Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss:  Ariadne Auf Naxos  / Harding, Kaufmann, Magee, Mosuc
Release Date: 07/15/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 300574   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Ariadne Auf Naxos / Isokoski, Claycomb, Allen, Jurowski, London Philharmonic
Release Date: 07/29/2014   Label: Opus Arte  
Catalog: 1135   Number of Discs: 1
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Richard Strauss: Josephslegende
Release Date: 06/25/2013   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 5120   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Ariadne Auf Naxos / Harding, Kaufmann, Magee, Mosuc [blu-ray]
Release Date: 07/15/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 300575   Number of Discs: 1
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Richard Strauss: Complete Works for Voice and Piano
Release Date: 06/10/2014   Label: Twopianists (Label)  
Catalog: 39312   Number of Discs: 9
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Work: Four Last Songs, AV 150

Browse 26-50 of 91 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Aga Mikolaj Sings Strauss & Mozart
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777641-2 Release Date: 03/29/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Aga Mikolaj
    Conductor:  Karl Sollak
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  • 27.
    Icon - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - Perfect Prima Donna
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 18459 Release Date: 03/22/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  J. Edward Merret,  Harold Jackson,  Geraint Jones,  Manoug Parikian  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Gellhorn,  Otto Klemperer,  Thurston Dart,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 28.
    Faure: Requiem; Strauss: 4 Last Songs  /  Ernest Ansermet, Teresa Stich-randall, Gerard Souzay
    Label: Cascavelle   Catalog: 3135 Release Date: 11/09/2010  
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  Teresa Stich-Randall
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Union Chorale de la Tour-de-Peilz
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  • 29.
    Richard Strauss: Rosenkavalier Suite; Till Eulenspiegel; Vier Letzte Lieder
    Label: Br Klassik   Catalog: 900707 Release Date: 08/31/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anja [Soprano Vocals] Harteros
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 30.
    Yvonne Kenny Sings Four Last Songs
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4763954 Release Date: 08/31/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Yvonne Kenny,  Lorina Gore,  David Hibbard,  Kirsti Harms
    Conductor:  Johannes Fritzsch
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  • 31.
    Kiri Te Kanawa Sings Mozart & Strauss
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001453902 Release Date: 08/03/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Gabriele Fontana,  Gilles Cachemaille,  Franz Grundheber  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti,  Sir Colin Davis,  Gyorgy Fischer,  John Pritchard  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 32.
    Essential Highlights Of Soile Isokoski
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 251-2 Release Date: 04/27/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Erkki Melartin,  Ahti Sonninen,  (Toivo) Ilmari Hannikainen  ... 
    Performer:  Soile Isokoski,  Marita Viitasalo
    Conductor:  Marek Janowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 33.
    R. Strauss: Vier Letzte Lieder; 12 Orchestral Songs
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 65941 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Edith Peinemann
    Conductor:  George Szell
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  • 34.
    Strauss: Don Quixote, Four Last Songs / Kwon, Leaper
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 544660 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Emil Klein,  Vladimir Mendelssohn,  Hellen Kwon
    Conductor:  Adrian Leaper
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grand Canary Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 35.
    Lieder Von Gustav Mahler, Johannes Brahms Und Richard Strauss
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 93456 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Höngen,  Hermann Schey,  Heinrich Schlusnus,  Christel Goltz
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  • 36.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Four Last Songs / Jarvi, Lott
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8518 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Felicity Lott
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Tod und Verklarung; Wagner / Popp, Tennstedt
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64290 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Lucia Popp
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 38.
    Unpublished Recordings / Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 63655 Release Date: 12/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Walter Gieseking,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Kathleen Ferrier,  Walter Gieseking
    Conductor:  Thurston Dart,  Herbert von Karajan,  Alceo Galliera
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Icon - Lucia Popp - Queen Of The Night, Maiden Of Light
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 98515 Release Date: 10/20/2009   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gioachino Rossini,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Leslie Pearson,  Katia Labèque,  David Briggs  ... 
    Conductor:  Georg Fischer,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Christfried Bickenbach,  Stephen Cleobury  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 40.
    Strauss: Metamophosen, Oboe Concerto, Four Last Songs / Karajan
    Label: Dg Galleria   Catalog: 423888 Release Date: 08/18/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Gundula Janowitz,  Lothar Koch
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 41.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Tomowa-sintow, Karajan, Berlin
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 419188 Release Date: 03/17/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anna Tomowa-Sintow
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 42.
    20th-century Masterpieces - 100 Years Of Classical Music
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17500 Release Date: 11/24/2008   Number of Discs: 16
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Claude Debussy,  Frederick Delius,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Leif Ove Andsnes,  Christa Ludwig,  Martha Argerich,  Sarah Chang  ... 
    Conductor:  Antonio Pappano,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Otto Klemperer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Melos Ensemble London
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  • 43.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Songs with Orchestra / Heather Harper
    Label: Emi Classics For Pleasure   Catalog: 28374 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Heather Harper
    Conductor:  Richard Hickox
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 44.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Orchestral Songs / Mattila, Schafer, Abbado
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4800414 Release Date: 10/13/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christine Schäfer,  Karita Mattila
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 45.
    R. Strauss: Four Last Songs / Renée Fleming
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001185102 Release Date: 09/16/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Renée Fleming
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 46.
    R. Strauss: Four Last Songs [Deluxe Edition w/Signature Roles At The Met Opera] / Renée Fleming
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001185202 Release Date: 09/16/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Jules Massenet,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming,  Walter Berry,  Larissa Diadkova
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann,  Christoph Eschenbach,  Yves Abel,  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bordeaux Aquitaine Orchestra  ... 
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  • 47.
    R. Strauss: Orchestral Songs, Vol.1
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9054 Release Date: 07/14/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Felicity Lott
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 48.
    Hanne-Lore Kuhse - Recital
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1324 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Alban Berg
    Performer:  Hanne-Lore Kuhse
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Sir Georg Solti - The Maestro
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001010909 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Leó Weiner,  Zoltán Kodály,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Norman, Masur, Gewandhaus
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000943302 Release Date: 08/14/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Jessye Norman
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
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