Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos / Bohm, Jurinac, Vienna Philharmonic
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 107255   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Symphonica Domestica & The Times of Day / Janowski
Release Date: 06/09/2015   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186507   Number of Discs: 1
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R. Strauss: Capriccio / Schwarzkopf, Sawallisch, Philharmonia Orchestra
Release Date: 05/20/2016   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 555534   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Symphony No 2, Songs, Romanze / N. Järvi, Et Al
Release Date: 10/19/2004   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10236   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme, Etc / P. Jarvi, Et Al
Release Date: 12/14/2004   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186060   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Morgen

Browse 51-75 of 136 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Strauss: The Complete Songs, Vol. 5 / Kiera Duffy, Roger Vignoles
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67746 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Kiera Duffy,  Roger Vignoles
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  • 52.
    The Very Best Of Dietrich Fischer-dieskau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94768 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Robert Veyron-Lacroix  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Erede,  Sir John Barbirolli,  George Szell,  Philip Ledger
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  • 53.
    Sa Tag Mit Hjerte
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 685 Release Date: 07/12/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Carl Nielsen,  Rued Langgaard,  Peter E. Lange-Müller  ... 
    Performer:  Tina Kiberg,  Tove Lonskov
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  • 54.
    Jan DeGaetani And Gilbert Kalish In Concert
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9340 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Francis Poulenc,  Kenneth Frazelle,  George Crumb  ... 
    Performer:  Jan DeGaetani,  Gilbert Kalish
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  • 55.
    Apres Un Reve / Sandrine Piau, Susan Manoff
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5250 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gabriel Fauré,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Ernest Chausson  ... 
    Performer:  Sandrine Piau,  Susan Manoff
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  • 56.
    Hermann Prey: Liederabend 1963
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93713 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Cornelius,  Hans Pfitzner,  Wolfgang Fortner,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Günther Weissenborn
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  • 57.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Metamorphosen, Songs For Soprano / Latham-koenig, Rodgers
    Label: Avie   Catalog: 2172 Release Date: 05/10/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Joan Rodgers,  Jan Latham-Koenig
    Conductor:  Jan Latham-Koenig
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Strasbourg Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Icon - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - Perfect Prima Donna
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 18459 Release Date: 03/22/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  J. Edward Merret,  Harold Jackson,  Geraint Jones,  Manoug Parikian  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Gellhorn,  Otto Klemperer,  Thurston Dart,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 59.
    Poesie - Strauss: Lieder / Diana Damrau
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 628664 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Diana Damrau
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 2
    Label: Cascavelle   Catalog: 3148 Release Date: 02/08/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Felicity Lott
    Conductor:  Armin Jordan
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  • 61.
    Wolf, Strauss: Songs / Angelika Kirchschlager, Roger Vignoles
    Label: Wigmore Hall Live   Catalog: 40 Release Date: 11/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Angelika Kirchschlager,  Roger Vignoles
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  • 62.
    Essential Highlights Of Soile Isokoski
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 251-2 Release Date: 04/27/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Erkki Melartin,  Ahti Sonninen,  (Toivo) Ilmari Hannikainen  ... 
    Performer:  Soile Isokoski,  Marita Viitasalo
    Conductor:  Marek Janowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Brana Records Collection, Vol. 2
    Label: Brana Records   Catalog: 31 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Alessandro Scarlatti,  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi,  Leonardo Vinci,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Annette Céline,  Felicja Blumental
    Conductor:  Alberto Zedda,  Theodor Guschlbauer,  Michiyoshi Inoue,  Jörg Faerber
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  • 64.
    Strauss: An Alpine Symphony, 4 Songs / Jarvi, Lott
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8557 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Felicity Lott
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Brahms, Strauss, Wolf, Marx, Mozart, Schubert: Lieder / Irmgard Seefried
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 0598091 Release Date: 11/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Joseph Marx,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Irmgard Seefried,  Erik Werba,  Leopold Ludwig,  Viktor Graef
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  • 66.
    Christa Ludwig - Lieder Recital
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 102149 Release Date: 04/28/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler,  Hugo Wolf,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Charles Spencer
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  • 67.
    Rote Rosen
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1709 Release Date: 03/31/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Camilla Tilling,  Paul Rivinius,  Ulf Wallin
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  • 68.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Macbeth, Lieder / Elder, Schwanewilms,  Halle Orchestra
    Label: Hallé   Catalog: 7508 Release Date: 01/13/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anne Schwanewilms
    Conductor:  Mark Elder
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Seduction - R. Strauss: Songs, Etc / Davislim, Young, Et Al
    Label: Melba   Catalog: 301108 Release Date: 12/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Steve Davislim
    Conductor:  Simone Young
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Victoria State Orchestra
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  • 70.
    R Strauss: Lieder / Fischer-dieskau, Sawallisch
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415470 Release Date: 10/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
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  • 71.
    Lieder Recital - Schubert, Schumann, Brahms, Strauss / Berg, Drake
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 2571 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Julius Drake,  Nathan Berg
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  • 72.
    Vocalise / Dilbčr, Ikka Paananen
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: ODE890 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Alfred Bachelet,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Ilkka Paananen,  Dilbčr
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  • 73.
    Jussi Bjorling In Song
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1427 Release Date: 09/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Carl Sjöberg,  Johannes Brahms,  Francesco Paolo Tosti  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Frederick Schauwecker
    Conductor:  Nils Grevillius
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Delicate Strauss / Alexei Utkin, Hermitage Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Caro Mitis   Catalog: 62005 Release Date: 08/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Alexei Utkin
    Conductor:  Alexei Utkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hermitage Chamber Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Strauss: 20 Lieder / Hermann Prey, Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422245 Release Date: 07/23/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
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