Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Die Frau ohne Schatten & Serenade for Winds / Schwarz, Seattle Symphony
Release Date: 10/30/2012   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8571220   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Don Quixote & Cello Works / Gaillard
Release Date: 05/11/2018   Label: Aparte  
Catalog: 174  
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Strauss: Don Quixote, Etc / Markson, Rudin, Et Al
Release Date: 10/17/2000   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8554175   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme, Etc /Halász, Melbourne So
Release Date: 11/30/1999   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553379   Number of Discs: 1
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R. Strauss: Don Juan, Till Eulenspiegel / Kosler, Slovak Po
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 550250   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Morgen

Browse 51-75 of 140 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - Voice of the Century [23 CDs & 2 DVDs]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001792900 Release Date: 01/15/2013   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Daniel Barenboim,  Jörg Demus,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  Karl Böhm,  Lorin Maazel,  Karl Richter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $103.49
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  • 52.
    R. Strauss: Orchesterlieder; Metamorphosen
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 322792 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Gundula Janowitz,  Peter Manning
    Conductor:  Richard Stamp
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of London
    CD: $7.99
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  • 53.
    Insomnia - A Nocturnal Voyage In Song / William Berger, Iain Burnside
    Label: Delphian   Catalog: 34116 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  William Berger,  Iain Burnside
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  • 54.
    Mezzo Moon / Pia Heise
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 720 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Alexander von Zemlinsky,  Christoph Ernst F. Weyse,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Pia Heise,  Roger Vignoles
    Recommendation
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  • 55.
    This Is Glenn Gould: The Story of a Genius [2 CDs & Book Anniversary Edition]
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 542393 Release Date: 11/06/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Glenn Gould,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Orlando Gibbons  ... 
    Performer:  Glenn Gould
    CD: $11.99
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  • 56.
    Melodie Francaise [6-CD Set]
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5311 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  George Enescu,  Reynaldo Hahn,  Ernest Chausson,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Blumenthal,  Marie-Nicole Lemieux,  Noel Lee,  Bernard Kruysen  ... 
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    CD: $24.99
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  • 57.
    A Romantic Songbook
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001697602 Release Date: 07/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Justus Zeyen
    CD: $10.99
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  • 58.
    Strauss: Songs / Felicity Lott, Graham Johnson
    Label: Champs Hill Records   Catalog: 37 Release Date: 06/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Felicity Lott,  Graham Johnson
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  • 59.
    Strauss: Der Burger Als Edelmann, Vier Letzte Lieder / Larsson, Boyd
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9011738 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Lisa Larsson
    Conductor:  Douglas Boyd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musikkollegium Winterthur
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  • 60.
    The Very Best Of Jussi Bjorling
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 6789972 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gioachino Rossini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Amilcare Ponchielli  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Robert Merrill,  Victoria de los Angeles,  Paul Franke  ... 
    Conductor:  Nils Grevillius,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Renato Cellini
    CD: $17.99
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  • 61.
    Morgen / Elin Skorup, Fabienne Romer
    Label: Daphne   Catalog: 1044 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ingvar Lidholm,  Gunnar de Frumerie,  Maurice Karkoff  ... 
    Performer:  Fabienne Romer,  Elin Skorup
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  • 62.
    Strauss: Lieder / Soile Isokoski, Marita Viitasalo
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1187 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Soile Isokoski,  Marita Viitasalo
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  • 63.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Schwarzkopf, Szell
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 87318 Release Date: 01/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Edith Peinemann
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 64.
    Stimme Der Sehnsucht / Christianne Stotijn, Joseph Breinl
    Label: Onyx   Catalog: 4075 Release Date: 01/10/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hans Pfitzner,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christianne Stotijn,  Joseph Breinl
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  • 65.
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 5009 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Julius Patzak,  Walter Klien,  Michael Raucheisen
    Conductor:  Richard Strauss,  Clemens Krauss
    CD: $9.99
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  • 66.
    Strauss: The Complete Songs, Vol. 5 / Kiera Duffy, Roger Vignoles
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67746 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Kiera Duffy,  Roger Vignoles
    CD: $21.99
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  • 67.
    The Very Best Of Dietrich Fischer-dieskau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94768 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Robert Veyron-Lacroix  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Erede,  Sir John Barbirolli,  George Szell,  Philip Ledger
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  • 68.
    The Very Best Of Janet Baker
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94717 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms,  Maurice Duruflé  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Timothy Hugh,  John Butt,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Philip Ledger  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 69.
    Sa Tag Mit Hjerte
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 685 Release Date: 07/12/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Carl Nielsen,  Rued Langgaard,  Peter E. Lange-Müller  ... 
    Performer:  Tina Kiberg,  Tove Lonskov
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  • 70.
    Jan DeGaetani And Gilbert Kalish In Concert
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9340 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Francis Poulenc,  Kenneth Frazelle,  George Crumb  ... 
    Performer:  Jan DeGaetani,  Gilbert Kalish
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    On sale! $41.98
    CD: $34.99
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  • 71.
    Apres Un Reve / Sandrine Piau, Susan Manoff
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5250 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gabriel Fauré,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Ernest Chausson  ... 
    Performer:  Sandrine Piau,  Susan Manoff
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  • 72.
    Hermann Prey: Liederabend 1963
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93713 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Cornelius,  Hans Pfitzner,  Wolfgang Fortner,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Günther Weissenborn
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  • 73.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Metamorphosen, Songs For Soprano / Latham-koenig, Rodgers
    Label: Avie   Catalog: 2172 Release Date: 05/10/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Joan Rodgers,  Jan Latham-Koenig
    Conductor:  Jan Latham-Koenig
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Strasbourg Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Icon - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - Perfect Prima Donna
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 18459 Release Date: 03/22/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  J. Edward Merret,  Harold Jackson,  Geraint Jones,  Manoug Parikian  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Gellhorn,  Otto Klemperer,  Thurston Dart,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 75.
    Poesie - Strauss: Lieder / Diana Damrau
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 628664 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Diana Damrau
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
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