Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Also sprach Zarasthustra, Macbeth & Till Eulenspiegel / Nelsons, Concertgebouw
Release Date: 01/27/2015   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 718908   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos / Bohm, Jurinac, Vienna Philharmonic
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 107255   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Don Juan, Death and Transfiguration, Till Eulenspiegel / Honeck
Release Date: 11/12/2013   Label: Reference Recordings  
Catalog: 707   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra / Theorin, Meier, Westbroaek, Pape, Gatti [blu-ray]
Release Date: 06/24/2014   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 108110   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra / Marton, Studer, Fassbaender
Release Date: 05/26/2009   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 100049   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Four Last Songs, AV 150

Browse 1-25 of 73 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Bamberg Symphony: The First 70 Years
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002474902 Release Date: 04/29/2016   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Antonín Dvorák,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff,  Carl Seemann,  Pilar Lorengar,  Gottlob Frick  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth,  Fritz Lehmann,  Ferdinand Leitner,  Richard Krauss  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $52.99
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  • 2.
    Elisabeth Schwarzkopf: The Complete Recitals 1952-74
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 553028 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 31
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Anny Felbermayer,  Josef Metternich  ... 
    Conductor:  John Pritchard,  Otto Ackermann,  Lovro von Matacic,  Josef Krips  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  Philharmonia Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $86.98
    CD: $70.99
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  • 3.
    The History of Classical Music in 24 Hours
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002403602 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 24
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Pérotin,  Guillaume de Machaut,  John Dunstable  ... 
    Performer:  Konrad Ragossnig,  Charles [Tenor Vocals] Daniels,  Susan Gritton,  Trevor Pinnock  ... 
    Conductor:  Pater Godehard Joppich,  David Munrow,  Josef Ulsamer,  Bruno Turner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Early Music Consort of London,  Ulsamer-Collegium,  Hamburger Bläserkreis für Alte Musik  ... 
    CD: $75.49
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  • 4.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs; Mahler: Songs Of A Wayfarer; Kindertotenlieder
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002386802 Release Date: 10/16/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Brigitte Fassbaender
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti,  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Deutsches Sinfonie-orchester Berlin
    CD: $7.99
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  • 5.
    Richard Strauss: Four Last Songs; Lieder
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552136 Release Date: 09/18/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Unspecified
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Edith Peinemann
    Conductor:  George Szell
    CD: $13.99
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  • 6.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Alpine Symphonty; Rihm / Harteros, Thiielemann [blu-ray]
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 726504 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Rihm
    Performer:  Anja Harteros
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
    On sale! $34.99
    Blu-ray Video: $31.99
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  • 7.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Alpine Symphony; Rihm / Harteros, Thiielemann
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 726408 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Rihm
    Performer:  Anja Harteros
    Conductor:  Christian Thielemann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
    On sale! $24.99
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  • 8.
    Karajan - 1980s
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002187902 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 78
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Anton Bruckner,  Johannes Brahms,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Performer:  David Bell,  José Van Dam,  Barbara Hendricks,  Gösta Winbergh  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Domenico Bartolucci
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
    CD: $245.99
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  • 9.
    R. Strauss: 4 Last Songs; Capriccio Closing Scene; Wagner: Wotan's Farewell
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7072 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Otto Edelmann
    Conductor:  Otto Ackermann
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 10.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Ein Heldenleben / Netrebko, Barenboim
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002188002 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anna Netrebko
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra
    On sale! $21.98
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  • 11.
    The Originals - Legendary Recordings from DG
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002171502 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Pierre Fournier,  Walter Berry  ... 
    Conductor:  David Oistrakh,  Sir Eugene Goossens,  Franz Konwitschny,  Carlos Kleiber  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    CD: $175.49
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  • 12.
    Heimkehr: Lieder Von Wagner Und Strauss
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 1811 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Oliver Pohl,  Roman [Baritone Vocals] Trekel
    CD: $19.99
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  • 13.
    Strauss / Karajan [11 CDs & 1 Blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002100500 Release Date: 08/19/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michel Schwalbé,  Giusto Cappone,  Pierre Fournier,  Norbert Hauptmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Karajan 1947-1958: Bach, Beethoven, Brahms - Choral Music
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 633629 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Nicolai Gedda,  Marga Höffgen,  Heinz Rehfuss  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $28.99
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  • 15.
    Richard Strauss: Don Juan; Tod Und Verklarung; Till Eulenspiegel Lustige Streiche; Vier Letzte Lieder
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 350100 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  Otto Ackermann
    SuperAudio CD: $24.99
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  • 16.
    Jessye Norman: 3 Classic Albums
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002044802 Release Date: 05/06/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Maurice Ravel,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Jessye Norman
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $21.99
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  • 17.
    Kiri Te Kanawa: The Classic Albums [6-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002013002 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Joseph Canteloube,  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gottfried H. Stölzel  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Sir Georg Solti,  Gabriele Fontana,  Christopher Bowers-Broadbent  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Tate,  Sir Georg Solti,  Sir Colin Davis,  Gyorgy Fischer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $39.99
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  • 18.
    Richard Strauss: Complete Operas
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002013902 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 33
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Cäcilie Reich,  Eva Maria Rogner,  Ira Malaniuk  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Karl Böhm,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    Recommendation
    On sale! $175.98
    CD: $167.49
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  • 19.
    Beethoven: Symphonie No. 8; Strauss: Vier Letzte Lieder; Bartok: Konzert Fur Orchester
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 881132 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss,  Béla Bartók
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Conductor:  István Kertész
    CD: $22.49
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  • 20.
    Gunter Wand - The Radio Recordings
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 13038 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Olivier Messiaen,  Anton Webern,  Wolfgang Fortner  ... 
    Performer:  Erno Sebestyen,  Margaret Marshall,  Monique [Ondes Martenot] Matagne-Cavailles,  Tiny Wirtz  ... 
    Conductor:  Günter Wand
    CD: $98.99
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  • 21.
    Strauss: Leider / Oelze, Schneider
    Label: Solo Musica   Catalog: 183 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Eric Schneider,  Christiane Oelze
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  • 22.
    Solti Conducts The Strauss Operas [15-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001746102 Release Date: 10/16/2012   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Waldemar Kmentt,  Hilde Gueden,  Eberhard Wächter,  Wilhelm Lenninger  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 23.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Arias /  Anne Schwanewilms
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 858121 Release Date: 05/15/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anne Schwanewilms,  Jutta Böhnert,  Regina Richter
    Conductor:  Markus Stenz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Gürzenich Orchestra
    Recommendation
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  • 24.
    Strauss: Der Burger Als Edelmann, Vier Letzte Lieder / Larsson, Boyd
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9011738 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Lisa Larsson
    Conductor:  Douglas Boyd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musikkollegium Winterthur
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  • 25.
    Alois, Um Mitternacht - Mahler, Strauss / Farnberger, Muhlbacher
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 91192 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Franz Farnberger,  Alois Mühlbacher
    On sale! $22.98
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