Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Arabella / Fleming, Hampson, Thielemann
Release Date: 09/30/2014   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 717208   Number of Discs: 2
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Notturno - Strauss: Songs / Thomas Hampson, Wolfram Rieger
Release Date: 05/06/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002037002   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Salome / Dohnanyi, Malfitano, Terfel, Schwarz, Braga, Olsen
Release Date: 09/16/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002141502   Number of Discs: 2
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Richard Strauss: Don Juan; Tod Und Verklarun; Till Eulenspiegel / Otaka, BBC National Orchestra Of Wales
Release Date: 08/14/2012   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 7090   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Morgen

Browse 51-75 of 148 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Brana Records Collection, Vol. 2
    Label: Brana Records   Catalog: 31 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Alessandro Scarlatti,  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi,  Leonardo Vinci,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Annette Céline,  Felicja Blumental
    Conductor:  Alberto Zedda,  Theodor Guschlbauer,  Michiyoshi Inoue,  Jörg Faerber
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  • 52.
    R. Strauss: Vier Letzte Lieder; 12 Orchestral Songs
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 65941 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Edith Peinemann
    Conductor:  George Szell
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  • 53.
    A Portrait Of Kiri Te Kanawa
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 882935 Release Date: 03/16/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Richard Amner
    Conductor:  John Pritchard,  Sir Andrew Davis,  Lorin Maazel
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  • 54.
    Label: Gala (Canadian Indie)   Catalog: 880051 Release Date: 02/23/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Adolf Stauch,  Rudolf Schock,  Gerald Moore,  Herbert Heinemann  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Schüchter,  Frank Fox,  Kurt Gaebel,  Werner Eisbrenner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mandolinenorchester
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  • 55.
    Strauss: An Alpine Symphony, 4 Songs / Jarvi, Lott
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8557 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Felicity Lott
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 56.
    Brahms, Strauss, Wolf, Marx, Mozart, Schubert: Lieder / Irmgard Seefried
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 0598091 Release Date: 11/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Joseph Marx,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Irmgard Seefried,  Erik Werba,  Leopold Ludwig,  Viktor Graef
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  • 57.
    Christa Ludwig - Lieder Recital
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 102149 Release Date: 04/28/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler,  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Charles Spencer
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  • 58.
    Rote Rosen
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1709 Release Date: 03/31/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Paul Rivinius,  Camilla Tilling,  Ulf Wallin
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  • 59.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Macbeth, Lieder / Elder, Schwanewilms,  Halle Orchestra
    Label: Hallé   Catalog: 7508 Release Date: 01/13/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anne Schwanewilms
    Conductor:  Mark Elder
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Seduction - R. Strauss: Songs, Etc / Davislim, Young, Et Al
    Label: Melba   Catalog: 301108 Release Date: 12/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Steve Davislim
    Conductor:  Simone Young
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Victoria State Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Zen Classics - Mozart, Debussy, Etc / L. Maazel, P. Jarvi, N. Dessay, Et Al
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 34865 Release Date: 11/24/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Mikhail Pletnev,  Barbara Hendricks,  Augustin Dumay,  Steven Isserlis  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding,  Mikhail Pletnev,  Andrew Parrott,  Marek Janowski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  German Chamber Philharmonic Bremen,  Taverner Players,  French National Radio Orchestra  ... 
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  • 62.
    R Strauss: Lieder / Fischer-dieskau, Sawallisch
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415470 Release Date: 10/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
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  • 63.
    Icon - Jussi Björling, The Swedish Caruso Sings Verdi, Puccini, Etc
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17313 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Henry Ernest Geehl,  Carl Sjöberg  ... 
    Performer:  Victoria de los Angeles,  Jussi Björling,  John Reardon,  Giorgio Tozzi  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Gabriele Santini,  Nils Grevillius,  Renato Cellini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Orchestra,  Rome Opera House Chorus,  Rome Opera House Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $34.99
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  • 64.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Songs with Orchestra / Heather Harper
    Label: Emi Classics For Pleasure   Catalog: 28374 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Heather Harper
    Conductor:  Richard Hickox
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Orchestral Songs / Mattila, Schafer, Abbado
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4800414 Release Date: 10/13/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christine Schäfer,  Karita Mattila
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Lieder Recital - Schubert, Schumann, Brahms, Strauss / Berg, Drake
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 2571 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Nathan Berg,  Julius Drake
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  • 67.
    Vocalise / Dilbèr, Ikka Paananen
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: ODE890 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Alfred Bachelet,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Ilkka Paananen,  Dilbèr
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  • 68.
    Strauss: Lieder, Metamorphosen / Janowitz, Stamp
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 22130 Release Date: 09/16/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Gundula Janowitz
    Conductor:  Richard Stamp
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of London
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  • 69.
    Jussi Bjorling In Song
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1427 Release Date: 09/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Carl Sjöberg,  Johannes Brahms,  Francesco Paolo Tosti  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Frederick Schauwecker
    Conductor:  Nils Grevillius
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Delicate Strauss / Alexei Utkin, Hermitage Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Caro Mitis   Catalog: 62005 Release Date: 08/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Alexei Utkin
    Conductor:  Alexei Utkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hermitage Chamber Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Strauss: 20 Lieder / Hermann Prey, Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422245 Release Date: 07/23/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
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  • 72.
    R. Strauss: Orchestral Songs, Vol.1
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9054 Release Date: 07/14/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Felicity Lott
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Original Jacket Collection - Montserrat Caballé
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 727072 Release Date: 06/24/2008   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Jesus Guridi,  Federico Moreno-Torroba,  Reveriano Soutullo  ... 
    Performer:  Montserrat Caballé,  Bernabé Marti,  Shirley Verrett
    Conductor:  Carlo Felice Cillario,  Eugenio M. Marco,  Anton Guadagno
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  • 74.
    Classics For My Baby - Chopin, Mozart, Bach, Debussy, Handel, Grieg, Etc / Angelich, Menuhin, Argerich, Jarvi, Anderszewski, Et Al
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 19003 Release Date: 05/27/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky,  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Edvard Grieg,  Frederick Delius  ... 
    Performer:  Barbara Bonney,  Anne Sofie von Otter,  Elena Duran,  Aldo Ciccolini  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Jeffrey Tate,  Paavo Järvi,  Eric Fenby  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Estonian National Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 75.
    Liszt, Strauss: Lieder / Brigitte Fassbaender, Irwin Gage
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 419238 Release Date: 05/15/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Irwin Gage,  Brigitte Fassbaender
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