Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss:  Ariadne Auf Naxos  / Harding, Kaufmann, Magee, Mosuc
Release Date: 07/15/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 300574   Number of Discs: 2
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Braunfels: String Quintet; Strauss: Metamorphosen / Geringas, Gringolts Quartet
Release Date: 11/13/2012   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 12053   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss / Krauss - Complete Decca Recordings
Release Date: 06/17/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002055302   Number of Discs: 5
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Pfitzner: Symphony in C Major; Strauss / Bohm
Release Date: 02/27/2007   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 7010   Number of Discs: 1
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Richard Strauss: Josephslegende
Release Date: 06/25/2013   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 5120   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Four Last Songs, AV 150

Browse 51-75 of 91 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs;  Wagner / Furtwangler, Flagstad
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1410 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Kirsten Flagstad
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 52.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Capriccio, Metamorphosen / Tomowa-Sintow, Karajan
    Label: Dg Masters   Catalog: 445600 Release Date: 06/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anna Tomowa-Sintow,  Paul Wolfrum
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 53.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Excerpts From Salome & Capriccio / Stemme, Pappano
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 78797 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Nina Stemme
    Conductor:  Antonio Pappano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra
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  • 54.
    Elisabeth Schwazkopf - 1915-2006
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 80273 Release Date: 01/16/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss,  Walter Gieseking  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Grümmer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Geoffrey Parsons,  Walter Gieseking  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Alceo Galliera,  Thurston Dart,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra  ... 
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  • 55.
    Strauss: Orchestral Songs / Kaune, Ndr, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1781 Release Date: 09/05/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michaela Kaune
    Conductor:  Eiji Oue
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  • 56.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc;  Wagner / Brewer, Et Al
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80661 Release Date: 08/15/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christine Brewer
    Conductor:  Donald Runnicles
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
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  • 57.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, 4 Last Songs / Haider, Borowska
    Label: Nightingale Classics   Catalog: 161864 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Joanna Borowska,  Eijj Arai
    Conductor:  Friedrich Haider
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cracow Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra,  Tokyo Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 58.
    R. Strauss: Orchestral Works / Zinman, Et Al
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 984950 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Thomas Grossenbacher,  Michel Rouilly,  Roland Pöntinen,  Simon Fuchs  ... 
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra,  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra Winds
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  • 59.
    Leaving Home - Music In The 20th Century 6 - After The Wake
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 102043 Release Date: 11/15/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Pierre Boulez,  Benjamin Britten,  Arnold Schoenberg  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  John Carewe,  Daniel Harding
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus
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  • 60.
    Strauss: Vier Letzte Lieder, Etc / Jarnot, Deutsch
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 518 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Konrad Jarnot,  Helmut Deutsch
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  • 61.
    Strauss: Arabella, Four Last Songs / Keilberth, Della Casa, Fischer-dieskau
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 651053 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Georg Stern,  Lisa Della Casa,  Kurt Ruesche,  Anneliese Rothenberger  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth,  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
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  • 62.
    R. Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Te Kanawa, Davis
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 92606 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Original Masters - Karl Böhm - Mozart And Strauss
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000480402 Release Date: 09/13/2005   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Lisa Della Casa,  Michel Schwalbé,  Kurt Böhme,  Waldemar Kmentt  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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  • 64.
    Anneliese Rothenberger - Portrait II
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68795 Release Date: 03/11/2005   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Traditional,  Robert Klaass  ... 
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Hubert Giesen,  Geraldine Graunke,  Hartmut Strebel  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Graunke,  Willy Mattes,  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Graunke Symphony Orchestra,  Tölz Boys Choir,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus  ... 
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  • 65.
    Strauss, Ravel, Mozart / Elisabeth Söderström, Et Al
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4153 Release Date: 09/21/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Elisabeth Söderström
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  John Pritchard,  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Per L'amore / Nancy Yuen
    Label: Orchid Music   Catalog: 5637530849 Release Date: 07/30/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Somtow Sucharitkul  ... 
    Performer:  Nancy Yuen
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  • 67.
    Classic Library - Strauss: Four Last Songs / Fleming, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 59408 Release Date: 04/20/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Renée Fleming
    Conductor:  Christoph Eschenbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Houston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 68.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Capriccio & Arabella Excerpts / Schwarzkopf
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85825 Release Date: 04/20/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Anny Felbermayer,  Josef Metternich,  Walter Berry  ... 
    Conductor:  Otto Ackermann,  Lovro von Matacic
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 69.
    The Very Best Of Lucia Popp
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85102 Release Date: 09/02/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Orff,  Gioachino Rossini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Katia Labèque,  Marielle Labèque,  David Briggs  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos,  Stephen Cleobury,  György Fischer,  Bernard Haitink  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Chorus,  Wandsworth School Boys' Choir  ... 
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  • 70.
    R. Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Lott, Järvi
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10075 Release Date: 05/20/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Felicity Lott
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Karajan - The Collection - Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000020202 Release Date: 05/13/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  David Bell,  Anna Tomowa-Sintow
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Classics - R. Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Four Last Songs
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80180 Release Date: 09/24/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Arleen Augér,  Rainer Küchl
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Schwarzkopf, Matacic, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Références   Catalog: 567495 Release Date: 01/09/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Anny Felbermayer,  Josef Metternich,  Murray Dickie  ... 
    Conductor:  Otto Ackermann,  Lovro von Matacic
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Philips 50 - Strauss: Four Last Songs;  Wagner: Wesendonk
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 464742 Release Date: 12/18/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Jessye Norman
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis,  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Arabella, Etc / Della Casa, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Legends   Catalog: 467118 Release Date: 10/10/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Lisa Della Casa,  Franz Bierbach,  Hilde Gueden,  Alfred Poell  ... 
    Conductor:  Heinrich Hollreiser,  Rudolf Moralt,  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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