Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Solti, Crespin, Minton
Release Date: 09/11/2001   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 417493   Number of Discs: 3
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Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos / Masur, Norman, Gruberova
Release Date: 10/25/1990   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 422084   Number of Discs: 2
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R. Strauss: Die Liebe Der Danae / Krauss, Schöffler, Traxel
Release Date: 12/08/1994   Label: Orfeo D'or  
Catalog: 292923   Number of Discs: 3
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Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos / Bohm, Della Casa, Gueden
Release Date: 07/01/1994   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 445332   Number of Discs: 2
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R. Strauss: Salome / Böhm, Jones, Fischer-Dieskau, Hamburg State Opera
Release Date: 07/01/1994   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 445319   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Don Juan, Op. 20

Browse 51-75 of 151 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Wilhelm Furtwangler - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 07878 Release Date: 05/17/2011   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Béla Bartók,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Elisabeth Höngen,  Hans Hopf,  Otto Edelmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $73.99
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  • 52.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Metamorphosen, Songs For Soprano / Latham-koenig, Rodgers
    Label: Avie   Catalog: 2172 Release Date: 05/10/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Joan Rodgers,  Jan Latham-Koenig
    Conductor:  Jan Latham-Koenig
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Strasbourg Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 53.
    100 Best Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17639 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 54.
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 648513 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Josef Strauss,  Johann Strauss Sr.,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
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  • 55.
    Eduardo Mata Edition Vol 2 - Strauss, Rodrigo, Wiren
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 30978 Release Date: 09/20/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Dag Wirén
    Performer:  James Galway
    Conductor:  Eduardo Mata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dallas Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  National Arts Centre Orchestra
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  • 56.
    Icon - Rudolf Kempe
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 29557 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Teresa Zylis-Gara,  Sylvia Geszty,  Gundula Janowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 57.
    Label: Dal Segno   Catalog: 50 Release Date: 08/31/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt
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  • 58.
    Strauss: Complete Orchestral Works Vol 1 / Kempe, Dresden
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64342 Release Date: 08/20/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Peter Damm,  Manfred Clement,  Wolfgang Leibscher,  Manfred Weise  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 59.
    Schubert: Symphony 9;  Strauss: Don Juan, Etc / Schippers
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: CD2X 5140 Release Date: 05/27/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Thomas Schippers
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Eine Alpensinfonie, Der Rosenkavalier Waltz Sequences / Bohm, Rias Orchestra
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 95611 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RIAS Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 61.
    Richard Strauss: Tone Poems / Sawallisch, Tennstedt
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 56334 Release Date: 04/06/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Klaus Tennstedt
    CD: $12.99
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  • 62.
    Herbert Von Karajan & Berliner Philharmoniker  - Tokyo 1957
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 33644 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Strauss: Till Eulenspiegel, Don Juan; Mozart / Fritz Busch
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2356 Release Date: 02/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Busch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Glyndebourne Festival Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 64.
    The Royal Edition - R. Strauss: Zarathustra, Etc / Bernstein
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 47626 Release Date: 12/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 65.
    19th Century Masterpieces
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 98317 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Paul Dukas,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Emmanuel Pahud,  Aldo Ciccolini,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Michel Plasson,  Eugene Ormandy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toulouse Capitole Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $116.99
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  • 66.
    Waldbuhne Concert - A Romantic Opera Night
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4533 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Paul Lincke
    Performer:  Ben Heppner
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Toscanini Conducts Strauss, Ravel And Barber / Nbc Symphony Orchestra, Et Al
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2348 Release Date: 11/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Oscar Lorenzo Fernandez,  Samuel Barber,  Kurt Atterberg  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 68.
    Strauss: Till Eulenspiegel, Don Juan; Shostakovich: Symphony No 9 / Celibidache
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 469073 Release Date: 10/21/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  Arve Tellefsen
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 69.
    Edition Wilhelm Furtwängler - The Complete RIAS Recordings
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 21403 Release Date: 06/09/2009   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Gerhard Taschner,  Yehudi Menuhin
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Aus Italien / Ashkenazy, Cleveland Orch
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 425941 Release Date: 06/05/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cleveland Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 71.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Tod Und Verklarung / Celibidache, Stuttgart Radio
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453191 Release Date: 05/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ottorino Respighi
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Sergiu Celibidache - Portrait
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 725085 Release Date: 04/28/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Maurice Ravel,  Boris Blacher,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Betrayals - Strauss, Wagner, Dubois, Champagne / Tremblay
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 29952 Release Date: 03/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Claude Champagne,  Richard Strauss,  Théodore Dubois
    Performer:  Amelie Benoit-Bastien,  Melissa Scott
    Conductor:  Jean-Philippe Tremblay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de la Francophonie Canadienne
    CD: $18.49
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  • 74.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Aus Italien / Bertrand De Billy
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 631 Release Date: 02/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Bertrand De Billy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Radio Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $19.99
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  • 75.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Macbeth, Lieder / Elder, Schwanewilms,  Halle Orchestra
    Label: Hallé   Catalog: 7508 Release Date: 01/13/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anne Schwanewilms
    Conductor:  Mark Elder
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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