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Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Four Last Songs, Ein Heldenleben / Netrebko, Barenboim
Release Date: 12/09/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002188002   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra  / Herlitzius, Meier, Pieczonka, Petrenko, Orchestre De Paris [blu-ray]
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 410   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Meier, Salonen, Orchestre De Paris
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 110   Number of Discs: 1
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Richard Strauss: Complete Works for Voice and Piano
Release Date: 06/10/2014   Label: Twopianists (Label)  
Catalog: 39312   Number of Discs: 9
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Work: Morgen

Browse 1-25 of 142 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    The Best Of Yvonne Kenny
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4764620 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Strauss,  Rudolf Sieczynski  ... 
    Performer:  Yvonne Kenny,  Malcolm Martineau,  Caroline Almonte,  Joe Chindamo  ... 
    Conductor:  Wlodzimierz Kamirski,  Johannes Fritzsch,  Richard Bonynge,  Guy Noble  ... 
    CD: $22.49
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  • 2.
    Heimliche Aufforderung - Strauss: Lieder / Christian Karg
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300566 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christiane Karg,  Malcolm Martineau,  Felix Klieser
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  • 3.
    Hibla Gerzmava
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1002212 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gioachino Rossini,  Gaetano Donizetti  ... 
    Performer:  Hibla Gerzmava,  Arsen Soghomonian,  Vladimir Spivakov
    Conductor:  Vladimir Spivakov
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  • 4.
    Zueignung -   Strauss,   Schubert / Ildiko Raimondi, Michael Lessky, Junge Philharmonie Wien
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 99035 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Ildikó Raimondi
    Conductor:  Michael Lessky
    CD: $18.99
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  • 5.
    Jessye Norman: 3 Classic Albums
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002044802 Release Date: 05/06/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Maurice Ravel,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Jessye Norman
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 6.
    Notturno - Strauss: Songs / Thomas Hampson, Wolfram Rieger
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002037002 Release Date: 05/06/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Wolfram Rieger
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  • 7.
    Kiri Te Kanawa: The Classic Albums [6-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002013002 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Joseph Canteloube,  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gottfried H. Stölzel  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Sir Georg Solti,  Gabriele Fontana,  Christopher Bowers-Broadbent  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Tate,  Sir Georg Solti,  Sir Colin Davis,  Gyorgy Fischer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 8.
    Richard Strauss: Complete Operas
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002013902 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 33
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Cäcilie Reich,  Eva Maria Rogner,  Ira Malaniuk  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Karl Böhm,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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    CD: $169.99
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  • 9.
    Strauss: Lieder / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 8473823 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Gerald Moore
    CD: $24.99
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  • 10.
    Songs Of Home / Njabulo Madlala, William Vann
    Label: Champs Hill Records   Catalog: 71 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  William Fadhili,  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Njabulo Madlala,  William Vann
    CD: $17.99
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  • 11.
    Opera Breve / Philippe Quint, Lily Maisky
    Label: Avanti Classic   Catalog: 1040 Release Date: 11/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Lily Maisky,  Philippe Quint
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  • 12.
    Schone Welt, Wo Bist Du? / Julia Kleiter, Michael Gees
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72593 Release Date: 09/10/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Alban Berg,  Gustav Mahler,  Yrjö Kilpinen  ... 
    Performer:  Julia Kleiter,  Michael Gees
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  • 13.
    Diva Divina / Diana Damrau
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 849169 Release Date: 06/18/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Charles Gounod,  Gabriel Fauré,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Diana Damrau,  Xavier De Maistre
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 14.
    Ablosung
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 1298 Release Date: 05/14/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Viktor Ullmann,  Gustav Mahler,  Alban Berg,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Barbara Fuchs,  Judit Polgar
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 15.
    Strauss: Leider / Oelze, Schneider
    Label: Solo Musica   Catalog: 183 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Eric Schneider,  Christiane Oelze
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  • 16.
    Icon - John McCormack [4-CD Set]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 827642 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  James L. Molloy,  Traditional,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Arnold Bax  ... 
    Performer:  John McCormack,  Gerald Moore,  Nellie Melba,  Edna Thornton  ... 
    Conductor:  Lawrence Collingwood,  Walter Goehr
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
    CD: $35.49
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  • 17.
    Strauss: Vier Letzte Lieder; Wolf: Lieder
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 235562 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Hugo Wolf
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Gerald Moore,  Günther Weissenborn
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 18.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - Voice Of The Century [23 CDs & 2 DVDs]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001792900 Release Date: 01/15/2013   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Daniel Barenboim,  Jörg Demus,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  Karl Böhm,  Lorin Maazel,  Karl Richter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $133.99
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  • 19.
    R. Strauss: Orchesterlieder; Metamorphosen
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 322792 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Gundula Janowitz,  Peter Manning
    Conductor:  Richard Stamp
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of London
    CD: $7.99
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  • 20.
    Insomnia - A Nocturnal Voyage In Song / William Berger, Iain Burnside
    Label: Delphian   Catalog: 34116 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  William Berger,  Iain Burnside
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  • 21.
    Mezzo Moon / Pia Heise
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 720 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Alexander von Zemlinsky,  Christoph Ernst F. Weyse,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Pia Heise,  Roger Vignoles
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  • 22.
    This Is Glenn Gould: The Story of a Genius [2 CDs & Book Anniversary Edition]
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 542393 Release Date: 11/06/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Glenn Gould,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Orlando Gibbons  ... 
    Performer:  Glenn Gould
    CD: $11.99
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  • 23.
    Melodie Francaise [6-CD Set]
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5311 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  George Enescu,  Reynaldo Hahn,  Ernest Chausson,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Blumenthal,  Marie-Nicole Lemieux,  Noel Lee,  Bernard Kruysen  ... 
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  • 24.
    A Romantic Songbook
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001697602 Release Date: 07/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Justus Zeyen,  Thomas Quasthoff
    CD: $11.99
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  • 25.
    Strauss: Songs / Felicity Lott, Graham Johnson
    Label: Champs Hill Records   Catalog: 37 Release Date: 06/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Felicity Lott,  Graham Johnson
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