Richard Strauss

Biography

Born: Jun 11, 1864; Germany   Died: Sep 8, 1949; Germany   Period: 20th Century
Though the long career of Richard Strauss spanned one of the most chaotic periods in political, social, and cultural history of the world, the composer retained his essentially Romantic aesthetic even into the age of television, jet engines, and atom bombs. Born in Munich in 1864, Strauss was the son of Franz Joseph Strauss, the principal hornist in the Munich Court Orchestra. Strauss demonstrated musical aptitude at an early age, and extensive Read more training in piano, violin, theory, harmony, and orchestration equipped him to produce music of extraordinary polish and maturity by the time he reached adulthood. His primary teachers had been his father, who was a musical conservative, and Ludwig Thuille, a Munich School composer and family friend. Strauss' Serenade for 13 Winds, Op. 7 (1881), written when he was 17, led conductor Hans von Bülow to pronounce him "by far the most striking personality since Brahms." Bülow was able to give Strauss his first commission and an assistant conductor position. Through new friendships, Strauss learned to admire the writings of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche and the music of Wagner and Liszt. He embarked on a long career of conducting and composing, which take him all over Europe and the U.S.

From the beginning of Strauss' career as a composer, it was evident that the orchestra was his natural medium. With the composition of the "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien in 1886, Strauss embarked on a series of works that represents both one of the pivotal phases of his career and a body of music of central importance in the late German Romantic repertoire. Though he did not invent the tone poem per se, he brought it to its pinnacle. In such works as Don Juan (1888-1889), Ein Heldenleben (1897-1898), and Also sprach Zarathustra (1895-1896) -- whose first minute or so, thanks to its use in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, is the composer's most readily recognizable music -- Strauss displayed his abundant gift for exploiting the coloristic possibilities of the orchestra as a dramatic device like few composers ever had (or have since).

With the arrival of the twentieth century, after becoming conductor at Berlin's Hofoper, Strauss' interest turned more fully to opera, resulting in a body of unforgettable works that have long been fixtures of the repertoire: Salome (1903-1905), Elektra (1906-1908), and Der Rosenkavalier (1909-1910) are just a few of his best-known efforts for the stage. In 1919, Strauss became co-director of the Vienna Staatsoper, but was forced to resign five years later by his partner, Franz Schalk, who resented being left with many of the operational duties while Strauss was frequently away guest conducting or being feted as a great composer. When the political situation in Europe became malignant in the 1930s, profound political naïveté led to Strauss' confused involvement with the Nazi propaganda machine, and the composer eventually alienated both the Nazis and their opponents. With the end of World War II, however, he was permitted to resume his professional life, although it would be a mere echo of his previous fame. He began to have serious health problems, his financial situation had been compromised, and the monuments that embodied great German art for him -- Goethe's Weimar house; the Dresden, Munich, and Vienna opera houses -- had been destroyed. Throughout his last years, works such as the Oboe Concerto (1945) and the gorgeously expressive Four Last Songs (1948) attest to Strauss' unwavering confidence in his singular musical voice.
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Beethoven, Schumann, Strauss & Vivaldi: Horn Music / Damm
Release Date: 04/28/2017   Label: Berlin Classics  
Catalog: 0300930   Number of Discs: 6
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Strauss: Salome / Solti, Nilsson, Stolze, Hoffman, Wachter, Vienna Philharmonic
Release Date: 07/14/2017   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 4831498   Number of Discs: 3
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Strauss: Elektra / Solti, Nilsson, Resnik, Krause, Vienna Philharmonic
Release Date: 07/14/2017   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 4831494   Number of Discs: 3
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Strauss: Salome / Sinopoli, Studer, Terfel, Rysanek
Release Date: 10/11/1991   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 431810   Number of Discs: 2
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Strauss: Don Quixote, Etc / Markson, Rudin, Et Al
Release Date: 10/17/2000   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8554175   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Don Juan, Op. 20

Browse 1-25 of 155 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    The Gerard Schwarz Collection
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8503294 Release Date: 10/13/2017   Number of Discs: 30
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Webern,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Thelma Handy,  Kenneth Munday,  David Shifrin,  Richard Todd  ... 
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz,  Gunther Schuller,  Jason K. Fettig
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra,  Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra,  New York Chamber Symphony  ... 
    On sale! $149.99
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  • 2.
    Sir Georg Solti: The Complete Chicago Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4831375 Release Date: 09/15/2017   Number of Discs: 108
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $373.99
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  • 3.
    Andre Cluytens: The Complete Orchestral & Concerto Recordings
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 562261 Release Date: 06/16/2017   Number of Discs: 65
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss,  Raoul Laparra,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Monique de la Bruchollerie,  Marcelle Meyer,  Zino Francescatti,  Jeanne-Marie Darré  ... 
    Conductor:  André Cluytens
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire,  Le Grand Orchestre Symphonique Columbia,  Orchestre du Theatre National de l'Opera-Comique  ... 
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  • 4.
    Karl Bohm: The Early Years
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 561986 Release Date: 06/02/2017   Number of Discs: 19
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Jan Dahmen,  Max Zimolong,  Elisabeth Höngen,  Josef Herrmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Staatskapelle Dresden,  Dresden State Opera Chorus,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 5.
    Strauss: Orchestral Works & Concertos
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88883798632 Release Date: 05/12/2017   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Steven Isserlis,  Martha Argerich,  Simon Fuchs,  Knut Sonstevold  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner,  George Szell,  Pierre Monteux,  Rudolf Kempe  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra,  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $23.99
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  • 6.
    Herbert von Karajan & Berliner Philharmoniker
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797230 Release Date: 04/28/2017   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Arthur Honegger,  Igor Stravinsky,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $32.49
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  • 7.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Ein Heldenleben / Gergiev, Munich Philharmonic
    Label: Münchner Philharmoniker   Catalog: 21121 Release Date: 03/31/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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  • 8.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Ein Heldenleben / Jarvi, NHK Symphony
    Label: Imports   Catalog: 88985391762 Release Date: 03/10/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Paavo Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NHK Symphony Orchestra Tokyo
    CD: $11.99
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  • 9.
    Toscanini: The Essential Recordings
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 537604 Release Date: 03/10/2017   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Edna Phillips,  Jon Garrison,  Gladys Swarthout,  Nicola Moscona  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 10.
    Karl Bohm: Great Recordings 1953-1972
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797021 Release Date: 02/24/2017   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Max Reger,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Wolfgang Meyer,  Marianna Radev,  Josef Greindl,  Maria Stader  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin St. Hedwig Cathedral Choir,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $63.98
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  • 11.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Capriccio, Till Eulenspiegel, Rosenkavalier Suite / Marriner, Stuttgart Radio Symphony
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 8015 Release Date: 01/06/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $11.99
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  • 12.
    Zubin Mehta Conducts Richard Strauss
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88985328992 Release Date: 10/28/2016   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim,  Jane Eaglen,  Yuri Gandelsman,  Daniel Stabrawa  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $23.99
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  • 13.
    Eugen Jochum: Complete Recordings on DG, Vol. 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002565702 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 42
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum
    CD: $108.49
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  • 14.
    The Originals: 8 Legendary Albums
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002469802 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Wilhelm Kempff,  Martha Argerich,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Anne-Sophie Mutter  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber,  Claudio Abbado,  Rafael Kubelik,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $27.49
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  • 15.
    The Decca Sound [Repackaged Edition]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002434502 Release Date: 01/29/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Claude Debussy,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Performer:  Teresa Berganza,  Alfredo Campoli,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Cecilia Bartoli  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet,  Ataulfo Argenta,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Vladimir Ashkenazy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $181.49
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  • 16.
    Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra; Don Juan; Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme / Reiner, Chicago Symphony
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88697712632 Release Date: 10/30/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $6.99
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  • 17.
    Richard Strauss: Eine Alpensinfonie; Don Juan
    Label: Swr Music   Catalog: 93335 Release Date: 10/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  François-Xavier Roth
    CD: $18.99
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  • 18.
    Richard Strauss: Symphonie F-moll; Don Juan
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 890 Release Date: 10/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Sebastian Weigle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Frankfurt Opera and Museum Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 19.
    Rossini, R. Strauss, Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-korsakov, Wagner, Dvorak
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7073 Release Date: 09/08/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Alceo Galliera
    On sale! $23.98
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  • 20.
    Mercury Living Presence - The Collector's Edition Vol 3
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 002275902 Release Date: 03/23/2015   Number of Discs: 53
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Lehár,  Emil Waldteufel,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Rafael Druian,  Georges Miquelle,  Eugene List,  Alfred Mouledous  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski,  Frederick Fennell,  Anatole Fistoulari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica  ... 
    CD: $213.99
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  • 21.
    Strauss: Don Juan; Ein Heldenleben
    Label: Br Klassik   Catalog: 900127 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anton Barachovsky
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 22.
    Tone Poems
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4810857 Release Date: 10/31/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Johannes Fritzsch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Queensland Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $10.99
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  • 23.
    Strauss: Don Juan, Ein Heldenleben / Haitink, London Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 79 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 24.
    Ferenc Fricsay: Complete DG Recordings, Vol 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002132602 Release Date: 09/02/2014   Number of Discs: 45
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Géza Anda,  Tibor Varga,  Helmut Krebs,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
    On sale! $175.98
    CD: $164.99
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  • 25.
    Strauss / Karajan
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002100500 Release Date: 08/19/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Michel Schwalbé,  Giusto Cappone,  Pierre Fournier,  Norbert Hauptmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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