 Release Date: 10/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Jacques Offenbach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Anders,  Maria Cebotari,  Erna Berger,  Kurt Reimann  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Rother,  Robert Heger,  Johannes Schüler,  Arthur Grüber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Chorus  ... 
    CD not available
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  • 94.
    Strauss: Krämerspiegel, Selected Songs / Schreier, Shetler
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 3222 Release Date: 10/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Peter Schreier,  Norman Shetler
    CD not available
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  • 95.
    Liszt, Strauss, Berg: Lieder / Urmana, Schulze
    Label: Farao   Catalog: 108022 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Richard Strauss,  Alban Berg
    Performer:  Violeta Urmana,  Jan Philip Schulze
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  • 96.
    Strauss: Macbeth Lieder, Etc / Schwanewilms
    Label: Hallé   Catalog: 7508 Release Date: 05/24/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anne Schwanewilms
    Conductor:  Mark Elder
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Fischer-Dieskau - Salzburger Liederabende 1956-1965
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 339050 Release Date: 05/06/2005   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore,  Erik Werba,  Irmgard Seefried
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    CD: $128.99
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  • 98.
    Strauss: Songs / McLaughlin, Johnson
    Label: Helios   Catalog: 55202 Release Date: 04/12/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Marie McLaughlin,  Graham Johnson
    CD: $12.99
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  • 99.
    Sally Matthews - Lieder Recital
    Label: Début   Catalog: 85968 Release Date: 02/08/2005  
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Francis Poulenc,  Alfred Bachelet
    Performer:  Malcolm Martineau,  Sally Matthews
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  • 100.
    The Russian Legacy - Zara Dolukhanova
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2281/84 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Alexander Dargomizhsky,  Gioachino Rossini,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Zara Dolukhanova,  Berta Kozel,  Nadezhda Kazantseva,  Anton Ossipovich Bernard  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonid Piatigorsky,  Samuel Samosud,  Alexander Kovalev,  Rudolf Barshai
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Moscow Chamber Orchestra
    Recommendation
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