Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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The Romantic Violin Concerto Vol 16 - Busoni, Strauss / Becker-Bender
Release Date: 08/12/2014   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 68044   Number of Discs: 1
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Deutsche Motette - German Romantic Choral Music from Schubert to Strauss
Release Date: 08/13/2013   Label: Delphian  
Catalog: 34124   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Die Frau ohne Schatten / Nilsson, Bohm
Release Date: 09/20/1994   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 445325   Number of Discs: 3
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Strauss: Ariadne Auf Naxos / Böhm, Jurinac, Grist
Release Date: 09/21/2004   Label: Tdk  
Catalog: CLOPAAN   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss:  Complete Songs, Vol. 6 / Elizabeth Watts, Roger Vignoles
Release Date: 11/13/2012   Label: Hyperion  
Catalog: 67844   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Tod und Verklärung, Op. 24

Browse 76-100 of 108 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Strauss: Tod Und Verklarung, Etc;  Wagner / Knappertsbusch
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1338 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Günther Treptow
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris
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  • 77.
    Strauss: Symphonic Poems Vol 1 / Neeme Järvi
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10199 Release Date: 04/27/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Strauss: Tod Und Verklärung, Etc;  Smetana / Furtwängler
    Label: Emi Great Artists Of The Century   Catalog: 62793 Release Date: 03/23/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Bedrich Smetana
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Mozart Symphony No 25; Mahler, Strauss / Böhm, Ludwig
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 607031 Release Date: 11/25/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 80.
    James Levine - A Celebration In Music
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000041502 Release Date: 06/10/2003   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Igor Stravinsky,  Anton Webern  ... 
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 81.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Albert Coates
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75486 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Frida Leider,  Lauritz Melchior
    Conductor:  Albert Coates
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Etc / Kempe, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Encore   Catalog: 74756 Release Date: 01/07/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 83.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Tod Und Verklärung / Kempe, Et Al
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 67892 Release Date: 09/17/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 84.
    Classics - R. Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathrustra / Previn
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80167 Release Date: 04/23/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 85.
    Strauss: Tone Poems / Böhm, Staatskapelle Dresden, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463190 Release Date: 03/13/2001   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Wolfgang Meyer,  Michel Schwalbé
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 86.
    Strauss, Brahms, Dvorak / Reiner, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: London/Decca Legends   Catalog: 467122 Release Date: 11/14/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 87.
    R. Strauss: Orchestral Works / Rudolf Kempe, Dresden So
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 74016 Release Date: 08/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Peter Mirring
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden State Opera Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Richard Strauss Conducts His Tone Poems - 1936-1942 Concerts
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1057 Release Date: 05/23/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Richard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Reichssenders Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4845 Release Date: 02/22/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Richard Strauss,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  All-American Youth Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Immortal Toscanini Vol 8 - Orchestral Showpieces
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 59484 Release Date: 11/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Jean Sibelius,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 91.
    R. Strauss: Don Juan, Vier Letzte Lieder, Etc / Masur, Voigt
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 25990 Release Date: 06/08/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Deborah Voigt
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 92.
    Merit - Toscanini Conducts Richard Strauss
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4613 Release Date: 04/13/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Emanuel Feuermann
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 93.
    R. Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Etc / Blomstedt
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 448815 Release Date: 06/09/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Stokowski - Tchaikovsky, Strauss / Hollywood Bowl Symphony
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 506 Release Date: 10/29/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra,  New York City Symphony
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  • 95.
    Jascha Horenstein Conducts Strauss, Wagner, Mahler, Et Al
    Label: Vox Box Legends   Catalog: 5529 Release Date: 10/22/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Richard Wagner,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Norman Foster
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 96.
    R. Strauss: Don Quixote, Tod Und Verklärung / Levine
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 447762 Release Date: 08/13/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Raymond Gniewek,  Jerry Grossman,  Michael Ouzounian
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Karajan, Janowitz, Berlin Po
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447422 Release Date: 01/23/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Gundula Janowitz
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 98.
    The Begian Years Vol 6 / University Of Illinois Symphonic Band
    Label: Mark Records   Catalog: 1647 Release Date: 01/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Hindemith,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Conductor:  Harry Begian
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  University of Illinois Symphonic Band
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  • 99.
    Karajan Gold - Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Tod und Verklarung / Berlin
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439039 Release Date: 09/01/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 100.
    Bruno Walter Edition - Strauss, Barber, Dvorák
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64466 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Samuel Barber,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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