Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier / Solti, Crespin, Minton
Release Date: 09/11/2001   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 417493   Number of Discs: 3
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Strauss: Elektra / Theorin, Meier, Westbroaek, Pape, Gatti [blu-ray]
Release Date: 06/24/2014   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 108110   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos / Masur, Norman, Gruberova
Release Date: 10/25/1990   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 422084   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos / Bohm, Della Casa, Gueden
Release Date: 07/01/1994   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 445332   Number of Discs: 2
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R. Strauss: Salome / Böhm, Jones, Fischer-Dieskau, Hamburg State Opera
Release Date: 07/01/1994   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 445319   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Don Juan, Op. 20

Browse 101-125 of 150 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Walton, Debussy, Handel, Delius, Etc / Silvestri, Et Al
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4207 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Strauss,  Frederick Delius  ... 
    Conductor:  Constantin Silvestri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra
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  • 102.
    Chicago Symphony Orchestra- The Centennial Collection
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60206 Release Date: 04/10/2007   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  César Franck,  Richard Wagner,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Leontyne Price,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Frederick Stock,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Desiré DeFauw,  Artur Rodzinski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 103.
    Sunday Evenings With Pierre Monteux - California 1941-52
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1192 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Olivier Messiaen,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Dorothy Warenskjold,  William Kapell,  Boris Blinder,  Naum Blinder  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Standard Symphony Orchestra
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  • 104.
    Pfitzner: Symphony in C Major; Strauss / Bohm
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 7010 Release Date: 02/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Hans Pfitzner
    Performer:  Hanns Ander-Donath
    Conductor:  Kurt Striegler,  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 105.
    DG Concerts - 2005/2006 - Strauss / Maazel, New York Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4776435 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 106.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Etc / Frühbeck De Burgos, Bohorquez, Etc
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1768 Release Date: 09/05/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Christina Biwank,  Claudio Bohorquez
    Conductor:  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 107.
    Strauss: Orchestral Works / Kempe, Frager, Hoelscher, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 7591 Release Date: 12/20/2005   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Peter Damm,  Manfred Weise,  Wolfgang Liebscher,  Malcolm Frager  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 108.
    Dorati Conducts Stravinsky, Prokofiev, Gershwin, Et Al
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 000518902 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Bedrich Smetana,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 109.
    Wagner, Strauss, Brahms / Willem Mengelberg
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2026 Release Date: 07/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Willem Mengelberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 110.
    Richard Strauss: Don Juan, Etc / Honeck, Bamberg So
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1243 Release Date: 06/28/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 111.
    Furtwängler - Die Salzburger Orchesterkonzerte 1949 - 1954
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 409048 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Igor Stravinsky,  Anton Bruckner,  Paul Hindemith  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Josef Greindl,  Sieglinde Wagner,  Irmgard Seefried  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
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  • 112.
    Bruno Walter Conducts Mozart & Strauss
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2019 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 113.
    Brahms: Symphony No 2; Strauss, R: Don Juan
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 37 Release Date: 09/28/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 114.
    Legendary Conductors - Strauss, Weingartner, Fried
    Label: Arbiter   Catalog: 140 Release Date: 04/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Wagner,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Oscar Fried,  Felix Weingartner,  Richard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra
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  • 115.
    Strauss: Symphonic Poems Vol 1 / Neeme Järvi
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10199 Release Date: 04/27/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 116.
    Strauss: Tod Und Verklärung, Etc;  Smetana / Furtwängler
    Label: Emi Great Artists Of The Century   Catalog: 62793 Release Date: 03/23/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Bedrich Smetana
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 117.
    Schubert: Symphony No 8;  Strauss, Et Al / Toscanini, Et Al
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2202 Release Date: 11/25/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Richard Strauss,  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $15.98
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  • 118.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Also Sprach Zarathustra, Eine Alpensinfonie / Karajan, BPO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000020202 Release Date: 05/13/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  David Bell,  Anna Tomowa-Sintow
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 119.
    Classics - Strauss: Don Juan, Don Quixote / Previn, Vienna PO
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80262 Release Date: 06/25/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Franz Bartolomey
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $11.99
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  • 120.
    Carnegie Hall Project / Sir Georg Solti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 444458 Release Date: 04/29/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bedrich Smetana,  Richard Strauss,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 121.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4;  Mozart, Brahms, Et Al / Bruno Walter
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1090 Release Date: 05/22/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 122.
    Strauss: Tone Poems / Böhm, Staatskapelle Dresden, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463190 Release Date: 03/13/2001   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Wolfgang Meyer,  Michel Schwalbé
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle
    On sale! $23.98
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  • 123.
    Showcase - Strauss, Et Al / Eiji Oue, Minnesota Orchestra
    Label: Reference Recordings   Catalog: 907 Release Date: 10/17/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Leonard Bernstein,  Aaron Copland,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Jon Villars
    Conductor:  Eiji Oue
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minnesota Orchestra
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  • 124.
    Strauss: Don Quixote, Don Juan, Etc / Krauss, Vienna Po
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1185 Release Date: 09/01/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier,  Ernst Moraweg
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $25.98
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  • 125.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Etc / Karajan, Vienna Po
    Label: London/Decca Legends   Catalog: 466388 Release Date: 04/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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