Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Pape, Thielemann, Staatskapelle Dresden
Release Date: 08/05/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002114902   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Die Frau ohne Schatten / Nilsson, Bohm
Release Date: 09/20/1994   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 445325   Number of Discs: 3
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Strauss: Arabella / Fleming, Hampson, Thielemann
Release Date: 09/30/2014   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 717208   Number of Discs: 2
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Notturno - Strauss: Songs / Thomas Hampson, Wolfram Rieger
Release Date: 05/06/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002037002   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Morgen

Browse 126-148 of 148 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    Farewell To Salzburg / Christa Ludwig
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 61547 Release Date: 08/30/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Gustav Mahler,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Charles Spencer
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  • 127.
    Mozart: Arias;  Strauss: Orchestral Songs / Schäfer, Abbado
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 457582 Release Date: 04/14/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Christine Schäfer
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 128.
    Renée Fleming - The Beautiful Voice
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 458858 Release Date: 02/10/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joseph Canteloube,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Antonín Dvorák,  José Maria Cano  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming,  Clive Greensmith,  Paul Willey,  Osian Ellis  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Tate
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  London Voices
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  • 129.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Richard Tauber
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89144 Release Date: 05/20/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Wilhelm Kienzl,  Eugčne d' Albert  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Tauber,  Percy Kahn
    Conductor:  Frieder Weissmann,  Ernst Hauke,  Henry Ernest Geehl,  Walter Goehr  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 130.
    Evelyn Lear Sings Songs By Richard Strauss / Erik Werba
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1080 Release Date: 03/12/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Evelyn Lear,  Erik Werba
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  • 131.
    The Art Of Meta Seinemeyer
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89402 Release Date: 10/15/1996   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Wagner,  Anton Rubinstein  ... 
    Performer:  Meta Seinemeyer,  Helena Jung,  Curt Taucher,  Jaro Dworsky  ... 
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  • 132.
    Reverie - Romantic Music For Quiet Times / Nathaniel Rosen
    Label: John Marks Records   Catalog: 10 Release Date: 09/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms,  Edouard Lalo  ... 
    Performer:  Kaaren Erickson,  Doris Stevenson,  Nathaniel Rosen,  Arturo Delmoni
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  • 133.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Elisabeth Schumann II
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89122 Release Date: 04/23/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Richard Strauss,  Hugo Wolf,  Ambroise Thomas  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schumann
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  • 134.
    Lisa Della Casa Sings Richard Strauss
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1036 Release Date: 01/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Lisa Della Casa
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  • 135.
    Beethoven, Dvorák, R. Strauss / Peter Schreier, Erik Werba
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 399951 Release Date: 09/19/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Peter Schreier,  Erik Werba
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  • 136.
    Prima Voce - Mccormack & Kreisler In Recital
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7868 Release Date: 05/02/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Francis Larchet,  Traditional,  Gaetano Braga,  Francesco Paolo Tosti  ... 
    Performer:  Edwin Schneider,  Fritz Kreisler,  John McCormack,  Vincent O'Brien  ... 
    Conductor:  Josef Pasternack,  Walter Rogers
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 137.
    Heinrich Schlusnus Liederalbum Vol 3
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89216 Release Date: 03/21/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Martin Grabert,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Sebastian Peschko,  Heinrich Schlusnus
    Conductor:  Gerhard Steeger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra
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  • 138.
    R. Strauss/Wagner: Lieder
    Label: Kontrapunkt   Catalog: 32156 Release Date: 07/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Meyer-Topsoe
    Conductor:  Hans Norbert Bihlmaier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Copenhagen Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 139.
    Heinrich Schlusnus - Liederalbum Vol I
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89205 Release Date: 03/18/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Hans Hermann,  Hugo Wolf,  Julius Hermann Wetzel,  Felix Weingartner  ... 
    Performer:  Franz Rupp,  Heinrich Schlusnus
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  • 140.
    Organ Meditation - Grieg, Saint-saëns, Etc/ János Sebestyén
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550791 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Battist Martini,  Gabriel Fauré,  Robert Schumann,  Johan Helmich Roman  ... 
    Performer:  János Sebestyén
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  • 141.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Lieder, Etc / Te Kanawa, Solti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 430511 Release Date: 11/08/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Sir Georg Solti
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 142.
    Together - Placido Domingo, Itzhak Perlman
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54266 Release Date: 10/11/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Manuel Ponce,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Placido Domingo
    Conductor:  Jonathan Tunick
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Studio Orchestra
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  • 143.
    A Portrait Of Kiri Te Kanawa
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 39208 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Gabriel Fauré,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Amner,  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Laurence Dale
    Conductor:  John Pritchard,  Sir Andrew Davis,  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Gürzenich Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Paris Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 144.
    Beethoven, Haydn, Strauss: Lieder / Fritz Wunderlich
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 420852 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Heinrich Schmidt,  Walter Weller,  Ludwig Beinl
    Conductor:  Jan Koetsier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 145.
    Marian Anderson- Bach, Brahms, Schubert
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 7911 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Traditional,  Richard Strauss,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Marian Anderson,  Franz Rupp,  Kosti Vehanen
    Conductor:  Mr. Prince,  Eugene Ormandy,  Pierre Monteux,  Charles O'Connell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  San Francisco Municipal Chorus  ... 
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  • 146.
    R. Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Te Kanawa, Davis
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 35140 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 147.
    Mahler, Schrecker, Strauss, Wolf: Songs / Lipovsek, Werba
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 176891 Release Date: 03/01/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schreker
    Performer:  Marjana Lipovsek,  Erik Werba
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  • 148.
    Irmgard Seefried - Lieder
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437348 Release Date: 05/11/1993   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Erik Werba,  Irmgard Seefried
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