Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Elektra / Gamba, NorrlandsOperan Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 04/29/2016   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 731808   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Oboe Concerto, Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme / Järvi
Release Date: 03/25/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 470   Number of Discs: 1
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R. Strauss: Der Krämerspiegel, Cello Sonata / Skram, Et Al
Release Date: 09/22/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 49   Number of Discs: 1
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R. Strauss, Sibelius: Songs / Birgit Nilsson, János Sólyom
Release Date: 03/25/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 15   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Four Last Songs / Roschmann, Nezet-Seguin, Rotterdam PO
Release Date: 08/23/2011   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1880   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Don Juan, Op. 20

Browse 76-100 of 139 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Edition Klavier-festival Ruhr - Transkriptionen & Paraphrasen
    Label: Cavi Music   Catalog: 8553015 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Richard Strauss,  Sergej Kursanov,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Anthony Paratore,  Joseph Paratore,  Nikolai Tokarew,  Irina Puryshinskaja  ... 
    On sale! $44.98
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  • 77.
    Karajan - The Legendary Decca Recordings - Brahms, Adam, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001078802 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $71.98
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  • 78.
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 345 Release Date: 02/26/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Dimitri Mitropoulos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 79.
    Strauss: Ein Alpensinfonie, Don Juan / Blomstedt
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 421815 Release Date: 01/07/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Strauss, Mozart, Stravinsky / Bohm, Cologne Rso
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 95591 Release Date: 09/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 81.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Don Juan, Macbeth / Doráti
    Label: London/Decca Jubilee   Catalog: 2LM430-708 Release Date: 09/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Detroit Symphony Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Orchestra! / Georg Solti, Dudley Moore
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 433208 Release Date: 08/20/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Witold Lutoslawski,  Igor Stravinsky,  Béla Bartók  ... 
    Performer:  Dudley Moore,  Sir Georg Solti
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schleswig-Holstein Festival Orchestra
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  • 83.
    New Year's Eve Concert 1992 - Richard Strauss Gala
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4209 Release Date: 07/31/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Frederica Von Stade,  Andreas Schmidt,  Kathleen Battle,  Renée Fleming  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 84.
    Bruckner: Symphony No 4;  Strauss / Otto Klemperer, Et Al
    Label: Medici Masters   Catalog: 1 Release Date: 06/26/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 85.
    R Strauss: Death And Transfiguration / Mata, Dallas Symphony
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 14353 Release Date: 06/15/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Eduardo Mata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dallas Symphony Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Holst: The Planets; Strauss / Karajan, VPO
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000894202 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Holst,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 87.
    Live Recordings 1943-1948 / Serge Koussevitzky
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2321 Release Date: 05/09/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Igor Stravinsky,  Béla Bartók,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Serge Koussevitzky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Walton, Debussy, Handel, Delius, Etc / Silvestri, Et Al
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4207 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Strauss,  Frederick Delius  ... 
    Conductor:  Constantin Silvestri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Chicago Symphony Orchestra- The Centennial Collection
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60206 Release Date: 04/10/2007   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  César Franck,  Richard Wagner,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Leontyne Price,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Frederick Stock,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Desiré DeFauw,  Artur Rodzinski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Sunday Evenings With Pierre Monteux - California 1941-52
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1192 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Olivier Messiaen,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Dorothy Warenskjold,  William Kapell,  Boris Blinder,  Naum Blinder  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Standard Symphony Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Pfitzner: Symphony in C Major; Strauss / Bohm
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 7010 Release Date: 02/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Hans Pfitzner
    Performer:  Hanns Ander-Donath
    Conductor:  Kurt Striegler,  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 92.
    DG Concerts - 2005/2006 - Strauss / Maazel, New York Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4776435 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 93.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Etc / Frühbeck De Burgos, Bohorquez, Etc
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1768 Release Date: 09/05/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christina Biwank,  Claudio Bohorquez
    Conductor:  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Fritz Reiner Conducts Richard Strauss / Pittsburgh So
    Label: Biddulph   Catalog: 83067/68 Release Date: 02/27/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hugo Kolberg,  Vladimir Bakaleinikoff,  Henri Temianka,  Gregor Piatigorsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $35.99
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  • 95.
    R. Strauss: Orchestral Works / Zinman, Et Al
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 984950 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Thomas Grossenbacher,  Michel Rouilly,  Roland Pöntinen,  Simon Fuchs  ... 
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra,  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra Winds
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  • 96.
    Strauss: Orchestral Works / Kempe, Frager, Hoelscher, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 7591 Release Date: 12/20/2005   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Peter Damm,  Manfred Weise,  Wolfgang Liebscher,  Malcolm Frager  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 97.
    Wiener Philharmoniker - Live Performances / Klemperer
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1365 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Wilma Lipp,  Eberhard Wächter,  Ernst Pamperl,  Walter Weller  ... 
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
    On sale! $137.98
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  • 98.
    Dorati Conducts Stravinsky, Prokofiev, Gershwin, Et Al
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 000518902 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Bedrich Smetana,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Schumann: Symphony No 2;  Brahms, Strauss / Szell, Et Al
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1378 Release Date: 08/09/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 100.
    Strauss: Till Eulenspiegel, Etc;  Wagner / Karajan, Et Al
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1383 Release Date: 08/09/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
    On sale! $25.98
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