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Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Four Last Songs, Ein Heldenleben / Netrebko, Barenboim
Release Date: 12/09/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002188002   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Meier, Salonen, Orchestre De Paris
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 110   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra  / Herlitzius, Meier, Pieczonka, Petrenko, Orchestre De Paris [blu-ray]
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 410   Number of Discs: 1
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Richard Strauss: Complete Works for Voice and Piano
Release Date: 06/10/2014   Label: Twopianists (Label)  
Catalog: 39312   Number of Discs: 9
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Work: Don Juan, Op. 20

Browse 126-150 of 172 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2; Strauss, R: Don Juan
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 37 Release Date: 09/28/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 127.
    Strauss: Tod Und Verklarung, Etc;  Wagner / Knappertsbusch
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1338 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Günther Treptow
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris
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  • 128.
    Legendary Conductors - Strauss, Weingartner, Fried
    Label: Arbiter   Catalog: 140 Release Date: 04/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Oscar Fried,  Felix Weingartner,  Richard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 129.
    Strauss: Symphonic Poems Vol 1 / Neeme Järvi
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10199 Release Date: 04/27/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 130.
    Strauss: Tod Und Verklärung, Etc;  Smetana / Furtwängler
    Label: Emi Great Artists Of The Century   Catalog: 62793 Release Date: 03/23/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Bedrich Smetana
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 131.
    Schubert: Symphony No 8;  Strauss, Et Al / Toscanini, Et Al
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2202 Release Date: 11/25/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 132.
    Karajan - The Collection - Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000020202 Release Date: 05/13/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  David Bell,  Anna Tomowa-Sintow
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 133.
    Wagner: Siegfried Idyll, Etc;  Strauss / Andre Cluytens, Etc
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1255 Release Date: 04/08/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  André Cluytens
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paris Opera Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 134.
    Original Masters - Wilhelm Furtwängler - Live Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474030 Release Date: 02/11/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Maurice Ravel,  César Franck,  Paul Hindemith  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 135.
    Wilhelm Furtwängler - Recordings 1942-1944 Vol 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471294 Release Date: 10/08/2002   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Richard Strauss,  Jean Sibelius,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Performer:  Edwin Fischer,  Tibor de Machula,  Walter Gieseking
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 136.
    Classics - Strauss: Don Juan, Don Quixote / Previn, Vienna PO
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80262 Release Date: 06/25/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Franz Bartolomey
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 137.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Fritz Busch
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75103 Release Date: 06/04/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Waldemar Wolsing,  Carl Bloch,  Leo Hansen,  Alberto Medici
    Conductor:  Fritz Busch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danish State Radio Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 138.
    Carnegie Hall Project / Sir Georg Solti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 444458 Release Date: 04/29/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Richard Strauss,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 139.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4;  Mozart, Brahms, Et Al / Bruno Walter
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1090 Release Date: 05/22/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 140.
    Strauss: Tone Poems / Böhm, Staatskapelle Dresden, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463190 Release Date: 03/13/2001   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Wolfgang Meyer,  Michel Schwalbé
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 141.
    Celibidache - Dvorák, Sibelius, Franck, Etc / Du Pré, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 469069 Release Date: 01/23/2001   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Paul Hindemith,  César Franck,  Jean Sibelius,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Arve Tellefsen,  Jacqueline Du Pré
    Conductor:  Sergiu Celibidache
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 142.
    Showcase - Strauss, Et Al / Eiji Oue, Minnesota Orchestra
    Label: Reference Recordings   Catalog: 907 Release Date: 10/17/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Leonard Bernstein,  Aaron Copland,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Jon Villars
    Conductor:  Eiji Oue
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minnesota Orchestra
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  • 143.
    Strauss: Don Quixote, Don Juan, Etc / Krauss, Vienna Po
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1185 Release Date: 09/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier,  Ernst Moraweg
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 144.
    Strauss: Symphonic Poems Vol 2 / Inbal, Suisse Romande
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 18083 Release Date: 06/29/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Jean Piguet
    Conductor:  Eliahu Inbal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 145.
    Richard Strauss Conducts His Tone Poems - 1936-1942 Concerts
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1057 Release Date: 05/23/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Richard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Reichssenders Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 146.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Etc / Karajan, Vienna Po
    Label: London/Decca Legends   Catalog: 466388 Release Date: 04/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 147.
    R. Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Etc / Tennstedt, Et Al
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73560 Release Date: 08/10/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Lucia Popp
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 148.
    R. Strauss: Don Juan, Vier Letzte Lieder, Etc / Masur, Voigt
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 25990 Release Date: 06/08/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Deborah Voigt
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 149.
    Merit - R. Strauss: Ein Heldenleben, Etc / Toscanini, Nbc So
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4754 Release Date: 05/18/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 150.
    Strauss: Zarathustra, Don Juan, Till Eulenspiegel / Ormandy
    Label: Rca Victrola   Catalog: 60793 Release Date: 08/13/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Norman Carol
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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