Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Also sprach Zarasthustra, Macbeth & Till Eulenspiegel / Nelsons, Concertgebouw
Release Date: 01/27/2015   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 718908   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos / Bohm, Jurinac, Vienna Philharmonic
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 107255   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra / Theorin, Meier, Westbroaek, Pape, Gatti [blu-ray]
Release Date: 06/24/2014   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 108110   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra / Marton, Studer, Fassbaender
Release Date: 05/26/2009   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 100049   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Die Frau Ohne Schatten / Thielemann, Gould, Schwanewilms, Koch, Schuster [blu-ray]
Release Date: 05/29/2012   Label: Opus Arte  
Catalog: 7104   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Morgen

Browse 1-25 of 138 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Sixteen Love Songs / William Howard
    Label: Orchid Classics   Catalog: 100056 Release Date: 06/24/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák,  Zdenék Fibich  ... 
    Performer:  William Howard
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  • 2.
    Decca Sound: 55 Great Vocal Recitals
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002495002 Release Date: 05/20/2016   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Gustave Charpentier,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Jules Massenet,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Suzanne Danco,  Pierre Mollet,  Guido Agosti,  Gervase de Peyer  ... 
    Conductor:  Alberto Erede,  Ernest Ansermet,  Karl Böhm,  Rudolf Moralt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $134.49
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  • 3.
    Liszt, Verdi, Strauss & Schumann: Songs / Takacs
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: HCD32769 Release Date: 05/13/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Strauss,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Klára Takács,  Sándor Falvai,  Jenö Jandó
    Conductor:  András Kórodi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hungarian State Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 4.
    The Leonard Bernstein Collection, Vol. 2
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002462302 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 64
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Alessi,  Glenn Dicterow,  Philip Smith,  Jaap Van Zweden  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Bach Festival Percussion Ensemble
    CD: $202.99
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  • 5.
    Solo / McCarthy
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 554225 Release Date: 02/05/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludovico Einaudi,  Pietro Mascagni,  Giacomo Puccini,  Vincenzo Bellini  ... 
    Performer:  Nicholas McCarthy
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    CD: $16.99
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  • 6.
    Richard Strauss: Der Burger als Edelmann; Duett-Concertino / Poschner, Svizzera Italiana Orchestra
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777990 Release Date: 01/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Spoken Word
    Performer:  Alberto Biano,  Corrado Giuffredi,  Johann Sebastian Paetsch,  Robert Kowalski  ... 
    Conductor:  Markus Poschner,  Richard Strauss
    CD: $17.99
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  • 7.
    Elisabeth Schwarzkopf: The Complete Recitals 1952-74
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 553028 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 31
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Anny Felbermayer,  Josef Metternich  ... 
    Conductor:  John Pritchard,  Otto Ackermann,  Lovro von Matacic,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  Philharmonia Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $86.98
    CD: $70.99
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  • 8.
    Ruhe Meine Seele - Lieder of Richard Strauss / Persicke, Rimmer
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 15379 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Katharina [Soprano Vocal] Persicke,  Nicholas Rimmer
    CD: $18.99
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  • 9.
    The Shepherd On The Rock / Tynan, Bliss, Glynn
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 429 Release Date: 10/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Bliss,  Christopher Glynn,  Ailish Tynan
    CD: $17.99
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  • 10.
    Itzhak Perlman: The Complete Warner Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552439 Release Date: 09/25/2015   Number of Discs: 77
    Composer:  Niccolň Paganini,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Pinchas Zukerman,  Ray Still,  Samuel Sanders  ... 
    Conductor:  Lawrence Foster,  Daniel Barenboim,  Itzhak Perlman,  Bernard Haitink  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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    On sale! $274.98
    CD: $226.99
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  • 11.
    Richard Strauss: Four Last Songs; Lieder
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552136 Release Date: 09/18/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Unspecified
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Edith Peinemann
    Conductor:  George Szell
    CD: $13.99
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  • 12.
    Auf! A Sound Trek
    Label: Orlando Records (Classical)   Catalog: 19 Release Date: 09/11/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Clemens Kölbl,  Andreas Teufel
    CD: $18.99
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  • 13.
    Morgen! / Michaela Schuster
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 1833 Release Date: 08/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Max Reger,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michaela Schuster,  Markus Schlemmer
    CD: $19.99
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  • 14.
    Steps Through The Centuries
    Label: Odradek   Catalog: 310 Release Date: 08/07/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Rota,  Fritz Kreisler,  Samuel Barber,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Alejandro Pico-Leonis,  Yury Revich,  Bibiana Nwobilo,  Olga Filippova
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  • 15.
    Strauss: Lieder / Rozario, Owen
    Label: Stone Records   Catalog: 8050 Release Date: 08/07/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Charles Owen,  Patricia [Soprano Vocal] Rozario
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 16.
    Adrianne Pieczonka Sings Strauss & Wagner
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3474 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Adrianne Pieczonka,  Brian Zeger
    CD: $17.99
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  • 17.
    Richard Strauss: Ein Leben In Liedern
    Label: Tyx Art   Catalog: 14047 Release Date: 05/26/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Timothy Sharp,  Jan Roelof Wolthuis
    CD: $18.99
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  • 18.
    Oh! Quand Je Dors... / Ekaterina Gavrilova
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 3391 Release Date: 04/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Richard Strauss,  Robert Schumann,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Ekaterina Gavrilova,  Yuliya Lytkina
    CD: $17.99
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  • 19.
    Label: Belvedere   Catalog: 10156 Release Date: 03/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  André Previn,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  André Previn,  Barbara Bonney
    On sale! $21.98
    CD: $19.99
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  • 20.
    Heimkehr: Lieder Von Wagner Und Strauss
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 1811 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Oliver Pohl,  Roman [Baritone Vocals] Trekel
    CD: $19.99
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  • 21.
    Wolf: Morike Lieder; Pfitzner: Eichen / Hermann Prey, Gerald Moore
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002178502 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hans Pfitzner,  Hugo Wolf,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Gerald Moore
    CD: $12.99
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  • 22.
    Soprano / Hibla Gerzmava [Vinyl]
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: MELLP0050 Release Date: 08/12/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Hibla Gerzmava
    Conductor:  Vladimir Spivakov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Of Russia
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  • 23.
    The Best Of Yvonne Kenny
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4764620 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Strauss,  Rudolf Sieczynski  ... 
    Performer:  Yvonne Kenny,  Malcolm Martineau,  Caroline Almonte,  Joe Chindamo  ... 
    Conductor:  Wlodzimierz Kamirski,  Johannes Fritzsch,  Richard Bonynge,  Guy Noble  ... 
    On sale! $20.98
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  • 24.
    Heimliche Aufforderung - Strauss: Lieder / Christian Karg
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300566 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christiane Karg,  Malcolm Martineau,  Felix Klieser
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  • 25.
    Heimliche Aufforderung / Karg, Martineau [Vinyl]
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: BC0300571 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christiane Karg,  Malcolm Martineau
    LP: $34.99
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