Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Elektra / Gamba, NorrlandsOperan Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 04/29/2016   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 731808   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Oboe Concerto, Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme / Järvi
Release Date: 03/25/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 470   Number of Discs: 1
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R. Strauss: Der Krämerspiegel, Cello Sonata / Skram, Et Al
Release Date: 09/22/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 49   Number of Discs: 1
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R. Strauss, Sibelius: Songs / Birgit Nilsson, János Sólyom
Release Date: 03/25/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 15   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Four Last Songs / Roschmann, Nezet-Seguin, Rotterdam PO
Release Date: 08/23/2011   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1880   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Morgen

Browse 1-25 of 125 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Solo / McCarthy
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 554225 Release Date: 02/05/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludovico Einaudi,  Pietro Mascagni,  Giacomo Puccini,  Vincenzo Bellini  ... 
    Performer:  Nicholas McCarthy
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  • 2.
    Richard Strauss: Der Burger als Edelmann; Duett-Concertino / Poschner, Svizzera Italiana Orchestra
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777990 Release Date: 01/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Spoken Word
    Performer:  Alberto Biano,  Corrado Giuffredi,  Johann Sebastian Paetsch,  Robert Kowalski  ... 
    Conductor:  Markus Poschner,  Richard Strauss
    CD: $17.99
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  • 3.
    Elisabeth Schwarzkopf: The Complete Recitals 1952-74
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 553028 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 31
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Anny Felbermayer,  Josef Metternich  ... 
    Conductor:  John Pritchard,  Otto Ackermann,  Lovro von Matacic,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  Philharmonia Chorus  ... 
    CD: $89.99
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  • 4.
    Ruhe Meine Seele - Lieder of Richard Strauss / Persicke, Rimmer
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 15379 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Katharina [Soprano Vocal] Persicke,  Nicholas Rimmer
    CD: $18.99
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  • 5.
    The Shepherd On The Rock / Tynan, Bliss, Glynn
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 429 Release Date: 10/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Bliss,  Christopher Glynn,  Ailish Tynan
    CD: $17.99
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  • 6.
    Itzhak Perlman: The Complete Warner Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552439 Release Date: 09/25/2015   Number of Discs: 77
    Composer:  Niccolň Paganini,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Pinchas Zukerman,  Ray Still,  Samuel Sanders  ... 
    Conductor:  Lawrence Foster,  Daniel Barenboim,  Itzhak Perlman,  Bernard Haitink  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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    CD: $287.49
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  • 7.
    Richard Strauss: Four Last Songs; Lieder
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552136 Release Date: 09/18/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Unspecified
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Edith Peinemann
    Conductor:  George Szell
    CD: $13.99
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  • 8.
    Auf! A Sound Trek
    Label: Orlando Records (Classical)   Catalog: 19 Release Date: 09/11/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Clemens Kölbl,  Andreas Teufel
    CD: $18.99
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  • 9.
    Morgen! / Michaela Schuster
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 1833 Release Date: 08/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Max Reger,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michaela Schuster,  Markus Schlemmer
    CD: $19.99
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  • 10.
    Steps Through The Centuries
    Label: Odradek   Catalog: 310 Release Date: 08/07/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Rota,  Fritz Kreisler,  Samuel Barber,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Alejandro Pico-Leonis,  Yury Revich,  Bibiana Nwobilo,  Olga Filippova
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  • 11.
    Strauss: Lieder / Rozario, Owen
    Label: Stone Records   Catalog: 8050 Release Date: 08/07/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Charles Owen,  Patricia [Soprano Vocal] Rozario
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  • 12.
    Adrianne Pieczonka Sings Strauss & Wagner
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3474 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Adrianne Pieczonka,  Brian Zeger
    CD: $17.99
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  • 13.
    Richard Strauss: Ein Leben In Liedern
    Label: Tyx Art   Catalog: 14047 Release Date: 05/26/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Timothy Sharp,  Jan Roelof Wolthuis
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  • 14.
    Oh! Quand Je Dors... / Ekaterina Gavrilova
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 3391 Release Date: 04/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Richard Strauss,  Robert Schumann,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Ekaterina Gavrilova,  Yuliya Lytkina
    CD: $17.99
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  • 15.
    Label: Belvedere   Catalog: 10156 Release Date: 03/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  André Previn,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  André Previn,  Barbara Bonney
    On sale! $24.98
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  • 16.
    Heimkehr: Lieder Von Wagner Und Strauss
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 1811 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Oliver Pohl,  Roman [Baritone Vocals] Trekel
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  • 17.
    Wolf: Morike Lieder; Pfitzner: Eichen / Hermann Prey, Gerald Moore
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002178502 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hans Pfitzner,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Gerald Moore
    CD: $12.99
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  • 18.
    The Best Of Yvonne Kenny
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4764620 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Strauss,  Rudolf Sieczynski  ... 
    Performer:  Yvonne Kenny,  Malcolm Martineau,  Caroline Almonte,  Joe Chindamo  ... 
    Conductor:  Wlodzimierz Kamirski,  Johannes Fritzsch,  Richard Bonynge,  Guy Noble  ... 
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  • 19.
    Heimliche Aufforderung - Strauss: Lieder / Christian Karg
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300566 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christiane Karg,  Malcolm Martineau,  Felix Klieser
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  • 20.
    Hibla Gerzmava
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1002212 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gioachino Rossini,  Gaetano Donizetti  ... 
    Performer:  Hibla Gerzmava,  Arsen Soghomonian,  Vladimir Spivakov
    Conductor:  Vladimir Spivakov
    CD: $18.99
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  • 21.
    Zueignung -   Strauss,   Schubert / Ildiko Raimondi, Michael Lessky, Junge Philharmonie Wien
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 99035 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ildikó Raimondi
    Conductor:  Michael Lessky
    CD: $18.99
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  • 22.
    Jessye Norman: 3 Classic Albums
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002044802 Release Date: 05/06/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Maurice Ravel,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Jessye Norman
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $21.99
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  • 23.
    Notturno - Strauss: Songs / Thomas Hampson, Wolfram Rieger
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002037002 Release Date: 05/06/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Wolfram Rieger
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  • 24.
    Kiri Te Kanawa: The Classic Albums [6-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002013002 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Joseph Canteloube,  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gottfried H. Stölzel  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Sir Georg Solti,  Gabriele Fontana,  Christopher Bowers-Broadbent  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Tate,  Sir Georg Solti,  Sir Colin Davis,  Gyorgy Fischer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $39.99
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  • 25.
    Richard Strauss: Complete Operas
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002013902 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 33
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Cäcilie Reich,  Eva Maria Rogner,  Ira Malaniuk  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Karl Böhm,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    Recommendation
    On sale! $175.98
    CD: $167.49
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