Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Friedenstag / Bass, Marc, Roloff, Collegiate Chorale & Orchestra
Release Date: 10/1991   Label: Koch International Classics  
Catalog: 7111   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Arabella / Fleming, Hampson, Thielemann
Release Date: 09/30/2014   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 717208   Number of Discs: 2
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Richard Strauss: Don Juan; Tod Und Verklarun; Till Eulenspiegel / Otaka, BBC National Orchestra Of Wales
Release Date: 08/14/2012   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 7090   Number of Discs: 1
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Richard Strauss: Don Juan; Death And Transfiguration; Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks
Release Date: 11/12/2013   Label: Reference Recordings  
Catalog: 707   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Morgen

Browse 26-50 of 147 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Strauss: Der Burger Als Edelmann, Vier Letzte Lieder / Larsson, Boyd
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9011738 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Lisa Larsson
    Conductor:  Douglas Boyd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musikkollegium Winterthur
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  • 27.
    The Very Best Of Jussi Bjorling
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 6789972 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gioachino Rossini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Amilcare Ponchielli  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Robert Merrill,  Victoria de los Angeles,  Paul Franke  ... 
    Conductor:  Nils Grevillius,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Renato Cellini
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  • 28.
    Morgen / Elin Skorup, Fabienne Romer
    Label: Daphne   Catalog: 1044 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ingvar Lidholm,  Gunnar de Frumerie,  Maurice Karkoff  ... 
    Performer:  Fabienne Romer,  Elin Skorup
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  • 29.
    Strauss: Lieder / Soile Isokoski, Marita Viitasalo
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1187 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Soile Isokoski,  Marita Viitasalo
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  • 30.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Schwarzkopf, Szell
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 87318 Release Date: 01/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Edith Peinemann
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Stimme Der Sehnsucht / Christianne Stotijn, Joseph Breinl
    Label: Onyx   Catalog: 4075 Release Date: 01/10/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hans Pfitzner,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christianne Stotijn,  Joseph Breinl
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  • 32.
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: ANDRCD5009 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Walter Klien,  Julius Patzak,  Michael Raucheisen
    Conductor:  Richard Strauss,  Clemens Krauss
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  • 33.
    Strauss: The Complete Songs, Vol. 5 / Kiera Duffy, Roger Vignoles
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67746 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Kiera Duffy,  Roger Vignoles
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  • 34.
    Jussi Bjorling - The Complete RCA Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 774892 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Charles Gounod,  Giacomo Puccini,  Giacomo Meyerbeer  ... 
    Performer:  Jussi Björling,  Robert Merrill,  Emil Markow,  Frederick Schauwecker  ... 
    Conductor:  Renato Cellini,  Nils Grevillius,  Jonel Perlea,  Erich Leinsdorf  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra,  Rome Opera House Orchestra  ... 
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  • 35.
    The Very Best Of Dietrich Fischer-dieskau
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94768 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Robert Veyron-Lacroix  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Erede,  Sir John Barbirolli,  George Szell,  Philip Ledger
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  • 36.
    The Very Best Of Janet Baker
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 94717 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms,  Maurice Duruflé  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Timothy Hugh,  John Butt,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Philip Ledger  ... 
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  • 37.
    Sa Tag Mit Hjerte
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 685 Release Date: 07/12/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Carl Nielsen,  Rued Langgaard,  Peter E. Lange-Müller  ... 
    Performer:  Tove Lonskov,  Tina Kiberg
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  • 38.
    Jan DeGaetani And Gilbert Kalish In Concert
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9340 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Francis Poulenc,  Kenneth Frazelle,  George Crumb  ... 
    Performer:  Jan DeGaetani,  Gilbert Kalish
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  • 39.
    Apres Un Reve / Sandrine Piau, Susan Manoff
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5250 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gabriel Fauré,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Ernest Chausson  ... 
    Performer:  Sandrine Piau,  Susan Manoff
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  • 40.
    Hermann Prey: Liederabend 1963
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93713 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Cornelius,  Hans Pfitzner,  Wolfgang Fortner,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Günther Weissenborn
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  • 41.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Metamorphosen, Songs For Soprano / Latham-koenig, Rodgers
    Label: Avie   Catalog: 2172 Release Date: 05/10/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Joan Rodgers,  Jan Latham-Koenig
    Conductor:  Jan Latham-Koenig
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Strasbourg Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Icon - Elisabeth Schumann - Silver Thread Of Song
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 18480 Release Date: 03/22/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schumann,  Karl Alwin,  George Reeves,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Leo Rosenek,  Bruno Reibold,  Karl Alwin,  Albert Coates  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Choir,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 43.
    Icon - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - Perfect Prima Donna
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 18459 Release Date: 03/22/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  J. Edward Merret,  Harold Jackson,  Geraint Jones,  Manoug Parikian  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Gellhorn,  Otto Klemperer,  Thurston Dart,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 44.
    Poesie - Strauss: Lieder / Diana Damrau
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 628664 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Diana Damrau
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 45.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 2
    Label: Cascavelle   Catalog: 3148 Release Date: 02/08/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Felicity Lott
    Conductor:  Armin Jordan
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  • 46.
    Wolf, Strauss: Songs / Angelika Kirchschlager, Roger Vignoles
    Label: Wigmore Hall Live   Catalog: 40 Release Date: 11/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Angelika Kirchschlager,  Roger Vignoles
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  • 47.
    Yvonne Kenny Sings Four Last Songs
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4763954 Release Date: 08/31/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Yvonne Kenny,  Lorina Gore,  David Hibbard,  Kirsti Harms
    Conductor:  Johannes Fritzsch
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  • 48.
    Kiri Te Kanawa Sings Mozart & Strauss
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001453902 Release Date: 08/03/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Gabriele Fontana,  Gilles Cachemaille,  Franz Grundheber  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti,  Sir Colin Davis,  Gyorgy Fischer,  John Pritchard  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 49.
    Essential Highlights Of Soile Isokoski
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 251-2 Release Date: 04/27/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Erkki Melartin,  Ahti Sonninen,  (Toivo) Ilmari Hannikainen  ... 
    Performer:  Soile Isokoski,  Marita Viitasalo
    Conductor:  Marek Janowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Brana Records Collection, Vol. 2
    Label: Brana Records   Catalog: 31 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Alessandro Scarlatti,  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi,  Leonardo Vinci,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Annette Céline,  Felicja Blumental
    Conductor:  Alberto Zedda,  Theodor Guschlbauer,  Michiyoshi Inoue,  Jörg Faerber
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