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Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Four Last Songs, Ein Heldenleben / Netrebko, Barenboim
Release Date: 12/09/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002188002   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss, Verdi: String Quartets / Enso Quartet
Release Date: 09/09/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573108   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra / Herlitzius, Meier, Salonen, Orchestre De Paris
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 110   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Elektra  / Herlitzius, Meier, Pieczonka, Petrenko, Orchestre De Paris [blu-ray]
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Bel Air Classiques  
Catalog: 410   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss Conducts Strauss, Mozart, Beethoven [7-CD Set]
Release Date: 05/19/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002037802   Number of Discs: 7
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Work: Don Juan, Op. 20

Browse 101-125 of 172 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Holst: The Planets; Strauss / Karajan, VPO
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000894202 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Holst,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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    CD: $11.99
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  • 102.
    Live Recordings 1943-1948 / Serge Koussevitzky
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2321 Release Date: 05/09/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Igor Stravinsky,  Béla Bartók,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Serge Koussevitzky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 103.
    Walton, Debussy, Handel, Delius, Etc / Silvestri, Et Al
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4207 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Strauss,  Frederick Delius  ... 
    Conductor:  Constantin Silvestri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $29.99
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  • 104.
    Chicago Symphony Orchestra- The Centennial Collection
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60206 Release Date: 04/09/2007   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  César Franck,  Richard Wagner,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Leontyne Price,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Frederick Stock,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Desiré DeFauw,  Artur Rodzinski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $33.98
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  • 105.
    Sunday Evenings With Pierre Monteux - California 1941-52
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1192 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Olivier Messiaen,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Dorothy Warenskjold,  William Kapell,  Boris Blinder,  Naum Blinder  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Standard Symphony Orchestra
    Recommendation
    CD: $118.99
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  • 106.
    Pfitzner: Symphony in C Major; Strauss / Bohm
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 7010 Release Date: 02/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Hans Pfitzner
    Performer:  Hanns Ander-Donath
    Conductor:  Kurt Striegler,  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 107.
    DG Concerts - 2005/2006 - Strauss / Maazel, New York Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4776435 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 108.
    Wilhelm Furtwangler On Tour In Stockholm - Schubert, Et Al
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4802 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $24.99
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  • 109.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Etc / Frühbeck De Burgos, Bohorquez, Etc
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1768 Release Date: 09/05/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christina Biwank,  Claudio Bohorquez
    Conductor:  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 110.
    Original Masters - Karajan - The First Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 689602 Release Date: 08/08/2006   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra  ... 
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  • 111.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Till Eulenspiegel, Metamorphosen / Kempe
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 45831 Release Date: 03/07/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 112.
    Fritz Reiner Conducts Richard Strauss / Pittsburgh So
    Label: Biddulph   Catalog: 83067/68 Release Date: 02/27/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hugo Kolberg,  Vladimir Bakaleinikoff,  Henri Temianka,  Gregor Piatigorsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 113.
    R. Strauss: Orchestral Works / Zinman, Et Al
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 984950 Release Date: 02/14/2006   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Thomas Grossenbacher,  Michel Rouilly,  Roland Pöntinen,  Simon Fuchs  ... 
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra,  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra Winds
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  • 114.
    Strauss: Orchestral Works / Kempe, Frager, Hoelscher, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 7591 Release Date: 12/20/2005   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Peter Damm,  Manfred Weise,  Wolfgang Liebscher,  Malcolm Frager  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 115.
    Wiener Philharmoniker - Live Performances / Klemperer
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1365 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Wilma Lipp,  Eberhard Wächter,  Ernst Pamperl,  Walter Weller  ... 
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein
    On sale! $137.98
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  • 116.
    Dorati Conducts Stravinsky, Prokofiev, Gershwin, Et Al
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 000518902 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Bedrich Smetana,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 117.
    Original Masters - Karl Böhm - Mozart And Strauss
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000480402 Release Date: 09/13/2005   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Lisa Della Casa,  Michel Schwalbé,  Kurt Böhme,  Waldemar Kmentt  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
    CD not available
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  • 118.
    Schumann: Symphony No 2;  Brahms, Strauss / Szell, Et Al
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1378 Release Date: 08/09/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 119.
    Strauss: Till Eulenspiegel, Etc;  Wagner / Karajan, Et Al
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1383 Release Date: 08/09/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 120.
    Wagner, Strauss, Brahms / Willem Mengelberg
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2026 Release Date: 07/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 121.
    Richard Strauss: Don Juan, Etc / Honeck, Bamberg So
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1243 Release Date: 06/28/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 122.
    Furtwängler - Die Salzburger Orchesterkonzerte 1949 - 1954
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 409048 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Igor Stravinsky,  Anton Bruckner,  Paul Hindemith  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Josef Greindl,  Sieglinde Wagner,  Irmgard Seefried  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
    Recommendation
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  • 123.
    Strauss: Macbeth Lieder, Etc / Schwanewilms
    Label: Hallé   Catalog: 7508 Release Date: 05/24/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anne Schwanewilms
    Conductor:  Mark Elder
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra
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  • 124.
    Bruno Walter Conducts Mozart & Strauss
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2019 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 125.
    Strauss: Tone Poems / Jochum, Haitink, Et Al
    Label: Universal   Catalog: 000412602 Release Date: 03/08/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Herman Krebbers
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink,  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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