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Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier - A Film by Paul Czinner
Release Date: 11/16/2010   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4684   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier - A Film By Paul Czinner
Release Date: 11/16/2010   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4684   Number of Discs: 1
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R. Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos / Falletta, Buffalo Philharmonic
Release Date: 02/10/2017   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573460   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Solti, Te Kanawa, Bonney, Howells, Haugland
Release Date: 01/13/2004   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 2029   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Weigle, Metropolitan Orchestra [Blu-ray]
Release Date: 12/01/2017   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002758459   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Also sprach Zarathustra, Op. 30

Browse 1-25 of 85 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Boston Symphony Orchestra: Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797718 Release Date: 10/20/2017   Number of Discs: 57
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Alexander Scriabin,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Zukofsky,  Christoph Eschenbach,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Teresa Berganza  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Michael Tilson Thomas,  William Steinberg,  Rafael Kubelik  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Chamber Players
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  • 2.
    The Gerard Schwarz Collection
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8503294 Release Date: 10/13/2017   Number of Discs: 30
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Webern,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Thelma Handy,  Kenneth Munday,  David Shifrin,  Richard Todd  ... 
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz,  Gunther Schuller,  Jason K. Fettig
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra,  Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra,  New York Chamber Symphony  ... 
    On sale! $149.99
    CD: $94.99
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  • 3.
    Sir Georg Solti: The Complete Chicago Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4831375 Release Date: 09/15/2017   Number of Discs: 108
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $373.99
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  • 4.
    Strauss: Also sprach Zarathustra - Mahler: Totenfeier / Jurowski, Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester Berlin
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186597 Release Date: 09/15/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Tobias Berndt
    Conductor:  Vladimir Jurowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
    SuperAudio CD: $19.99
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  • 5.
    DG 111: The Conductors / Various
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797477 Release Date: 08/04/2017   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Alexander Scriabin,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Gaston Litaize,  Alain Moglia,  Luben Yordanoff,  Christa Ludwig  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Daniel Barenboim,  Leonard Bernstein,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  New England Conservatory Chorus,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $138.99
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  • 6.
    Holst: Planets - Strauss: Zarathustra / Gardner, Great Britain National Youth Orchestra [Vinyl]
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: ABRD 5179 Release Date: 07/21/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Holst
    Conductor:  Edward Gardner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Youth Orchestra of Great Britain,  City of Birmingham Symphony Youth Chorus
    LP: $24.99
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  • 7.
    Strauss: Orchestral Works & Concertos
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88883798632 Release Date: 05/12/2017   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Steven Isserlis,  Martha Argerich,  Simon Fuchs,  Knut Sonstevold  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  George Szell,  Pierre Monteux,  Rudolf Kempe  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra,  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $23.99
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  • 8.
    Herbert von Karajan & Berliner Philharmoniker
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797230 Release Date: 04/28/2017   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Arthur Honegger,  Igor Stravinsky,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $32.49
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  • 9.
    New York Philharmonic: 175th Anniversary Edition
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 533636 Release Date: 04/07/2017   Number of Discs: 65
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Ambroise Thomas  ... 
    Performer:  Oscar Levant,  Robert Casadesus,  Isaac Stern,  Yo-Yo Ma
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg,  Josef Stransky,  Arturo Toscanini,  Sir John Barbirolli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 10.
    Karl Bohm: Great Recordings 1953-1972
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797021 Release Date: 02/24/2017   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Max Reger,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Wolfgang Meyer,  Marianna Radev,  Josef Greindl,  Maria Stader  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin St. Hedwig Cathedral Choir,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $63.98
    CD: $49.49
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  • 11.
    Holst: The Planets - Strauss: Also sprach Zarathustra / National Youth Orchestra of Great Britain
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 5179 Release Date: 02/17/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Holst
    Conductor:  Edward Gardner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Youth Orchestra of Great Britain,  City of Birmingham Symphony Youth Chorus
    SuperAudio CD: $19.99
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  • 12.
    Zubin Mehta conducts Richard Strauss
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88985328992 Release Date: 10/28/2016   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim,  Jane Eaglen,  Yuri Gandelsman,  Daniel Stabrawa  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $23.99
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  • 13.
    Symphonies & Symphonic Poems / Mehta
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002488802 Release Date: 05/13/2016   Number of Discs: 23
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss,  Hector Berlioz,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Performer:  Sidney Harth,  Maureen Forrester,  Daniel Benyamini,  Christa Ludwig  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $65.99
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  • 14.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra; Don Juan; Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme / Reiner, Chicago Symphony
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88697712632 Release Date: 10/30/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $6.99
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  • 15.
    Strauss: Don Quixote Op. 35; Also Sprach Zarathustra Op. 30
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 909151 Release Date: 10/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Rudolf Streng,  Pierre Fournier
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    CD: $19.99
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  • 16.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs; Die Frau ohne Schatten, Also Sprach Zarathustra
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88697712872 Release Date: 09/11/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Leontyne Price
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  Erich Leinsdorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $6.99
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  • 17.
    Strauss: Also sprach Zarasthustra, Macbeth & Till Eulenspiegel / Nelsons, Concertgebouw
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 718908 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Andris Nelsons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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    DVD: $29.99
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  • 18.
    Strauss: Also sprach Zarasthustra, Macbeth & Till Eulenspiegel / Nelsons, Concertgebouw [Blu-ray]
    Label: C Major   Catalog: 719004 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Andris Nelsons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 19.
    Seiji Ozawa - The Philips Years: Original Jacket Collection [50-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002185602 Release Date: 11/18/2014   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    Performer:  Mariko Kobayashi,  Everett Firth,  Hiroshi Arimori,  Sawako Yasue  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Saito Kinen Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers  ... 
    Recommendation
    CD: $175.49
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  • 20.
    Strauss: Aus Italien, Also sprach Zarathustra / Roth, SWR SO Baden-Baden and Freiburg
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93320 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  François-Xavier Roth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  SWR Baden-Baden and Freiburg Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 21.
    Strauss / Karajan
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002100500 Release Date: 08/19/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michel Schwalbé,  Giusto Cappone,  Pierre Fournier,  Norbert Hauptmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    Recommendation
    CD: $85.99
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  • 22.
    Richard Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra; Salome; Elektra
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 10180 Release Date: 08/01/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  John Weicher,  Inge Borkh,  Frances Yeend,  Paul [Baritone Vocal] Schoeffler
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    CD: $13.99
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  • 23.
    Strauss / Krauss - Complete Decca Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002055302 Release Date: 06/17/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier,  Ernst Moraweg,  Hermann Gallos,  Anton Dermota  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 24.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra; Don Juan; Till Eulenspiegel / Nelsons, City of Birmingham Symphony
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 878141 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Andris Nelsons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
    Recommendation
    CD: $22.49
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  • 25.
    Fritz Reiner conducts Richard Strauss - The Complete RCA & Columbia Recordings
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 379055 Release Date: 05/19/2014   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  John Weicher,  Philip Farkas,  Inge Borkh,  Francis Yeend  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Lyric Theatre Chorus,  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
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