Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Strauss:  Ariadne Auf Naxos  / Harding, Kaufmann, Magee, Mosuc
Release Date: 07/15/2014   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 300574   Number of Discs: 2
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Braunfels: String Quintet; Strauss: Metamorphosen / Geringas, Gringolts Quartet
Release Date: 11/13/2012   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 12053   Number of Discs: 1
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Pfitzner: Symphony in C Major; Strauss / Bohm
Release Date: 02/27/2007   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 7010   Number of Discs: 1
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Strauss / Krauss - Complete Decca Recordings
Release Date: 06/17/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 002055302   Number of Discs: 5
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Strauss: Ariadne Auf Naxos / Isokoski, Claycomb, Allen, Jurowski, London Philharmonic
Release Date: 07/29/2014   Label: Opus Arte  
Catalog: 1135   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Don Juan, Op. 20

Browse 1-25 of 176 Available Recordings
1 2 ... 7 8
  • 1.
    Strauss / Karajan [11 CDs & 1 Blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002100500 Release Date: 08/19/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michel Schwalbé,  Giusto Cappone,  Pierre Fournier,  Norbert Hauptmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    CD: $188.99
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  • 2.
    The Complete Rca And Sony Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 304505 Release Date: 08/05/2014   Number of Discs: 39
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Claudio Abbado,  Murray Perahia,  Anatoly Kotcherga,  Midori  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
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  • 3.
    Strauss / Krauss - Complete Decca Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002055302 Release Date: 06/17/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Pierre Fournier,  Ernst Moraweg,  Hermann Gallos,  Anton Dermota  ... 
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 4.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra; Don Juan; Till Eulenspiegel / Nelsons, City of Birmingham Symphony
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 878141 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Andris Nelsons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Fritz Reiner Conducts Richard Strauss - The Complete RCA & Columbia Recordings
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 379055 Release Date: 05/19/2014   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  John Weicher,  Philip Farkas,  Inge Borkh,  Francis Yeend  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Lyric Theatre Chorus,  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 6.
    Strauss Conducts Strauss, Mozart, Beethoven [7-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002037802 Release Date: 05/19/2014   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Reitz,  Enrico Mainardi,  Philipp Haass,  Oswald Uhl  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Strauss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian State Orchestra
    On sale! $49.98
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  • 7.
    Karajan 1951-1960: Mozart, Schubert, Brahms, Strauss, Wagner
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 633623 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
    On sale! $74.99
    CD: $67.99
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  • 8.
    RCA Living Stereo Collection Vol 1
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 541497 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Claude Debussy,  Jacques Ibert,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Berj Zamkochian,  John Weicher,  Philip Farkas,  Jascha Heifetz  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Munch,  Fritz Reiner,  Kiril Kondrashin,  Arthur Fiedler  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  New England Conservatory Chorus,  New England Conservatory Alumni Chorus  ... 
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    CD: $109.99
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  • 9.
    Strauss: Complete Tone Poems & Concertos [13-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002010402 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Arthur David Krehbiel,  Raymond Kobler,  Heinrich Schiff,  Jean-Yves Thibaudet  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt,  Antal Doráti,  Kurt Masur,  Vladimir Ashkenazy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  Detroit Symphony Orchestra,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra  ... 
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  • 10.
    Herbert Blomstedt - The San Francisco Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002032302 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Berwald,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Jard Van Nes,  Elisabeth Norberg-Schulz,  Wolfgang Holzmair,  Wendy Hoffman  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert Blomstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  San Francisco Symphony Chorus,  San Francisco Girls Chorus  ... 
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  • 11.
    Strauss: Complete Orchestral Works / Rudolf Kempe
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 3178025 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Max Rostal,  Ulf Hoelscher,  Peter Damm  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 12.
    Richard Strauss: Don Juan; Death And Transfiguration; Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks
    Label: Reference Recordings   Catalog: 707 Release Date: 11/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 13.
    Vienna Philharmonic - Bartok, Janaček, Strauss / Sir Georg Solti
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4565 Release Date: 10/22/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leos Janácek,  Richard Strauss,  Béla Bartók
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra / Dudamel, Berlin PO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001891302 Release Date: 09/17/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Gustavo Dudamel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Karajan - 1970s
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001873702 Release Date: 09/03/2013   Number of Discs: 82
    Composer:  Arcangelo Corelli,  Francesco Manfredini,  Pietro Antonio Locatelli,  Giuseppe Torelli  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Brandis,  Michel Schwalbé,  Karlheinz Zöller,  Edith Mathis  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Hans Priem Bergrath
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus  ... 
    CD: $313.99
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  • 16.
    Salzburg Festival 2012 - Strauss: Don Juan; Wagner: Wesendonck Lieder
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2072628 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Nina Stemme
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 17.
    Salzburg Festival 2012 - Strauss: Don Juan; Wagner: Wesendonck Lieder [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2072624 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Nina Stemme
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 18.
    Bruno Walter - The Edition
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 548952 Release Date: 07/02/2013   Number of Discs: 39
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Walter Hendl,  John Corigliano Sr.,  Leonard Rose,  Martha Lipton  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Occidental College Consort,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 19.
    Four Maestri In 1926: Toscanini, Mengelberg, Walter, Furtwangler
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2105 Release Date: 06/11/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Hector Berlioz,  Richard Strauss,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini,  Willem Mengelberg,  Bruno Walter,  Wilhelm Furtwängler
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  • 20.
    Solti Centenary Concert / Gheorghiu, Pape, Gergiev
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 101668 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  René Pape,  Angela Gheorghiu,  Matilda Paulsson,  Tereza Gevorgyan  ... 
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev,  Cristian Macelaru
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  World Orchestra for Peace
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  • 21.
    Solti Centenary Concert / Gheorghiu, Pape, Gergiev [blu-ray]
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 108073 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Richard Strauss,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  René Pape,  Angela Gheorghiu,  Tereza Gevorgyan,  Matilda Paulsson  ... 
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev,  Cristian Macelaru
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  World Orchestra for Peace
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 22.
    Wagner: Operatic Highlights; Strauss: Tone Poems / Klemperer
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 484682 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 23.
    EMI Eminence - The Original Jacket Collection [50-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 393872 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Richard Strauss,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  William Byrd  ... 
    Performer:  David Nolan,  Jonathan Small,  George Malcolm,  William Bennett  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Anton Rickenbacher,  Vernon Handley,  George Guest,  George Malcolm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra,  Cambridge St. John's College Choir  ... 
    On sale! $201.98
    CD: $154.99
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  • 24.
    Strauss: Ein Heldenleben; Don Juan; Also Sprach Zarathustra; Eine Alpensinfonie / Bohm, Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 146 Release Date: 12/18/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 25.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra, Don Juan, Till Eulenspiegel / Mackerras
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1197 Release Date: 09/25/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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