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Richard Strauss


Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier - A Film by Paul Czinner
Release Date: 11/16/2010   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4684   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier - A Film By Paul Czinner
Release Date: 11/16/2010   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4684   Number of Discs: 1
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R. Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos / Falletta, Buffalo Philharmonic
Release Date: 02/10/2017   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573460   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Solti, Te Kanawa, Bonney, Howells, Haugland
Release Date: 01/13/2004   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 2029   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Weigle, Metropolitan Orchestra [Blu-ray]
Release Date: 12/01/2017   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002758459   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Morgen

Browse 126-133 of 133 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    Beethoven, Dvorák, R. Strauss / Peter Schreier, Erik Werba
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 399951 Release Date: 09/19/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Peter Schreier,  Erik Werba
    CD: $19.99
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  • 127.
    Prima Voce - Mccormack & Kreisler In Recital
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7868 Release Date: 05/02/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Francis Larchet,  Traditional,  Gaetano Braga,  Francesco Paolo Tosti  ... 
    Performer:  Edwin Schneider,  Fritz Kreisler,  John McCormack,  Vincent O'Brien  ... 
    Conductor:  Josef Pasternack,  Walter Rogers
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 128.
    R. Strauss/Wagner: Lieder
    Label: Kontrapunkt   Catalog: 32156 Release Date: 07/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Meyer-Topsoe
    Conductor:  Hans Norbert Bihlmaier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Copenhagen Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 129.
    Organ Meditation - Grieg, Saint-saëns, Etc/ János Sebestyén
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550791 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Battist Martini,  Gabriel Fauré,  Robert Schumann,  Johan Helmich Roman  ... 
    Performer:  János Sebestyén
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  • 130.
    Strauss: Complete Lieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Moore
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 63995 Release Date: 01/23/1992   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 131.
    A Portrait Of Kiri Te Kanawa
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 39208 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Gabriel Fauré,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Amner,  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Laurence Dale
    Conductor:  John Pritchard,  Sir Andrew Davis,  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Gürzenich Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Paris Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 132.
    Beethoven, Haydn, Strauss: Lieder / Fritz Wunderlich
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 420852 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Heinrich Schmidt,  Walter Weller,  Ludwig Beinl
    Conductor:  Jan Koetsier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 133.
    Mahler, Schrecker, Strauss, Wolf: Songs / Lipovsek, Werba
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 176891 Release Date: 03/01/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schreker
    Performer:  Marjana Lipovsek,  Erik Werba
    CD: $22.49
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