Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Don Juan, Till Eulenspiegel / Mackerras, RPO
Release Date: 03/08/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 29260   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss, Ravel, Dukas / Argerich, Rabinovitch
Release Date: 02/27/1998   Label: Teldec  
Catalog: 96435   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Complete Orchestral Works / Rudolf Kempe
Release Date: 01/14/2014   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 3178025   Number of Discs: 9
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Strauss: Enoch Arden / Emanuel Ax, Patrick Stewart
Release Date: 08/28/2007   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 709056   Number of Discs: 1
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Richard Strauss Collection
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 107539   Number of Discs: 11
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Work: Tod und Verklärung, Op. 24

Browse 51-75 of 109 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Debussy: La Mer;  Ravel, Strauss / Leinsdorf, Los Angeles
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 65425 Release Date: 08/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 52.
    Legendary Strauss Recordings
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60929 Release Date: 08/06/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Bruno Jaenicke,  Scipione Guidi,  Alfred Wallenstein
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg,  Serge Koussevitzky,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Leopold Stokowski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 53.
    R Strauss: Metamorphosen For 23 Strings / Eugene Ormandy
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 17076 Release Date: 08/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 54.
    R Strauss: Death And Transfiguration / Mata, Dallas Symphony
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 14353 Release Date: 06/25/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Eduardo Mata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dallas Symphony Orchestra
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  • 55.
    Mahler: Symphony No 9;  Strauss: Tod Und Verklärung
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 7004 Release Date: 05/29/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 56.
    Sunday Evenings With Pierre Monteux - California 1941-52
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1192 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Olivier Messiaen,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Dorothy Warenskjold,  William Kapell,  Boris Blinder,  Naum Blinder  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Standard Symphony Orchestra
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  • 57.
    Mahler: Symphony No 9;  Strauss / Klemperer
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 80003 Release Date: 03/06/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 58.
    DG Concerts - 2005/2006 - Strauss / Maazel, New York Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4776435 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 59.
    Toscanini - Complete Philadelphia Orchestra Recordings
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 702331 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Hector Berlioz,  Ottorino Respighi  ... 
    Performer:  Edwina Eustis,  Florence Kirk
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  University of Pennsylvania Women's Glee Club
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  • 60.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc;  Wagner / Brewer, Et Al
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80661 Release Date: 08/15/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christine Brewer
    Conductor:  Donald Runnicles
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Pierre Monteux In France 1952-58 Concert Performances
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1182 Release Date: 07/18/2006   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Josef Greindl,  Libero De Luca,  Hélène Bouvier,  Maria Stader  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  French National Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Strauss: Death & Transfiguration, Etc / Kashif, Et Al
    Label: Resonance   Catalog: 3061 Release Date: 05/23/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Frank Lloyd
    Conductor:  Tolga Kashif
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 63.
    R. Strauss: Orchestral Works / Zinman, Et Al
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 984950 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Thomas Grossenbacher,  Michel Rouilly,  Roland Pöntinen,  Simon Fuchs  ... 
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra,  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra Winds
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  • 64.
    Strauss: Metamorphosen, Tod und Verklärung / Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 410892 Release Date: 01/02/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Strauss: Orchestral Works / Kempe, Frager, Hoelscher, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 7591 Release Date: 12/20/2005   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Peter Damm,  Manfred Weise,  Wolfgang Liebscher,  Malcolm Frager  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 66.
    Dorati Conducts Stravinsky, Prokofiev, Gershwin, Et Al
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 000518902 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Bedrich Smetana,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Original Masters - Karl Böhm - Mozart And Strauss
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000480402 Release Date: 09/13/2005   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Lisa Della Casa,  Michel Schwalbé,  Kurt Böhme,  Waldemar Kmentt  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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  • 68.
    Strauss: Till Eulenspiegel, Etc;  Wagner / Karajan, Et Al
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1383 Release Date: 08/09/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Strauss: Tone Poems / Jochum, Haitink, Et Al
    Label: Universal   Catalog: 000412602 Release Date: 03/08/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Herman Krebbers
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Famous Conductors Of The Past - Clemens Krauss
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90499 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Jascha Horenstein - Broadcast Performances From Paris
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1146 Release Date: 08/31/2004   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Samuel Barber,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Lola Bobesco,  Marian Anderson,  Pilar Lorengar,  Marga Höffgen  ... 
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra
    CD: $74.49
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  • 72.
    Strauss: Tod Und Verklarung, Etc;  Wagner / Knappertsbusch
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1338 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Günther Treptow
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris
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  • 73.
    Strauss: Symphonic Poems Vol 1 / Neeme Järvi
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10199 Release Date: 04/27/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Strauss: Tod Und Verklärung / Karajan, Bpo
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 45984 Release Date: 04/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Etc / Zinman, Tonhalle Zurich
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 85710 Release Date: 04/20/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Primoz Novsak
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra
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