Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss:  Ariadne Auf Naxos  / Harding, Kaufmann, Magee, Mosuc
Release Date: 07/15/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 300574   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Ariadne Auf Naxos / Isokoski, Claycomb, Allen, Jurowski, London Philharmonic
Release Date: 07/29/2014   Label: Opus Arte  
Catalog: 1135   Number of Discs: 1
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Richard Strauss: Josephslegende
Release Date: 06/25/2013   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 5120   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Ariadne Auf Naxos / Harding, Kaufmann, Magee, Mosuc [blu-ray]
Release Date: 07/15/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 300575   Number of Discs: 1
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Richard Strauss: Complete Works for Voice and Piano
Release Date: 06/10/2014   Label: Twopianists (Label)  
Catalog: 39312   Number of Discs: 9
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Work: Tod und Verklärung, Op. 24

Browse 26-50 of 111 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Strauss: Tone Poems / Rudolf Kempe, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 18745 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 27.
    111 - The Collector's Edition 2 [56-CD Set - Limited Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4779142 Release Date: 11/09/2010   Number of Discs: 56
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Maurice Ravel,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Stuart Harling,  Robert Lloyd,  Sherrill Milnes,  Placido Domingo  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  John Nelson,  Leonard Bernstein,  Jerzy Semkow  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  George Watson's College Boys' Chorus  ... 
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  • 28.
    Eduardo Mata Edition Vol 2 - Strauss, Rodrigo, Wiren
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 30978 Release Date: 10/01/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Dag Wirén
    Performer:  James Galway
    Conductor:  Eduardo Mata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dallas Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  National Arts Centre Orchestra
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  • 29.
    Icon - Rudolf Kempe
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 29557 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Sylvia Geszty,  Teresa Zylis-Gara,  Gundula Janowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 30.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Till Eulenspiegel, Death &  Transfiguration / Ormandy
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 38121 Release Date: 07/13/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Pierre Monteux Edition Vol 12 - R. Strauss / San Francisco
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61889 Release Date: 05/27/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Naum Blinder
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Brahms: Symphony No 4;  Strauss / De Sabata, Berlin - 1939
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423715 Release Date: 05/13/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Victor De Sabata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Richard Strauss: Tone Poems
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56334 Release Date: 04/06/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Klaus Tennstedt
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  • 34.
    Richard Strauss: Ein Heldenleben; Tod Und Verklarung
    Label: Coviello Classics   Catalog: 30806 Release Date: 02/02/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Jonas Alber
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  • 35.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs, Tod und Verklarung; Wagner / Popp, Tennstedt
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64290 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Lucia Popp
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 36.
    Strauss: Symphonia Domestica / Fritz Reiner, Chicago Symphony
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60388 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Label: Dal Segno   Catalog: DSPRCD050 Release Date: 08/01/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt
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  • 38.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Tod Und Verklarung / Celibidache, Stuttgart Radio
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453191 Release Date: 05/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ottorino Respighi
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 39.
    The Art Of Bernard Haitink
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001267402 Release Date: 03/10/2009   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Béla Bartók,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 40.
    Strauss: Tod Und Verklarung;  Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Walter, Bbc So, London Po
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1429 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 41.
    R Strauss: Don Juan, Till Eulenspiegel, Etc / Abbado, Lso
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 410518 Release Date: 01/07/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 42.
    Edition Karl Böhm Vol VI - Strauss
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 95586 Release Date: 11/11/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Fritz Görlach
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra
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  • 43.
    Strauss: Orchestral Works / Kempe, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 958332 Release Date: 10/21/2008   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Peter Rösel,  Ulf Hoelscher,  Manfred Clement,  Peter Damm  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 44.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Don Juan, Zarathustra / Sinopoli
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4800411 Release Date: 10/13/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 45.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Tod Und Verklärung
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 425942 Release Date: 09/16/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 46.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra / Karajan, Vienna Phil
    Label: London/Decca Jubilee   Catalog: 417720 Release Date: 09/02/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 47.
    Strauss: Don Juan Op 20, Tod Und Verklärung Op 24, Etc / Albrecht, Strasbourg Po
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186310 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Marc Albrecht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Strasbourg Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 48.
    Karajan - Complete Emi Recordings 1946-84 Vol 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 12038 Release Date: 04/01/2008   Number of Discs: 88
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  E. Nikolaus von Reznicek,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Leister,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Ernst Haefliger,  Anne-Sophie Mutter  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
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  • 49.
    Karajan - The Legendary Decca Recordings - Brahms, Adam, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001078802 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Gustav Holst  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Artur Rodzinski - Artist Profile
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68742 Release Date: 12/26/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Artur Rodzinski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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