Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Die Frau ohne Schatten & Serenade for Winds / Schwarz, Seattle Symphony
Release Date: 10/30/2012   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8571220   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Oboe Concerto, Sonata & Sonatina No. 2 / Nelsons, Royal Concertgebouw
Release Date: 07/07/2017   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2163   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Don Quixote & Cello Works / Gaillard
Release Date: 05/11/2018   Label: Aparte  
Catalog: 174  
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Strauss: Don Quixote, Etc / Markson, Rudin, Et Al
Release Date: 10/17/2000   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8554175   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme, Etc /Halász, Melbourne So
Release Date: 11/30/1999   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553379   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Morgen

Browse 26-50 of 140 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Morgen! / Michaela Schuster
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 1833 Release Date: 08/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Max Reger,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michaela Schuster,  Markus Schlemmer
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  • 27.
    Strauss: Lieder / Rozario, Owen
    Label: Stone Records   Catalog: 8050 Release Date: 08/07/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Charles Owen,  Patricia [Soprano Vocal] Rozario
    CD: $17.99
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  • 28.
    Adrianne Pieczonka Sings Strauss & Wagner
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3474 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Adrianne Pieczonka,  Brian Zeger
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  • 29.
    Richard Strauss: Ein Leben In Liedern
    Label: Tyx Art   Catalog: 14047 Release Date: 05/26/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Timothy Sharp,  Jan Roelof Wolthuis
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  • 30.
    Oh! Quand Je Dors... / Ekaterina Gavrilova
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 3391 Release Date: 04/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Richard Strauss,  Robert Schumann,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Ekaterina Gavrilova,  Yuliya Lytkina
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  • 31.
    Allerseelen / Werner Van Mechelen, Lucas Blondeel
    Label: Phaedra   Catalog: 292030 Release Date: 03/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Werner Van Mechelen,  Lucas Blondeel
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  • 32.
    Heimkehr: Lieder Von Wagner Und Strauss
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 1811 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Oliver Pohl,  Roman [Baritone Vocals] Trekel
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  • 33.
    Wolf: Morike Lieder; Pfitzner: Eichen / Hermann Prey, Gerald Moore
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002178502 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hans Pfitzner,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Gerald Moore
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  • 34.
    Soprano / Hibla Gerzmava [Vinyl]
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: MELLP0050 Release Date: 08/12/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Hibla Gerzmava
    Conductor:  Vladimir Spivakov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra of Russia
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  • 35.
    Heimliche Aufforderung - Strauss: Lieder / Christian Karg
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300566 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christiane Karg,  Malcolm Martineau,  Felix Klieser
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  • 36.
    Heimliche Aufforderung / Karg, Martineau [Vinyl]
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: BC0300571 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christiane Karg,  Malcolm Martineau
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  • 37.
    Hibla Gerzmava
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1002212 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gioachino Rossini,  Gaetano Donizetti  ... 
    Performer:  Hibla Gerzmava,  Arsen Soghomonian,  Vladimir Spivakov
    Conductor:  Vladimir Spivakov
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  • 38.
    Zueignung -   Strauss,   Schubert / Ildiko Raimondi, Michael Lessky, Junge Philharmonie Wien
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 99035 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ildikó Raimondi
    Conductor:  Michael Lessky
    CD: $18.99
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  • 39.
    Jessye Norman: 3 Classic Albums
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002044802 Release Date: 05/06/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Maurice Ravel,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Jessye Norman
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $21.99
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  • 40.
    Notturno - Strauss: Songs / Thomas Hampson, Wolfram Rieger
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002037002 Release Date: 05/06/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Wolfram Rieger
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  • 41.
    Kiri Te Kanawa: The Classic Albums [6-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002013002 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Joseph Canteloube,  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gottfried H. Stölzel  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Sir Georg Solti,  Gabriele Fontana,  Christopher Bowers-Broadbent  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Tate,  Sir Georg Solti,  Sir Colin Davis,  Gyorgy Fischer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $39.99
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  • 42.
    Richard Strauss: Complete Operas
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002013902 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 33
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Cäcilie Reich,  Eva Maria Rogner,  Ira Malaniuk  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Karl Böhm,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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  • 43.
    Strauss: Lieder / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 8473823 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
    CD: $29.99
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  • 44.
    Songs Of Home / Njabulo Madlala, William Vann
    Label: Champs Hill Records   Catalog: 71 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  William Fadhili,  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  William Vann,  Njabulo Madlala
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  • 45.
    Opera Breve / Philippe Quint, Lily Maisky
    Label: Avanti Classic   Catalog: 1040 Release Date: 11/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Lily Maisky,  Philippe Quint
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  • 46.
    Irmgard Seefried - Lieder
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437348 Release Date: 09/04/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Erik Werba,  Irmgard Seefried
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  • 47.
    Diva Divina / Diana Damrau
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 849169 Release Date: 06/18/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Charles Gounod,  Gabriel Fauré,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Diana Damrau,  Xavier De Maistre
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 48.
    Ablosung
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 1298 Release Date: 05/14/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Viktor Ullmann,  Gustav Mahler,  Alban Berg,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Barbara Fuchs,  Judit Polgar
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 49.
    Strauss: Leider / Oelze, Schneider
    Label: Solo Musica   Catalog: 183 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Eric Schneider,  Christiane Oelze
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  • 50.
    Icon - John McCormack [4-CD Set]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 827642 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  James L. Molloy,  Traditional,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Arnold Bax  ... 
    Performer:  John McCormack,  Gerald Moore,  Nellie Melba,  Edna Thornton  ... 
    Conductor:  Lawrence Collingwood,  Walter Goehr
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
    CD: $35.49
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