Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss:  Ariadne Auf Naxos  / Harding, Kaufmann, Magee, Mosuc
Release Date: 07/15/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 300574   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Elektra / Theorin, Meier, Westbroaek, Pape, Gatti [blu-ray]
Release Date: 06/24/2014   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 108110   Number of Discs: 1
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Braunfels: String Quintet; Strauss: Metamorphosen / Geringas, Gringolts Quartet
Release Date: 11/13/2012   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 12053   Number of Discs: 1
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Notturno - Strauss: Songs / Thomas Hampson, Wolfram Rieger
Release Date: 05/06/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002037002   Number of Discs: 1
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Richard Strauss: Blaser Sonatinen
Release Date: 06/24/2014   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 300576   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Four Last Songs, AV 150

Browse 1-25 of 90 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Karajan 1947-1958: Bach, Beethoven, Brahms - Choral Music
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 633629 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Nicolai Gedda,  Marga Höffgen,  Heinz Rehfuss  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $29.99
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  • 2.
    Jessye Norman: 3 Classic Albums
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002044802 Release Date: 05/06/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Maurice Ravel,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Jessye Norman
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 3.
    Kiri Te Kanawa: The Classic Albums [6-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002013002 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Joseph Canteloube,  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gottfried H. Stölzel  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Sir Georg Solti,  Gabriele Fontana,  Christopher Bowers-Broadbent  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Tate,  Sir Georg Solti,  Sir Colin Davis,  Gyorgy Fischer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $39.98
    CD: $37.99
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  • 4.
    Richard Strauss: Complete Operas
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002013902 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 33
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Cäcilie Reich,  Eva Maria Rogner,  Ira Malaniuk  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Karl Böhm,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    Recommendation
    On sale! $259.98
    CD: $169.99
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  • 5.
    Beethoven: Symphonie No. 8; Strauss: Vier Letzte Lieder; Bartok: Konzert Fur Orchester
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 881132 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss,  Béla Bartók
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Conductor:  István Kertész
    CD: $22.49
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  • 6.
    Karajan - 1970s
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001873702 Release Date: 09/03/2013   Number of Discs: 82
    Composer:  Arcangelo Corelli,  Francesco Manfredini,  Pietro Antonio Locatelli,  Giuseppe Torelli  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Brandis,  Michel Schwalbé,  Karlheinz Zöller,  Edith Mathis  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Hans Priem Bergrath
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus  ... 
    CD: $313.99
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  • 7.
    Strauss: Leider / Oelze, Schneider
    Label: Solo Musica   Catalog: 183 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Eric Schneider,  Christiane Oelze
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  • 8.
    Strauss: Vier Letzte Lieder; Wolf: Lieder
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 235562 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Hugo Wolf
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Gerald Moore,  Günther Weissenborn
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 9.
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 165022 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Wagner,  Bedrich Smetana,  Engelbert Humperdinck  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Elisabeth Grümmer,  Gerald Moore,  Edwin Fischer  ... 
    Conductor:  Walter Susskind,  Heinrich Schmidt,  Herbert von Karajan,  Lovro von Matacic  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 10.
    Label: Farao   Catalog: B108033 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Joseph Breinl,  Waltraud Meier
    CD: $19.99
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  • 11.
    Philips Original Jackets Collection  [55-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001767702 Release Date: 12/04/2012   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Elisabeth Unger,  Claudio Arrau,  Thomas Zehetmair  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Bernard Haitink,  Frans Brüggen,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Beaux Arts Trio  ... 
    On sale! $169.98
    CD: $148.49
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  • 12.
    Solti Conducts The Strauss Operas [15-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001746102 Release Date: 10/16/2012   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Waldemar Kmentt,  Hilde Gueden,  Eberhard Wächter,  Wilhelm Lenninger  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 13.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Arias /  Anne Schwanewilms
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 858121 Release Date: 05/15/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anne Schwanewilms,  Jutta Böhnert,  Regina Richter
    Conductor:  Markus Stenz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Gürzenich Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Strauss: Der Burger Als Edelmann, Vier Letzte Lieder / Larsson, Boyd
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9011738 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Lisa Larsson
    Conductor:  Douglas Boyd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musikkollegium Winterthur
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  • 15.
    Strauss: Vier Letzte Lieder; Four Last Songs; Daphne; Closing Scene; 12 Lieder
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 02317 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt,  Bernard Haitink
    CD: $7.99
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  • 16.
    Alois, Um Mitternacht - Mahler, Strauss / Farnberger, Muhlbacher
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 91192 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Franz Farnberger,  Alois Mühlbacher
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 17.
    Leontyne Price - The Complete Collection of Song & Spiritual Albums
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 794050 Release Date: 01/24/2012   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Samuel Barber,  Gabriel Fauré,  Francis Poulenc,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Leontyne Price,  Samuel Barber,  David Garvey,  Patricia Clark  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Thomas Schippers,  Leonard De Paur  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $29.98
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  • 18.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Schwarzkopf, Szell
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 87318 Release Date: 01/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Edith Peinemann
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 19.
    Eugen Jochum: Rare Recordings / Bavarian Radio Orchestra
    Label: Tahra   Catalog: 720 Release Date: 12/13/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Richard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Annelies Kupper,  Edwin Fischer
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 20.
    Strauss: Orchestral Works / Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic [5-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001607102 Release Date: 10/18/2011   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Lothar Koch,  Antonio Meneses,  Leon Spierer,  Wolfram Christ  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 21.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs; Die Frau Ohne Schatten
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7712872 Release Date: 09/13/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Leontyne Price
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Erich Leinsdorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 22.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Four Last Songs / Roschmann, Nezet-Seguin, Rotterdam PO
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1880 Release Date: 08/23/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Dorothea Röschmann
    Conductor:  Yannick Nézet-Séguin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra
    SuperAudio CD: $21.49
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  • 23.
    Lisa Della Casa Sings Richard Strauss
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1129 Release Date: 07/12/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Lisa Della Casa
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Alberto Erede,  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 24.
    Elisabeth Schwarzkopf Sings Strauss & Mozart
    Label: Alto Records   Catalog: 4001080 Release Date: 06/21/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Conductor:  Mario Rossi,  John Pritchard,  Herbert von Karajan,  Otto Ackermann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 25.
    Aga Mikolaj Sings Strauss & Mozart
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777641-2 Release Date: 03/29/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Aga Mikolaj
    Conductor:  Karl Sollak
    CD: $17.99
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