Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Elektra & Der Rosenkavalier / Honeck, Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 11/18/2016   Label: Reference Recordings  
Catalog: 722   Number of Discs: 1
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Wagner, Strauss / Richard Hickox, Jard Van Nes, Et Al
Release Date: 06/21/2005   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10313   Number of Discs: 1
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R. Strauss: Music For Symphonic Brass / Locke Brass Consort
Release Date: 10/28/1992   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8419   Number of Discs: 1
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R. Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc / Lott, Järvi
Release Date: 05/20/2003   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10075   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Arabella / Haitink, Putnam, Glyndebourne Festival
Release Date: 10/14/2003   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 2254   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Tod und Verklärung, Op. 24

Browse 51-75 of 91 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Artur Rodzinski - Artist Profile
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68742 Release Date: 12/26/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Artur Rodzinski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 52.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Metamorphosen, Etc / Klemperer
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 63350 Release Date: 09/17/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 53.
    Toscanini Collection Vol 30 - Richard Strauss: Don Quixote
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60295 Release Date: 09/05/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Frank Miller
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 54.
    Prokofiev: Symphony No 5; Strauss: Tod Und Verklarung / Celibidache
    Label: Opus Arte   Catalog: 979 Release Date: 08/28/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
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  • 55.
    Bruckner: Symphony no 4; Strauss / Steinberg, Pittsburgh SO
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 66556 Release Date: 08/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  William Steinberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 56.
    Debussy: La Mer;  Ravel, Strauss / Leinsdorf, Los Angeles
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 65425 Release Date: 08/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 57.
    R Strauss: Metamorphosen For 23 Strings / Eugene Ormandy
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 17076 Release Date: 07/20/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Legendary Strauss Recordings
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60929 Release Date: 07/18/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Bruno Jaenicke,  Scipione Guidi,  Alfred Wallenstein
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg,  Serge Koussevitzky,  Sir Thomas Beecham,  Leopold Stokowski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 59.
    R Strauss: Death And Transfiguration / Mata, Dallas Symphony
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 14353 Release Date: 06/15/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Eduardo Mata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dallas Symphony Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Mahler: Symphony No 9;  Strauss: Tod Und Verklärung
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 7004 Release Date: 05/29/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 61.
    Sunday Evenings With Pierre Monteux - California 1941-52
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1192 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Olivier Messiaen,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Dorothy Warenskjold,  William Kapell,  Boris Blinder,  Naum Blinder  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Standard Symphony Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Mahler: Symphony No 9;  Strauss / Klemperer
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 80003 Release Date: 03/06/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 63.
    DG Concerts - 2005/2006 - Strauss / Maazel, New York Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4776435 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 64.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Etc;  Wagner / Brewer, Et Al
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80661 Release Date: 08/15/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christine Brewer
    Conductor:  Donald Runnicles
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Pierre Monteux In France 1952-58 Concert Performances
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1182 Release Date: 07/18/2006   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Josef Greindl,  Libero De Luca,  Hélène Bouvier,  Maria Stader  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  French National Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Strauss: Metamorphosen, Tod und Verklärung / Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 410892 Release Date: 01/02/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Strauss: Orchestral Works / Kempe, Frager, Hoelscher, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 7591 Release Date: 12/20/2005   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Peter Damm,  Manfred Weise,  Wolfgang Liebscher,  Malcolm Frager  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 68.
    Dorati Conducts Stravinsky, Prokofiev, Gershwin, Et Al
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 000518902 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Bedrich Smetana,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Strauss: Symphonic Poems Vol 1 / Neeme Järvi
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10199 Release Date: 04/27/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 70.
    The Legendary Concert In Salzburg August 1, 1953 / De Sabata
    Label: Idi   Catalog: 6416 Release Date: 04/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Strauss,  Maurice Ravel
    Conductor:  Victor De Sabata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Strauss: Tod Und Verklärung, Etc;  Smetana / Furtwängler
    Label: Emi Great Artists Of The Century   Catalog: 62793 Release Date: 03/23/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Bedrich Smetana
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Mozart Symphony No 25; Mahler, Strauss / Böhm, Ludwig
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 607031 Release Date: 11/25/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 73.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Etc / Kempe, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Encore   Catalog: 74756 Release Date: 01/07/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 74.
    Classics - R. Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathrustra / Previn
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80167 Release Date: 04/23/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Strauss: Tone Poems / Böhm, Staatskapelle Dresden, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463190 Release Date: 03/13/2001   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Wolfgang Meyer,  Michel Schwalbé
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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