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Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Four Last Songs, Ein Heldenleben / Netrebko, Barenboim
Release Date: 12/09/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002188002   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra  / Herlitzius, Meier, Pieczonka, Petrenko, Orchestre De Paris [blu-ray]
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 410   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Meier, Salonen, Orchestre De Paris
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 110   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss Conducts Strauss, Mozart, Beethoven [7-CD Set]
Release Date: 05/19/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002037802   Number of Discs: 7
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Work: Tod und Verklärung, Op. 24

Browse 26-50 of 111 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Arturo Toscanini - The Complete RCA Collection
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 791631 Release Date: 07/10/2012   Number of Discs: 85
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Eileen Farrell,  Nan Merriman,  Jan Peerce,  Norman Scott  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  Robert Shaw Chorale,  NBC Symphony Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $149.98
    CD: $69.99
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  • 27.
    Clemens Krauss Conducts Richard Strauss
    Label: Dutton Laboratories/Vocalion   Catalog: 9816 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    CD: $12.99
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  • 28.
    Strauss: Tone Poems / Rudolf Kempe, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 6783122 Release Date: 03/26/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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    CD: $24.99
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  • 29.
    Strauss: Orchestral Works / Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic [5-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001607102 Release Date: 10/18/2011   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Lothar Koch,  Antonio Meneses,  Leon Spierer,  Wolfram Christ  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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    CD: $31.99
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  • 30.
    Anthology Of The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra Vol 6 - Live Radio Recordings 1990-2000
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 11004 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Luciano Berio,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    Performer:  Ildiko Komlósi,  Kolos Kovacs,  Martha Argerich,  Ann Murray  ... 
    Conductor:  Iván Fischer,  Claus Peter Flor,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Luciano Berio  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Swingle Singers,  Netherlands Radio Women's Chorus
    Recommendation
    On sale! $246.98
    CD: $189.99
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  • 31.
    Icon: William Steinberg
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 26486 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein,  Rudolf Firkusny
    Conductor:  William Steinberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $63.99
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  • 32.
    Klaus Tennstedt - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 94433 Release Date: 06/07/2011   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Jorma Hynninen
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Chorus,  London Philharmonic Choir  ... 
    On sale! $67.98
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  • 33.
    Wilhelm Furtwangler - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 07878 Release Date: 05/17/2011   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Béla Bartók,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Elisabeth Höngen,  Hans Hopf,  Otto Edelmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $85.98
    CD: $73.99
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  • 34.
    Strauss: Tone Poems / Rudolf Kempe, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 18745 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
    CD not available
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  • 35.
    111 - The Collector's Edition 2 [56-CD Set - Limited Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4779142 Release Date: 11/09/2010   Number of Discs: 56
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Maurice Ravel,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Stuart Harling,  Robert Lloyd,  Sherrill Milnes,  Placido Domingo  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  John Nelson,  Leonard Bernstein,  Jerzy Semkow  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  George Watson's College Boys' Chorus  ... 
    CD not available
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  • 36.
    Eduardo Mata Edition Vol 2 - Strauss, Rodrigo, Wiren
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 30978 Release Date: 10/01/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Dag Wirén
    Performer:  James Galway
    Conductor:  Eduardo Mata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dallas Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  National Arts Centre Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Icon - Rudolf Kempe
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 29557 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Sylvia Geszty,  Teresa Zylis-Gara,  Gundula Janowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 38.
    Label: Dal Segno   Catalog: 50 Release Date: 08/31/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt
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  • 39.
    Strauss: Tone Poems: Love And Death
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 766451 Release Date: 08/18/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Johannes Fritzsch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Queensland Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $28.99
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  • 40.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Till Eulenspiegel, Death &  Transfiguration / Ormandy
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38121 Release Date: 07/13/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 41.
    Pierre Monteux Edition Vol 12 - R. Strauss / San Francisco
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61889 Release Date: 05/27/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Naum Blinder
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4;  Strauss / De Sabata, Berlin - 1939
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423715 Release Date: 05/13/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Victor De Sabata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 43.
    Richard Strauss: Tone Poems
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 56334 Release Date: 04/06/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Klaus Tennstedt
    CD: $12.99
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  • 44.
    Strauss: Symphonia Domestica / Fritz Reiner, Chicago Symphony
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60388 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 45.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Tod Und Verklarung / Celibidache, Stuttgart Radio
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453191 Release Date: 05/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ottorino Respighi
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 46.
    The Art Of Bernard Haitink
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001267402 Release Date: 03/10/2009   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Béla Bartók,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $39.99
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  • 47.
    Strauss: Tod Und Verklarung;  Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Walter, Bbc So, London Po
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1429 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $25.98
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  • 48.
    R Strauss: Don Juan, Till Eulenspiegel, Etc / Abbado, Lso
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 410518 Release Date: 01/07/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Edition Karl Böhm Vol VI - Strauss
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 95586 Release Date: 11/11/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Fritz Görlach
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 50.
    Richard Strauss: Ein Heldenleben; Tod Und Verklarung
    Label: Coviello Classics   Catalog: 30806 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Jonas Alber
    SuperAudio CD: $19.99
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